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agencies. Such candidates must be at least 21 years of age, citizens of the United States, and holders of at least a bachelor's degree from an accredited college or university. Affirmative Action Program applicants will be evaluated on a highly competitive basis, in accordance with criteria established by the Board in conjunction with the participating departments and agencies and publicly announced, to determine those to be selected for the oral examination.

(iii) Through the mustang program. (A) Employees of the Department of State in classes FS-9 through FS-4 and grades GS-1 through GS-12 who are at least 21 years of age and who have at least 3 years of service with the Department may be selected by the Board of Examiners for admission to the oral examination for the Junior Career Candidate Program in accordance with the Mustang Program of the Department. Such Mustang candidates must: (1) Complete successfully an appropriate Foreign Service Institute-sponsored or approved university or correspondence course relevant to officer-level responsibility in the chosen Foreign Service field of specialization; (2) submit an autobiography of approximately 1000 words; and (3) be recommended by a Qualifications Evaluation Panel of the Board of Examiners for selection for the oral examination.

(B) Employees of the Department of State in classes FS-3 and GS-13 and above are eligible for the Mid-Level Career Candidate Program and should apply under that program if they wish to be considered for conversion to Foreign Service officer status (see § 11.10).

(iv) Through the upward mobility program. Admission to the oral examination through the Upward Mobility Program of the United States Information Agency is governed by procedures established by that agency.

(3) When and where given. The oral examination cycle will be held each year in Washington, DC, and in selected cities in the United States. If circumstances permit, oral examinations may also be held at selected Foreign Service posts when approved by the Board of Examiners.

(4) Examining panel. The oral examination will be given by a panel of dep

uty examiners approved by the Board of Examiners from a roster of Foreign Service officers; Foreign Service information officers; career officers from the Department of State, the United States Information Agency, and the Department of Commerce; and qualified private citizens who, by prior service as members of departmental or agency Foreign Service selection boards or other appropriate activities, have demonstrated special qualifications to serve as deputy examiners. Service as a deputy examiner shall be limited to a maximum of 5 years, unless a further period is specifically authorized by the Board. Examination panels shall be chaired by a career officer of the Foreign Service. Determinations of duly constituted panels of deputy examiners are final unless modified by specific action of the Board of Examiners.

(5) Grading. Candidates taking the oral examination will be graded numerically according to standards established and publicly announced by the Board of Examiners. The candidacy of anyone whose score is at or above the passing level set by the Board will be continued. The candidacy of anyone whose score is below the passing level will be terminated and may not be considered again until the candidate has passed a new written examination. An Affirmative Action, Mustang, or Upward Mobility candidate who fails the oral examination may not be considered again until 1 year after that date.

(d) Background investigation. Candidates who pass the oral examination will be eligible for selection by the Board for the background investigation. The background investigation shall be conducted to determine the candidate's suitability for appointment to the Foreign Service. Should the total number of eligible candidates substantially exceed the anticipated needs of the Foreign Service, the Board of Examiners may authorize priorities to be established, on the basis of combined written and oral examination scores and Affirmative Action considerations, for scheduling the background investigation.

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(e) Medical examination—(1) Eligibility. Candidates who pass the oral examination, and their dependents, will be eligible for selection by the Board of Examiners for the medical examination.

(2) Purpose. The medical examination shall be conducted to determine the candidate's physical fitness to perform the duties of a Foreign Service officer on a worldwide basis and, for candidates and dependents, to determine the presence of any physical, neurological, or mental condition of such a nature as to make it unlikely that they would be able to function on a worldwide basis,

(3) Conduct. The medical examination may be conducted by medical officers of the Department of State, the Armed Forces, the Public Health Service, accredited colleges and universities, or by private physicians.

(4) Determination. The Medical Director of the Department of State will determine, on the basis of the report of the physician(s) who conducted the medical examination, whether the candidate and the candidate's dependents have met the required medical standards for appointment (see section 680, Volume 3, Foreign Affairs Manual).

(5) Medical disqualification. (i) An Employment Review Committee established by the Department of State, when authorized by the candidate, will review the case of any Department of State Foreign Service candidate or dependent who has been denied medical clearance for appointment, and determine by majority vote whether or not the candidate should be appointed despite the medical disqualification. Decisions of the Employment Review Committee are final and are not subject to further appeal by the candidate.

(ii) The United States Information Agency (USIA) maintains a similar review procedure for USIA Foreign Service candidates and dependents who are disqualified medically. Affected candidates may apply to the Director of the Office of Personnel (M/P) of USIA for review of their cases.

(f) Final review panel. After the results of the medical examination and background investigation are received, the candidate's entire file will be reviewed and graded by a Final Review Panel, consisting of two or more dep

uty examiners of the Board of Examiners. Candidates who have completed the examination process; have passed their medical examination, or have obtained Employment Review Committee approval or the equivalent in accordance with the procedures of the other participating agencies; and, on the basis of their background investigation, have been found suitable to represent the United States abroad, will have their names placed on the functional rank-order register(s), or a special register, for the agency or agencies for which they have been found qualified. Thereafter, they will be considered for employment based on the needs of the individual foreign affairs agencies. The candidacy of any candidate who is determined by the Final Review Panel to be unqualified for appointment shall be terminated and the candidate so informed.

(g) Certification for appointment-(1) Eligibility. (i) A candidate will not be certified as eligible for appointment as a Foreign Service Officer Career Candidate of class FS-6 unless that candidate is at least 21 years of age and a citizen of the United States.

(ii) Career Candidate appointments shall be made before the candidate's 60th birthday. Appointments by the United States Information Agency shall be made before the candidate's 58th birthday. The maximum age for appointment under this program is based on the requirement that all career candidates shall be able to: (A) Complete at least two full tours of duty, exclusive of orientation and training, (B) complete the requisite eligibility period for tenure consideration, and (C) complete the requisite eligiblity period to receive retirement benefits, prior to reaching the mandatory retirement age of 65 prescribed by the Act.

(iii) A candidate may be certified as eligible for direct appointment to classes FS-5 or FS 4 if the Board of Examiners determines in accordance with published criteria that, in addition to meeting the requirements for class FS6, the candidate has additional special experience and skills for which there is a need in the Foreign Service.

(iv) Recommended candidates who meet the requirements of this section

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will be certified for appointment by the Board, in accordance with the needs of the foreign affairs agencies, in the order of their standing on their respective registers.

(2) Functional rank-order registers. The Board of Examiners may maintain separate rank-order registers for Career Candidates in administrative, consular, economic, and political functions of the Department of State; for Career Candidates in the information cultural function of the United States Information Agency; for Career Candidates in the foreign commercial function of the Department of Commerce; and for functions of other participating foreign affairs agencies. Appointments from each functional register will be made in rank order according to the needs of the relevant agency.

(3) Special programs. (i) Qualified minority candidates who apply and qualify under the Department of State Affirmative Action Junior Officer Program (AAJOP) may be placed on a separate register and offered appointment from that register to meet Affirmative Action hiring goals established by the Secretary.

(ii) Qualified minority candidates who apply and qualify under the Comprehensive Minority Recruitment and Training Program (COMRAT) of the United States Information Agency may be placed on a separate register and offered appointment from that register in accordance with the Affirmative Action Program established by that agenсу.

(iii) Mustang and Upward Mobility candidates who are career employees of the Department of State or the United States Information Agency will be certified by the Board of Examiners for direct appointment on an individual basis after satisfactorily completing all aspects of the examination process.

(4) Postponement of entrance on duty. Postponement of entrance on duty because of civilian Federal Government service abroad (to a maximum of 2 years of such service), including Peace Corps volunteer service, or required active regular or reserve military service (to a maximum of the limit of such required service), may be authorized by the Board.

(5) Foreign language requirement. A candidate may be certified for appointment to classes FS-6, FS-5, or FS-4 without first having passed an examination in a foreign language, but the appointment will be subject to the condition that the newly appointed Career Candidate may not be converted to career Foreign Service officer status unless, within a specified period of time, adequate proficiency in a foreign language is achieved. For limitations on promotion, see section 874, Volume 3, Foreign Affairs Manual.

(h) Termination of eligibility–(1) Time limit. Candidates who have qualified but have not been appointed because of lack of openings will be removed from the rank-order register 18 months after the date of placement on the rankorder register. Time spent in civilian Federal Government service abroad (to a maximum of 2 years of such service), including Peace Corps volunteer service, or in required active regular or reserve military service (to a maximum of the limit of such required service), will not be counted as part of the 18month eligibility period.

(2) Ertension. The Board of Examiners may extend the eligibility period when such extension is, in its judgment, justified in the interest of the Foreign Service.

(i) Travel expenses. The travel and other personal expenses of candidates incurred in connection with the written and oral examinations will not be borne by the Government. However, the participating foreign affairs departments and agencies may issue round-trip invitational travel orders to bring candidates to Washington, DC, at Government expense, when it is determined by the agencies that this is necessary in the interest of the Foreign Service. (Secs. 206(a) and 301(b), Foreign Service Act of 1980 (secs. 206(a) and 301(b), Pub. L. 96-465, 94 Stat. 2079 and 2083 (22 U.S.C. 3926 and 3941))) (48 FR 13162, Mar. 30, 1983]

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(a) When and where given. The written $11.3 Oral examination for appointexamination will be given annually or ment to class 7 or 8. semiannually, if required, in des

The Board of Examiners for the Forignated cities in the United States and eign Service has established the folat Foreign Service posts on dates es- lowing rules regarding the oral examtablished by the Board of Examiners ination: for the Foreign Service. Applicants (a) When and where given. The oral must indicate in their applications examination will be given throughout whether they are applying for the De- the year at Washington and periodipartment of State or for the U.S. Infor- cally in selected cities in the United mation Agency. Candidates who pass

States and, if circumstances permit, at the written examination successfully

selected Foreign Service posts. may request a transfer of their applica

(b) Eligibility. If a candidate's weighttions to the other agency.

ed average on the written examination

is 70 or higher, the candidate will be el(b) Designation to take written exam

igible to take the oral examination. ination. No person will be permitted to

Candidates eligible for the oral examtake a written examination for ap

ination will be given an opportunity pointment as a Foreign Service officer

and will be required to take the oral or Foreign Service information officer

examination within 9 months after the who has not been specifically des- date of the written examination. If a ignated by the Board of Examiners to candidate fails to appear for the oral take that particular examination. examination on an agreed date within Prior to each written examination, the the 9-month period, the candidacy will Board will establish a closing date for automatically terminate, except that the receipt of applications for designa- time spent outside the United States tion to take the examination. No per- and its territories, for reasons acceptson will be designated for the examina- able to the Board of Examiners, will tion who has not, as of that closing not be counted against the 9-month pedate, filed an application with the

riod. The candidacy of anyone for Board. To be designated for the written

whom the 9-month period is extended examination, a candidate, as of the

because of being abroad will be autodate of the examination, must be a cit

matically terminated if the candidate izen of the United States and shall be

fails to appear for the oral examination at least 21 years of age, except that an

within 3 months after first returning to

the United States: Provided, That the applicant who has been awarded a bachelor's degree by a college or uni

candidacy of anyone who has not re

turned and been examined in the meanversity, or has successfully completed

time will be canceled 2 years after the the junior year at a college or univer

end of the month in which the written sity, may qualify if at least 20 years of

examination was held. age.

(c) Examining process. (1) The oral ex(c) Content. The written examination amination will be given by a panel of is designed to permit the Board to test deputy examiners approved by the the candidate's intelligence, breadth Board of Examiners from a roster of and quality of knowledge, and under- Foreign Service officers, officers from standing. It will consist of three parts: the Department of State, and other (1) A general ability test, (2) an English Government agencies, and qualified expression test, and (3) a general back- private citizens who by prior service as ground test.

members of selection boards or through (d) Grading. The several parts of the

other appropriate activities have demwritten examination are weighted in

onstrated special qualifications for this accordance with the rules established

work. Service as deputy examiners by the Board of Examiners.

shall be limited to a maximum of 5

years, unless a further period is specifi(22 U.S.C. 1221 et seq.)

cally authorized by the Board. [37 FR 19356, Sept. 20, 1972, as amended at 38

(2) The examination will be conFR 13640, May 24, 1973]

ducted in the light of all available information concerning the candidate

or

rec

and will be designed to determine the to make it unlikely that the candidate candidate's: (i) Competence to perform would become a satisfactory officer. the work of a Foreign Service officer at The Executive Director of the Board of home and abroad; (ii) potential for Examiners for the Foreign Service, growth in the Service; and (iii) suit

with the concurrence of the Deputy Asability to serve as a representative of

sistant Secretary for Medical Services, the United States abroad. Panels exam

may make such exceptions to these ining candidates for the Department of

physical requirements as are in the inState will be chaired by a Foreign

terest of the Service. All such excepService officer of the Department. Panels examining candidates for the U.S.

tions shall be reported to the Board of Information Agency will be chaired by

Examiners for the Foreign Service at a Foreign Service officer of that Agen

its next meeting. cy. Determinations of duly constituted

(c) The medical examination will be panels of deputy examiners are final conducted by medical officers of the unless modified by specific action of

Armed Forces, the Public Health Servthe Board of Examiners for the Foreign ice, the Department, accredited colService.

leges and universities, or, with the ap(3) Grading: Candidates appearing for proval of the Board of Examiners, by the oral examination will be graded private physicians. "recommended”

"not

(d) The Deputy Assistant Secretary ommended.” If recommended, the

for Medical Services will determine, on panel will assign a grade which will be

the basis of the report of the physiadvisory to the Final Review Panel in

cian(s) who conducted the medical exdetermining the candidate's standing

amination, whether the candidate has on the rank-order register of eligibles.

met the standards set forth in paraThe candidacy of anyone who is graded “not recommended” is automatically

graph (b) of this section. terminated and may not be considered (22 U.S.C. 1221 et seq.) again until the candidate has passed a

(37 FR 19356, Sept. 20, 1972) new written examination. (4) An investigation shall be con

$11.5 Certification for appointment to ducted of candidates who have been

class 7 or 8. graded “recommended” by the oral examining panel to determine loyalty to

(a) Candidates will not be certified as the Government of the United States eligible for appointment as Foreign and attachment to the principles of the Service officers of class 8 unless they Constitution.

are at least 21 years of age, is a citizen (22 U.S.C. 1221 et seq.)

of the United States, and, if married,

married to a citizen of the United [37 FR 19356, Sept. 20, 1972, as amended at 38

States. A candidate may be certified as FR 13640, May 24, 1973)

eligible for direct appointment to class $11.4 Medical examination for

ap

7 if, in addition to meeting these specipointment to class 7 or 8.

fications, the candidate also has addiThe Board of Examiners for the For

tional qualifications of experience, eign Service has established the fol- education, and age which the Board of lowing rules regarding the medical ex- Examiners for the Foreign Service curamination of candidates.

rently defines as demonstrating ability (a) A candidate graded "rec- and special skills for which there is a ommended” on the oral examination need in the Foreign Service. Recwill be eligible for the physical exam- ommended candidates who meet these ination.

requirements will be certified for ap(b) The medical examination is de

pointment, in accordance with the signed to determine the candidate's

needs of the Service, in the order of physical fitness to perform the duties

their standing on their respective regof a Foreign Service officer on a world

isters. wide basis and to determine the pres

(b) Separate registers for Department ence of any physical, nervous, or men

of State candidates will be maintained tal disease or defect of such a nature as

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