Sentential Negation in French
Oxford University Press, USA, 26 aug. 1998 - 256 pagini
This is the first full-length study of sentential negation phenomena in French. Paul Rowlett assesses, from a generative perspective, the respective contribution made to the expression of clausal polarity by ne, pas, and elements such as jamais and personne. His conclusions have far-reaching implications, leading to the controversial hypothesis that, despite widespread belief, French is not a negative concord language.
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12 The syntax of sentential negation
13 The affect criterion
The Negative Marker
21 Configuration Upas as an adverb
pas and indefinite direct objects
negative adverbs and arguments
42 Distribution of negative adverbs
43 The syntactic status of jamais plus guere
44 Explanatory power
51 Early generative approaches to the syntax of personne and rien
52 The syntax of personne
31 The Negative Cycle
32 NC and Jespersens Generalization
33 The Neg Criterion revisited
35 Counterexamples to Jespersens Generalization?
36 Discussion and summary
Other Negative Adverbs
53 The distribution of rien
54 The formal differences between personne and rien
55 Residual issues
A'-binding affect criterion AgrS AgrS0 AgrSP analysis argued assume Battye bears the feature c-command chapter clitic co-occur conclude configuration constituent contexts contrast direct object discussed in section elements example expletive fact feature NEG finite verb footnote functional head given grammatical guere Haegeman Haitian Creole infinitival modal inflectional inherently negative interpretation Italian jamais Jean Jespersen's Kayne lexical infinitives lexical verbs licensed livres Louisiana Creole mark sentential negation modal verbs Modern French morphological NC language Neg Criterion nega negative adverbs negative arguments Negative Cycle negative doubling negative marker negative operator negative quantifiers NegP no-one nominal quantifiers non-NC language NPIs NumP occupies SpecNegP operator in SpecNegP overt personne Pollock possible post-verbal predict Progovac pronouns proposed pseudopartitive raise to SpecNegP relevant Rizzi S-structure scope souvent Spec spec-head agreement spec-head relationship SpecCP SpecNumP suggest syntactic syntax tion tive tout true imperatives ungrammaticality Verb Movement VP-adjoined West Flemish
Pagina 96 - Les langues suivent ainsi une sorte de developpement en spirale: elles ajoutent des mots accessoires pour obtenir une expression intense; ces mots s'affaiblissent, se degradent et tombent au niveau de simples outils grammaticaux ; on ajoute de nouveaux mots ou des mots differents en vue de 1'expression; I'affaiblissement recommence, et ainsi sans fin.
Pagina 99 - There is one very important observation to be made, without which I do not think that we shall be able to understand the matter, namely that repeated negation [NC] becomes an habitual phenomenon in those languages only in which the ordinary negative element is comparatively small in phonetic bulk...
Pagina 37 - A' specifier position at LF. I would now like to state this scope requirement as resulting from the fact that such affective operators must fulfil at the appropriate level of representation...
Pagina 105 - Does not everything we see about us testify to the power of Divine Providence?
Pagina 11 - The Mirror Principle Morphological derivations must directly reflect syntactic derivations (and vice versa).
Pagina 99 - NC] becomes an habitual phenomenon in those languages only in which the ordinary negative element is comparatively small in phonetic bulk.... If this repetition is rarer in modern English and German than it was formerly, one of the reasons probably is that the fuller negative not and nicht have taken the place of the smaller ne and en.
Pagina 118 - A reflexive R must be bound in the domain D containing R and an X-bar compatible SUBJECT. If R is an X° (morphologically simple) reflexive, then its SUBJECTS are X° categories only, ie, Agr (as the only salient (c-commanding) head with pronominal features).
Pagina 86 - In this connexion it is interesting and important to observe that repeated negation becomes an habitual phenomenon in those languages only in which the ordinary negative element is comparatively small in phonetic bulk : ne or n- in Old English and Russian.
Pagina 37 - The AFFECT criterion: a. Each AFFECTIVE X° must be in a spec-head relationship with an AFFECTIVE operator. b. Each AFFECTIVE operator must be in a spec-head relationship with an AFFECTIVE X°.
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