The distinction between falsification and refutation in the demarcation problem of Karl Popper

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MultiMedia Publishing, 7 mar. 2019 - 38 pagini

 Despite the criticism of Karl Popper's falsifiability theory for the demarcation between science and non-science, mainly pseudo-science, this criterion is still very useful, and perfectly valid after it was perfected by Popper and his followers. Moreover, even in his original version, considered by Lakatos as "dogmatic", Popper did not assert that this methodology is an absolute demarcation criterion: a single counter-example is not enough to falsify a theory; a theory can legitimately be saved from falsification by introducing an auxiliary hypothesis. Compared to Kuhn's theory of revolutions, which he himself later dissociated from it transforming it into a theory of "micro-revolutions," I consider that Popper's demarcation methodology, along with the subsequent development proposed by him, including the corroboration and the verisimilitude, though imperfect, is not only valid today, but it is still the best demarcation methodology. For argumentation, I used the main works of Popper dealing with this issue, and his main critics and supporters. After a brief presentation of Karl Popper, and an introduction to the demarcation problem and the falsification methodology, I review the main criticisms and the arguments of his supporters, emphasizing the idea that Popper has never put the sign of equality between falsification and rejection. Finally, I present my own conclusions on this issue.

 
 Keywords: Karl Popper, falsifiability, falsification, demarcation problem, pseudo-science
 
 CONTENTS
 
 Abstract
 Introduction
 1 The demarcation problem
 2 Pseudoscience
 3 Falsifiability
 4 Falsification and refutation
 5 Extension of falsifiability
 6 Criticism of falsifiability
 7 Support of falsifiability
 8 The current trend
 Conclusions
 Bibliography
 Notes
 
 DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.22522.54725
 

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Cuprins

Abstract
2
Introduction
3
1 The demarcation problem
5
2 Pseudoscience
10
3 Falsifiability
12
4 Falsification and refutation
16
5 Extension of falsifiability
20
6 Criticism of falsifiability
22
7 Support of falsifiability
27
8 The current trend
30
Conclusions
31
Bibliography
34
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Despre autor (2019)

 Owner and manager with MultiMedia SRL and MultiMedia Publishing House.

 
 Project Coordinator for European Teleworking Development Romania (ETD)
 
 Member of Rotary Club Bucuresti Atheneum
 
 Cofounder and ex-president of the Mehedinti Branch of Romanian Association for Electronic Industry and Software
 
 Initiator, cofounder and president of Romanian Association for Telework and Teleactivities
 
 Member of Internet Society
 
 Initiator, cofounder and ex-president of Romanian Teleworking Society
 
 Cofounder and ex-president of the Mehedinti Branch of the General Association of Engineers in Romania
 
 Physicist engineer - Bachelor of Physics, Major Nuclear Physics. Training for a master's degree in Philosophy of science.
 
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