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Dr. VAN KIRK. The position of the Federal Council of Churches is that the discrimination now embodied in our legislation should be removed with regard to those peoples with which our Nation is now at peace. That would not include the Japanese.
Mr. ALLEN. You do not go so far as to say we should do it as to all Asiatics?
Dr. VAN KIRK. No. So far as we are at peace with these people.
Mr. Mason. To clarify it, I think the Doctor means that after we are at peace with Japan, then naturally they would have the same standing, with respect to Japanese exclusion, as the Chinese or the Indians?
Dr. VAN KIRK. That is right.
Mr. Mason. In other words, after the war is over, you would want us to admit the Japanese also?
Dr. Van KIRK. I should want to cross that bridge when I came to it and consider the situation that existed at that time and the conditions under which the peace had been reestablished between ourselves and Japan. I would not want to speculate with regard to possible action in the future. As that action is related to Japan, it would compromise the validity of one's testimony with regard to the specific legislation now being considered by the committee.
The CHAIRMAN. So far as I am concerned, I would not want to see a quota for Japan for the next thousand years.
Dr. VAN KIRK. That is not under discussion.
The CHAIRMAN. That goes for the Germans, too. I think something should be done about cutting the German quota.
Mr. FISHER. Mr. Chairman, may I ask a question?
Mr. FISHER. Doctor, you stated in your prepared statement that you do not favor relaxing the quota system that now exists, except that you want to see it changed as it pertains to the Asiatics, is that correct?
Dr. VAN KIRK. We are not now discussing the matter as to whether the quotas should be increased or decreased. That is the point I am trying to make. I am not suggesting that the quotas be increased. I am only asking that within the framework of our existing quota system, that this principle of discrimination be removed.
Mr. FISHER. I understand you to state in your prepared statement something about the attitude of your organization.
Dr. VAN KIRK. The Federal Council does not ask that our immigration restrictions against peoples of other countries be relaxed. That is not what we are saying. We are not proposing that at all
. We are simply asking that under such restrictions as may be in force, and within the framework of the quota system, that this principle of discrimination be removed.
Mr. FISHER. Since that subject has been brought up by you, and also the chairman, there are a number of proposals now pending to cut the general quotas down 50 or 75 percent for a limited period of time during the transition period after the war, when everybody will be looking for jobs and the veterans will be coming back looking for jobs. Would you be in position to express the views of these organizations, or your own, as to whether that would be a good thing or not?
Dr. Van Kirk. I do not wish to make a statement in regard to that this morning. I appear here only under the authority of our executive council to speak to this particular matter.
Mr. FISHER. With respect to your own personal view?
Dr. Van KIRK. I am not enough of an authority to express judgment that would be of value to the guidance of this committee. What I am convinced of in my own mind is that this insufferable discriminatory legislation must be removed. And I am not here to say whether the quotas should be this figure or some other figure.
Mr. FISHER. But you would be opposed to permitting immigrants in any appreciable number coming in and competing with returning veterans for jobs?
Dr. Van KIRK. In principle, I would support that observation, sir. Mr. FISHER. That is all. The CHAIRMAN. That is all, Doctor. Mr. CELLER. I would like to present, Mr. Chairman, Mr. John B. Chevalier, secretary of the American Asiatic Association.
The CHAIRMAN. You may proceed, sir.
STATEMENT OF JOHN B. CHEVALIER, SECRETARY, AMERICAN
ASIATIC ASSOCIATION Mr. CHEVALIER. I am happy to stand before your distinguished committee, sir, as a mark of respect to you and to our Government. I came to Washington to represent the American Asiatic Association, which was formed in 1898 in New York, to study our relations with Asiatic countries, chiefly economic relations.
I want to say that Mr. V. A. Dodge, of Dodge & Seymour, in New York, came down to Washington to appear before you, also representing this association. Mr. Vernon L. Whitney, who is vice president of the association, wished me to express his regret to your committee that he could not come here today. Mr. Whitney was in business in Calcutta for 25 years, and we consider him certainly the spiritual descendant of our late vice president, Charles Page Perin, who built the Tata Steel Works.
I have brought with me a list of our members. We have about 150 members. They are chiefly men whose names are well known as managing important American business interests in the Far East. I lay that before you.
The CHAIRMAN. Without objection, the list will be incorporated in the record.
(The list of members of the American Asiatic Association follows:)
LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE AMERICAN ASIATIC ASSOCIATION
Hon. W. Cameron Forbes, Boston, Mass.
Hon. Lloyd C. Griscom, Syosset, N. Y.
Hon. Herbert Hoover, Palo Alto, Calif.
Hon. Joseph C. Grew, Department of State, Washington, D. C.
R. Wesselhoeft, Barranquilla, Colombia, South America.
Amory, Copley, 1811 Q Street, Washington, D. C.
50 Broad Street, New York City. Barber, E. J., president Barber Steamship Lines, Inc., 17 Battery Place,
New York City. Beaver, H. C., Worthington Pump, Harrison, N. J. Beh, Walter, Godfrey Lane, Greenlawn, Long Island, N. Y. Bellamore, D. H., general export manager, Republic Steel Corporation,
405 Lexington Avenue, New York City. Bertheau, C. J., vice president, Marine Midland Trust Co., of New York,
120 Broadway, New York City. Bixby, Harold M., vice president, Pan American Airways, 135 East Forty
second Street, New York City. Brown, Caxton, vice president, Weston Electrical Instrument Corporation,
Waverly Park, Newark, N. J. Brown, Wallace K., Crocker Wheeler Division, Joshua Hendy Iron Works,
50 Church Street, New York City. Budd, John F., Publisher, Custom House Guide, Box 7, Station P, Custom
House, New York City.
New York City.
Church Street, New York City.
Street, New York City.
Street, New York City.
poration, Akron, Ohio.
New York City.
Broadway. New York City.
delphia, Pa. Dodge, Cleveland E., 40 Wall Street, New York City. Dodge, V. A., Dodge & Seymour, 53 Park Place, New York City. Doremus, Thomas E., 919 Westover Road, Wilmington, Del. Eckman, Capt. Harold, United States Naval Reserve, Shanghai, China. Egleston, H. P., Stowe, Vt. Emerson, E. A., president, the Armco International Corporation, Middle
town, Ohio. Farrell, James A., Jr., 26 Beaver Street, New York City. Farrell, John J., 26 Beaver Street, New York City. Field, R. M., Director, United States Steel Export Co., 30 Church Street,
New York City.
Corporation, 67 Broad Street, New York City. Gamble, Sidney D., 347 Madison Avenue, New York City. Gardiner, William Howard, 333 East Fifty-seventh Street, New York City. Geary, John R., 836 Land Title Building, Philadelphia, Pa. Giaccaglia, J. A., 5 Foster Court, South Orange, N. J. Gillis, John L., export manager, Monsanto Chemical Co., 30 Rockefeller
Plaza, New York City. Goodrich, L. C., Department of Chinese, Columbia University, New York
City. Grandt, Edward, Jr., Searchlight and Antiaircraft Battery, 7 Field Artillery
Battalion, Fort Bragg, N. Č. Gray, Philip J., Foreign Credit Interchange Bureau, National Association
of Credit Men, 1 Park Avenue, New York City. Gregory, Huston, Laurel Place, New Rochelle, N. Y. Grew, Hon. Joseph C., Department of State, Washington, D. C. Griscom, Hon. Lloyd C., Syosset, N. Y. Gulick, Vernon A., Graham Construction Co., 9146 St. Ives Drive, Los
Angeles, Calif. Halsted, H. M., Jr., regional director, for Far East, General Motors, overseas
operations, 1775 Broadway, New York City. Hart, Boies C., vice president, National City Bank of New York, 55 Wall
Street, New York City. Henry, Frank H., Socony-Vacuum Oil Co., Inc., 26 Broadway, New York
City. Herron, H. M., president, California-Texas Oil Co., Ltd., 130 East Forty-third
Street, New York City. Hinkel, Sgt. H. S., United States Army, 184 Nagle Avenue, Inwood 34,
New York City. Hollis, Stanley E., vice president, American Foreign Credit Underwriters
Corporation, 170 Broadway, New York City. Hongkong & Shanghai Banking Corporation, 72 Wall Street, New York City. Hoover, Charles E., 1200 Fifth Avenue, New York City. Hoover, Hon. Herbert, Palo Alto, Calif. Huffard, P. P., president, National Carbon Co., Inc., 30 East Forty-second
Street, New York 17, N. Y. Huggins, G. Ellsworth, 70 Worth Street, New York City. Hume, Dr. Edward H., Director, Christian Medical Council for Overseas
Work, 156 Fifth Avenue, New York City. Hurley, Edward N., Jr., Hurley Machine Co., Chicago, Ill. Hwoschinsky, B., vice president, Central Hanover Bank & Trust Co., 70
Broadway, New York City. Idle, Prof. Dunning, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, Pa. Jones, Dr. Louis C., Chemical Construction Co., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New
York City. Kahn, Gilbert W., Kuhn, Loeb & Co., 52 William Street, New York City. King, Clyde N., International Harvester Export Co., Harvester Building,
Chicago 1, Ill. Kinnoch, P. A., vice president, American Trust Co., San Francisco, Calif. Kleinschmidt, E. E., 1826 West Twenty-third Street, Miami Beach, Fla. Kohlberg, Alfred, president, Alfred Kohlberg, Inc., 1 West Thirty-seventh
Street, New York City. Kunz, William C., second vice president, Chase Bank, 18 Pine Street, New
York City. Lancaster, Wm. W., Shearman & Sterling, 55 Wall Street, New York City. Lederer, A. M., Morris & Van Wormer, 25 Broad Street, New York City. Lewis, Harmon, president, Alcoa Steamship Co., Inc., 17 Battery Place,
New York City.
Lynch, D. C., Westinghouse Electric International Co., 40 Wall Street,
New York City. MacDonald, J. M., J. M. MacDonald Import Co., Inc., 230 Fifth Avenue,
New York City.
Street, New York City.
Street, New York City.
poration, 25 Broadway, New York City.
ciation, 22 East Thirty-eighth Street, New York City.
Avenue, New York City. Minor, Clark H., president, International General Electric Co., 570 Lexington
Avenue, New York City. Morgan, Thomas A., chairman, Sperry Corporation, 30 Rockefeller Plaza,
New York City. Morrison, W. S., United States Steel Export Co., 30 Church Street, New York
City. Moss, Robert G., 1252 Waverly Place, Elizabeth, N. J. Murphy, Henry Killam, 295 City Island Avenue, City Island, N. Y. Murray, J. V., manager of the Asiatic division, California Texas Oil Co., Ltd.,
130 East Forty-third Street, New York City. Parker, Philo W., president, Standard-Vacuum Oil Co., 26 Broadway,
New York City. Patterson, Richard C., Jr., president, China-American Council of Commerce
and Industry, Inc., 30 Rockefeller Plaza, New York City. Peck, Hon. Willys R., Department of State, Washington, D. C. Pettus, Dr. William B., president, California College in China, California
Hall, University of California, Berkeley, Calif. Pew, John G. president, Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Chester, Pa. Phillips, Hon. Williams, Department of State, Washington, D. C. Pinkard, W. H., vice president, California-Texas Oil Co., Ltd., 130 East
Forty-third Street, New York City. Plant, W. H., United States Steel Export Co., 30 Church Street, New York
City. Reik, R. C., Haskins & Sells, 1 East Forty-fourth Street, New York City. Reinicke, Commodore F. G., United States Navy, director of the port of
New York, 17 Battery Place, New York City. Rosenbaum, George D., A. L. Stamm & Co., 120 Broadway, New York City. Rosenblum, Sgt. Daniel D., Seventy-third Fighter Squadron, Army Post
Office 951, care of postmaster, San Francisco, Calif. Russell, N. F. S., president, United States Pipe & Foundry Co., Burlington,
N. J. Schultz, Henry L., Standard-Vacuum Oil Co., 26 Broadway, New York City. Scott, A. M., Pillsbury Flour Mills Co., 811 Lewis Building, Portland, Oreg. Shorey, A. C., assistant vice president, National City Bank of New York,
55 Wall Street, New York City. Simpson, Malcom, D., J. P. Morgan & Co., 23 Wall Street, New York City. Sino-International Library, 86 Riverside Drive, New York City. Sitterley, Eugene F., president, Importers Guide, 440 Fourth Avenue, New
York City. Strawn, Hon. Silas H., First National Bank Building, Chicago, Ill. Swan, J. E., J. E. Swan & Co., 61 Broadway, New York City. Templeton, Kenly & Co., Ltd., 1020 South Central Avenue, Chicago, Ill. Thomas, James A., Jr., North Street, White Plains, N. Y. Trippe, Juan T., president, Pan American Airways, Inc., 135 East Forty
second Street, New York City. Walsh, Richard J., Editor, Asia Magazine, 40 East Forty-ninth Street,
New York City. Watson, Thomas J., president, International Business Machines Corporation,
590 Madison Avenue, New York City. White, John W., president, Westinghouse Electric International Co., 40
Wall Street, New York City.