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at one together, peace and gladness

THIRD NOCTURN. reigning over all things. All things there will be quiet and still, and the

Seventh Lesson. glory exceeding great-not such as any glory now, but as much more excelling The Lesson is taken from the Holy Gosin splendour as it excelleth in blessing, pel according to Matthew (v. 1.) even as it is written that that city hath no need of the sun, neither of the ATM that time : Jests, seeing the

mul, it

up into a , God doth lighten it, and the Lamb is and, when He was set, His disciples the light thereof.” (Apoc. xxi. 23.) And

came unto Him. And so on. in that light the Saints “shall shine as the brightness of the firmament, and Homily by St. Austin, Bishop [of they that have turned many to righte- Hippo.] (Bk. i. on the Lord's' Ser. ousness, as the stars, for ever and ever." mon.) (Dan. xii. 3.)

“Blessed are the pure in heart, for

they shall see God.” What fools then Fifth Lesson.

be they that seek God with their out

ward eyes, since it is in the heart that BY Y reason of that light there will be

He is seen, as it is written elsewhere : no night there, no darkness there.

“In simplicity of heart seek Him." There, no clouds will ever gather. No

(Wisd. i. 1.) A simple heart is a pure cold will bite there; there, no heat will heart. And even as we cannot see this scorch. But instead thereof there will

earthly light unless the eyes be clean, be for ever such an order as “ eye hath

so cannot God be seen unless that be not seen, nor ear heard, neither hatb

clean which alone can perceive Him. entered into the heart of man,” (1 Cor. “ Blessed are the peacemakers, for ii. 9,)-saving them who are found wor- they shall be called the children of God." thy to be there, “ whose names are in The perfection of peace is the absence the book of life,” (Phil. iv. 3,) who of contrariety, and the peacemakers are “have washed their robes, and made called the children of God because they them white in the Blood of the Lamb.

offer no contrariety against the will of Therefore are they before the throne of God. As beseemeth children, they have God, and serve Him day and night.” their Father's likeness. (Apoc. vii. 14, 15.) There, there will be no growing old, nor any of the distresses of age, but“ all come unto a per

Eighth Lesson. fect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ.” (Eph. iv. THEY are peacemakers in themselves,

who order all the movements of 13.)

their own mind in obedience to rea

son, that is, to their intellect and soul, Sixth Lesson.

and so doing, and taming the lusts of

the flesh, become a kingdom for God. UT in truth, besides these things will In such kingdom all things are so or

dered that the chiefest and noblest part of Angels and Archangels; to enjoy the of man ruleth without contention over fellowship of Thrones and Dominions, of those lower things which we have in Principalities and Powers, and all the common with beasts. And just in the forces of heaven; to gaze upon the same way, must that nobler part of man, armies of the Saints, glittering as stars that is to say, intellect and reason, needs glitter not here. Patriarchs radiant in be put in subjection to what is above it, faith realised, Prophets rejoicing in hope namely, Truth, the Only-begotten Son crowned, Apostles judging the twelve of God. He only can rule well who tribes of Israël, martyrs flashing in the hath learnt to obey. And this order is red crowns of their victory, virgins that peace which is given on earth to crowned with white chaplets, dancing in men of good will; this is the life of companies, bearing garlands of snowy whosoever is thoroughly and perfectly whiteness.



Ninth Lesson.

Thee in their prayers on our behalf.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy
Son, Who liveth and reigneth with
Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost,
one God, world without end. Amen.



orderly kingdom is cast forth the prince of this world, whose rule is over the contentious and disorderly; when once this peace hath been proclaimed and established within, whatsoever wars he that is without can raise, can but heap more glory upon that glory which is according to God, for nothing of the Castle will yield before him, but the yielding of his own engines will witness how strong be its ramparts. And therefore cometh next: Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for their's is the kingdom of heaven."

Vespers are of the following.

Lessons from Scripture according to the Season.



Št. Charles, (Cardinal] Arch-
bishop (of Milan,] Confessor.

All from the Common Office for a
Bishop and Confessor, (p. 842,) except
the following.

Prayer throughout the Office.
LORD, give unto Thy Church for an

unsleeping warder Thine holy Confessor Bishop Charles; upon earth his carefulness did make him glorious as a shepherd, there where he is may his prayerfulness make him effectual as a bedesman, pleading with Thee to make us to love Thee more. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.

A Commemoration is made of the Octave.

Then of the Holy Martyrs Vitalis and Agricola. Antiphon and Verse and Answer from the Common Office, (p. 829.)

GRANT, we beseech Thee, o Almighty

keep solemn memorial of Thy blessed Martyrs Vitalis and Agricola, may find succour with

Fourth Lesson. CHARLES. Of the noble family of

, 2nd day of October, in the year of our Lord 1538,) at (the Castle of Arona, fourteen miles from] Milan. In foretoken of his holy life, God caused a bright light to shine by night over the chamber where his mother lay in travail. As soon as his age would allow him, he received the tonsure. When he was twelve years old, he was made Abbat [of the rich Benedictine Abbey of St. Gratinian and St. Felin,] but reminded his father that the revenues thereof were not to be used as mere family property. His father, to whom the administration of these revenues fell during his son's non-age, still gave them forth with over to him, and whatever was left over, he gave to the poor. While he was young he studied letters at Pavia. He kept his purity thoroughly, so that he scared away the unclean women, of whom many were set upon him, to overthrow his self-control. In the twenty-third year of his age, his uncle Pius IV. made him a Cardinal, in which dignity he was a burning and shining light of godliness and all graces before the whole of the sacred College. About forty days afterwards the same Pope created him Archbishop of Milan. As such it was his great desire to order the Church committed to his charge in accordance with the requirements of the most holy Council of Trent, which was in great part by his labours brought to a conclusion. To raise up the degraded lives of the people, he oftentimes held Synods, but himself set an example of deep godliness. He worked earnestly to purge the parts about the Alps and borders of Switzer1 The Latinity of this passage is very quaint. "A seditiosis, dum orationi insisteret, tormenti bellici laxatâ rotà, igneo globulo percussus, Divinâ virtute, &c.” The ball struck upon his rochet, near the middle vertebræ of the back, and, leaving a mark upon the rochet, fell down to his feet. Some small shot pierced his clothes, but stopped at his skin, and his cassock was pierced with small shot in several places. When the part that was struck was examined, a light bruise was discovered, with a small swelling on the skin, which mark continued even after his death. The would-be murderer was a Priest, named La Farina. St. Charles would take no measures against his enemies, but they ultimately fell into the hands of public justice. La Farina and another were hung, two beheaded, and one condemned to the galleys. For this last the Saint procured mitigation and ultimate pardon, and made every effort to save the lives of the others, for whose relations he provided. The religious Order (the Humiliati) from which the attempt proceeded, and of which three of the executed felons were Provosts, was abolished by the Pope St. Pius V. (Alban Butler.)

land of heresy, and brought many of the heretics to the Christian faith.


Fifth Lesson.
HARITY was the brightest mark of

. (in the kingdom of Naples,] he sold for forty thousand crowns, and gave the whole sum to the poor in one day. Twenty thousand crowns being left him as a legacy [by Virginia, widow of Count Frederick Borromeo,) he gave the whole to the poor. The incomes of the benefices wherewith he had been loaded by his uncle, he spent upon the needs of the poor, except what he used for himself. When the plague grievously raged in Milan, he gave up to the sick poor the furniture of his own house, even to his own bedding, and thenceforward slept upon the boards. He constantly visited the sick, cheered them by his fatherly kindness, and wonderfully comforted them, ministering to them with his own hands the Sacraments of the Church. At the same time he drew near to plead for them with God in lowly entreaty, and ordered a public Procession wherein he walked himself carrying a Cross, with a rope halter round his neck, and his bare feet bleeding from the stones, and fain to turn away the Divine anger by offering himself as a scapegoat for the sins of his people. He was a stout defender of the freedom of the Church. But in the Church he was an earnest reformer of discipline, and once, when he was engaged in prayer, (the paid agent of] some conspirators took a shot at him with a blunderbuss, but, though the ball struck him, the power of God kept him unharmed.'

Sixth Lesson. was remarkable for his abstinence.

He very often fasted upon nothing but bread and water, and sometimes nothing but lupines. He tamed his body by depriving himself of sleep, by very rough haircloth, and by constant scourging. He was an earnest practiser of lowliness and meekness. However much he was taken up with business, he never gave himself relaxation from prayer and from preaching the word of God. He built many Churches, convents, and schools. He wrote much matter, useful more especially for the good of Bishops. The publication of the Parish Priests' Catechism" was due to his care. In October, 1584, he withdrew himself, for the purpose of making a retreat, to (what is called] the “ Sacro Monte" of Varallo, an hill" whereon (many sacred subjects and especially) the incidents of the Lord's sufferings are represented in life-size groups of coloured figures.' [On Oct. 24) he was taken ill of a stertian] ague, (but concealed it,) and lived there for some days a life of torture by voluntary suffering, but of sweetness by thoughts of Christ's woes. After his return to Milan, [which he reached in a litter upon All Souls' Day,] his sickness became hopeless, and early in the night between the [3rd and] 4th days of November, in the 47th year of his own age, and in that of our Lord 1584, covered with ashes and sack-cloth, and with his eyes fixed upon the image of Christ crucified, he exchanged earth for heaven. He was famous for miracles, and Pope Paul V. numbered him among the Saints,

2 It is very curious and is much visited from curiosity as well as devotion. The chapels in which St. Charles prayed most in his last retreat are those of the Agony in the Garden and of our Lord in the Sepulchre.



FIRST NOCTURN. Lessons from Luke xii. 35, with the Lessons from Scripture according to Homily of St. Gregory, (p. 859.) The the Season. last is omitted, or read as one with the 8th, to leave room for


Fourth Lesson. Ninth Lesson. (For the holy Martyrs.)

The Lesson is taken from the Sermons was a slave, and Agricola

of the Venerable Bede, Priest (at Jarhis owner. They were arrested at

row.] (18th on the Saints.) Bologna in the persecution under Diocletian and Maximian, for preaching THEREFORE, may it be our delight Jesus Christ. Vitalis, the more he was to go on unto this prize of good livimplored and threatened to change his ing: Freely and cheerfully let us strive mind so much the more proclaimed him- in the race, running under the eyes of self a worshipper and servant of Christ, God and of Christ. We have already and after bravely bearing a course of taken a station above floating and earthly divers tortures, gave up his soul in things, and let us allow no love for prayer to God. The execution of Agri- things fleeting to hamper our running. cola had been put off, in the hope that If the last day shall find us lithe and the agonies of his servant might scare speedful in the race of good living, we him into denying Christ; but the sight shall never have to complain that our only hardened him. He was therefore Master is a scanty rewarder of our works. crucified, and so became sharer and fellow with his slave Vitalis in the glory

Fifth Lesson. of testification. Their bodies were laid in the Jews' burying-place, where they H. That giveth a red crown for suf

fering under persecution, the same moved them to an hallowed and honour- giveth a white crown to them that under able sepulchre.

peace, prevail in battles of righteousness.

Neither Abraham, nor Isaac, nor Jacob, At Lauds a Commemoration is made were slain, and nevertheless in honour of the Octave.

for faith and righteousness, they have Then of the Holy Martyrs.

gained the first place among the Pa

triarchs, and it is to sit down with them Antiphon. The very hairs of your in the kingdom of God that are gahead are all numbered. Fear not, there- thered the faithful, the righteous, and fore; ye are of more value than many the praiseworthy. We must remember sparrows.

that it is God's will, and not our own will Verse. Let the righteous rejoice be- that we must do, for he that doeth His fore God.

will abideth for ever, even as He abideth Answer. Yea, let them exceedingly rejoice.

Sixth Lesson.
Prayer as at the Commemoration at

At Second Vespers, a Commemoration thren, with mind clear, faith firm, of the Octave.

courage true, love thorough, let us bé ready to do whatever God willeth, keeping stoutly all the commandments of

the Lord, having innocency in simpliNOVEMBER 5.

city, peaceableness in love, modesty in

lowliness, in ministering diligence, in fifth Day within the Octave of

helping them that toil watchfulness, All Saints.

in succouring the poor mercifulness, in

standing up for the truth firmness, in All as on the Feast, except that the keeping of discipline sternness, lest we Antiphons are not doubled, and the fol- be found wanting in any good work. lowing.

These are the steps which the Saints

for ever.

who have already gone home have left marked for us, that we may be able to keep in their footprints, and so to follow them into their joy.


perceive. Lastly cometh in the seventh place that “Blessed are the peacemakers,"—that is to say, blessed are they who cultivate wisdom, which is the contemplation of the True, since it is the fruit of this contemplation of the True to produce profound and utter internal peace in man, and to catch the retlection of the Divine,—this being the idea which is expressed in the words: “Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called the children of God.” The eighth phrase is a return to the first, since it showeth lowliness of spirit in its aspect of completion and crowning; and thence the kingdom of heaven is the reward mentioned in both places. “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for their's is the kingdom of heaven.” “Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for their's is the kingdom of heaven."

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Seventh Lesson. The Lesson is taken from the Holy

Gospel according to Matthew (v. 1.) AT T that time : Seeing the multitudes,

JESUS went up into a mountain; and when He was set, His disciples caine unto Him. And so on.

Homily by St. Austin, Bishop (of Hippo.] (Bk. i. on the Lord's Sermon, Ch. 3 and 4.)

[First, “Blessed are the poor in spirit.”. Secondly, “Blessed are the meek.” Thirdly, “Blessed are they that mourn.”] They that are blessed under this third head, having knowledge, do mourn that they possess not yet the Highest Good, which possession belongeth unto the end of their course. But in the fourth place, "Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness." Here there is that earnest striving, wherewith the mind doth struggle to tear herself away from those things whose deathful sweetness would make her fain to cling unto them. Here is hungering and thirsting after righteousness, and there is sore need of firmness, for what it is a joy to have, it must be a grief to lose. But the fifth head is the declaration that “Blessed are the merciful,” and in these words a door of comfort and reward is opened unto the toiling. Entangled in such straits a man can be of no use to himself, unless One That is stronger than he help him; and if he be helped of the Stronger, it is but just that he in turn should help such as is weaker than himself. And 80, “ Blessed are the merciful, for,” in their turn, “they shall obtain mercy" from God.

Eighth Lesson.

LESSED are the pure in heart.” nounced upon those hearts which by pure, clear consciousness of good works are able to look to that Highest Good, Which only the clear, calm mind can

us from the love of Christ. Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?" There are therefore seven things which bring to perfection, for the eighth is the glorification and manifestation of that which is perfected, that from this head others again may begin, and be finished. It seemeth to me also that these heads and sayings have some connection with the seven gifts of the Holy Ghost whereof Isaiah speaketh. But there is a difference of order, for there the highest is taken first, but here the lowest, there the wisdom of God, but here the fear of God, but the beginning of wisdom is the fear of the Lord.


Sirth Day within the Octave of

All Saints.

All as on the Feast, except that the Antiphons are not doubled, and the following.


Lessons from Scripture according to the Season.

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