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twelve Angels, and names written thereDedication of the Cathedral tribes of the children of Israel.

on, which are the names of the twelve

On the Church of the Most Poly

East three gates; on the North three Saviour, at Rome.1

gates; on the South three gates; and

on the West three gates. And the wall Double.

of the city had twelve foundations, and Au from the Common Office for the in them the names of the twelve Apos. Dedication of a Church, (P. 909,) ex- tles of the Lamb. And he that talked cept the following.

with me had a golden reed to measure

the city, and the gates thereof, and the FIRST VESPERS.

wall thereof. These, as regards the Dedication, begin with the Chapter.

Third Lesson. A Commemoration is made of the Octave of All Saints, from the Second the length is as large as the breadth: Vespers of the Feast.

and he measured the city with the golden Then of the Holy Martyr Theodore. reed, twelve thousand furlongs: the Antiphon and Verse and Answer from length, and the height, and the breadth the Common.

of it are equal. And he measured the Prayer.

wall thereof, an hundred and forty and

four cubits, according to the measure of O GOD, Who encompassest and shield- a man, that is, of the Angel. And the est us by the glorious confession of

building of the wall of it was of jasper : Thy blessed Martyr Theodore, grant un- and the city was pure gold, like unto to us to profit by his ensample and to be

clear glass. holpen by his prayers. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth

SECOND NOCTURN. and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world with

Fourth Lesson. out end. Amen.

THE Rites whereof the Church of

lowing of Churches and Altars were FIRST NOCTURN.

first instituted by the blessed Pope SylFirst Lesson.

vester. From the very time of the

Apostles there had been places set apart The Lesson is taken from the Book of

for God, where assemblies took place the Apocalypse of the Blessed Apostle upon the first day of every week, and John (xxi. 9.)

where the Christians were used to pray,

to hear the word of God, and to receive seven Angels which had the seven the Eucharist, which places were by vials full of the seven last plagues, and some called Oratories and by others talked with me, saying : Come hither, Churches. But these places were not I will show thee the Bride, the Lamb's dedicated with 60 solemn a form, nor Wife. And he carried me away in the did they set up therein an Altar for a spirit to a great and high mountain, and pillar, and pour chrism thereon, (Gen. showed me that city, the holy Jerusa- xxviii. 18,) for a figure of our Lord lem, descending out of heaven from God, Jesus Christ, Who is Himself our Altar, having the glory of God: and her light our Victim, and our Priest. was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal.

Fifth Lesson.
Second Lesson.

UT when the Emperor Constantine

had by the Sacrament of Baptism ND had a wall great and high, and received health both of body and soul,

had twelve gates : and at the gates then first in a law by him published 1 Commonly called St. John Lateran (San Giovanni Laterano.) It is the Cathedral of Rome, and therefore “ Mother and Mistress of every Church in the City and in the world."



Homily of St. Ambrose, (p. 913.) The last is omitted or read as one with the Eighth, to make room for the

was it allowed to the Christians throughout the whole world to build Churches, to the which holy building be exhorted them by his example as well as by his decree. He dedicated in his own Lateran Palace a Church to the Saviour, and built hard by it a Cathedral in the name of St. John the Baptist, upon the place where he had been baptized by holy Silvester and cleansed from his leprosy. This Cathedral was hallowed by the said Pope upon the 9th day of November. It is this consecration, the memory whereof is still celebrated upon this day, the first whereon the public consecration of a Church ever took place in Rome, and the image of the Saviour was seen by the Roman people painted upon the wall.

Sixth Lesson. THE Blessed Silvester afterwards dethe Altar of the Prince of the Apostles, that Altars were thenceforward to be made of stone only, but notwithstanding this the Lateran Cathedral hath the Altar made of wood. This is not surprising. From St. Peter to Silvester the Popes had not been able, by reason of persecutions, to abide fixedly in one place, and they celebrated the Holy Liturgy in cellars, in burying-places, in the houses of godly persons, or wherever need drave them, upon a wooden altar made like an empty box. When peace was given to the Church, holy Silvester took this box, and to do honour to the Prince of the Apostles, who is said to have offered sacritice thereon, and to the other Popes who thereon had been used to execute the mystery even unto that time, set it in the first Church, even the Lateran, and ordained that no one but the Bishop of Rome should celebrate the Liturgy thereon for all time coming. The original Lateran Cathedral, cast down and destroyed by fires, pillage, and earthquakes, and renewed by the constant care of the Popes, was at last rebuilt afresh, and solemnly consecrated by Pope Benedict XIII. a Friar Preacher, upon the 28th day of April, in the year 1726, the memory of which Festival he ordained to be kept upon this day.

Lessons from Luke xix. 1, with the

Ninth Lesson. (For the Holy Martyr

Theodore.) THIS Theodore was a Christian sol.

dier, who was arrested in the reign of the Emperor Maximian for having set fire to a temple of idols. The Commander of the Legion offered him pardon if he would profess repentance and curse the Christian faith, but, as he refused to gwerve as regarding the confession of his belief, he was cast into prison. There he was tormented with iron claws. As they were tearing the flesh off his ribs, he sang joyfully [the 33rd Psalm): “I will bless the Lord at all times.” Thereafter he was thrown upon an heap of burning wood, and there, still praying and praising God, he gave up his soul to Christ, upon the 9th day of November, [in the year of salvation 304.] The Lady Eusebia wrapped his body in a winding-sheet, and buried it on her own farm.

At Lauds a Commemoration is made of the Holy Martyr. Antiphon and Verse and Answer from the Common Office. Prayer as at Vespers.

At Second Vespers a Commemoration is made of the following. Prayer from his Lauds.

Then of the Holy Martyrs Tryphon, Respicius, and Nympha. Antiphon and Verse and Answer from the Common Office for Many Mariyrs.


keeping the feast of Thine holy witnesses Tryphon, Respicius, and Nympha, and make us to feel that their prayers gain us the gift of Thy protection. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.

St. Andrew Abellino,


Semi-double. All from the Common Office for a Con


fessor not a Bishop, (p. 855,) except the up the malice and rage of certain wicked

men in the city, (whom he had forbid

being admitted to the grate to speak to FIRST NOCTURN.

any of the nuns.] He once narrowly Lessons from Scripture according to

escaped death, with which they threat

ened him; and another time received the Season.

three wounds in his face from a bully.

These injuries he bore with thorough SECOND NOCTURN,

meekness. Out of an earnest desire of

more readily attaining to a perfect disFourth Lesson.

engagement of his heart from all earthly LANCELOT Avellino, who afterwards humbly sought and [in 1556) took the name of Andrew, was born

to be admitted the Order at Castro Nuovo, a small town in Lu

of Regular Clerks, [called Theatins,] cania, [in the kingdom of Naples, in the

and on this occasion, out of the love he year of our Lord 1520.] From his car

bore to the Cross, he entreated that his liest childhood he gave no dark signs

name might be changed from Lancelot
of the holiness of his after life. When

to Andrew.
as a lad he was away from home at
school, he so passed the slippery paths

Fifth Lesson.
of that age, as ever keeping before his


E entered manfully and cheerily eyes, amid the pursuit of earthly know- upon the harder life, set to work ledge the true beginning of wisdom, to better himself therein, and to that which is the fear of the Lord. (Prov. ix. end made two very grim vows,

the first, 10.) He was exceedingly comely, but perpetually to fight against his own withal careful in purity, and thereby es- will, the second, always to advance to caped oftentimes the shameless proposals the utmost of his power in Christian of women, and somewhiles even resisted perfection. Of the discipline of his open violence. He had already become Order he was a stern defender, and a clerk when he went to Naples to study when he was set over others the oblaw. There he was ordained Priest, and servance thereof was his great care. also took his degree in Jurisprudence. Whatever time the duties of his work He undertook cases only in the Church and his institute left him, he gave to Courts, and for certain private persons, prayer and the salvation of souls. His according to the rules of the Sacred godliness and wisdom in hearing of conCanons. Once in pleading a cause, in fessions were beautiful. He went many a matter indeed which was of no weight times through the farthest lanes and a lie escaped him. Almost forth with suburbs of Naples, bringing Gospel mithereafter, in reading the Holy Scrip- nistry with great gain of souls. The tures, he came upon the words : “The greatness of his love toward his neighmouth that lieth killeth the soul” bour God was pleased to crown even by (Wisd. i. 11)-and so great was the signs and wonders. One stormy night grief and remorse which he felt for he was coming home from hearing. his sin that he made up his mind sick man's confession, when the rain to leave that way of life. He there- and wind put out the light which was fore gave up his law business, and carried before him, but he and they that set himself altogether to mind the wor- were with him not only came dry ship of God and the execution of his through the thickest of the rain, but holy ministry. The eminent pattern there came also a strange light out of which he gave of all the graces proper his body and showed them the way in to a Churchman moved the Archbishop the deepest of the darkness. He was a of Naples to commit to him the care of wonderful instance of self-control, longa certain nunnery in that city. The suffering, lowliness, and hatred of self. holy man's zeal (for removing all ob- He bore with stillness the murder of stacles to the recollection of these spouses his nephew, held in the passion of his of Christ, in which consisteth the very kinsfolk to take revenge, and even asked essence of their state and virtue,] stirred pity for the assassins from the judges.

I The rest of this Lesson is almost word for word the same as Alban Butler.

Sixth Lesson. E spread in many places the Institheir houses at Milan and Piacenza. The holy Cardinal Charles Borromeo, and the Cardinal Paul of Arezzo, being himself a Regular Clerk, men by both of whom he was well liked, used his help in their care for souls. Toward the Virgin Mother of God he was constant in an extraordinary love and reverence. He won the conversation of Angels, whom he said he used to hear singing when he was praising God. He set an ensample of the highest graces, even to the gift of prophecy, whereby he saw into men's hearts and knew things afar off or even yet to come. Full of years and worn out with work, he was beginning the Liturgy, when, having repeated thrice the words, “I will go unto the Altar of God," he was felled by a stroke of apoplexy, and, duly fortified by the Sacraments, in the arms of his friends, most peacefully gave up his soul to God, (upon the 10th day of November, in the year 1608.] The crowds which flock to his grave in the Church of St. Paul at Naples are still as great as they were when his body was first laid there. He was famous for signs and wonders both during his life and after his death, and Pope Clement XI. solemnly enrolled his name among those of the Saints.

believe in the Lord Christ, and he forthwith declared himself a Christian. He also was divers ways tormented, and then led along with Tryphon before the statue of Jupiter. When Tryphon prayed, the statue fell down. Then were both Tryphon and Respicius savagely lashed with whips loaded with lead, until they grasped the crown of a most glorious testimony, upon the 10th day of November. Upon the same day a certain maiden named Nympha, having openly confessed that Jesus Christ is very God, added the palm of martyrdom to the crown of virginity.

At Lauds a Commemoration is made of these Holy Martyrs. Prayer as at Vespers.

Vespers are of the following.

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Prayer. 0 GOD, Who didst make Thy blessed

Confessor Andrew to settle in his heart to go up wondrously toward Thee by a stern vow daily to advance to the utmost of his power in godliness, grant unto us for the same Thy servant's sake and at his prayers the like grace, so that we, seeking ever that which is more perfect, may happily attain the crown of Thine everlasting glory. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.



Lessons from Luke xii. 35, with the Homily of St. Gregory, (p. 859.) The last Lesson is omitted or read as one with the Eighth to make room for the Ninth Lesson. (For the holy Martyrs

Tryphon, Respicius, and Nympha.) IN the reign of the Emperor Decius

one Tryphon strove by preaching the faith of Jesus Christ to bring all men to worship Him. For this cause he was taken by the servants of Decius. He was first tormented upon the rack, and flesh stripped from him with iron claws; then red-hot nails were driven into his insteps, he was beaten with cudgels and scarified with lighted torches. The sight of the courage wherewith he bore all, brought the Præfect Respicius to

Martinmas Day. St. Martin, Bishop [of Tours,]


Double. All from the Common Office for a a Bishop and Confessor, (p. 842,) except the following.


Antiphons and Prayer from Lauds, and Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed Virgin as at that of Zacharias.

Å Commemoration is made of St. Andrew Avellino. Prayer from his Office.

Then of the Holy Martyr Mennas. Prayer, "Grant, we beseech Thee, &c.," (p. 824.)

Answer. He neither feared to die, nor refused to live.



Invitatory. For the testimony of blessed Martin, * let us praise our God.


First Antiphon. While Martin is yet a Catechumen, he bath clad Me in this garment.

Second Antiphon. Martin confessed the faith of the Holy Trinity, and received the grace of baptism.

Third Antiphon. Not in the shelter of a buckler, nor of an helmet, but with the sign of the Cross will I pierce the hosts of the enemy. Lessons from 1 Tim. iii. 1, (p. 843.)

First Responsory. This is that Martin whom God chose to be an High Priest unto Himself, he upon whom the Lord was pleased to bestow favour like as upon His Apostles, 80 that he prevailed gloriously in the power of the Divine Trinity three times to raise the dead to life.

Verse. Martin confessed the faith of the Holy Trinity:

Answer. So that he prevailed gloriously in the power of the Divine Trinity three times to raise the dead to life.

Second Responsory. Lord, if I be still needful to Thy people, I refuse not to work for then. Thy will be done.

Verse, With eyes and hands lifted up to heaven, he never let his mighty spirit slacken in prayer. Answer. Thy will be done.

Third Responsory. Oh how blessed a man was Bishop Martin; he neither feared to die, nor refused to live.

V'erse. Lord, if I be still needful to Thy people, I refuse not to work for them. Thy will be done.

Answer. He neither feared to die, nor refused to live.

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.

First Antiphon. I trust in the Lord that at thy prayers my daughter shall be healed.

Second Antiphon. When Tetradius knew the power of God, he attained unto the grace of baptism.

Third Antiphon. Not to be told is this man's glory, by whom so many wonderful works have been set forth before us.

Fourth Lesson. MARTIN was born at Sabaria in Pau

. old he went to the Church, in the spite of his [heathen] father and mother, and by his own will was numbered among the Catechumens. At fifteen years of age he joined the army, and served as a soldier first under Constantius and then under Julian. Once at the gate of Amiens a poor man asked him for an alms for Christ's name's sake, and since he had nothing to his hand but his arms and his clothes, he gave him half of his cloak. In the night following Christ appeared to him clad in the half of his cloak, and saying to the Angels who bare Him company :) “While Martin is yet a Catechumen, he hath clad Me in this garment.”

Fourth Responsory. With eyes and hands lifted up to heaven, he never let his mighty spirit slacken in

prayer. Verse. While as blessed Martin was offering up the mysteries, a ball of fire appeared above his head.

Answer. He never let his mighty spirit slacken in prayer,

Fifth Lesson. AT T eighteen years of age he was bap

tized. He gave up thereupon the life of a soldier, and betook himself to Hilary, Bishop of Poictiers, by whom he was placed in the order of Acolytes. Being afterwards made Bishop of Tours, he built a monastery wherein he lived in holiness for a while in company of

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