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THE MUTUAL SECURITY ACT OF 1954 (AS AMMENDED) (EXCERPTS)
Section 414-Munitions Control (a) Authority of President.
The President is authorized to control, in furtherance of world peace and the security and foreign policy of the United States, the export and import of arms, ammunition, and implements of war, including technical data relating thereto, other than by a United States Government agency. The President is authorized to designate those articles which shall be considered as arms, ammunition, and implements of war, including technical data relating thereto, for the purposes of this section.
(b) Registration of manufacturers, exporters, and importers.
As prescribed in regulations issued under this section, every person who engages in the business of manufacturing, exporting, or importing any arms, ammunition, or implements of war, including technical data relating thereto, designated by the President under subsection (a) of this section shall register with the United States Government agency charged with the administration of this section, and, in addition, shall pay a registration fee which shall be prescribed by such regulations. Such regulations shall prohibit the return to the United States for sale in the United States (other than for the Armed Forces of the United States and its allies or for any State or local law enforcement agency) of any military firearms or ammunition of United States manufacture furnished to foreign governments by the United States under this chapter or any other foreign assistance program of the United States, whether or not advanced in value or improved in condition in a foreign country. This prohibition shall not extend to similar firearms that have been so substantially transformed as to become, in effect, articles of foreign manufacture.
(c) Penalties for violations.
Any person who willfully violates any provision of this section or any rule or regulation issued under this section, or
EXECUTIVE ORDER 11432 CONTROL OF ARMS IMPORTS
By virtue of the authority vested in me by section 414 of the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended (22 U.S.C. 1934), and section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, and as President of the United States, it is ordered as follows: Section 1. Section 301 of Executive Order No. 10973 of November 3, 1961, is hereby amended to read as follows: "Sec. 301. Department of the Treasury. There are hereby delegated to the Secretary of the Treasury:
"(a) The function conferred upon the President by the second sentence of section 612 of the Act.
"(b) So much of the functions conferred upon the President by Section 414 of the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended, as relate to control of the import of arms, ammunition and implements of war, including technical data relating thereto. In carrying out such functions the Secretary of the Treasury shall consult with appropriate agencies, and on matters affecting world peace, the external security and foreign policy of the United States he shall be guided by the views of the Secretary of State. Designations, including changes in designations, of articles subject to import control under section 414 shall have the concurrence of the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense."
(f) Riflescopes (except sporting type sights including optical) and specifically designed components therefor.
CATEGORY II-ARTILLERY AND PROJECTORS (a) Guns over caliber .50, howitzers, mortars, and recoilless rifles.
(b) Military flame throwers and projectors. (c) Components and parts including, but not limited to, mounts and carriages for the articles in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category.
(a) Ammunition for the arms in Categories I and II of this section (see §§ 123.03 and 121.04).
(b) The following components, parts, accessories, and attachments: Cartridge cases, powder bags, bullets, jackets, cores, shells (excluding shotgun), projectiles, boosters, fuzes and components therefor, primers, and other detonating devices for such ammunition (see § 121.04).
(c) Ammunition belting and linking ma
(d) Military pyrotechnics except (i) nonirritant smoke and (ii) other pyrotechnic materials having dual military and commercial use.
CATEGORY VI-VESSELS OF WAR AND SPECIAL NAVAL EQUIPMENT
(a) Warships, amphibious warfare vessels, landing craft, mine warfare vessels, patrol vessels, auxiliary vessels, service craft, floating dry docks, and experimental types of naval ships (see § 121.12).
(b) Turrets and gun mounts, missile systems, arresting gear, special weapons systems, protective systems, submarine storage batteries, catapults and other components, parts, attachments, and accessories specifically designed for combatant vessels, including but not limited to, battleships, command ships, guided missile ships, cruisers, aircraft carriers, destroyers, frigates, escorts, minesweepers, and submarines.
(c) Submarine and torpedo nets, and minc sweeping equipment. Components, parts, attachments and accessories specifically designed therefor.
(d) Harbor entrance magnetic, pressure, and acoustic detection devices, controls and components thereof.
(e) Naval nuclear propulsion plants, their land prototypes and special facilities for their construction, support, and maintenance, including any machinery, device, component, or equipment specifically developed or designed for use in such plants or facilities (see § 123.38).
CATEGORY VII-TANKS AND MILITARY VEHICLES
(a) Military type armed or armored vehicles, military railway trains, and vehicles fitted with, designed or modified to accommodate mountings for arms or other specialized military equipment.
(b) Military tanks, tank recovery vehicles, half-tracks and gun carriers.
(c) Self-propelled guns and howitzers.
(d) Military trucks, trailers, hoists, and skids specifically designed for carrying and handling the articles in paragraph (a) of Categories III and IV; military mobile repair shops specifically designed to service military equipment.
(e) Military recovery vehicles,
(f) Amphibious vehicles (see § 121.07). (g) All specifically designed components, parts, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment, including military bridging
2 Applications for licensing the export of any such machinery, device, component, or equipment, or technical data relating thereto, will not be granted if the proposed export does not come within the scope of an existing Agreement for Cooperation for Mutual Defense Purposes concluded pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, with the government of the country to which the item will be exported; unless the license application involves an item (a) which is identical to that in use in an unclassified civilian nuclear powerplant, and its furnishing does not disclose its relationship to naval nuclear propulsion, and (b) which is not for use in a naval propulsion plant.
and deep water fording kits for the articles in this Category.
CATEGORY VIII-AIRCRAFT, SPACECRAFT, AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
(a) Aircraft including helicopters designed, modified, or equipped for military purposes, including but not limited to the following: Gunnery, bombing, rocket, or missile launching, electronic surveillance, reconnaissance, refueling, aerial mapping, military liaison, cargo carrying or dropping, personnel dropping, military trainers, dones, and lighterthan-air aircraft (see § 121.13).
* (b) Spacecraft including manned and unmanned, active and passive satellites.
(c) Military aircraft engines, except reciprocating engines, and spacecraft engines specifically designed or modified for the aircraft and spacecraft in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category.
(d) Airborne equipment, including but not limited to airborne refueling equipment, specifically designed for use with the aircraft, spacecraft, and engines of the types in paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) of this category.
(e) Launching, arresting, and recovery equipment for the articles in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this category.
(f) Nonexpansive balloons in excess of 3,000 cubic feet capacity, except such types as are in normal sporting use.
(g) Power supplies and energy sources specifically designed for spacecraft.
(h) Components, parts, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment specifically designed or modified for the articles in paragraphs (a) through (g) of this category, excluding propellors used with reciprocating engines and aircraft tires.
(i) Developmental aircraft components known to have a significant military application, excluding aircraft components concerning which Federal Aviation Agency certification is scheduled.
(j) Parachutes, except such types as are in normal sporting use, and complete canopies, harnesses, and platforms, and electronic release mechanisms therefor.
(k) Ground effect machines (GEMS), including surface effect machines and other air cushion vehicles, except such machines as are in normal commercial use, and all components, parts, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment specifically designed or modified for use with such machines.
(1) Inertial systems, and specifically designed components therefor, inherently capable of yielding accuracies of better than 1 to 2 nautical miles per hour circular error of probability (c.e.p.).
CATEGORY IX-MILITARY TRAINING EQUIPMENT
(a) Military training equipment includes but is not limited to attack trainers, radar target trainers, radar target generators, gunnery training devices, antisubmarine warfare trainers, target equipment, armament training units, flight simulation devices, operational flight trainers, flight simulators, radar trainers, instrument flight trainers and navigation trainers.
(b) Components, parts, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment specifically designed or modified for the articles in paragraph (a) of this category.