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I am sorry to think that two such dis- reluctant letters seem subdued. No! tinguished men as Calvin and Rabelais there is still one irreducible lettera should have been culprits in this respect. brute of a V or a B which neither Such, however, is the fact. Calvin, knocks can force nor persuasion can angry at the notorious Lucianism of Ra- wheedle ; and, nine times out of ten, belais, whose talents he had hoped might even when this stage has been reached have been better used, and anxious to (and that is perhaps but once in twenty cut the connexion with him, anagramma- attempts), either all has to be begun tized his name “Rabelæsius” into Rabie afresh on a new tack, or some despicable Læsus (Bitten-mad). It was rather rash shift, not allowed by the true rules of in Calvin ; for, of all things on earth, to anagram, has to be resorted to, so that think of fighting a Rabelais with his the anagram produced is but a paltry own weapons, or, for that matter, with imposture. Once and again at long inany weapons, is the most hopeless. And tervals perhaps there is the perfect feat so it proved. All Europe lay still and —the inspired anagram done in one breathless, waiting the sure response. wild moment of ecstasy, or the elaborate It was the calm before a thunderstorm. anagram nobly consummated by perseIt came at last. “So I am "Rabie vering skill. Then let the neighbourlasus,' Mr. John; and pray what are hood look out for the sight of an Archiyou? 'Calvin ;' let me see; 'Jan medes in the streets. Cul;' yes, that's about it!”

What has been said will sufficiently Europe rushed the jest, as it had been explain why it is that, though the world a scavenger in the sky; and Calvin, we has lasted six thousand years (we adhere fancy, did not come out for a week. to this time-honoured phrase advisedly,

Like all good things, a good anagram because it is the bounden duty of every is a rare and difficult production. The literary man to assert the entire indeconduct of an anagrammatist in search pendence of Literature upon Science), of his anagram is perhaps the sublimest so few supremely good anagrams have illustration of the action of genius in been rolled down to us. Allowing for general. It is literally, as we have seen undiscovered gold-grains that may lie -if the word or words exceed a very imbedded in those obsolete masses of few letters—mind on the one hand Anagrammatic Literature to which Mr. against chaotic infinity on the other. Wheatley refers, and especially in the But here, as in other arts, practice and Latin collections of the learned age of rule effect wondrous simplifications. modern Europe, one may assert that all The anagrammatist need not really per- the really superb anagrams now extant navigate the whole sea of transpositions might be contained in a pill-box. I wish into which the words he works on will I could present this pill-box to the resolve themselves. By instinct, or by reader, so that, in this department, he a trial or two, he perceives vast direc- might be sure of having the whole pith tions in which all is gibberish—mere of the world's produce up to the present kelp-beds and stagnation of unmouthable moment. As it is, all I can do is to give combinations of consonants; and

SO, a few of Mr. Wheatley's samples, and very soon, he hovers gull-like over the add a few more from other sources. Nor few clear tracts where there is the best do I restrict myself to such as I can chance of a fish. But O the agony of certify to be good; for, as my pureffort after effort still in vain !

pose is to illustrate the principles of to a word or two; he sees the longed- Anagrammatism, it may be useful to for possibility ; but, no; some six or exhibit all kinds of specimens, from seven letters still stand out obstinate, the coarse anagram in the rough to the and will not fall into rank and file. perfect sparkler. Most often he has to stop at this stage, One kind of Anagram noticed by Mr. wearied and disappointed; but, some- Wheatley, which is really scarcely a true times, there is a flash of light, and the anagram, though good in its way, is that

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which arises not from the rearrangement SERVATIVE: Native Covers ; LIBERAL: or transposition of letters, but only Bill-era ; CRINOLINE : Inner Coil. So from their redivision or resyllabification. also, a cynical person, living when the Thus, when Alexander the Great was celebrated Mr. Pye was poet-laureate about to raise the siege of Tyre in to George III., might very well have despair of taking the town, he had a called POETRY Pye-rot; but, if the cynic dream of a Satyr leaping round him ; were alive now, any friend, wanting to which dream his sages, on being con- refer him to a different specimen of the sulted on the subject, converted into a article, might answer Try Poe. prophetic anagram. "Satyros (A Satyr), The two French examples in the said they ; "yes, Sa T'yros (Tyre is above list are on the edge of a class of thine).” This put heart into the king, anagrams which is by far the most and Tyre was taken. Not unlike this numerous and most interesting-AnaGreek anagram is a German one. grams on Proper Names; chiefly, but “the general peace of 1814,” says Mr. not exclusively, on names of persons. Wheatley, “a portion of Saxony fell This is the favourite hunting ground of

" to the share of Prussia ; and the king, the anagrammatist; here it is that he " to celebrate this addition to his do- wins his triumphs. Let us give another “ minions, issued a new coinage of rix- selection from Mr. Wheatley's speci

dollars, with the name 'Reichsthaler' mens, with such annotations as we think “ impressed upon them. These circulate

necessary :“ in the Prussian part of Saxony; and the Saxons, by dividing the word,

MARIA STEUARDA, SCOTORUM REGINA:

Trusa vi regnis morte amará cado (Thrust by “ make the sentence, · Ein Reich stahl

force from my kingdoms, I fall by a bitter er (He stole a kingdom).'” Patriot, death). resolved into “Pat-riot,” is a poorer

JAMES STUART: A just master. This was nstance.

made by the poet Sylvester, on James I.

CAARLES STUART: Cals' true harts. Made A considerable number of anagrams

by Taylor, the Water Poet, on Charles I. It are of general words or phrases of im- illustrates the necessity of being acquainted portant or interesting meaning. Thus, with the orthography, or the orthographic to throw a few from Mr. Wheatley's list

licence, of the period to which an anagram into small type :

belongs. But Taylor was a clumsy anagram

matist at best. REVOLUTION : Love to ruin.

SIR Francis Bacon, Lord KEEPER : 18 Radical REFORM : Rare mad frolic.

born and elect for a rich speaker. So Mr. Spanish MARRIAGES: Rash games in Paris.

Wheatley gives it, as the anagram by a conPOTENTATES : Ten Tea-Pots. An anagram

temporary of the great man ; but, on testof unfathomable significance !

ing it, we can make out only, Ís born and elec ALTERATIONS : Neat tailors.

for a ric spik-the original being four letters ASTRONOMERS : Moon-starers.

too short. This shows the necessity of verifying CATALOGUES : Got as a clue.

reputed anagrams. It is a sad thought that ELEGANT : Neat leg.

many may be passing unchallenged which are IMPATIENT : Tim in a pet.

but iinpostures. In this case, however, deep LAWYERS : Sly ware.

and sustained investigation has enabled me to MATRIMONY : Into my arm. (This was made mend the anagram. It must have been given by a one-armed man, and illustrates the neces

forth thus :—Sir Francis Bacon, THE LORD sity, in studying an anagram, of being inti

KEEPER : 18 born and elect for rich speaker. mately acquainted with the life and circum

WILLIAM Nor: I moyl in law. This anastances of the anagrammatist.)

gram, on the laborious Attorney-General of OLD ENGLAND: Golden land.

Charles the First, made a great sensation at PARISHIONERS : I hire

the time. parsons. PRESBYTERIAN : Best in prayer.

Phineas FLETCHER : Hath Spencer life? A PUNISHMENT : Nine thumps.

very good anagram ; for, in the age after SpenSOLEMNITY: Yes, Milton.

ser's death, Phineas Fletcher had more of his LA SAINTE ALLIANCE : La Sainte Canaille,

manner and spirit than almost any other poet. LA RÉVOLUTION FRANÇAISE : Veto (suppose

GEORGIUS MONKE, Dux DE AUMARLE : these letters taken out, and then) Un Corse la

Ego Regem reduxi, año Sa. MDCLVV. (I refinira.

stored the king in the year 1660.) In this the

liberty is required of taking K for C. Of the same kind are these-CON- Join BUNYAN : Nu hony in a B. Very SAMUEL T. COLERIDGE : 0, real cut idle JAMES WATT : A steam wit.

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execrable, we should have said ; but, as it was JOAN DRYDEN : Rhino deny'd-which was made by Bunyan himself, we are reverently glorious John's life-long complaint ; in his own dumb.

spelling, too. HORATIO NELSON: Honor est a Nilo (Honour ALEXANDER POPE: Pope Alexander, or A is from the Nile). This celebrated anagram, Pole E.cpander ; either significant to all except put in circulation when the news of the victory

dull minds. of the Nile arrived in England, was the work CHARLES THE FIRST : His charters left; or, of a clergyman-the Rev. William Holden, better, Let charters fish. For the full relish of Rector of Chatteris. It suggests the important this last the reader must know the story, requestion how far it is lawful, in quest of an cently recovered from the State papers, how anagram, to burst the bounds of the language the king, walking one day by the Thames, of the original

. I have my doubts ; but it is and having a copy of the English Constitution evident that a vast extension would be given presented to him by a deputation from Parliato the powers of the anagrammatist if he had ment, threw the document into the river with the run of all or of several of the Indo-Euro- the above observation, and sent the deputation pean languages.

to the Tower. ARTHUR WELLESLEY : Truly he'll see war. OLIVER CROMWELL : More clover, Will--an To this, from Mr. Wheatley, let us add these anagram beautifully representing Oliver's life obvious transpositions-Rules the war-yell when he was a quiet farmer, and had a servant(which comes as a consolation after the first), lad named William ; or Welcomer 9- viol and Rule, earthy swell (which might express which expresses the opinion of Oliver's adhethe opinion of those detractors who, while the rents that he was a better first-fiddle than the Duke was alive, accused him of being hard and martyr monarch. Observe how significant is worldly). But best is the following : ARTHUR the blank in the word “royal.” Oliver was WELLESLEY, DUKE OF WELLINGTON : Let well- not nominally king, though really such. foild Gaul secure thy renown.

ROBERT BURNS : Burst reborn ; for poetry SIR ROBERT PEEL: Terrible poser.

burst forth afresh in Burns, as if reborn after Sir FRANCIS BURDETT : Frantic Disturbers. the long death of the eighteenth century. PRINCE REGENT : G. R. in pretence.

James MACPHERSON : Me cramp Ossian ! he! IRELAND : Daniel R.

--expressing how James laughed to scorn the JOHN ABERNETIY : Johnny the Bear. charge brought against him ; or, M.P., reach

FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE: Flit on, cheering me Ossian-which was a standing joke against angel.

Macpherson in the library of the House of GEORGE THOMPSON : Ogo, the Negro's M.P. Commons when he became a member. NOTES AND QUERIES : Enquiries on Dates. THOMAS CHALMERS : Chatham morsels, or Here are a few more, which were

Calm mass, he Thor, or Home charms last; all

very exact and descriptive. found by a friend of ours neatly tied up THOMAS CARLYLE. This name is rich in in a paper parcel in one of the niches of

anagrams—thus : Cry shame to all, or Amos, London Bridge. Outside the parcel was thy recall, or Mercy, lash a lot, or A lot cry

Lash me." this inscription, “ Finder, use these well :

JOHN STUART MILL: Just mart on hill (i.e. they are all I have to leave to the

not only fair exchange, but with all circumworld." Let them be received, there- stances of publicity); or thrill, just man, or fore, solemnly rather than critically, with O man, just thrill-expressing two opinions of a tear for the unfortunate author :

the character of Mr. Mill's philosophy.

John RUSKIN: No ink-rush Il WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE: I make ; eras will Henry HALLAM: Real manly H. H. shape ; or, Rake; I will shame apes—the former THOMAS BABINGTON MACAULAY : Mouths expressing Shakespeare's confidence in his big; a Cantab anomaly; or, 0, a big mouth ; a creative genius, and the perpetual pliability of manly Cantab's! his creations to the wants of future times ; the WILLIAM WORDSWORTH : Wit or will mows latter being an address of disgust to his bio- hard. graphers, commentators, and imitators.

gems. ALFRED TENNYSON : Ferny land-notes.

JEREMY BENTHAM: The body of Jeremy CHARLES DICKENS : Cheer sick lands.

Bentham never was buried. By his own WILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY : Peace! directions it was kept above ground—a wax h-m! ay, I will make a racket. Dimly in- facsimile of his face and head being fitted on telligible !

to his skeleton, and his own silver hair and the JOANNES MILTON : 0, Annon limites! (0, hat and clothes he usually wore being placed are there not limits ?) The question is evi- on the figure, so as to make an exact repredently addressed to him in his capacity as a sentation of him sitting in his chair as when Latin writer and thorough-going politician ; alive. Perhaps his notion was that his school and, if you want the answer, you must take it would last, and that he should be wheeled in out of his other designation-John Milton, to preside at their annual meetings in that Poet: No, limit not hopel

ghastly form. At all events, the figure was 1 We refer to a former article (October, 1861) for the reasons why we confine our remarks here to the public concerts of firstclass music, omitting reference to the operas and the benefit concerts of private individuals.

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long kept by the late Dr. Southwood Smith, gesture, of every style and mode of ceremonious and is now in one of the London museums. Hexure possible to the human body, short of No one can look at it without disgust at such actual prostration ; and Boswell records it with an exhibition-the too literal fulfilment of the infinite gusto, and as it were stands by, that senile whim of a really great and worthy man. you may enjoy the full view of it. Of course His very name contains the punishment of the he does ; his name destined him to do it: See, whim, Jeer my bent ham.

Sam, J'ú bow. Joseph BUTLER (of the “ Analogy”): Be ADAM Smith: Admit hams-i.e. apply the true Philos.

principle of free trade first to one particular SiR WILLIAM HAMILTON : The anagram article, and mark the results. of the name of this great metaphysician takes RICHARD COBDEN : Rich corn, bedad! the form of a bit of dramatic dialogue

Francis Bacon: Bo! Franciscan; showing L. L.L.: “I am I ; am I not ?

Bacon's contempt for the monkish or scholastic H.:“W. (Double you), Sir !"

philosophy. So profound an anagram as this may require Isaac NEWTON: A twin case? No. a little explanation. L. L. L. is the “Learned EDWARD Ross (the first champion shot of Logic Lecturer,” Sir William himself; he is England): Sod-Rewards — alluding to the interrogating H., one of his hearers, and, to mounds of turf or sod on which the competitors try his powers of thinking, asks him in a knelt when firing at Wimbledon. personal form a question of great metaphysical THE TIMES : Its theme!-i.e. the whole plamoment. The Hearer is evidently zled net and all that takes place upon it; Meet this and cannot grasp the notion of Sir William -a reference chiefly to the advertisements in being I and then I again, or two Sir Williams the second column ; and, finally, E. E. T. Smith. at once.

This last anagram we could not interpret for VISCOUNT PALMERSTON: Sit upon realms, some time; but we think we have it now. It Count. This is general, for the Viscount's seems to mean that The Times represents whole career ; but No psalm-tunes, Victor, is Smith, or general English opinion, and yet not particular, and expresses the tenor of his Smith absolutely and altogether, but rather views on Ítalian politics at present.

Smith when he is well backed by capital. Sir COLIN CAMPBELL: Loll in camp, scribe ; expressing the fact that newspaper corre

From these specimens it will be perspondents might take it easy when Sir Colin ceived that there is yet plenty of room was in command.

in the world for good anagrams.

InEDMUND BURKE: Drunk mud-bee. EDWARD GIBBON : Od / big braw Ned-a

dividual effort may do much. But what complimentary exclamation by an enthusiastic

wealth of results might be expected if Scotch admirer; or Brain, wedd bog, expressing the whole nation were to take the matter admirably, but in an ill-spelt manner, the in hand, and were, by arrangements well nature of Gibbon's great achievement as a historian-the reduction of the disorderly quag;

preconcerted, to devote one complete mire of the middle ages into firm land and

day of twelve hours—say the 1st of verdure by the application of brain to it. April next, from nine in the morning

JAMES BOSWELL. Among all Boswell's sto- till nine in the evening—to simultaneous ries of Johnson none is better than that of the

anagram-making! One such day of bow Johnson made to the Archbishop. Never was such a bow in the world. It was a comi

united effort would certainly hoist us bination into one tremendous, indescribable

a mile or two nearer the moon.

THE LONDON MUSICAL SEASON OF 1862.1

BY WILLIAM POLE, F.R.S. MUS. BAC. OXON.

The musical season of the International
Exhibition

year has presented some prominent and striking features, but on

the whole has been less remunerative to concert-givers than was anticipated. It was supposed that, from the immense influx of strangers into the metropolis, greatly increased audiences might be expected for evening entertainments of all kinds ; but this anticipation has not been realized, probably from the fact that,

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after the laborious occupations of in- will be granted at once; but we may be cessant sight-seeing during the day, the allowed, without disrespect, to doubt visitors have been too fatigued to care whether this kind of music is really so about attending hot rooms in the even- successful as might at first be supposed. ing. Good music, too, now-a-days, is A great rage has arisen, in modern no longer confined to the metropolis, and days, for giving instrumental music is therefore no rarity to our country what is called a "descriptive" character. friends ; while to foreigners we have It has been thought not enough that little to offer comparable to what they music should excite emotions in the may hear in their own lands, for a small mind; but it has been desired to make fraction of the price they must pay here. it also suggest ideas of scenes or occur

The Philharmonic Society have this rences, between which and the music no year completed the fiftieth season since immediate connexion is traceable. their establishment, which they have It is an open question, which deserves celebrated with a “ Jubilee Concert," more investigation than it has yet represented to their subscribers in addi- ceived, how far music is legitimately tion to the eight ordinary performances capable of expressing ideas lying out of of the subscription. This was held on the

proper domain of sound. That it is the 14th July, at St. James's Hall ; but, so, to a certain extent, is undeniable ; singularly enough, the selection of music but this extent is much more limited appeared to have no reference whatever than is usually supposed, as is evito the event, except one piece com- dent from the fact of the exceeding posed by Dr. Bennett, the conductor, indefiniteness of the impressions proexpressly for the occasion. The direc- duced. For, if we examine closely tors announced, the previous season, that into the working on the mind of any this concert would be given for the descriptive piece of instrumental music, “performance, on a large scale, of the we shall find that by far the greater * colossal works written expressly for portion of its efficiency is due to our " the Society by Beethoven, Spohr, Men- own fancy, and very little to the sugges“delssohn, and other great composers,' tive power of the music itself. It is easy but we look in vain through the pro- enough, when we are told beforehand gramme for a single piece answering this the programme of a composition, to description. The symphony was Mozart's identify, or rather to imagine we can " Jupiter," the overtures were Beeth- identify, its descriptions; but let any oven's “ Leonora ” and Weber's “Eury- descriptive symphony or overture, even anthe," and the instrumental solos were of the highest class, be played to a pera concerto of Spohr's, Beethoven's Choral son ignorant of its name or intention, Fantasia, and a thème varié by Signor and see the result of his endeavours to Piatti; to which were added Mendels- make out its meaning. The most consohn's “Hear my prayer” and finale to tradictory guesses are made even by "Loreley," the solos by Madame Lind eminent musical critics; and often, even Goldschmidt and Mademoiselle Tietjens where an explanatory programme is respectively.

given, the case is not much better; for Dr. Bennett's composition was a “Fan- we have frequently remarked the pertasia Overture,” intended to illustrate, plexity of hearers listening to a romantic or to depict, or to imitate, or whatever composition, with a long sheet of explait may be called, Moore's “ Paradise and nation in their hands, and trying their the Peri ;” and the programme was ar- utmost, but in vain, to make out what ranged with portions of the music printed part of the scene is being played. And alongside certain passages in the words, we have been somewhat profanely rewhich they were intended to apply to. minded of the showman, who, when That the composition was a very beautiful asked inconvenient questions by his one, and well worthy of the high re- juvenile spectators as to which part of putation of our first English composer, the picture he was describing, cunningly

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