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By K. W. COTTRELL

SALT

PRODUCTION

Reports received from operators in the salt industry in 1923 indicate that demand was generally fair or good, but the cost of harvesting the evaporated salt was higher, and increased competition tended to reduce the price obtainable. The sales of salt in the United States in 1923 increased 5 per cent in quantity but only 1 per cent in value.

Salt sold or used by producers in the United States, 1918–1923

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a The values are f. o. b. mine or refinery and do not include cost of cooperage or containers.

Increases in both quantity and value were shown in six of the saltproducing States: Idaho increased 48 per cent in quantity and 29 per cent in value; Louisiana, 7 per cent in quantity and 9 per cent in value; New York, 5 per cent each in quantity and value; Virginia, 8 per cent in quantity and 82 per cent in value; West Virginia, 25 per cent in quantity but less than 1 per cent in value; and Nevada, from which no report was received in 1922, reported sales for 1923. California reported 2 per cent decrease in quantity but 10 per cent increase in value; Utah, less than 1 per cent decrease in quantity but 21 per cent increase in value. Kansas reported 11 per cent increase in quantity but 7 per cent decrease in value; Michigan, 6 per cent increase in quantity and less than 1 per cent decrease in value. Three States showed decreases in both quantity and value: New Mexico, 27 per cent in quantity, 9 per cent in value; Ohio, less than 1 per cent in quantity, i per cent in value; Texas, 12 per cent in quantity and 11 per cent in value. The leading States in the production of salt were Michigan, New York, Ohio, and Kansas, in the order named. The number of operating plants in California was 22, Michigan 21, Kansas and New York 13 each, Ohio 7, other States 1 to 6 plants each—a total of 97 active plants.

Salt sold or used by producers in the United States, 1920-1923, by States

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California.
Idaho..
Kansas.
Louisiana
Micbigan.
New Mexico
New York
Ohio..
Porto Rico.
Texas.
Utah.
West Virginia.
Undistributed

212,008 $1, 301, 426 193, 618 $1,043, 912 257, 790 $1,211, 197 252, 465 $1, 327, 917
(a)

21
240

31

310 783, 655 3,839, 409 665, 9683, 268, 661 759, 459 3, 849, 427 845, 163 3, 570, 135 265, 085 1, 517, 414 ()

(9) 336, 852 1, 657, 708 359, 161 1, 808, 762 2, 262, 915 10, 698, 674 1, 427, 465 7, 439, 445 2,005, 088 8, 693, 604 2, 127, 412 8, 684, 148 ()

(a)
(9)
718 5, 747

525 5, 250 1, 903, 101 7, 584, 921 1, 455, 014 6, 505, 041 1, 960, 867 7,066, 409 2,065, 842 7, 431, 155 1,057, 802 3,324, 492 749, 349 3, 284, 952 1, 105, 757 3, 749, 564 1, 102, 387 3,695, 248 7, 418 24, 908 (9)

(9)

5, 875 8, 225 91, 103 667, 835 (6)

(9)

() () 75, 259 546, 186 68,874 491, 354 81, 909 387, 093 81, 449 468, 765 29, 802 348, 556 27, 964 320, 537 25, 188 283, 257 31, 589 284, 196 159, 299 65, 162 385, 484 2, 179, 156 259, 200 560, 592 258, 814 511, 830

6, 840, 029 29, 894, 075 4,981, 154 24, 557, 966 6, 792, 849 27, 464, 838 17, 130, 713 27, 795, 941

. Included under "Undistributed."

1920: Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, and Virginia; 1921: Hawaii, Louisiana, New Mexico, Texas, and Virginia; 1922: Porto Rico, Texas, and Virginia; 1923: Nevada, Texas, and Virginia.

Comparison with figures for 1922 shows an increase in both quantity and value in only three varieties-salt evaporated in vacuum pans, rock salt, and salt in briné. A decrease was shown in both quantity and value of salt evaporated in open pans or grainers and in pressed blocks from evaporated salt. Solar evaporated salt and pressed blocks from rock salt decreased in quantity but increased in value. The average value of all salt was 14 cents a ton less than in 1922.

Salt sold or used by producers in the United States in 1923, by method of manufacture

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Rock salt was reported by 24 plants in 8 States. New York, Kansas, and Louisiana were the leading States, reporting 46, 25, and 17 per cent, respectively, of the total sales of rock salt.

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• Includes pressed blocks made of rock salt, as follows: 1920, 15,182 tons, valued at $172,211; 1921, 20,148 tons, valued at $169,244; 1922, 38,593 tons, valued at $245, 174; 1923, 38,043 tons, valued at $281,302.

Evaporated salt sold or used by producers in the United States in 1922 and 1923, by

States

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• Included under "Undistributed."
1922: Idaho, Louisiana, Porto Rico, and Texas; 1923: Louisiana, Nevada, and Texas.

The production of pressed blocks in the last six years as reported by the original producers of the salt and

shown in the following table does not represent the entire pressed-block industry, because some firms that do not produce salt are making pressed blocks of salt bought in the open market: Pressed salt blocks sold by original producers of the salt in the United States,

1918-1923

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of the total supply of salt in the United States in 1923 almost 99 per cent was of domestic production and less than 2 per cent was

imported.

Supply of salt for domestic consumplion, 1919–1923, in short tons

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According to figures obtained from the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, Department of Commerce, and converted from pounds, as reported by that bureau, to short tons, the salt imported for consumption in the United States in the last five years has been as follows:

Salt imported for consumption in the United States, 1919-1923

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a Includes salt imported for curing fish, as follows: 1922, 2,252 short tons, valued at $5,549; 1923, 16,472 short tons, valued at $46,260.

Salt imported into the United States, 1920–1923, by countries

(General imports)

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North America:
Canada.

3, 156, 200 $22, 188 1,692,000 $13, 560 1,889, 300 $14, 547 3,064, 500 $17, 736 Guatemala

500 26 Mexico.

18, 200 142
Newfoundland and
Labrador

115,000 2,800
West Indies:
British-
Barbados

1,012, 600 1,153 Jamaica.

1, 034, 100 Trinidad

1,379 3,575, 700 4,169 a n d Tobago.

3, 265, 400 3,668 Other British 74, 961, 600 124, 654 35, 761, 400 54, 271| 59, 731, 400 77, 966 70, 100, 600 79, 781 Dutch

20, 415, 600 39, 571 9, 603, 200 12, 425 11,016, 100 15, 713 3,050, 600 4,431 French

1, 106, 200 2, 868 62,000 151 Virgin Islands of the

2,390,000 2,785 United States.

902, 8001, 788 South America: Argentina

228, 400 1, 142 Chile

17, 300 99 Venezuela.

75, 600 137 1 The tables of imports and exports were compiled by James A. Dorsey, of the Geological Survey.

Salt imported into the United States, 1920–1923, by countries—Continued

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Europe:

Belgium
Germany
Italy
Netherlands.
Portugal
Spain
I'nited Kingdom-

England

Scotland.
Asia:

Hongkong
Japan..

Turkey
Africa:

Algeria and Tunis.
Canary Islands
French Africa.
Portuguese Africa.

440,000 $2,070 47, 689, 300 $143, 158 82, 712, 700 $250, 614 110, 656, 000 $274, 511 57, 453, 100 135, 959 5, 846, 400 8, 347

10, 304,000 10, 350 314, 700 294 17,008, 000 34, 624 2,912, 000

561,100 2,503

2,850 65, 732, 10071, 158 12, 494, 400 29, 597 25, 552, 600 27,047 17, 277, 600 16, 396 44, 281, 500 236, 374 16, 676, 700 123, 999 14, 104, 100 105, 172 16,448, 500 121, 253 200

1

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275, 308, 200 676, 499 186, 190, 100 531, 031 227, 627, 500 523, 036196, 879, 100 404, 318

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Salt exported from the United States, 1920–1923, by countries

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138, 221 $1, 697 128, 284 $2,128
300, 285

182, 100
3, 404

$2, 130 262, 212 2, 813

186, 530 $2, 350 182,799, 386 959, 451 163, 278, 742 908, 753 208, 495, 592 928, 477 188, 954, 715 696, 709

378, 984

3, 833 344, 563 3,028

438, 134 4, 995 59, 380

132, 098 2, 219 128, 559 2, 641, 512 23,022 1,859, 679 566, 838 8, 908

451, 557 3, 137, 777 36, 457 2, 236, 694 2,000

60

1, 821 10, 647, 691 130, 022 9,305, 018 1, 520

42

576 879, 888 7,660

603, 490

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North America:

Bermuda...
British Honduras.
Canada..
Central American

States:
Costa Rica
Guatemala.
Honduras
Nicaragua
Panama.

Salvador
Mexico.
Miquelon, Lang.

ley, etc
Newfoundland and

Labrador.
West Indies
British:

Barbados
Jamaica
Trinidad and

Tobago.
Other British
Cuba.
Dominican Re-

public
Dutch
French.
Haiti
Virgin Islands of
the United
States..

2,000 5, 394 27, 093

8, 482 16, 676

274 88, 071

78

554

678, 640

1, 135

6,098

1,450 26

724

25 78, 503

100 1, 405

4
196, 438
1, 392
4,436

88
4, 496

107
15, 908/
445

244

24

3 10, 561 330

37, 369

421 62, 569, 363 519, 224 30,965, 628 234, 577 41, 443, 389 268, 463 38, 895, 196 267, 960

15, 415

297 348, 192 7, 151 426, 830 7,083 186, 315 4,621

199, 527 50

5, 423 5 96 5

440 8, 539 367 8, 500

23 320 4, 396 122

934
12, 804
529

27
292
4,678

197 4,428 156

8, 422

10,080

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