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TABLE 96.-Coal produced in Kansas, 1919–1923, in net lons

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a Figures for 1921 and 1922 are incomplete. The State Coal Mine Inspection Department reports 4,028.624 tons produced in 1921 and 3,518,243 tons produced in 1922. See Table 95, note.

> Leavenworth includes Osage.
Includes Bourbon.
* No canvass of wagon mines for 1921.

KENTUCKY

Again Kentucky broke its own record with the output of coal in 1923, although the rate of increase was not so great as in most of the other States. The production was 44,777,317 tons, a gain of 2,643,142 tons, or 6.3 per cent, over that of 1922. This gain lay entirely in the eastern part of the State, not a single county in western Kentucky recording an increase. The wagon mines served by rail showed a loss of 361,568 tons, or 77 per cent. Although the total value of the eastern Kentucky coal was $7,295,000 greater than in the preceding year, that for the western district fell off $19,011,000, and there was a drop of $1,779,000 in the value of the coal from wagon mines; the net decrease for the State was therefore $13,495,000, or 10.6 per cent. There is a marked difference in the average number of days worked

a in the two districts-161 in the eastern and only 127 in the western.

The accompanying diagram (fig. 50) shows the course of daily production for the State as a whole and the average spot prices per ton for the two districts, for the years 1918 to 1922 and for 1923 by months. From 1918, when the daily output averaged about 103,000 tons, to January, 1923, the increase was 38,000 tons, or 37 per cent, and to October (the highest point reached in the period charted) the daily average increased 64,000 tons, or 62 per cent. March showed the lowest average in 1923. Spot prices in both eastern and western Kentucky declined steadily throughout the year, except for a temporary recovery in western Kentucky during August and September.

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FIGURE 50.—Production of coal per working day in Kentucky, and trend of spot prices, run-of-mine

g: ade, for eastern and western Kentucky, 1918-1923. Data from Tables 78 and 79; spot prices as quoted by Coal Age

Table 97.--Coal produced in Kentucky, 1922–23

Value

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Eastern district:

1922
Bell...

1,787, 768 46, 500 25, 145
Boyd.

110, 180 4,928

1, 348 Breathitt.

226, 339 16, 881 1, 491 Carter

143, 164 18, 392

530
Clay

135, 154

3, 110

1, 250 Floyd..

2, 604, 062 45, 473 37, 327 Harlan.

6,095, 344 53, 825 41, 192 Johnson

321, 984

8, 388 14, 809 Knott.

211, 935

2, 242 Knox

436, 299 5, 411 8,651 Laurel

147, 432
14, 403

400
Lawrence

45, 011

194

500
Lee.

179, 703 5, 207 1, 804
Letcher

3, 577, 447 39, 787 41, 415 McCrearу.

693, 351 5, 970

3, 317 Martin.

310, 384 1, 430 5, 904 Morgan.

42, 541 7, 417 1, 573 Perry

4, 226, 217 60, 728

1, 076 Pike.

5, 467, 091 122, 398 70, 038 Whitley

317, 082

13, 459 13, 179 Other counties

1, 160

1, 600

27, 129, 648 477, 743 270, 949 Western district: Christian, Crittenden, and Hancock.

56, 522 4, 266 3, 439 Daviess.

136, 929 16,721

2, 150 Henderson

586, 167 71,569 19,314 Hopkins..

3, 267, 514 158, 257 51, 017 McLean

149, 480 11, 844 2,995 Muhlenberg

4, 142, 230 171, 048 72, 355 Ohio

1, 136, 726 24, 763 34, 293 Union.

1, 327, 476 39, 798 49, 612 Webster

2, 154, 048 15, 106 28, 454

12,957,092 513, 402 263, 629 All Kentucky.

40, 086, 740 991, 145 534, 578 Wagon mines served by rail.

468, 053 Grand total

40, 554, 793 991, 145 534, 578 . Includes also loaders and shot firers.

TABLE 97.--Coal produced in Kentucky, 1922–23—Continued

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1, 362

44, 986

5, 810
11, 515
25, 430

4, 180
27, 459
55, 640
10.682
2, 796
4, 133

353

38, 630

608
700
277

300
39, 014
46, 756
17, 691

Eastern district:

Bell..
Boyd
Breathitt
Carter
Clay.
Floyd.
Harlan.
Johnson
Knott.
Knox
Laurel
Lawrence
Lee
Letcher
McCreary
Martin
Morgan
Perry
Pike
Whitley
Other counties

210, 179

2, 575, 670

143, 024 196, 925 122, 153

180, 583
2, 968, 898
8, 208, 535

630, 938
340, 389
496, 851
108, 039

11, 835

58, 526
4, 263, 937

862, 772
412, 560

25, 088
4,990, 751
5,721, 969
471, 538

2, 310 32,856, 297

9, 967

120

2, 659, 286 $6, 820, 000 149, 472

298,000
209, 140 470, 000
147, 860 369, 000

185, 063 330, 000
3,035, 371 7,984, 000
8, 581, 110 23, 491, 000

659, 311 2, 400, COO
343, 185

827,000
510, 954 1, 474, 000
108, 512 257, 000
11, 835 21, 000
59, 012

138,000
4,369, 968 12, 527,000

879, 759 2, 246, 000
421, 172 944, 000

32, 086 148, 000
5,022, 033 12, 661, 000
5, 893, 637 15, 273, 000
497, 677

1, 509, 000
4, 110 11, 000
33, 780, 553 90, 198, 000

$2. 56

1. 99 2. 25 2. 50 1. 79 2. 63 2. 74 3. 64 2. 41 2.88 2. 37 1. 78 2.34 2. 87 2. 55 2. 24 4. 61 2. 52 2. 59 2. 53 2. 68

2, 691

187
298
182

197
2, 475
4, 951

697
132
031
225
52

74
2, 573

877
200

105
3, 300
3, 474
846

10
24, 177

53
129

93
112
1, 424
2,592
289

63
256
74
24

35
1, 243

374
115

27
1, 576
2, 216

303

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50, 931 14, 587

590
4,065
27, 346
69, 915
10, 452

1, 800
372, 700

486 55, 100 2, 400 8, 022 2,933 3, 933 78, 614 15, 687

20, 139

400

195
5, 908
7, 212
1,369

10
44, 585

321, 238

230, 318

2. 66

12, 360

8,048

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TABLE 98.—Coal produced in Kentucky, 1919–1923, in net tons

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Western district:.

Christian..
Daviess
Hancock
Henderson
Hopkins.
McLean
Muhlenberg-
Ohio.
Union.
Webster.

$ 159, 463 > 260, 914 > 125, 346 > 64, 227 $ 37, 613

68, 103 94, 273 93, 021 155, 800 119, 982
C)
14, 130

4, 696 ()
273, 256 448, 341 340, 720 677, 080 366, 122
2, 463, 010 2, 755, 457 1, 997, 609 3,476, 788

2,716, 777
84, 488 ()
91, 306 164, 319

67, 940
2, 626, 365 3,822, 695 3, 223, 952 4,385, 633 3,976, 725

716, 312 992, 036 863, 185
892, 704

1, 195, 782 994, 687
1,033, 371

821, 300 1,416, 886 1, 264, 013 1,348, 535 1,615, 041 1,054, 721 2, 197, 608 1, 346, 420 8, 632, 236 11, 036, 258 8, 615, 856 13, 734, 123 10, 890, 279 111, 243 162, 000 (6)

468, 053 106, 485 30, 036, 061 35, 690,762 31, 588, 270 42, 134, 175 44, 777, 317 $73, 891,049 $146, 576,000 $85, 092, 600 $127, 037, 000 $113, 542, 000

- 26, 614 -35, 818

) --310, 958 -760, 011

-96, 379 -408, 908 -201, 095 - 152, 873 -851, 188

Small mines.

-2, 843, 844

-361, 568

Grand total Total value...

+2, 643, 142 -$13, 495, 000

. Martin, Owsley, Pulaski, and Wayne in 1919; Martin, Pulaski, and Wayne in 1920; Knott, Lawrence, and Wayne in 1921; Knott, Owsley, and Wayne in 1922; and Owsley and Wayne in 1923.

Christian and Hancock in 1919; Christian and McLean in 1920; Christian and Crittenden in 1921; and Christian, Crittenden, and Hancock in 1922 and 1923.

No canvass of wagon mines for 1921.

MARYLAND

Although the output of coal in 1923 in Maryland was greater than in the two preceding years, it was less than in any other year since 1882. Much of the State's production is now derived from drawing pillars and stumps in the older workings, and costs of production are therefore comparatively high. Labor difficulties and a poor market played a large part in limiting the output in 1923. The strike of 1922, which began April 1 and was settled in other union districts by Labor Day, dragged on in Maryland far into 1923 and was not officially declared off until November. The mines were in operation 178 days. The increase from 1922 to 1923 was 1,063,219 tons, or 87 per cent; the value increased $2,789,000, or 67.7 per cent.

The average daily tonnage for the years 1918 to 1923 ran the scale from 15,000 tons in 1918 to 3,900 tons in 1922. In 1923 there was a gradual decline from a 9,000-ton average in January to 6,000 tons in December. (See fig. 58.)

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