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and Boniface IX. enrolled her name among those of the Saints.

lieved : among the which was Dionysius the Areopagite." (Acts xvii. 32–



Lessons from Matth. xiii. 44, with the Homily of St. Gregory, (p. 889.)

At Second Vespers a Commemoration is made of the following. Prayer from the ensuing Lauds.

Fifth Lesson.
DENYS was baptized by the Apostle,

Athenians. He came afterwards to
Rome, and was sent by Pope Clement
into Gaul, to preach the Gospel. There
followed him to Paris one Rusticus, a
Priest, and Eleutherius, a Deacon. He
turned many to Christ, and was there-
fore hided with rods by command of
Fescennius the Præfect, and, forasmuch
as he still went on bravely preaching
Christ, he was tortured with fire upon a
grating, and put to divers other tor-
ments, and his comrades likewise.

The Holy Martyrs Denys,

Bishop (of Paris,] Rusticus,
and Eleutherius.

An from the Common Office for Many
Martyrs (p. 829,) except the following.

Sixth Lesson.


cheerfully, and then Denys, being

over an hundred years of age, and his FIRST NOCTURN.

two comrades with him, suffered by the Lessons from Scripture according to

axe upon the 9th day of October. This

is that Denys concerning whom the old the Season.

story is told that after his head was cut

off, he took it in his hands, and walked SECOND NOCTURN.!

two thousand paces, carrying it all the

while. He was the author of some Fourth Lesson.

marvellous books, clear proofs of a mind fixed in heaven, upon

1. The Names of DENYS was an Athenian, one of the Judges of

God," upon “The Orders Heaven pagus, and a man of varied and deep

and in the Church," upon “The Mystic learning. There is a story concerning

Theology," and divers others. him that on the day when the Lord Christ was nailed to the Cross, and when

THIRD NOCTURN. he saw the unnatural eclipse of the sun, Denys said : Either the God of nature Lessons from Luke xii. 1, with the is suffering, or the frame-work of the Homily of the Venerable Bede (p. 840.) world is breaking up. When the Apostle Paul came to Athens, and was taken and brought unto the Areopagus, and

Prayer throughout the Office. gave an account of the faith which he preached, affirming that Christehna O GOD, Who, as upon this day, didst

make Thy blessed Witness and risen from the dead, and that all the Bishop Denys strong to wrestle and to dead likewise are to live again,

suffer, and Who wast pleased to give mocked, and others said : We will hear unto him, for fellow-workers in declar. thee again of this matter. So Paul de- ing Thy glory among the heathen, parted from among them. Howbeit, Thy servants Rusticus and Eleutherius, certain men clave unto him, and be

grant unto us, we beseech Thee, to be

" gome

I See Alban Butler, from whom it will appear, among other things, that the St. Denys honoured on this day flourished and suffered as Bishop of Paris about the end of the third century. His identification with the person mentioned in Acts xvi. 34, and the ascrip. tion to either of the writings called after that person, are rejected by most writers.


like unto them in esteeming the good things of this world but lightly, and in fearing not at all the evil things of the

Fourth Lesson. same. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, who liveth and reigneth FRA

"RANCIS, fourth Duke of Gandia,

was the son of John Borgia, Duke with Thee, in the unity of the Holy

of Gandia, and of Joan of Aragon, Ghost, one God, world without end.

daughter of Alphonso, natural son to Amen.

Ferdinand V. surnamed the Catholic,

King of Aragon. [He was born at Vespers are of the following, from the Chapter inclusive.

Gandia, in the kingdom of Valencia, in the year of our Lord 1510.] He passed

his boyhood at home in great innocence OCTOBER 10.

and godliness, and was still more re

markable for his Christian graces and St. Francis Borgia, Cons the hardness of his living, at the Court fessor.

of the Emperor Charles V., and as Vice

Roy of Catalonia. (On May the 1st, Semi-double.

1539] died the Empress Isabella, and

Francis, (as her master of the horse,] All from the Common Office for a was commanded to attend her body to Confessor not a Bishop, (p. 855,) except Granada, where it was to be buried. [At the following.

Granada the coffin was opened, in order

that he might swear to the magistrates of FIRST VESPERS.

the city that it was indeed the body of

the late Empress,) and the sight of the As regards St. Francis, these begin awful change which death had made in with the Chapter.

her countenancel so thrilled him with The first verse of the Hymn is al- the thought of our mortality and cortered.

ruption, that he bound himself by vow,

as soon as he lawfully might, to give up Prayer throughout the Office.

all things, and to serve the King of LORD Jesus, Who art Thyself the

kings only. From that time he so adEnsample and the Reward of true vanced in Christian graces, that his life humility, we beseech Thee that as Thou might be called the miracle of princes, didst make Thy blessed servant Francis

showing, in the midst of a vast mass of glorious in following Thee by setting business, an image of perfection attained earthly greatness at nought, so Thou

in a cloister. wouldest grant unto us likewise to share in the same imitation and glory: Who

Fifth Lesson. livest and reignest with God the Father: HIS wife, Eleanora de Castros died

of Holy Ghost, one (of , ,) and God, world without end. Amen.

[in 1551] he entered the Society of A Commemoration is made of the JESUS, that therein he might hide nimpreceding. Prayer from their office.

self more safely, and bar by the obligation of a vow the path to dignities.” He was the worthy leader of many

princes who have embraced a life of The first verse of the Hymn is altered.

hardship, and Charles V. himself when he resigned the Empire did not deny that he had been moved and shown the

way by Francis. In his struggle after Lessons from Scripture according to austerity Francis, by fasting, by iron the Season.

chains, by the roughest of hair-cloth, 1 It was so disfigured that no one knew it, and he could only swear to its identity be. cause, from the care he had taken, he was sure no one could have changed it on the road.

2 By permission of the Emperor, he was allowed to pass on to his son, while still alive, the Marquessate of Lombay, which had been conferred on him, and the Dukedom which he had inherited from his father.



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by long and bloody flagellations, and by he undertook the toil of the journey. denying himself any but very little He became much worse during the trasleep, reduced his body to the last de- velling, and on his return brought to a gree, but would still spare no toil to blessed end at Rome, as had been his overcome himself and to save souls.

desire, the pilgrimage of this life, [a Thus full of ghostly strength, he was little before midnight between the last appointed by holy Ignatius, [in the day of September and the first of Ocyear 1554,] Commissary-General of the tober,] in the sixty-second year of his Society in Spain, Portugal, and the own life, and that of salvation 1572. Indies, and (on the 2nd of July, 1565,] Holy Teresa, who used his advice, called notwithstanding all the precautions he him an holy man, and Gregory XIII., a could take to prevent it, he was chosen by faithful servant. He was famous for the general Congregation of the Society many and great signs and wonders, and to be General, being the third who held Clement X. at last numbered him among that office. In this position his wisdom the Saints. and holiness of life greatly endeared him to Princes and Popes, and besides

THIRD NOCTURN. founding or enlarging very many houses in divers places, he sent brethren into

Lessons from Matth. xix. 27, with the the kingdom of Poland, into the islands Homily of St. Jerome, (p. 809.) of the Ocean, and into the provinces of Mexico and Peru, and into other lands

OCTOBER 13. also Apostolic men who spread the Roman Catholic faith by their preaching, their sweat, and their blood.

St. Edward, Ring of England,

Sixth Lesson.

He thought so little of himself that

he gave himself the nickname of All from the Common Office for a “ Francis the sinner." By the Popes Confessor not a Bishop, (p. 855,) except he was oftentimes offered the dignity of the following. Cardinal of the Roman Church, but the lowly firmness with which he refused it

FIRST VESPERS. could never be overcome. In his cheap esteem of the world and of himself his The first verse of the Hymn is altered. chief pleasures were to clean the house, to beg for food from door to door, and to Prayer throughout the Office. wait upon the sick in hospitals. He eight and sometimes ten, in prayer and spent many hours every day, oftentimes O GOD Who hast set upon the head

of Thy blessed Confessor King Edmeditation. An hundred times every

ward a crown everlasting glory, grant day he worshipped God upon his knees.

unto us, we beseech Thee, so to use our He never missed the opportunity of

reverence for him here upon earth, as to offering the Holy Liturgy, and the fire

make the same a mean whereby to come from God which burnt within him some

to reign with him hereafter in heaven. times shone forth in his countenance

Through our Lord JESUS Christ Thy when he was lifting the Sacred Host, or

Son, Who liveth and reigneth with preaching. By an inward power given

Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, him from God he could tell where the

one God, world without end. Amen. most Holy Body of Christ, under the Eucharistic veils, was kept. [In 1570,

MATTINS. the year before the victory of Lepanto, the blessed Pius V. sent Francis with The first verse of the Hymn is altered. the Cardinal Alexandrini on an embassy [into France, Spain, and Portugal,] to

FIRST NOCTURN. unite the Christian Princes against Turkey. His vital strength was then Lessons from Scripture according to nearly worn out, but, through obedience, the Season


light. By reason of the abundance of his charity he was styled everywhere the father of orphans and of the poor, and he was never happier than when he had spent upon the needy the whole of his kingly treasures.

Sixth Lesson. was famous for the gift of pro

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Fourth Lesson. EDWARD; surnamed the Confessor,

nephew of Edward the Martyr, and himself the last Anglo-Saxon King. That he should succeed to the Kingdom was shown by the Lord in a trance to a most holy man named Brithwald. When he was ten years old the Danes, who were ravaging England, sought him, to put him to death, and he was driven into exile to dwell with his mother's brother, [Richard II.) Duke of Normandy, at whose Court (and that of his successors, Richard III., Robert surnamed “the Devil,” and William the Bastard] he lived among all the allurements of vice a life of such uprightness and innocency as made all men to marvel. He was a burning and shining light for love of God and the things of God, very gentlehearted, and quite free from any lust for power. Of him the saying is preserved, That he would liefer not be a King than win a kingdom through slaughter and blood.

from heaven many things that were to befall England. Of this gift the following is a remarkable instance. Sweyn, King of the Danes, was embarking on ship-board with the mind to invade England, when he fell into the sea and was drowned, and God made known his death to Edward at the very same mo. ment that it happened. He had a wonderful love toward John the Evangelist, so that he was used never to refuse anything for the which he was asked in his name. The Evangelist appeared to him one while in tattered raiment, and, in his own name, asked him for an alms. It befell that the King had no money, wherefore he took a ring from off his finger and gifted him therewith. Not long afterward, the Evangelist sent the same ring back to him by a pilgrim, with a message concerning his death, which was then at hand. The King therefore commanded that prayers should be made for him, and then fell blessedly asleep in the Lord, upon the very day which had been foretold to him by the Evangelist, that is to say, upon the 5th day of January, in the year of salvation 1066. He was famous for miracles, and in 1161 Pope Alexander III. numbered him among the Saints. But Innocent XI. commanded that his memory should be celebrated with a public Office throughout the whole Church, upon the 13th day of October, being that day whereon in the year 1102 his body had been lifted, and found uncorrupt and sweetsavoured.

Fifth Lesson.

had robbed his brothers Edmund and Alfred of life and kingdom, were passed away, Edward was called back into his own country and with the hearty good-will and rejoicing of all, took the kingdom [in the year 1042, being then about forty years old.] He set himself to repair the breaches which wars had made, and began with the things of God. Of the Churches of the Saints, he built some altogether, and renewed others and gifted them with incomes and privileges, being chiefly fain that religion should rise from the low estate whereinto it had fallen. He was brought by the nobles of his Court to marry, but it is constantly said by all writers that in matrimony he remained a virgin with a virgin bride. So great was his love toward Christ, and so strong his faith, that somewhiles when the Mass was in saying, he won to see Him, with countenance full of grace, and glory of God's


Lessons from Luke xii. 35, with the Homily of St. Gregory, (p. 859.)

Vespers are of the following.

1 The writer of this biography seems to reckon Harold II. as a mere usurper.

St. Ballistus, Pope and


All from the Common Office for a
Martyr, (p. 817,) except the following.

rank, and likewise Felix and Blanda, all of whom in the end underwent martyrdom. On this account he was thrown into prison, where he wonderfully healed a soldier named 'Privatus, who was full of sores, and so gained him to Christ; and this Privatus had hardly received the faith, before he was lashed to death with scourges loaded with lead.


Sixth Lesson.

Prayer throughout the Office. 0

GOD, Who seest that in our own

weakness we do continually fall, make, in Thy mercy, the ensamples of Thy holy children a mean whereby to renew in us the love of Thyself. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.

A Commemoration is made of St. Edward. Prayer from his Office.

one month, and twelve days. He held five Ordinations in the month of December, wherein he ordained sixteen Priests, four Deacons, and eight Bishops, After being long starved, and repeatedly flogged, he was pitched head-foremost down a well, and so crowned with martyrdom, under the Emperor Alexander. His body was carried to the Cemetery of Calepodius on the Aurelian Way, at the third mile-stone from the city, upon the 14th day of October, but was afterwards taken to the Church of St. Marybeyond-the-Tiber, which had been built by himself. There it lieth beneath the High Altar, and is held in great reverence of all men.



Lessons from Scripture according to the Season.


Fourth Lesson.

Lessons from Matth. 2. 26, with the

Homily of St. Hilary, (p. 827.) KALLISTUS was a Roman, and ruled

in Emperor Antoninus Heliogabalus. He con

Vespers are of the following, from the firmed the institution of the Ember

Chapter inclusive. Fasts, the observance of which hath been received by tradition from the

OCTOBER 15. Apostles. He built the Church of St.

St. Theresa, Virgin. Mary-beyond-the-Tiber, and enlarged the old burying-place on the Appian

Double. Way, wherein are buried so many holy Priests and Martyrs, and which bath All from the Common Office for a since been called, on account of this en

Virgin not a Martyr, (p. 873,) except largement, the Cæmetery of Kallistus.

the following Fifth Lesson.

These, as regards St. Theresa, begin IT was by his reverence that the body with the Chapter.

of the blessed Priest and Martyr Calepodius, which had been cast into

Hymn. the Tiber, was carefully looked for, and, when it had been found, honourably Thou partest from thy father's home,

As herald of the King most High, buried. He baptized Palmatius, of

Eager, Theresa, far to roam,
Consular, and Simplicius, of Senatorial And give the heathen Christ, or die.

1 Translation by the Rev. Dr. Littledale.


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