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ments rests with the court or with the United States attorney concerned, and officers should follow such instructions carefully.
892.88 Consular procedure.
With regard to the serving of subpoenas and orders to show cause referred to in SS 92.86 and 92.87, section 1 of the act of June 25, 1948 (sec. 1, 62 Stat. 819, 28 U.S.C. 1783), provides that the subpoena shall designate the time and place for appearance before the court of the United States, and shall issue to any consular officer of the United States in the foreign country. The consular officer is required to make personal service of the subpoena and any order to show cause, rule, judgment or decree on the request of the Federal court or its marshal, and to make return thereof to such court after tendering to the witness his necessary travel and attendance expenses, which will be determined by the court and sent with the subpoena. When the subpoena or order is forwarded to the officer, it is usually accompanied by instructions directing exactly how service should be made and how the return of service should be executed. These instructions should be followed carefully.
$ 92.91 Service of documents at re
quest of Congressional committees. Officers of the Foreign Service have no authority to serve upon persons in their consular districts legal process such as subpoenas or citations in connection with Congressional investigations. All requests for such service should be referred to the Department of State.
$92.92 Service of legal process under
provisions of State law. It may be found that a State statue purporting to regulate the service of process in foreign countries is so drawn as to mention service by an American consular officer or a person appointed by him, without mention of or provision for alternate methods of service. State laws of this description do not operate in derogation of the laws of the foreign jurisdiction wherein it may be sought to effect service of legal process, and such State laws do not serve to impose upon American consular officers duties or obligations which they are unauthorized to accept under Federal law, or require them to perform acts contrary to Federal regulations (see $ 92.85).
892.89 Fees for service of legal proc
No charge should be made for serving a subpoena or order to show cause issuing out of Federal court under the procedures set forth in $892.86 and 92.87. The taking of the affidavit of the officer effecting the service, or the performance of any other notarial act which may be involved in making the return, should be without charge, under the caption "Exemption for Federal Agencies and Corporations” of the Tariff of Fees, Foreign Service of the United States of America ($ 22.1 of this chapter).
$ 92.90 Delivering documents
pertaining to the revocation of natu
ralization. Officers of the Foreign Service shall deliver, or assist in delivering, to designated persons, documents relating to proceedings in the cancellation of certificates of naturalization when such documents are forwarded by duly authorized officials of the Federal courts. The responsibility for furnishing detailed instructions on the procedure to be followed in delivering such docu
$ 92.93 Notarial services or authentica
tions connected with service of
process by other persons. An officer of the Foreign Service may administer an oath to a person making an affidavit to the effect that legal process has ben served. When an affidavit stating that legal process has been served is executed before a foreign notary or other official, an officer of the Foreign Service may authenticate the official character of the person administering the oath. The fee for administering an oath to a person making an affidavit or for an authentication, as the case may be, is as prescribed under the caption “Notarial Services and Authentications” in the Tariff of Fees, Foreign Service of the United States of America (§ 22.1 of this PART 93-SERVICE ON FOREIGN
Sec. 93.1 Service through the diplomatic chan
nel. 93.2 Notice of suit (or of default judgment).
AUTHORITY: 22 U.S.C. 2658; 28 U.S.C. 1608(a).
chapter), unless the case is of such nature as to fall under the caption, “Exemption for Federal Agencies and Corporations" of the same Tariff. $ 92.94 Replying to inquiries regarding
service of process or other docu
ments. Officers should make prompt and courteous replies to all inquiries regarding the service of legal process or documents of like nature, and should render such assistance as they properly can to the court and to interested parties. Such assistance could include furnishing information as to the standard procedure of the locality for service of legal papers, with the name and address of the local office having a bailiff authorized to effect and make return of service; it could include furnishing a list of local attorneys capable of making necessary arrangements; or it could, where appropriate, include suggestion that the request of the American court might be presented to the foreign judicial authorities in the form of letters rogatory (see definition, $92.54, and procedures, $ 92.66 (b)). If the person upon whom the process is intended to be served is known to be willing to accept service, or if it is clear that it would be in his interest at least to be informed of the matter, the consular officer may suggest to the interested parties in the United States the drawings up of papers for voluntary execution by such person, such as a waiver of service or document which would be acceptable to the American court to signify the person's entering an appearance in the action pending therein.
893.1 Service through the diplomatic
channel. (a) The Director of the Office of Special Consular Services in the Bureau of Consular Affairs, Department of State (“The Managing Director for Overseas Citizen Service''), shall perform the duties of the Secretary of State under section 1608(a)(4) of title 28, United States Code.
(b) When the clerk of the court concerned sends documents under section 1608(a)(4), of title 28, United States Code, the Managing Director for Overseas Citizen Service shall promptly ascertain if the documents include the required copies of the notice of suit and of the summons and complaint (or default judgment), and any required translations. If not, he shall promptly advise the clerk of the missing items.
(c) Upon receiving the required copies of documents and any required translations, the Managing Director for Overseas Citizen Service shall promptly cause one copy of each such document and translation (“the documents'') to be delivered
(1) To the Embassy of the United States in the foreign state concerned, and the Embassy shall promptly deliver them to the foreign ministry or other appropriate authority of the foreign state, or
(2) If the foreign state so requests or if otherwise appropriate, to the embassy of the foreign state in the District of Columbia, or
(3) If paragraphs (c)(1) and (2) of this section are unavailable, through an existing diplomatic channel, such as to the embassy of another country authorized to represent the interests of the foreign state concerned in the United States.
(d) The documents, when delivered under paragraph (c) of this section, shall be accompanied by a diplomatic note of transmittal, requesting that
892.95 Transportation of witnesses to
the United States. Officers of the Foreign Service may at times be called upon to assist in arranging for the transportation to the United States of persons in foreign countries whose testimony is desired by the Attorney General in a pending in a Federal court. Requests that the travel of such persons be facilitated originate in the Department of Justice, and special instructions in each case are transmitted to the appropriate Foreign Service post by the Department of State.
has been named as a party in the proceeding, and the nature and amount of relief sought. The purpose of item 5 is to enable foreign officials unfamiliar with American legal documents to ascertain the above information.
(d) A party may attach additional pages to the Notice of Suit to complete information under any item.
(e) A party shall attach, as part of the Notice of Suit, a copy of the Foreign State Immunities Act of 1976 (Pub. L. 94-583; 90 Stat. 2891).
NOTICE OF SUIT (OR OP DEFAULT JUDGMENTI)
the documents be forwarded to the appropriate authority of the foreign state or political subdivision upon which service is being made. The note shall state that, under United States law, questions of jurisdiction and of state immunity must be addressed to the court and not to the Department of State, and that it is advisable to consult with an attorney in the United States.
(e) If the documents are delivered under paragraph (c)(1) of this section, the Embassy of the United States shall promptly transmit by diplomatic pouch, to the Managing Director for Overseas Citizen Service, a certified copy of the diplomatic note of transmittal. If the documents are delivered under paragraph (c) (2) or (3) of this section, the Managing Director for Overseas Citizen Service shall prepare a certified copy of the diplomatic note of transmittal. In each case, the certification shall state the date and place the documents were delivered. The Managing Director for Overseas Citizen Service shall then promptly send the certified copy to the clerk of the court concerned. (Sec. 1608(a), Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976, Pub. L. 94-583 (28 U.S.C. 1608(a)); sec. 4, 63 Stat. 111, as amended (22 U.S.C. 2658)) [42 FR 6367, Feb. 2, 1977, as amended at 63 FR 16687, Apr. 6, 1998]
1. Title of legal proceeding; full name of court; case or docket number.
2. Name of foreign state (or political subdivision) concerned:
3. Identity of the other Parties:
$93.2 Notice of suit (or of default judg
ment). (a) A Notice of Suit prescribed in section 1608(a) of title 28, United States Code, shall be prepared in the form that appears in the Annex to this section.
(b) In preparing a Notice of Suit, a party shall in every instance supply the information specified in items 1 through 5 of the form appearing in the Annex to this section. A party shall also supply information specified in item 6, if notice of a default judgment is being served.
(c) In supplying the information specified in item 5, a party shall in simplified language summarize the nature and purpose of the proceeding (including principal allegations and claimed bases of liability), the reasons why the foreign state or political subdivision
4. Nature of documents served (e.g., Summons and Complaint; Default Judgment):
5. Nature and purpose of the proceedings, why the foreign state (or political subdivision) has been named; relief requested:
6. Date of default judgment (if any): 7. A response to a "Summons” and “Complaint" is required to be submitted to the court, not later than 60 days after these documents are received. The response may present jurisdictional defenses (including defenses relating to state immunity).
8. The failure to submit a timely response with the court can result in a Default Judgment and a request for execution to satisfy the judgment. If a default judgment has been entered, a procedure may be available to vacate or open that judgment.
9. Questions relating to state immunities and to the jurisdiction of United States courts over foreign states are governed by the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976, which appears in sections 1330, 1391(1), 1441(d), and 1602 through 1611, of Title 28, United States Code (Pub. L. 94-583; 90 Stat. 2891).
(Sec. 1608(a), Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976, Pub. L. 94–583 (28 U.S.C. 1608(a)); sec. 4, 63 Stat. 111, as amended (22 U.S.C. 2658)) [42 FR 6367, Feb. 2, 1977]
1 Relevant only if items 4 and 6 indicate that a default judgment has occurred.
PART 94—INTERNATIONAL CHILD
vention. In performing its functions, the U.S. Central Authority may receive from, or transmit to, any department, agency, or instrumentality of the federal government, or of any state or foreign government, information essary to locate a child or for the purpose of otherwise implementing the Convention with respect to a child.
Sec. 94.1 Definitions. 94.2 Designation of Central Authority. 94.3 Functions of the Central Authority. 94.4 Prohibitions. 94.5 Application. 94.6 Procedures for children abducted to the
United States. 94.7 Procedures for children abducted from
the United States. 94.8 Interagency coordinating group.
AUTHORITY: Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction; the federal "International Child Abduction Remedies Act," Pub. L. 100-300.
SOURCE: 53 FR 23608, June 23, 1988, unless otherwise noted.
$ 94.4 Prohibitions.
(a) The U.S. Central Authority is prohibited from acting as an agent or attorney or in any fiduciary capacity in legal proceedings arising under the Convention. The U.S. Central Authority is not responsible for the costs of any legal representation or legal proceedings nor for any transportation expenses of the child or applicant. However, the U.S. Central Authority may not impose any fee in relation to the administrative processing of applications submitted under the Convention.
(b) The U.S. Central Authority shall not be a repository of foreign or U.S. laws.
For purposes of this part
(a) Convention means the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, Appendix B to Department of State notice, 51 FR 10498, March 26, 1986.
(b) Contracting State means any country which is a party to the Convention.
(c) Child and children mean persons under the age of sixteen.
$94.2 Designation of Central Author
ity. The Office of Children's Issues in the Bureau of Consular Affairs is designated as the U.S. Central Authority to discharge the duties which are imposed by the Convention and the International Child Abduction Remedies Act upon such authorities.
Any person, institution, or other body may apply to the U.S. Central Authority for assistance in locating a child, securing access to a child, or obtaining the return of a child that has been removed or retained in breach of custody rights. The application shall be made in the form prescribed by the U.S. Central Authority and shall contain such information as the U.S. Central Authority deems necessary for the purposes of locating the child and otherwise implementing the Convention. The application and any accompanying documents should be submitted in duplicate in English or with English translations. If intended for use in a foreign country, two additional copies should be provided in the language of the foreign country.
[60 FR 25843, May 15, 1995]
$94.3 Functions of the Central Author
ity. The U.S. Central Authority shall cooperate with the Central Authorities of other countries party to the Convention and promote cooperation by appropriate U.S. state authorities to secure the prompt location and return of children wrongfully removed to or retained in any Contracting State, to ensure that rights of custody and access under the laws of one Contracting State are effectively respected in the other Contracting States, and to achieve the other objects of the Con
$94.6 Procedures for children ab
ducted to the United States. The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children shall act under the direction of the U.S. Central Authority and shall perform the following operational functions with respect to all Hague Convention applications seeking for temporary foster care and/or return travel for the child from the United States;
(k) Monitor all cases in which assistance has been sought and maintain records on the procedures followed in each case and its disposition;
(1) Perform such additional functions as set out in the “Cooperative Agreement Adjustment Notice" between the Department of State, Department of Justice, and National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. (53 FR 23608, June 23, 1988, as amended at 60 FR 66074, Dec. 21, 1995)
the return of children wrongfully removed to or retained in the United States or seeking access to children in the United States:
(a) Receive all applications on behalf of the U.S. Central Authority;
(b) Confirm the child's location or, where necessary, seek to ascertain its location;
(c) Seek to ascertain the child's welfare through inquiry to the appropriate state social service agencies and, when necessary, consult with those agencies about the possible need for provisional arrangements to protect the child or to prevent the child's removal from the jurisdiction of the state;
(d) Seek through appropriate authorities (such as state social service agencies or state attorneys general or prosecuting attorneys), where appropriate, to achieve a voluntary agreement for suitable visitation rights by the applicant or for return of the child;
(e) Assist applicants in securing information useful for choosing or obtaining legal representation, for example, by providing a directory of lawyer referral services, or pro bono listing published by legal professional organizations, or the name and address of the state attorney general or prosecuting attorney who has expressed a willingness to represent parents in this type of case and who is employed under state law to intervene on the applicant's behalf;
(f) Upon request, seek from foreign Central Authorities information relating to the social background of the child;
(g) Upon request, seek from foreign Central Authorities information regarding the laws of the country of the child's habitual residence;
(h) Upon request, seek from foreign Central Authorities a statement as to the wrongfulness of the taking of the child under the laws of the country of the child's habitual residence;
(i) Upon request, seek a report on the status of court action when no decision has been reached by the end of six weeks;
(j) Consult with appropriate agencies (such as state social service departments, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, state attorneys general) about possible arrangements
894.7 Procedures for children ab
ducted from the United States. Upon receipt of an application requesting access to a child or return of a child abducted from the United States and taken to another country party to the Convention, the U.S. Central Authority shall
(a) Review and forward the application to the Central Authority of the country where the child is believed located or provide the applicant with the necessary form, instructions, and the name and address of the appropriate Central Authority for transmittal of the application directly by the applicant;
(b) Upon request, transmit to the foreign Central Authority requests for a report on the status of any court action when no decision has been reached by the end of six weeks;
(c) Upon request, facilitate efforts to obtain from appropriate U.S. state authorities and transmit to the foreign Central Authority information regarding the laws of the child's state of habitual residence;
(d) Upon request, facilitate efforts to obtain from appropriate U.S. state authorities and transmit to the foreign Central Authority a statement as to the wrongfulness of the taking of the child under the laws of the child's state of habitual residence;
(e) Upon request, facilitate efforts to obtain from appropriate U.S. state authorities and transmit to the foreign Central Authority information relating to the social background of the child;
(f) Upon request, be available to facilitate possible arrangements for temporary foster care and/or travel for the