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Homily bv St. Austin, Bishop [of Hippo.] (Bk. i. on the Lord's Ser. mon.)

If it be asked what is signified by the mountain, the said mountain may well be understood to figure the higher and greater commandments of righteousness, since those that have been given to the Jews are the lesser. The one God, in an excellent order of times, gave, by His holy Prophets and servants, His lesser commandments unto the people whom it still behoved to be bound by fear, but by His Son He gave the greater, unto the people whom it now beseemed to set free by love. But whether it be the lesser to the lesser, or the greater to the greater, all are alike the gift of Him Who alone knoweth what is in each epoch the seasonable medicine of mankind.

Seventh Responsory. 'Let your loins be girded about, and your lights burning, and ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding.

Verse. *Watch therefore, for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.

Answer. And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding.

Eighth Lesson. NEITHER ig it marvel that the greater

be given the kingdom of heaven, and the lesser touching a commonwealth upon earth, since both are alike the gifts of that one God Who is the Maker alike of heaven and of earth. This higher and greater righteousness, then, is that whereof the Prophet saith: “Thy righteousness is like the mountains of God” (Ps. xxxv. 7.) Thus is that Teacher, Who alone can give such teaching, mystically represented as teaching upon a mountain.

“ And when He was set." The attitude of sitting while teaching appertaineth to the majesty of His instruction.

“His disciples came unto Him”nearer in the body, to hear those precepts, by the fulfilment of which they should be nearer in spirit.

1 Luke xii. 35, 36.

Ninth Lesson. AND, ow, what saith He?

"Blessed are the poor in spirit, for their's is the kingdom of heaven." We have read where it is written concerning the lusting after temporal things : “The wandering of the desire is vanity and presumption of spirit.” (Eccl. vi. 9.) Presumption of spirit signifieth rashness and pride. We are used to say of proud people that they are men of high spirit, and we say well, since “spirit” is only one of the Latin names for wind. (It is so used, for instance, in Ps. cxlviii. 8, “Fire, hail, snow, ice, stormy wind.") Who hath not heard the proud spoken of "

Hence, alas, the Apostle saith : “ Knowledge puffeth up, but charity edifieth.” (1 Cor. viii. 1.) By the * poor in spirit," who are here called blessed, are rightly to be understood such as are lowly and fear God, that is, have not got minds puffed up with windy vanity.

The Hymn, “We praise Thee, O God, &c.,” is said.

out with wina" w if they were blown


9 Matth. xxiv. 42.



First Antiphon. I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, * of all nations, (and kindreds, and people, and tongues,] stood before the throne.

Second Antiphon. And all the Angels stood round about the throne, * [and about the Elders, and the four living creatures,) and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped God.

Third Antiphon. Thou, O Lord God, hast redeemed by Thy Blood, * out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation, and hast made us a kingdom unto our God.

Fourth Antiphon. Bless the Lord, all
ye His chosen, * keep holiday, and ex-
tol Him.

Fifth Antiphon. The praise of all
His Saints,

even of the children of
Israël, a people near unto Him: this
honour have all His Saints.

Hymn the FATHER of creation,

Maker of the stars on high.
John, the herald-voice sonorous,

More than prophet owned to be,
Patriarchs and Seers in chorus,

Swell the angelic barmony.
Near to Christ the Apostles seated,

Trampling on the powers of hell,
By the promise now completed

Judge the tribes of Israel.
They who nobly died believing,

Martyrs purpled in their gore,
Crowns of life by death receiving,

Rest in joy for evermore.
Priests and Levites, Gospel preachers,

And Confessors numberless,
Prelates meek and holy teachers,

Bear the palm of righteousness.

Chapter. (Apoc. vii. 2.)
BEHOLD, 1, John, saw another An-

gel ascending from the East, having the seal of the living God; and he cried with a loud voice to the four Angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea, saying: Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.

Virgin souls by high profession

To the Lamb devoted here,
Strewing flowers in gay procession

At the marriage-feast appear.
All are blest together, praising

God's eternal Majesty,
Thrice repeated anthems raising

To the all-holy Trinity.
So may we, with hearts devoted,

Serve our God in holiness;
So may we, by God promoted,
Share that Heaven which they possess.


SPOUSE OF CHRIST, in arms contending

O'er each clime
Blend with prayers for help ascending

Notes of praise for triumphs won.

Verse. Let the Saints be joyful in glory

Answer. Let them sing aloud upon their beds.

Antiphon at the Song of Zacharias. The glorious company of the Apostles praise Thee. * The goodly fellowship of the Prophets praise Thee. The whiterobed army of Martyrs praise Thee. All Thy Saints and Elect with one voice do acknowledge Thee, 0 Blessed Trinity, One God!

As the Church to-day rejoices,

All ber saints in one to join, So from earth let all our voices

Rise in melody divine.

Mary leads the sacred story,

Mary, with her heavenly Child, Sharer with Him now in glory

Maid and Mother undefiled.

Prayer throughout the Office. 0

ALMIGHTY and everlasting God,

Who again allowest us reverently to keep in one Festival the worthy memory of all Thy Saints, be pleased, we beseech Thee, to grant unto that great cloud of bedesmen the outpouring

Angels next, in due gradation of their dine-fold ministry,

1 The same diffculty arises with this hymn as with the last, but the sponsa Christi, of which the above is a translation by Mr. W. Palmer, so coincides with it in sense that it may fairly be taken as a paraphrase.




of Thy mercy whereof we are afain. Answer. Let the righteous rejoice beThrough our Lord Jesus Christ Thy fore God. Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, Verse. Yea, let them exceedingly rein the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, joice world without end. Amen.

Answer. Before God.

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.

Answer. Let the righteous rejoice beAntiphon. I beheld, &c., (First An

fore God. tiphon at Lauds.)

Verse. The righteous live for ever

more. Chapter at the end. (Apoc. vii. 12.) Answer. Their reward also is with

the Lord. B4 LESSING, and glory, and wisdom,

and thanksgiving, and honour, and power, and might, be unto our God, for ever and ever. Amen.

Antiphon. The praise of all His

Saints, &c., (Fifth Antiphon at Lauds.) TERCE.

Chapter as at the end of Prime. Antiphon. And all the Angels, &c., (Second Antiphon at Lauds.)

Short Responsory. Chapter from Lauds.

The righteous live for evermore.

Answer. The righteous live for everShort Responsory.


Verse. Their reward also is with the Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, ye

Lord. righteous.

Answer. For evermore. Answer. Be glad in the LORD, and

Verse. Glory be to the Father, and to rejoice, ye righteous. Verse. And shout for joy, all ye that

the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.

Answer. The righteous live for everare upright in heart. Answer. And rejoice, ye righteous.

Verse. Let the Saints be joyful in Verse. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.


Answer. Let them sing aloud upon Answer. Be glad in the LORD, and

their beds. rejoice, ye righteous.

Verse. Let the righteous rejoice before God.

Answer. Yea, let them exceedingly

As the First, except the following. rejoice.

Last Psalm. SEXT. Antiphon. Thou, O Lord God, &c., Ps. cxv. I believed, &c., (p. 153.) (Third Antiphon at Lauds.)

Verse. Let the Saints be joyful in

gloryChapter. (Apoc. vii. 9.)

Answer. Let them sing aloud upon

their beds. multitude, which no man could Antiphon at the Song of the Blessed number, of all nations, and kindreds, Virgin. O how glorious is that kingand people, and tongues, stood before dom wherein all the Saints do rejoice the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with Christ! * They are clothed with with white robes and palms in their white robes, and follow the Lamb whihands.

thersoever He goeth.

As soon as “ Thanks be to God" has Short Responsory.

been answered to “Bless we the Lord,” Let the righteous rejoice before God. the Vespers of the Dead begin at once


, a


with the words “I will walk before the
Lord, &c.” The Antiphons are doubled
throughout them, the Psalm, “Praise
the LORD, O my soul,” is omitted, and
the only Prayer said is O God, Who
art Thyself at once the Maker and the
Redeemer of all Thy faithful ones,

N.B. Should the Feast of All Saints
have fallen on a Saturday, All Souls'
Day is transferred from the Sunday to
the Monday, and consequently the Ves-
pers of the Dead are said on Sunday

Fifth Lesson.
COME now, therefore, my brethren,

let us the way;
us turn our faces homeward and heaven-
ward, toward that land wherein our
names are written down and we are
citizens elect. We are no more stran-
gers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens
with the Saints, and of the household of
God, (Eph. ii. 19,) yea, heirs of God,
and joint-heirs with Christ. (Rom. viii.
17.2 Bravery can open, and lealty keep
wide the entry for us into that city.
Let us think then for awhile what is
the brilliant happiness of that city,
that is to say, as well as we can, for
what it really is, no words can utter.


Second Day within the Octave of

Sixth Lesson.
All Saints.

CONCERNING that is written
All as on the Feast Day, except that
the Antiphons are not doubled, and the mourning shall flee away.” What can

be more blessed than that life wherein

poverty will not threaten, nor sickness FIRST NOCTURN.

weaken? There, there will be no hurts Lessons from Scripture according to

and no angering. There, there will be

no envying; there, will burn no covetthe Season.

ousness; no ambition of honour nor

seeking of power will give trouble, SECOND NOCTURN.

there. There, the devil will be no more Fourth Lesson.

an object of fear; there, no evil spirits

lie in wait; the dread of hell will be The Lesson is taken from the Sermons gone, there. There, there will be no

of the Venerable Bede, Priest [at death either for the body or for the Jarrow.] (18th on the Saints.) soul, but life glorious in the gift of im

mortality 0

WITH what a passion of welcome

doth the land above receive them that are coming home from the battle,

THIRD NOCTURN. and go forth to meet them that bear the

Seventh Lesson. spoils of the downtrodden foe! The men who walk in the procession of vic- The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gostory are mingled with women, who have pel according to Matthew (v. 1.) conquered world and weakness together, and there also are damsels and lads whó At that time: JESUS, seeing the mulhave understood more than the antients,

titudes, went up into a mountain, because they have kept the precepts of

and, when He was set, His disciples the Eternal. But besides these there is

came unto Him. And so on. another great host, who will have entry into the everlasting Palace, even they

Homily by St. Austin, Bishop [of who have kept pure the unity of the

Hippo.] (Bk. i. on the Lord's' Serfaith in the bond of peace, and the un

mon.) shaken observance of ihe commandments “Blessed are the poor in spirit.”. If given us from heaven.

blessedness is to attain unto the highest 1 Aufugiet ibi dolor, et tristitia, et gemitus. Apparently a quotation from memory. Isa. li. 11 and xxxv. 10, are identical with each other, and Apoc. xxi. 4, is somewhat like them.

wisdom, it must needs be that it begin Him that sent Me, and to finish His by the being poor in spirit. “The fear work” (John iv. 34,) and their thirst of the LORD is the beginning of wis- slaked with that water which the same dom” (Ps. cx. 10) even as, on the other Lord Himself shall give them, whereof hand, it is written that “pride is the whosoever drinketh shall never thirst, beginning of all sin.” (Ecclus. x. 15.) but the water that He shall have The proud covet and love earthly king- given him, shall be in him a well of doms.

water springing up into everlasting life. “Blessed are the meek, for they shall (14.) inherit the earth.” The earth which “Blessed are the merciful, for they they shall inherit I believe to be that shall obtain mercy.” He calleth them earth whereof it is written in the cxli. blessed which succour the needy, for, Psalm, “Thou art my refuge, and my with the measure wherewith they have portion in the land of the living." (6) meted, shall it be measured unto them And the heritage of the meek in this withal, and they shall not be left unland is an heritage everlastingly sure succoured in their own need. and fixed, wherein the soul resteth by good will, at home there, as carnal

At the end of Lauds, as soon as owners rest at home in sure earthly

“ Thanks be to God" has been answered possessions; and on the income from that land they live, as earthly owners

to “Bless we the Lord,the Dirge befrom the income of earthly possessions ;

gins at once with the words “Unto the this is the home and the abiding-place

Eternal King." The Antiphons are

doubled throughout, three Nocturns are of the Saints. And the meek heirs are they who when they be evil-en

said, the last Responsory is, “ Deliver

me, O Lord,the Psalm Out of the treated, suffer it, and are “not over

depths,” is omitted, and the only Prayer come of evil, but overcome evil with good.” (Rom. xii. 21.)

is o God, Who art Thyself at once the

Maker, &c.
Eighth Lesson.

Should November 2 be a Sunday, the are they that mourn, for

Dirge is said on Monday. they shall be comforted.” This mourning is sorrow for the things once loved and now lost. By turning to God,

NOVEMBER 3. they lose things in this world which they once loved. But now their true Third Day within the Octave of joy is no longer in those things wherein

All Saints. they joyed aforetime, and by the growing love of the eternal things this their All as on the Feast-day, except that carnal mourning is abundantly com- the Antiphons are not doubled, and the forted. They are comforted by the following. Holy Ghost Who chiefly for this very reason hath His title of “the Com

FIRST NOCTURN. forter.” They lose things temporal, but they gain the enjoyment of things Lessons from Scripture according to eternal.

the Season.

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Fourth Lesson.

Ninth Lesson. " BLESSED are they that do hun

ger and thirst after righteousness, for they shall be filled.” They of whom He speaketh here are they who have a love for whatever is good, because it is good. And such as these shall have their hunger satisfied with that meat whereof the Lord Himself said : “My meat is to do the will of

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons

of the Venerable Bede, Priest (at Jarrow.] (18th on the Saints.) THERE, there will never be any dif,

ferences, but all things attuned, all things suiting, for all the Saints will be

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