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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-SECOND CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

NOVEMBER 9 AND 10, 1971

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Affairs

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1972

70-614

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $1.25

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

THOMAS E. MORGAN, Pennsylvania, Chairman
CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, California
WAYNE L. HAYS, Ohio

PETER H. B. FRELINGHUYSEN, New Jersey L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

WILLIAM S. BROOMFIELD, Michigan DANTE B, FASCELL, Florida

J. IRVING WHALLEY, Pennsylvania
CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

H. R. GROSS, Iowa
CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey EDWARD J. DERWINSKI, Illinois
ROBERT N. C. NIX, Pennsylvania

F. BRADFORD MORSE, Massachusetts
JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

VERNON W. THOMSON, Wisconsin DONALD M. FRASER, Minnesota

PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York JOHN BUCHANAN, Alabama JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa

SHERMAN P. LLOYD, Utah LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana

J. HERBERT BURKE, Florida ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., Texas

SEYMOUR HALPERN, New York LESTER L. WOLFF, New York

GUY VANDER JAGT, Michigan JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York ROBERT H. STEELE, Connecticut GUS YATRON, Pennsylvania

PIERRE S. DU PONT, Delaware
ROY A. TAYLOR, North Carolina

CHARLES W. WHALEN, JR., Ohio
JOHN W. DAVIS, Georgia
MORGAN F. MURPHY, Illinois
RONALD V. DELLUMS, California

ROY J. BULLOCK, Staf Administrator

SUBCOMMITTEE ON EUROPE

BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York, Chairman WAYNE L. HAYS, Ohio

PETER H. B. FRELINGHUYSEN, New Jersey CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

J. HERBERT BURKE, Florida LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana

JOHN BUCHANAN, Alabama GUS YATRON, Pennsylvania

SHERMAN P. LLOYD, Utah ROY A. TAYLOR, North Carolina

GUY VANDER JAGT, Michigan MORGAN F. MURPHY, Illinois

CLIFFORD P. HACKETT, Subcommittee Staff Consultant

DORA B, MCCRACKEN, Staff Assistant

(II)

CONTENTS1

Page

2

25

19 39 10

55

49

35

28

75

LIST OF WITNESSES Tuesday, November 9, 1971:

Bailey, F. Lee, representing the League for Repatriation of Russian

Jews..
Bingham, Hon. Jonathan, a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York...
Buchanan, Hon. John, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Alabama.
Davies, Richard T., Deputy Assistant Secretary for European Affairs-
Elovitz, Rabbi Mark H., Temple Beth El, Birmingham, Alabama.--
Koch, Hon. Edward, a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York.
Polansky, Sol, formerly First Secretary of the American Embassy in

Moscow..
Ryan, Hon. William F., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York,
Scheuer, Hon. James H., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York..
Segal, Rabbi Zev, Chairman, Essex County Conference on Soviet

Jewry, New Jersey-
Weiss, Rabbi Avriaham, Member of the Board, Center for Russian

Jewry, New York, N.Y.
Zweibon, Bertram, National Vice-Chairman, Jewish Defense League

Inc., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Wednesday, November 10, 1971:

Anderson, Hon. John B., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Illinois.
Gluzman, Rita, a recent emigrant from the Soviet Union to Israel.
Gude, Hon. Gilbert, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Maryland.
Kemp, Hon. Jack F., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York...
Korey, William, Director, New York Bureau, B'nai B'rith Interna-

tional Council...
McClellan, Rev. Graydon E., General Presbyter, Presbytery of

Washington, United Presbyterian Church, U.S.A.-
Maass, Richard, Chairman, National Conference on Soviet Jewry,
Morgenthau, Hans J., Chairman, Academic Committee, American

Jewish Conference on Soviet Jewry---
Vanik, Hon. Charles A., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Ohio..

80

67

122 101

130

116

140

148 93

132

87

153

STATEMENTS SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD BY

MEMBERS OF CONGRESS
Abzug, Hon. Bella S., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York,
Brasco, Hon. Frank J., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York..
Broomfield, Hon. William S., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Michigan.
Carey, Hon. Hugh L., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York.--

155

158

159

1 An index to these hearings appears on p. 311.

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Drinan, Hon. Robert F., a Representative in Congress from the State of Page

Massachusetts.

162

Eilberg, Hon. Joshua, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Pennsylvania -

165

Fascell, Hon. Dante B., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Florida.

167

Forsythe, Hon. Edwin B., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New Jersey

169

Giaimo, Hon. Robert N., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Connecticut ---

171

Halpern, Seymour, a Representative in Congress from the State of New

York...

173

Harrington, Hon. Michael J., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Massachusetts.

175

Karth, Hon. Joseph E., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Minnesota

180

Long, Hon. Clarence D., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Maryland.--

184

Mathias, Hon. Charles McC., Jr., a U.S. Senator from the State of

Maryland.

185

Mitchell, Hon. Parren J., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Maryland -

66

McClory, Hon. Robert, a Representative in Congress from the State of
Illinois

38

O'Neill, Hon. Thomas P., Jr., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Massachusetts.

191

Peyser, Hon. Peter A., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York.--

192

Podell, Hon. Bertram L., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York.--

194

Rhodes, Hon. John J., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Arizona.

197

Sisk, Hon. B. F., a Representative in Congress from the State of California- 198

Widnall, Hon. William B., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New Jersey---

199

APPENDIX

Alpert, Mr. and Mrs. Bernard, and Braverman, Mr. and Mrs. Bert, joint

statement of, submitted by Congressman Robert McClory-

201

Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, text of letter to Mr. Richard

Maass, American Jewish Conference on Soviet Jewry from Owen S.
Rachleff, Director of the European Affairs Department-

203

Bronstein, Rabbi Harry, President, Al Tidom Association, Inc., statement

of..

202

Chicago Community Council of Jewish Organizations, by Joel J. Spray-

regen, Chairman of its Soviet Jewry Committee, statement of..

204

Civil and Political Rights, International Covenant on.--

215
Optional protocol to :

226

Fact Sheet on Soviet Jewry, submitted by Mr. Richard Maass, Chairman,

American Jewish Conference on Soviet Jewry-

207

Human Rights, Universal Declaration of --

211

Jewish Prisoners in the Soviet Union, chart submitted by Mr. Richard

Maass, Chairman, American Jewish Conference on Soviet Jewry-,

229

Letter submitted by Congressman Jonathan B. Bingham from Rabbi

Charles Sheer, Jewish Chaplain, Columbia University in the City of

New York, to Mr. Richard T. Davies, Deputy Assistant Secretary of

State for European Affairs, dated November 10, 1971, including--

231

Jewish Telegraphic Agency Daily News Bulletin, April 1, 1971, on the

murder of a Jewish scholar in Minsk, and the burning of its matzoth

bakery ---

231

Jewish Telegraphic Agency News Bulletin, October 4, 1971, describing

the order to close one of the three remaining synagogues in Moscow - 232

Soviet Jews: Fact and Fiction, excerpt from the Novosti Press Agency,

Moscow, excerpt from.-

232

Potma: Repression of Jews in the Soviet Union, edited by Louis Rosen-

blum, Union of Councils for Soviet Jews.

233

Page 244

251

257

Racial Discrimination, text of International Convention on the Elimina

tion of all forms of...
Soviet Educational Policy and the Jews, by Marc Hurwitz,-submitted by

Congressman John B. Anderson.-
Soviet Jewish Political Prisoners: Background Report, submitted by Mr.

Richard Maass, Chairman, American Jewish Conference on Soviet

Jewry----
Treatment of Jews in the Soviet Union: Developments During 1970–1971,

prepared by Barbara Mihalchenko, Foreign Affairs Analyst, Foreign

Affairs Division, Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Trial of Boris Azernikov, prepared by Carol Richman, from American

Jewish Conference on Soviet Jewry Newsletter, November 1, 1971.---Weiss, Rabbi Avriaham, Board Member, Committee on Russian Jewry,

Additional Remarks..

263

302

309

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