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ART. VIII.-Notoria; or Miscellaneous Articles of Philosophy, Li
terature and Politics. On extinguishing Fires in Buildings. tendency to inflame, and will also form By Mr. John MOORE.
au extinguishing cap or crust like clay, SIR-Observing the destruction of with which I have no doubt most of property by fire, and the fright and your readers are well acquainted: but inconvenience to families when it oc- if any of them should not, let them curs in dwelling-houses, with some- throw a piece of alum op any common times loss of lives; -and after taking a fire, and they will be convinced of the survey of the progress of the arts, I am truth of the observation. There is, surprised, that recourse is not com
however, one objection to the employmonly had to the mixing of some in
ment of alum, namely, the expense; gredient with the water employed, (as and this is likely to keep it out of use, there are many known,) for the more though its efficacy were much greater. immediate extinguishing of that de
But the best substance of any for structive element. The importance of this purpose, is, in my opinion, burnt the subject is so considerable, that I lime, exposed to the atmosphere that it think it ought to have the most serious may absorb moisture, and thereby fall attention.
to powder. This, after sifting and beTo the uninsured, a means of speedy ing mixed with water, when thrown on extinction would be a happy resource,
fire will be found almost instantly to and to the public a great acquisition, extinguish the flame. Indeed it has provided the expense be but trifling. come under my notice more than once, Now in order to stimulate others to- that water impregnated with only the wards the obtaining so decisive ap ob- quantity of line that it is capable of ject, I take the liberty to state to you holding in solution, always had a very the ideas that have occurred to me,
increased effect in extinguishing fire; hoping that improvements on them, or for, at a fire that recently occurred, it the selection of some more effectual was observed, that if any burning piece means, will be the result;-therefore, of wood was extinguished thereby, it without further introduction, I beg to
would not rekindle. Since such was submit to your consideration what I the effect of lime-water, which con. conceive would be serviceable.
tains so small a quantity of lime, will it I would have every fire-engine pro
not immediately put out flame, when vided with a few sacks of ground clay the lime is thrown in a larger body with in powder; the clay to be ground after the water and will not each engine be it is dry and then sifted, in order that enabled to throw its water a much po large fragments of it may lodge be- greater distance, as its density will be tween the valves, so as to prevent the much increased by the mixture of eiworking of the engine. I doubt not ther of the foregoing substances? but
If the dust of the turnpike roads was will observe, that the greater you the quantity of clay and water which collected, and sifted from its grosser passes through the pipes to the fire, so particles and kept for use, it would be much the sooner the fire must be ex- found of great benefit; because, most tinguished; because the clay contained stones that are used on the roads being by the water will form a crust, and act
of a limestone nature, the dust of them like an extinguisher; by which means
when thrown on the fire will become the flames will not only be prevented lime, and consequently have much the from extending their destructive pro
same effect. There is moreover a congress, but may, by a judicious applica. siderable advantage in the ease with tion of this clay water, be easily which it may be procured*. brought under. For clay being unin
To show the utility of mixing someflammable, wherever it falls in sufficient quantity, it will cut off the communica
* Where lime forms the principal ingretion between the fire and air, and
dient in the materials employed for making thereby exclude the accession of oxy
and repairing the highways; the road-dust, gen to support the flame, which will
as suggested by the author, might answer
very well; but where siliceous ingredients consequently go out.
form a portion of the materials, such dust Aluin is also an excellent ingredient would grind the pump-work of the engines to mix with water; because it has no to pieces in a very short time.- Edır.
thing uninflammable with the water, I waited upon him at the time appointed; need only mention, that, at a fire at and of the guests the names of Hugh which I once assisted, it was ob- Roberts, Philip Sing, Luke Morris, served, that one of the engines ope and John Biddle are recollected. rated much more powerfully thap ei. Previously to being called to supper, ther of the others; and wherever its they entered into friendly conversation water came, the flames appeared to be with him on the object of their visit. almost instantaneously subdued, whilst They were presently introduced into the other engines often seemed rather an adjoining room in which a table was to be increasing than diminishing them. spread, covered with a coarse cloth, at Upon inquiry I found that this efficient one end of which stood a large stone engine was supplied with the waste pitcher filled with water; at the other, water that was spilled in the street, a huge pudding; and beside each plate which was afterwards taken up in a penny earthenware cup. Franklin buckets, water and dirt together, and pressed his friends to be seated, and thrown into this engine. Is it not proceeded to help each of them to a therefore reasonable to conclude, that slice of the pudding, with every appearó the superiority of it was from the mud ance of earnest hospitality. Having being for the most part upinflammable? served them all, and desired them to
Besides making each engine carry a fill their cups with water and be jovial, reasonable quantity of clay, &c. it he himself began to eat heartily. His might be adviseable, that each watch- guosts tasted, and tasted again, but bouse or other convenient places should could not swallow his pudding. Frankbe provided with a sack or two. Were lin observing this begged them to be this done, no fire could possibly take assured that another pudding would place in any part of a city, without soon be served up. No one, however, some clay, &c. being at hand, always except himself, could eat, and they sat in a state fit for use.
looking at each other with an expresI am, &c.
sion of lively surprise. Franklin then JOHN MOORE. rose from his chair and said This is Bristol, Feb. 21, 1818.
a saw-dust pudding “I can eat it, tho' Phil. Mag.
'you cannot-and he who can subsist
upon saw-dust pudding and water, Original Anecdote of Franklin. needs the patronage of no man.' They In the newspaper which Franklin all laughed and parted good friends. established, soon after he domiciliated himself in Philadelphia, he once took occasion to animadvert, with much free. From Bishop Burnet's History of his dom, upon the conduct of an old and
cron Times. respectable inhabitant of the city, The Czar Peter came this winter whose public course did not accord (1699) over to England, and stayed with his views of propriety. The at some months among us; I waited often tack produced a strong sensation on him, and was ordered, both by the among the friends of the gentleman in king and the archbishop and bishops, question, some of whom proposed that an to attend upon him and to offer him interview should be had with Franklin, such informations of our religion and in order to admonish the young adven constitutions as he was willing to returer in regard to what they deemed ceive. I had good interpreters, so I an improper liberty. Franklin acceded had much free discourse with him: He readily to the proposal, and accordingly is a man of a very hot temper, soon in. requested several of his patrons to sup flamed, and very brutal in his passion. with him on a particular evening. They He raises his natural heat by drinking
much brandy, which he rectifies him. Mr. Moore's communication also con self with great application. He is tained some hints for extinguishing fires in subject to convulsive motions all over ships. He also suggests that ships might be his body, and his bead seems to be afrendered more buoyant by making them air. fected with these. He wants not capa. tight, and forcing in air by means
of an airpump,
which would elevate them to a higher city, and has a larger measure of knowlevel in the water, and consequently might ledge, than might
be expected from his sometimes save them when they have got education, wbich was very indifferent: upon a bank.
PETER THE GREAT.
a want of judgment and an instability jamin West, President of the Royal of temper appear in him too often, and Academy of Painting, Sculpture and too evidently. He is mechanically Architecture, in London, and Historical turned, and seems designed by nature Painter to the King. In submitting my rather to be a ship-carpenter, than a little volume to your notice, I am emgreat prince. This was his chief study boldened by a hope that your candid and exercise while he stayed bere. He consideration of its good intention may wrought much with his own hands, and induce you to overlook its defects, and made all about him work at the models deem it not unworthy of a place in the of ships. He told me he designed a library of your Academy. Long esgreat fleet at Azoph, and with it to at teemed the father of historical painting tack the Turkish empire. But he did in the British School, the painter, whose not seem capable of conducting so performance I have ventured to regreat a design, though his conduct in view, has not obtained his reputation his wars since this, bas discovered a without a conflict. Homer had a Zoilus, greater genius in him than appeared at Michael Angelo found enemies in Torthat time. He was desirous to under- rigiano and Bandinelli; and from the stand our doctrine, but he did not seem appearance of West's Death of Genedisposed to mend matters in Moscovy. ral Wolfe and Regulus, to this grand He was, indeed, resolved to encourage composition, each of his works in suclearning, and to polish his people, by cesssion has roused the attacks of envy sending some of them to travel in other and igaorance. But, beside their high countries, and to draw strangers to moral aim, and the striking beauties of come and live among them. He seem his performances, his repeated annual ed apprehensive still of his sister's in election by the chief British artists to trigues. There was a mixture both of the high office which he has so long passion and severity in his temper. He dignified as their head; the honours is resolute, but understands little of paid to him by the most celebrated war, and seemed not at all inquisitive foreigo painters and sculptors; the that way. After I had seen him often diplomas presented to him by the Acaand bad conversed much with him, I demy of St. Luke, at Rome, the mother could not but adore the depth of the of all other schools of art, by the InstiProvidence of God, that had raised up tute of France, the Academies of Flosuch a furious man, to so absolute an rence, Bologna, Manheim, Berlin, Antauthority over so great a part of the werp, Ghent, America, and by every world. David, considering the great other Academy in the world, have rethings God had made for the use of futed the invidious criticism of his ene. man, broke out into the meditation- mies, confirmed the public judgment, What is man, that thou art 80 mindful and fully established his fame. Thus, of him? But here there is an occasion although I have given an independa for reversing these words, since man ent opinion of bis performance, I can seems a very contemptible thing in the boldly reply to the cold cavils of antisight of God, while such a person as contemporarianism, and the anonymous the Czar has such multitudes put as it publications of malevolent jealousy, were under his feet, exposed to his that I am not the creator of a new fame, restless jealousy, and savage temper. or the promulgator of a singular opi
nion. The meanness, which is woundLetter to the Academy at Philadelphia; ed by the success of the painter, may
with a copy of the Critical Descrip asperse my impartiality; but, believe tion of Mr. West's Painting, and me, gentlemen, although I could be one of the Critical Descriptions of the friend and admirer of a Raphael, or Stothard's Canterbury Pilgrims. By Lionardo da Vinci, I could not be the
WILLIAM CAREY, Esq. of London. slave or parasite of either. To Joseph Hopkinson, President, and Like your hardy pine lifting its green
the Members of the Pennsylvania head amidst the Apalachian spows, the Academy of the Fine Arts.
mind of this Nestor of painting exhiGENTLEMEN.-I have the pleasure of bits, in the deep winter of his years, transmitting to you a copy of my • Cri the powers of his prime. In this last tical Description and Analytical Re work he maintains his distinguished review of Death on the Pale Horse,' putation, and proves the wide dominion painted from the Revelation by Ben of the Fine Arts, when employed to
inculcate the social duties and sublime teem and affection of remote nations truths of religion. Even now, we in his own person. Few indeed enjoy, learn, that the people of America crowd like the American-Englishman and your public hospital in Philadelphia, to English-American West, the rare powbehold his painting of Christ healing er of forming this inestimable bond of the Sick, and each retires with a lesson attraction and union. May Europe and of Christian charity, and a prouder Aunerica, agreeing in their esteem for sense of his country, from the view. this venerable master, at the same moAt the same moment, in London, we ment hasten to forget their points of meet persons from all parts of the em difference, and agree in all that can pire, and foreigners, the visiters of promote their mutual good. May each, our capital, assembled in the same with generous emulation, vieing in beapartment, to contemplate Death upon nevolence and philanthropy, imitate the Pale Horse, the consummation of whatever is noble and virtuous in the bis labours and his glory.
customs and institutions of the other, Americans, you point to the tombs and avoid their imperfections and evils. of his kindred, and claim the honour Receive from the nations on this side of his birth and genius for the New the great deep our mechanical invenWorld. But, proud of the English* tions, our improvements in the sciences, blood, which flows in his veins, of his our love for the belles lettres and polite residence for more than half a century arts. But guard against those dangerin our island, and the execution of his ous refinements of luxury, which subcelebrated performances here, Eng vert domestic happiness, poison public lishmen as justly claim bim as an envi morals, and effect the mere slavery of able honour for the country of his the body by the corruption of the adoption, in the OLD. Your profes mind. sional' brethren of a neighbouring Your professional brethren in New state, in sending across the Atlantic York bave recently elected several for his portrait, by the pencil of Law. eminent English artists honorary memrence, whose exquisite sense of colour bers of their Academy. To be thus ing and resemblance, rank bim as the chosen by a body of which Trumbull Titian of the age, have acted affec is the head, is indeed an honour. tionately and wisely. They justly an America may well be proud of the ticipate a standard of style, exalt their painter whose pencil has immortalized own character, and furnish a noble ex the Sortie from Gibraltar, and the citement to emulation. As a work of deaths of Montgomery and Warren. art, placed on high in their Academy, In your countrymen, Allston and Leslie, its technical excellence must long con you will receive an important accestinue to give lessons of instruction, sion. You confided them to England, . and, as an honour conferred upon merit, young and inexperienced. England stimulate the generous ardour of the returns them to you distinguished students to the same goal. Continue to artists, in the highest department of cherish this esteem for intellectual painting. In this spirit of generous eminence; for when commerce, wealth, reciprocity, may benefits ever be the and manufactures, with every other interchange between the mother counbasis of social prosperity, sink, and the try and America. I lament what I dear-bought glories of war are lost in have lost, pot having met with any oblivion, the works of genius, after picture by Leslie, for the venerable prehaving fanned the flame of living vir sident, West, speaks of him as an histotue for ages, immortalize the memory rical painter of power, one of his most of nations, in the tomb. Before the eminent pupils. But I have seen by Allreign of the Fine Arts, empires rose ston, Jacob's Dream, a vision of suband Aourished, disappeared and were limity and beauty, rich in chiaro-scuro, forgotten. Greece and Rome had and forms of celestial grace and eleartists, and will live for ever.
gance; a piping youth, an image of the Happy is he, who either by his public purest sensibility and naked nature, in or private virtue, his mental vigour, or the shadowy recess of a grove; and the excellence in the arts which humanize prophet Elija fed by Ravens, a figure the manners and embellish life, has the of mystic inspiration, under a sky of good fortune to concentrate the ese deep-toned lustre, in a scene of wild
and thrilling solemnity. I have also From the Literary Gazette and Journal seen by this artist the Archangel Uriel,
of the Belles Lettres. an epic conception, breathing the spirit No. I. THE ANGEL URIEL. W. Allston. of Milton. This fine performance has had the double honour of obtaining the
The glorious vision .... prize this year from that public-spirited
The gorgeous form that now upon bis body, the British Institution, and of
throne being purchased by their deputy presi
Of rocky amber, like some mountain dent, the Marquis of Stafford. That peak nobleman, whose munificent patronage
Dark 'gainst a lunar sky, before me of the Fine Arts, has endeared him to all Europe, and ranked his name among
In giant majesty! the imperial and royal patrons of an
Th’archangel Uriel. Vist to the Sun cient and modern times, designs to
We have already pronounced this to place the Uriel in his superb collec- be a grand and imposing picture. The tion of paintings, selected from the character and style of the painting are works of the most celebrated masters rather more worthy of consideration of the different schools. But how pow- and praise than the management of the erful is the love of country, how immu- subject. It is, indeed, one of those table the law of nature! At the mo
giant forms which are of every day ocmoment of his triumph, Allston hastens currence; but its excellence lies in an from his brilliant prospects here, to the approach to the exalted system of anland of his fathers. His natural suavity cient art. What honour is paid to a and polished acquirements, the noble modern and a young artist when we depride of aspiring to fame, without seek- clare that we cannot look upon his ing to lower bis competitors; the study work without being reminded at times of the chefs d'auvre of art in Italy; the of Michael Angelo and at times of mind of a poet, the eye of a colourist, Corregio! The manner in which Mr. and the hand of a draughtsman, set a
Allston has treated his Uriel may aptly stamp of superior value on this accom- be compared with that of the Cartoons, plished artist. The regret and esteem or more strictly, perhaps, with that of of indelible remembrances will accom- the Roman School, whose painters have pany him to your shores; but I hope done so much to improve our national that our good fortune will, at least, taste and ennoble the arts. There is preserve to England the three com- much of the fresco in its coup d'ail, manding testimonies of his genius, and with something of a want of detail, which I have berein mentioned. an evident want of solidity in the figure.
I accompany this with a copy of the If we could add to it that solidity which second edition of my Critical Descrip- distinguished the chef d'œuvre of Guertion of Stothard's Procession of the cino, seen last year on the opposite side Canterbury Pilgrims, from Chaucer, of of Pall Mall, and now in the King's which I entreat your acceptance. May Mews, it would deserve almost unquathe Academies of America, vieing in lified approbation. As it is, it is cerpurity of principle and elevated prac- tainly a great and extraordinary protice with the artists of ancient Greece duction-aiming with no mean flight at and Rome, by employing the Fine Arts the highest elevation, and ranking its as instruments of public morality, dif
author with the most able artists of the fuse a lustre on your rising empire! British School. May your country fulfil her high career 1. The Angel Uriel. Wm. ALLSTON. in indissoluble union, tranquillity, and
This is an Archangel introduced into glory. These are the sincere wishes some pleasing lines from a poein of,
called a Visit to the Sun, which Vision, Gentlemen,
describes him as the same Your respectful servant,
* That once entranced th' immortal MilWILLIAM CAREY.
ton, saw. Mary-la-bonne-street, Piccadilly,
The same which Satan in his journey London, March 20, 1818.
from Hell to Earth addressed on his