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In general the prices reported were higher than in 1922, Missouri showing the largest increase.
Georgia exceeded Missouri by a small quantity, and Tennessee ranked third. Of the barytes reported by producers in Missouri 94 per cent was shipped from Washington County. The output of North Carolina and South Carolina was much increased. Kentucky, Virginia, and Wisconsin again were listed as producers, and considerable interest was shown in the deposits in Idaho, though no production was made in that State.
The barytes imported in recent years was purchased for use in plants in the eastern part of the United States, and most of it was shipped from Germany. During the war the imports of barytes nearly ceased, but in 1920 and later years they have averaged about the same as in the years before the war.
Crude barytes imported for consumption in the United States, 1901-1923
a Value at port of shipment, on which duty is levied. Does not include railroad and ship freight charges to this country or import duty.
A small quantity of barytes was exported to Canada in 1922, as reported by shippers. Exports of barytes are not separately classified by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
The two following tables, which show the use of domestic and imported barytes in the United States, were compiled from reports made by the manufacturers of barium products.
Crude barytes (both domestic and imported) used in the manufacture of barium
products in the United States, 1918-1923, in short tons
? The statistics of imports and exports were compiled by J. A. Dorsey, of the United States Geological Survey, from the records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
Domestic and imported crude barytes used in the manufacture of barium products
in the United States in 1923, by States
The following table, prepared by W. I. Whiteside, of the United States Geological Survey, shows the output of barytes by various countries so far as statistics are available:
World's production of barytes, 1913, 1919-1923, in metric tons a
• Sources of information: Algeria, Bur. Mines, Gov. Gen. of Algeria. Australia, New South Wales, Dept. Mines Ann. Rept.; South Australia, Dept. Mines Min. Review; Tasmania, Acting Sec. Mines Ann. Rept.; Western Australia, Dept. Mines Rept. Austria, Bundesmin, f. Handel u. Gewerbe, Ind. u. Bauten, Mitt. oesterr. Bergbau. Belgium, Statistique des industries extractives et métallurgiques. British India, India Geol. Survey Rec. Canada, Dept. Mines, Mines Branch, Ann. Rept.; Dominion Bur. Statistics Ann. Rept., 1921, and Preliminary Rept., 1922–23. France, statistique de l'industrie minérale en France et en Algérie; data furnished by Direction des Mines, Ministère des travaux publics, Paris. Germany, Baden, Imp. Mineral Resources Bur., London; Bavaria, Imp. Mineral Resources Bur., London; Glückauf, Aug. 7, 1920, and June 9, 1923; consular report, Mar. 18, 1922; Prussia, Zeitschr, Berg", Hütten- u. Salinenwesen preuss. Staat.; Saxony, Jahrb. Berg- u. Hüttenwesen im Königreich Sachsen. Italy, Rivista del servizio minerario; consular report Apr. 3, 1924. Rhodesia (Southern), Chamber of Mines Monthly Repts. Russia, Imp. Mineral Resources Bur., London. Spain, Estadistica minera de España. United Kingdom, Mines
and Quarries, general report with statistics; Mines Dept. Ann. Rept., Sec. Mines and H. M. Chief Inspector Mines. 6 Data not available. c Exports. Exclusive of 1,224 cubic meters from quarries.
The barium-products industry in the United States continued active in 1923, the year's production showing an increase of 8 per cent in quantity over that of 1922 and falling only 12 per cent below the production of 1920, the largest recorded by the Survey. These statistics were first collected for 1915. There was a falling off in the output of ground barytes, but a good gain in that of both lithopone and barium chemicals. Barium products made from domestic and imported crude ores in the United States
and sold, 1922–28
• Barium chemicals manufactured from barium products bought in open market are not included in table in order to avoid duplication; the total output of barium chemicals is therefore not shown above. Revised figures.
REFINED GROUND BARYTES Barytes is ground to very fine powder, leached with acid, and washed for use as a pigment, a filler, and an inert base. Most barytes is refined by flotation on a stream of water, whereby only the most impalpable powder is obtained. As a pigment it is used chiefly in interior flat white or light-colored paints. As a filler it is extensively used in rubber goods, linoleum, oilcloth, highly glazed paper, and similar white glazed articles. It forms an inert base on which dyes are precipitated to make lakes or colored paints. Ground barytes has also been used in making brick for the construction of X-ray laboratories, in place of a lining of sheet lead, to prevent the rays from escaping and doing possible
injury. The output of ground barytes in 1923 was 14 per cent less than that in 1922. About four-fifths of the output was produced in Missouri, inclusive of a small quantity from Kentucky. The National Pigments & Chemical Co. was the largest producer. A plant in Kentucky resumed production, and a new plant in Missouri began operations at the end of the year.
Ground barytes sold by domestic producers in 1918–1923
Companies grinding barytes in 1923
Location of plant
Western Rock Products Co., San Francisco, Calif.
San Francisco, Calif.
Des Peres, Mo.
The average value at the plant of domestic ground barytes sold in the United States in 1923 was $22.60 a ton, as compared to $20.22 in 1922. Western domestic floated ground barytes, including barrels, f. o. b. mills, was quoted in the Oil, Paint, and Drug Reporter at a minimum of $26 a short ton from January to the middle of March; at a minimum of $28 from March 19 to October 29; at a minimum of $24 in November; and at $25 to $26 in December. Domestic southern off-color barytes, in bulk, was quoted at $15 to $20 a ton until October 22 and at $15 to $18 for the rest of the year. Foreign ground barytes, in barrels f. o. b. New York, brought $32 to $40 a short ton in January, $35 to $40 until the middle of March, $40 to $42 through October, and a minimum of $35 in November and December.
Ground barytes sold by domestic producers in 1923, by States
Lithopone, a pigment prepared chemically from barytes and zinc sulphide ore, is an intimate mixture by chemical precipitation of barium sulphate and zinc sulphide in the proportion of about 70 to 30. It is of exceedingly fine grain and is used in paint especially but also as a filler in rubber goods, linoleum, oilcloth, window shades, and certain kinds of paper.
The quantity of lithopone sold in 1923 was about 18 per cent more than in 1922 and was greater than in any previous year. Pennsylvania led in quantity, and New Jersey was second. Of the total output of the country nearly 90 per cent was made in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland, as the industry is largely centered around Philadelphia.
Lithopone sold by producers in the United States in 1923, by States
Lithopone sold by producers in the United States, 1918–1923
Metals & Chemicals Extraction Corporation, Oakland, Calif.
The Metals & Chemicals Extraction Corporation was in the hands of a receiver and was offered for sale late in the year. The Collinsville Zinc Corporation was reorganized as the St. Louis Lithopone Co., which commenced operations just before the end of the year. The Consolidated Chemical Products Co., of Alton, Ill., was reorganized as the Basic Chemical Manufacturing Corporation and expects to be active in 1924. The Mineral Refining & Chemical Corporation, at Mississippi River and River Des Peres, St. Louis, Mo., was sold under bankruptcy proceedings. Part was purchased by the C. P. DeLore Co., which is producing ground barytes. The remainder of the plant was bought by the Titanium Pigment Co. (Inc.), New York City, which will produce titanox, a white pigment consisting of 16 to 26 per cent of titanium oxide precipitated upon 74 to 84 per cent of barium sulphate.
The average value reported by domestic manufacturers at their plants in 1923 was $118.21 a ton, which is $7.68 more than in 192 2 but $3.24 less than in 1921. Values in 1923 ranged from $95 to $131.40 a ton f. o. b. cars at plant. Prices for lithopone delivered in New York in barrels, in car lots, as quoted in the Oil, Paint, and