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Domestic clay sold in the United States in 1923, by States and kinds

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Alabama.
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California.
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida.
Georgis..
Idaho.
Nlinois.
Indiana.
Iowa.
Kentucky.
Maryland.
Massachusetts.
Michigan..
Minnesota,
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Montana.
Nebraska.
Nevada.
New Jersey
New Mexico.
New York.
North Carolina.
North Dakota.
Ohio.
Oregon
Pennsylvania..
South Carolina.
South Dakota.
Tennessee.
Texas.
Utab.
Vermont.
Virginia.
Washington.
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming-
Undistributed.

1, 059 6491, 211 11, 624

255

9, 380 $1,607, 927 20, 033

965

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Average value per ton

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• Included under “ Undistributed."
These totals include 10,617 tons of diaspore clay from Missouri, valued at $54,450.

9786°—26- -6

Domestic clay sold in the United States in 1923, by States and kinds-Continued

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Alabama.
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California.
Colorado..
Connecticut
Delaware..
Florida..
Georgia.
Idaho.
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa.
Kentucky.
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan.
Minnesota
Mississippi..
Missouri.
Montana
Nebraska.
Nevada.
New Jersey..
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina..
North Dakota
Ohio.
Oregon..
Pennsylvania
South Carolina.
South Dakota.
Tennessee.
Texas
Utah..
Vermont
Virginia.
Washington.
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Wyoming..
Undistributed

$118, 419

360 1, 754 453, 754 272, 276

1, 139 29, 400

( 1,077, 196

1, 297 313, 919 151, 243

4,730 428, 021 172, 169

6,856 7,327 ()

11, 380 1, 624, 789 20, 033

965 10, 900 1, 650, 900

11, 939 43, 701 369, 518

384 711, 957

2, 833 1, 626, 882 454, 412

4,000 529, 551 23, 873 15, 300

3,682 128, 071

29, 040 158, 294

397 10, 448 705, 804

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319, 021

133 165, 895 80, 227 4,666 102, 195 87, 277

1, 358 3,617 ( )

2, 059 495, 797 11, 624

255 1,060 376, 854

3, 135 8, 247 23, 793

29 312, 757

1, 101 517, 392 55, 048

400
105, 341

3,823
4, 250

417
14, 303
10, 491
76, 315

122

614 76, 101

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3, 434, 660

Average value por ton.--

11, 188, 913

3. 26

• Included under "Undistributed."

• Includes ardmorite, bentonite, black-burning clay, montmorillonite, and shale; clay for architectural terra cotta, artificial abrasives, art pottery, asbestos products, blast furnaces, building brick, coke ovens, cosmetics, decolorizing oils, flower pots, foundries, gas retorts, greenhouse-glass coating, high-grade tile, hollow building tile, insecticides, medicines, modeling, paint, pencil leads, plaster and plaster products, roofing tile, sewer pipe, soap, and steel castings. Slip clay is also included in this column as a matter of statistical convenience.

These totals include 8,520 tons of slip clay valued at $43,609, or $5.12 a ton, from Michigan (630 tons valued at $3,284) and New York (7,890 tons valued at $40,325).

Forty-two States reported clay sold as such in 1923, an increase of 1 (Arizona). The leading 10 States in the order of quantity sold were Pennsylvania (15 per cent of the total for the United States), Missouri (14 per cent), New Jersey (11 per cent), Georgia (9 per cent), Ohio (9 per cent), California (8 per cent), Colorado (6 per cent), Illinois (5 per cent), and Tennessee and Kentucky (3 per cent each). These ten States reported 83 per cent of the total output, and the first five reported 59. per cent. In all these States except Georgia fire clay is the leading kind reported, constituting from 51 per cent of the total output in California to 99 per cent in Missouri.

PRODUCTION BY USES

Statistics showing the production of clay by uses are necessarily incomplete, as many clay miners do not know the purpose to which their clay is put, but it is believed that the figures given in the following table are sufficiently complete to serve as a guide in the study of the uses of domestic clays. In considering these figures it should be borne in mind that they represent chiefly the clay sold as clay by the original producers and do not include the much greater quantities of clay that are burned into clay products by those who mine their own clay.

Domestic clay sold in the United States in 1923, by uses, in short tons

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White-bodied ware made from

white-burning clays, including
china, general ware, chemical
porcelain, porcelain electrical

supplies, sanitary ware, etc...
Art pottery.
High-grade tile.
Chemical stoneware.
Stoneware.
Enameling, as coating for granite

ware, etc.
Páper filler
Paper coating.
Rubber.
Oilcloth or linoleum.
Paint filler or extender.
Paint pigment.
Architectural terra cotta..
Asbestos products...
Plaster and plaster products.
Slip for glazing purposes.
Cement
Kalsomine..
Artificial abrasives.
Crayons (for tailors' use, etc.).
Chemicals
Pencil leads (graphite).
Saggers.
Pins, stilts, and spurs for pot-

ters' use
Wads.
Gas retorts.
Fire brick and block.
Fire-clay mortar, including clay

processed for laying fire brick.
Bauxite and high-alumina brick.
Glassbouse pots..
Glasshouse supplies, blocks,

tiles, etc..
Zinc retorts.
Zinc condensers.
Clay crucibles.
Graphite crucibles and stoppers..
Foundry use and steel works

for cupola lining-Unspecified ...

()

2, 386

904

4,588

5, 355

875

756

1, 009
1, 325

249

5, 620

20 28, 522

160, 457

1, 952

305

1, 728
1, 075

7, 759 28, 289 15, 264 590, 282

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9, 790 29, 364 15, 643 595, 475

6, 168

681

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. Included under “Unspecified.”

* Includes clay for blast-furnace use, brick, cement, cosmetics, decolorizing oils, drain tile, electric appliances, hollow ware, insecticides, lead pots, matches, medicinal use, modeling, pottery, records (phonographic), roofing tile, sewer pipe, soap, wall paper, and water softener; also black-burning clay.

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS ?

Clay imported for consumption in the United States, 1914-1923

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1914.-328, 038 $1, 927, 425 $5. 88 | 16,761 $122, 325 50, 089 $195, 956 3,232 $41, 712 398, 100 $2, 287, 418 1915.. 209, 132 1, 152, 778 5. 51 8, 864 62, 569 23, 718 90, 367 | 1, 343 12, 433 243, 057 1, 318, 147 1916.. 253, 707 1,326, 684 5. 23 2, 501

12, 134 42, 478163, 421 180 1, 994 298, 866 | 1, 504, 233 1917.. 241, 029 1,315, 769 5. 46 88 709 26, 581 123, 439 338 2, 142268, 036 | 1, 442, 059 1918.. 168, 100 | 1, 153, 240 6. 86 114 983 26, 984 163, 484 137 1,087 | 195, 335 1,318, 794 1919.. 180, 592 1.965, 393 10. 88 4 133 23, 759 187, 550 498 4,262 204, 8532, 157, 338 1920.. 361, 8003, 568, 677 9. 86 6,837 157, 201 34, 252 272, 524 691 10, 267 403, 580 4,008, 669 1921. 162, 906 | 1, 546, 285 9. 49

4, 468 77, 217 41, 421 348, 870 120 2, 313208, 915 1, 974, 685 1922 310, 136 2. 963, 420 9. 56 7, 323 84, 415 40, 624 327, 388 | 2, 566 29, 398 360, 649 3, 404, 621 1923.311, 298 3,046, 191 9. 79 12, 999 121, 272 65, 379 481, 614 1,676 21, 892 391, 352 3,670, 969

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Similar exports are

• Includes 2,091 short tons of "kaolin, china clay, and paper clay" valued at $27,840. not separately classified for other years.

: Figures of imports and exports compiled by J. A. Dorsey, of the U. S. Geological Survey, from records of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.

By C. E. SIEBENTHAL and E. R. PHILLIPS

The value of the domestic crude barytes sold in 1923 was $1,664,156, as compared with $1,123,950 in 1922. The value of the barium products made from both domestic and foreign barytes was $13,735,184, as compared with $11,399,441 (revised figures) in

The industry thus made a notable advance from the slump of 1921. The material sold, or shipped or used, is taken to represent the output.

CRUDE BARYTES

SALES From 1901 to 1915 the output of domestic crude barytes ranged from 37,000 to 109,000 short tons, and the average was approximately 56,000 tons. The war cut off the foreign sources of supply and thus increased the demand for domestic ore, and the annual output from 1916 to 1920 averaged about 204,000 tons.

The shipments of crude barytes from mines in 1923 were 38 per cent greater in quantity and 48 per cent greater in value than in 1922 and were exceeded in quantity only by the output of 1916 and of 1920.

Crude barytes shipped by domestic producers in the United States, 1901-1923

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Crude barytes shipped by domestic producers in the United States, 1922–23, by States

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& Included under “Other States." b 1922: Alabama, Idaho, Illinois, North Carolina, and South Carolina. 1923: Alabama, California, Kentucky, South Carolina, Virginia, and Wisconsin.

1 A chapter on barytes and barium products that was more than ordinarily detailed and was accompanied by a map showing the location of harytes deposits and barium-product manufactories was given in Mineral Resources for 1915.

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