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By G. B. RICHARDSON

A total of 816,226,000 gallons of raw (unblended) natural-gas gasoline, having a value at the plants of $77,268,000, was produced in the United States in 1923. This output, an increase of 61 per cent over that of 1922, was more than double that of 1920, and the year's increase of 310 million gallons is more than the total production of

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FIGURE 15.-Natural-gas gasoline produced, total quantity of natural gas consumed, and portion

treated for the extraction of gasoline, 1911-1923

the country in 1918. Notwithstanding an increase of 22 per cent in the quantity of gasoline produced from petroleum in 1923, the quantity of gasoline produced from natural gas was equivalent to approximately 11 per cent of the quantity of gasoline produced from petroleum, as contrasted with 8 per cent in 1922.

The rank of the four leading States-Oklahoma, Texas, California, and West Virginia-remained the same as in 1921 and 1922, although Oklahoma's output has increased 43 per cent and that of West Virginia only 12 per cent over that of 1922, whereas the output of Texas has increased 86 per cent and that of California 158 per cent. The increased production of natural-gas gasoline in California followed the development of the new fields in the Los Angeles Basin, in which great quantities of natural gas were produced with the petroleum, but only a fraction of the gas available was utilized, and large quantities, both before and after the extraction of gasoline, were not consumed.

During 1923 the number of compression plants decreased and the number using the oil-absorption process, both singly and in combination with the compression process, increased; the new charcoal process, by which natural gas is brought into intimate contact with activated charcoal, in the capillaries of which the vapors are condensed, was reported in use by 10 plants. The increased average capacity of the plants now in operation, contrasted with those of five years ago, is emphasized by the fact that although the total number of plants operated in 1918 and 1923 was about the same, 1,067 in 1923 and 1,004 in 1918, the output in 1923 was almost three times that in 1918.

The quantity of natural gas treated in the recovery of the naturalgas gasoline produced in 1923 was equivalent to 87 per cent of the total quantity of natural gas consumed in the United States, as contrasted with 71 per cent in 1922, 54 per cent in 1917, and 2 per cent in 1913. These figures not only show the growth of the industry from another viewpoint and the increasing conservation of natural gas, but they indicate the near approach of the time when the available annual supply of gas, which heretofore has been much in excess of the quantity treated for the extraction of gasoline, will be a controlling factor in the growth of the industry.

The following tables were compiled by Ē. M. Seeley.

Natural-gas gasoline produced in the United States in 1922 and 1923, by States

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Natural-gas gasoline produced in the United States in 1922 and 1923, by methods

of manufacture

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Natural-gas gasoline turned into crude-petroleum pipe lines in 1923, by States

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• Included in figures of production. Corresponding data for preceding years not available.

Natural-gas gasoline produced in the United States, 1911-1923, by States, in

thousands of gallons

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9, 278

1911 1912 1913 1914. 1915. 1916 1917. 1918. 1919. 1920 1921 1922. 1923

388
1,467
3, 660

232 7, 426 532
1, 575
2,041
5,318

387 12, 081
6, 463

1,157
3, 680
7,662

722

24,061 2, 458 17, 278 4,612

300

42, 653 3, 106
31, 666 5, 899
(s) 10,854

877 65, 365 5,151
48, 360
9,715 1, 293
18, 765

249 103, 493 | 14, 331
115, 123 13, 826 6,920 32, 669

181 217,884 163, 701 15, 775

40, 189 7,326 | 37, 604 1,579

282, 536 189, 995 20, 284

50, 364 9, 337 52, 150 5, 581

351, 535 64, 197 178, 857 | 21, 151 32, 956 58, 941 8,711

384, 744 71, 788 185, 341 19, 856 77, 141 54, 646 14, 558

449, 934 61, 815 189, 404 18, 51895, 40556, 796 19, 967

505, 832 72, 711 270, 249 19, 132 177, 765 | 63, 381 21, 292

816, 226 77, 268 1,398, 400 155, 956 408, 143 411,724 71,6882, 950 3,263, 770 465,067

42.8 4.8 12.5 12.6 2.2 0.1 100.0

7.2 9.6 10.2 7.3 7.9 13.8 18.4 17.8 18. 3 18.7 13.7 14.4 9.5

14.2

Percentage of total.

• Included under “Miscellaneous." Includes also Colorado for 1918.

Natural-gas gasoline produced in the United States, 1911-1923, by methods of

manufacture, in thousands of gallons

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