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(H. R. 6807)
An Act Establishisa two institutions for the confinement of United States prisoners.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Attorney General is hereby authorized and directed to select forthwith and procure two sites, of not less than one thousand acres each, and cause to be erected thereon suitable buildings for two institutions for the confinement of male persons who have been, or shall be, convicted of offenses against the United States. One of such sites to be selected shall be situated north of thirty-eight degrees north latitude and east of eighty degrees longitude to serve the northeastern section of the United States, and one of such sites shall be situated west of the Mississippi River. Both sites shall be selected with due regard to the source of commitments, climatic conditions, and transportation facilities.
SEC. 2. The institution authorized hereunder, to be located west of the Mississippi River, shall be of the reformatory type and shall be for the confinement of young offenders and others who, in the opinion of the Attorney General, are proper persons for detention in a reformatory.
The institution authorized hereunder, to be located in the northeastern section of the United States, shall be of the penitentiary type and shall be for the incarceration of adult male persons sentenced to terms of imprisonment for more than one year with or without hard labor.
Sec. 3. Upon the selection of appropriate sites the Attorney General shall submit to Congress estimates of the cost of purchasing the same, and of remodeling, constructing, and equipping the necessary buildings thereon. The Attorney General, at the same time and annually thereafter, shall submit estimates covering the expense of maintaining and operating such institutions, including salaries of all necessary officers and employees.
Seo. 4. The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized, upon request of the Attorney General, to cause plans, specifications, and estimates for the remodeling and constructing of the necessary buildings to be prepared in the Office of the Supervising Architect of the Department of the Treasury, and the work of remodeling and constructing the said buildings to be supervised by the field force of said office: Provided, That if, in his discretion, it would be impractical to cause such plans, specifications, and estimates to be prepared in the Office of the Supervising Architect of the Department of the Treasury, and such work to be supervised by the field force of said office, the Secretary of the Treasury may contract for all or any portion of such work to be performed by such suitable person or firm as he may select: Provided further, That the proper appropriation for the support and maintenance of the Office of the
Supervising Architect be reimbursed for the cost of such work and supervision.
Sec. 5. The control and management of said institutions established hereunder shall be vested in the Attorney General, who shall have power to appoint, subject to the civil service laws and regula tions of the United States, superintendents, assistant superintendents, wardens, keepers, and all other officers and employees necessary for the safekeeping, care, and discipline of the inmates of said institutions; and the Attorney General shall have power to prescribe all necessary rules and regulations for the governance of the officers, employees, and inmates of said institutions. In connection with the maintenance and operation of said institutions the Attorney General is authorized to establish and conduct industries, farms, and other activities, to classify the inmates, and to provide for their proper treatment, care, rehabilitation, and reformation: Provided, That such industries of farming and other activities shall be devoted to the production and manufacture of articles, commodities, and supplies for the use of the United States Government: Provided further, That any industry established under authority of this Act be so operated as not to curtail the production within its present limits, of any existing arsenal, navy yard, or other Government workshop
Sec. 6. The inmates of said institutions shall be employed in such manner and under such conditions as the Attorney General may direct. The Attorney General may, in his discretion, establish industries, plants, factories, or shops for the manufacture of articles, commodities, and supplies for the United States Government; and the several Federal departments and all other Government institutions of the United States shall purchase at not to exceed current market prices such products of the industries herein authorized to be carried on as meet their requirements and as may be available and are authorized by the appropriations from which such purchases are made. Any disputes as to the price, quality, suitability or character of the products manufactured in any prison industry and offered to any Government department shall be arbitrated by a board consisting of the Comptroller General of the United States, the Superintendent of Supplies of the General Supply Committee, and the Chief of the United States Bureau of Efficiency, or their representatives. The decision of said board shall be final and binding upon all parties. There may be established a working-capital fund for said industries out of any funds appropriated for said institutions; and said working-capital fund shall be available for the purchase, repair, or replacement of industrial machinery or equipment, for the purchase of raw materials and supplies, for personal services of civilian employees engaged in any industrial enterprise, and for the payment to the inmates or their dependents of such pecuniary earnings as the Attorney General shall deem proper.
Sec. 7. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the Congress that the said institutions be so planned and limited in size as to facilitate the development of an integrated Federal penal and correctional system which will assure the proper classification and segregation of Federal prisoners according to their character, the nature of the crime they have committed, their mental condition, and such other vidualized system of discipline, care, and treatment of the persons committed to such institutions.
SEO. 8. Any person not authorized by law or by the Attorney General or his representative who introduces or attempts to introduce into or upon the grounds of the institutions herein authorized any narcotic drug, weapon, or any other contraband article or thing, or any letter or message intended to be received by an inmate thereof, shall be guilty of a felony and punishable by imprisonment for å period of not more than ten years.
SEO. 9. It shall be unlawful for any person properly committed to the institutions described herein to escape or attempt to escape therefrom; and any such person upon apprehension and conviction in a United States court shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than five years, such sentence to begin upon the expiration of or upon legal release from the sentence for which said person was originally confined.
Sec. 10. It shall be unlawful for any person to procure the escape of any inmate properly committed to the institutions referred to above, or to advise, connive at, aid, or assist in such escape, or conceal any such inmate after such escape, and any person convicted in a United States court of any such offense or offenses shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years.
Sec. 11. The expense, not to exceed the sum of $35,000, incurred in the travel necessary in the selection of sites, the making of surveys, the making of preliminary sketches, and the securing of options shall be payable out of the appropriation for the “Support of United States prisoners” for the fiscal year in which such expense is incurred.
Sec. 12. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Acte
(H. R. 7412)
An Act To provide for the diversification of employment of Federal prisoners, for their training and schooling in trades and occupations, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be the duty of the Attorney General to provide employment for all physically fit inmates in the United States penal and correctional institutions in such diversified forms as will reduce to a minimum competition with private industry or free labor.
Sec. 2. The Attorney General may make available the services of United States prisoners to the heads of the several departments under such terms, conditions, and at such rates as may be mutually agreed upon, for the purpose of constructing or repairing roads the cost of which is borne exclusively by the United States; clearing, maintaining, and reforesting public lands; building levees; and for construction or repairing any other public ways or works which are or may be financed wholly or in major part by funds appropriated from the Treasury of the United States. To carry out the purpose of this section the Attorney General may establish, equip, and maintain camps upon sites selected by him and designate such camps as a place for confinement of persons convicted of an offense against the laws of the United States, or transfer thereto any person convicted of any offense against the laws of the United States. The expenses of transferring and maintaining prisoners at such camps shall be paid from the appropriation " Support of United States prisoners, and said appropriation may, in the discretion of the Attorney General, be reimbursed for such expenses.
Sec. 3. The Attorney General shall establish such industries as will produce articles and commodities for consumption in United States penal and correctional institutions or for sale to the departments and independent establishments of the Federal Government and not for sale to the public in competition with private enterprise : Provided, That any industry established under authority of this Act be so operated as not to curtail the production within its present limits, of any existing arsenal, navy yard, or other Government workshop. In establishing said industries the Attorney General shall provide such forms of employment in the Federal penal and correctional institutions as will give the inmates a maximum opportunity to acquire a knowledge and skill in trades and occupations which will provide them with a means of earning a livelihood upon release. The industries to be established by the Attorney General under authority of this section may be either within the precincts of any penal or correctional institution or in any convenient locality where an existing property may be obtained by lease, purchase, or utherwise.
Seo. 4. In lieu of the working-capital funds authorized for the textile mill at the Atlanta Penitentiary by the Act approved July 10, 1918 (chapter 144, Fortieth Statute, page 897; section 799, title, 18, United States Code), and for the shoe factory at the Leaven. worth Penitentiary by the Act approved February 11, 1924 (chapter 17, Forty-third Statute, page 7; section 772, title 18, United States Code), there is hereby created a consolidated prison industries working-capital fund which shall be available for carrying on industrial enterprises at any of the several Federal penal and correctional institutions heretofore or hereafter established.
Sec. 5. All money appropriated for, or now on deposit with the Treasurer of the United States to the credit of the said working. capital funds at Atlanta Penitentiary and Leavenworth Penitentiary, shall be credited to the consolidated prison industries working. capital fund herein authorized. All money received from the sale of the products or by-products of such industries as are now or hereafter established, or for the services of said United States prisoners, shall be placed to the credit of said prison industries working-capital fund, which may be used as a revolving fund. There are authorized to be appropriated such additional sums as may from time to time be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.
Sec. 6. The prison industries working-capital fund shall be administered and disbursed by or under the direction of the Attorney Gen. eral, and shall be available for the purchase, repair, or replacement of industrial machinery or equipment; for the purchase of raw materials; for compensation to inmates employed in any industry under rules and regulations promulgated from time to time by the Attorney General; for the employment of necessary civilian officers and employees engaged in any industrial enterprise at any of the Federal penal and correctional institutions and in the District of Columbia; for the repair, alteration, erection, and maintenance of industrial buildings and equipment; and for travel and any other expenses inci. dent to or connected with the establishment, operation, or maintenance of such prison industries as are now established or may hereafter be established by the Attorney General at the several penal and correctional institutions.
Sec. 7. The several Federal departments and independent establishments and all other Government institutions of the United States shall purchase at not to exceed current market prices, such products of the industries herein authorized to be carried on as meet their requirements and as may be available and are authorized by the appropriations from which such purchases are made. Any disputes as to the price, quality, suitability or character of the products manufactured in any prison industry and offered to any Government department shall be arbitrated by a board consisting of the Comptroller General of the United States, the Superintendent of Supplies of the General Supply Committee, and the Chief of the United States Bureau of Efficiency, or their representatives. The decision of said board shall be final and binding upon all parties.
SEC. 8. The Act of Congress approved June 21, 1902 (Chapter 1140, Thirty-second Statutes, page 397), as amended by the Act of