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WHY

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from us.

First NOCTURN, OR WATCH OF

Psalm II.?
THE NIGHT.

HY do the heathen rage, Antiphon for Advent. Behold, and the people imagine a there cometh the King.

vain thing? Antiphon for the rest of the The kings of the earth set themyear. Serve the LORD.

selves, and the rulers take counsel Antiphon for Paschal time. Al.

together * against the LORD, and leluia.

against His Anointed.

Let us break their bands asunPsalm I.

der : * and cast away their yoke LESSED is the man that walk.

He That sitteth in the heavens

shall laugh them to scorn : * and ungodly, nor standeth in the way

the Lord shall have them in de. of sinners, * nor sitteth in the seat

rision. of the scornful : But his delight is in the law

Then shall He speak unto them

in His wrath : * and vex them in of the LORD; * and in His Law doth he meditate day and night.

His sore displeasure. And he shall be like a tree

Yet me hath He anointed King

upon His holy hill of Zion * to planted by the rivers of water, *

declare His decree. that bringeth forth his fruit in

The LORD hath said unto me : his season :

* Thou art My Son, this day have His leaf also shall not wither : * and whatsoever he doeth shall

I begotten thee.

Ask of Me, and I shall give prosper.

thee the heathen for thine in. Not so are the ungodly (not heritance, * and the uttermost so]': * but are like the chaff which the wind driveth away (from the

parts of the earth for thy posses

sion. face of the earth.]'

Thou shalt break them with a Therefore the ungodly shall not stand in the judgment :

rod of iron, * and dash them in ners in the congregation of the

pieces like a potter's vessel.

Be wise now, therefore, O ye righteous. For the LORD knoweth the way

kings; * be instructed, ye judges

of the earth. of the righteous : * but the way

Serve the LORD with fear : * of the ungodly shall perish. Glory be to the Father, and

and rejoice with trembling before

Him. to the Son, * and to the Holy Ghost.

Lay hold of instruction, lest the Lord be angry,

and

ye As it was in the beginning, is

perish from the way [of the righnow, and ever shall be, * world without end. Amen.

teous.]"

When His wrath is kindled This Dorology is said at the end of

in but a little, * blessed are all every Psalm unless special directions are

they that put their trust in given to the contrary.

Him.
1 Not in the Hebrew.
? In Acts iv. 25, 26, the authorship of this Psalm is attributed to David.

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nor sin.

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Psalm III.

soul : * O save me for Thy ORD, how are they increased mercy's sake. L that trouble me? * many are

For in death there is no one they that rise up against me.

that remembereth Thee : * and in Many there be that say of my

the grave who shall give Thee soul: * There is no help for him

thanks? in his God.?

I am weary with my groaning, But Thou, O LORD, art a shield every night I wash my bed : * for me, * my glory, and the Lifter I water my couch with my

tears. up of mine head. I cried unto the LORD with my

Mine eye is grown dim because voice : * and He heard me out of

of grief : * I am waxen old be. His holy hill.3

cause of all mine enemies. I laid me down and slept ; * I

Depart from me, all ye work. awaked, for the LORD sustained ers of iniquity : * for the LORD

hath heard the voice of my weepme. I will not be afraid of thou.

ing.

The Lord hath heard my supsands of people that have set themselves against me round a

plication : * the Lord hath bout: * arise, O LORD, save me,

ceived my prayer.

Let all mine enemies be ashamed O my God. For Thou hast smitten all them

and sore vexed : * let them return that fought against me without

and be ashamed suddenly. a cause : * Thou hast broken the

Antiphon for Advent. Behold, teeth of the ungodly.

there cometh the King, even the Salvation belongeth unto the

Most High, with great power, to LORD: * and Thy blessing is upon save the nations. Alleluia. Thy people.

Antiphon for the rest of the

year. "Serve the LORD with fear, Psalm VI.

and rejoice with trembling before

Him. 0

LORD, rebuke me not in
Thine anger : * neither chas.

In Paschal time there is only one ten me in Thy hot displeasure. Antiphon to the whole Nocturn.

Have mercy upon me, O LORD, for I am weak : * O LORD, heal Second Antiphon for Advent. me, for my bones are shaken.

Strengthen ye. My soul also is sore vexed : * Second Antiphon for the rest but Thou, O Lord, how long ? of the year. God is a righteous

Return, O LORD, deliver my judge.

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1 Intituled “ A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son." See the history in 2 Kings (Sam.) xv., xvi., xviii.

: Here occur in the Hebrew the letters SLH, or " Selah." The meaning of this is un. certain. Gesenius thinks " it seems to have been used to mark a short pause in singing the words of the Psalm, so that the singer would be silent, while the instrumental music continned."

3 SLH, again,
* But the Hebrew reads, not," without a cause,” but, "on the jaw-bone.”

5 Intituled " A Psalm of David." The title also contains directions, probably musical, the meaning of which is now uncertain.

6 Ps. ii. 11.

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Psalm VII.

If ye turn not, He will whet LORD my God, in Thee do I

His sword : * He hath bent His 01 take refuge : save me from

bow and made it ready. all them that persecute me,

and He hath also prepared for Him deliver me.

the instruments of death, * He Lest he tear my soul like a

hath ordained His arrows to burn lion, * while there is none de- up His enemies. liver, or to save.

Behold, he travaileth with inO LORD my God, if I have done iquity : * he hath conceived mis. this, * if there be iniquity in my

chief, and brought forth false. hands;

hood. If I have rewarded evil unto He made a pit and digged it : them that dealt friendly with me,

and is fallen into the ditch which may I fall and be stripped by

he made. mine enemies.

His mischief shall return upon Let the enemy persecute my soul,

his own head : * and his iniquity and take it, yea, let him tread

shall come down upon his own down my life upon the earth, * pate. and lay mine honour in the dust.? I will praise the LORD accordArise, O Lord, in Thine anger:

ing to His righteousness : * and * and lift up Thyself against the

will_sing praise to the name of borders of mine enemies.

the Lord Most High. And awake for me, [O Lord my God,] to the judgment that Thou

Psalm VIII. hast commanded : so shall the

O LORD, our Ruler, * how ex: congregation of the people com- cellent is Thy Name in all pass Thee about.

the earth! For their sakes, therefore, re- Who hast set Thy glory * above turn Thou on high : * the LORD the heavens. judgeth the peoples.

5Out of the mouths of babes Judge me, O LORD, according to and sucklings hast Thou ordained my righteousness, * and accord. praise because of Thine enemies, * ing to mine integrity that is in me. that Thou mightest destroy the

o let the wickedness of the enemy and the avenger. wicked come to an end, and es- When I consider Thy heavens, tablish the just; * God trieth the the work of Thy fingers : * the hearts and reins.

moon and the stars which Thou My defence is of the Lord, * hast ordained : Who saveth the upright in heart. What is man, that Thou art

God is a righteous judge, strong mindful of him ? * or the son of [and patient]3 : * wherefore is He man, that Thou visitest him ? provoked every day ?

Thou hast made him a little i Intituled “ An Hymn of David, which he sang unto the LORD concerning the words of Cush the Benjamite." This Cush is supposed to be the same as Shimei, whose cursing of David is narrated in 2 Kings (Sam.) xvi. 7, 8, or else a nickname for Saul. 4 SLH.

3 Not in the Hebrew. * Intituled “ A Psalm of David.” It has also a title which seems to show that it was a song for the vintage.

5 This verse was quoted by our Lord, concerning those who cried Hosannah on Palm Sunday, Matthew xxi. 16.

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lower than the angels, Thou hast The LORD also is a refuge for crowned him with glory and ho- the

poor : * a refuge in times of nour, * and madest him to have trouble. dominion over the works of Thy And let them that know Thy hands.

name put their trust in Thee : * Thou hast put all things under for Thou, LORD, hast not forsaken his feet, * all sheep and oxen, yea,

them that seek Thee. and the beasts of the field.

Sing praises to the LORD, Which The fowl of the air, and the dwelleth in Zion : * declare among fish of the sea, * that pass through the people His doings. the paths of the sea.

For when He maketh inquisiOʻLORD, our Ruler, * how excel- tion for blood He remembereth lent is Thy Name in all the earth! them : * He forgetteth not the

cry of the afflicted. Psalm IX.'

Have mercy upon me, O LORD: WILL praise Thee, O LORD, * consider my trouble (which I

with my whole heart : * I will suffer) of them that hate me. show forth all Thy marvellous Thou That liftest me up from works.

the gates of death : * that I I will be glad and rejoice in may show forth all Thy praises Thee : * I will sing praise to Thy in the gates of the daughter of Name, O Thou Most High. Zion !

When mine enemies are turned I will rejoice in Thy. salvation : back, * they shall fall and perish * the heathen are sunk down in at Thy presence.

the pit that they made. For Thou hast maintained my In the net which they hid, * is right and my cause : * Thou satest their own foot taken. in the throne judging right.

The LORD is known when He Thou hast rebuked the heathen, executeth judgment : * the wicked and the wicked are perished :

is snared in the work of his own Thou hast put out their name for hands.? ever and ever.

The wicked shall be turned in. The destructions of the enemy

to hell : * all the nations that forare come to a perpetual end : * and their cities hast Thou de- For the needy shall not alway stroyed.

be forgotten ; * the expectation Their memorial is perished with of the poor shall not perish for a crash : * and the LORD endureth for ever.

Arise, O LORD, let not man He hath prepared His throne prevail

* let the heathen be for judgment : * and He shall judged in Thy sight. judge the world in righteousness, Put Thou a master over them, He shall minister judgment to O LORD : let the nations know the people in uprightness.

themselves to be but men.3

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get God.

ever.

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1 Intituled "A Psalm of David.” It has also a superscription the meaning of which is not now certain.

? Here occurs :-" Instrumental music-SLH.” This is a strong argument in favour of Gesenius' opinion, see p. 5, note 2.

3 SLH. Here, according to the present Hebrew text, ends Ps. ix.

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Why standest Thou afar off, O Thine hand : * forget not the LORD, * why hidest Thou Thyself afflicted. in times of trouble ?

Wherefore doth the wicked The wicked in his pride doth contemn God? * for he hath said persecute the poor : they are

in his heart : He will not retaken in the devices that they quire it. have imagined

Thou seest it, for Thou beholdFor the wicked is praised ac- est mischief and spite : * to recording to his soul's desire : * quite it with Thy hand. and the unrighteous is deemed The

poor

leaveth himself unto blessed.

Thee : * Thou wilt be the helper The wicked provoketh the of the fatherless. LORD : * in the greatness of his Break Thou the arm of the scornful indignation he doth not

wicked and the evil man : care.

wickedness shall be sought after God is not before his eyes :

and shall not be found. his

ways are always grievous. The LORD shall be King for

Thy judgments are far out of ever and ever : * the heathen his sight : * he hath dominion shall perish out of His land. over his enemies.

The LORD hath heard the peti. He hath said in his heart : * tion of the poor : * Thine ear hath I shall not be moved unto gene

heard the desire of his heart. ration and generation, yea, I shall To judge the fatherless and the never be in adversity.

oppressed, * that man may magHis mouth is full of cursing, nify himself no more upon earth. and bitterness, and fraud : der his tongue is mischief and

Psalm X. He sitteth plotting with the IN the Lord put my trust :

I rich in the secret places, * to murder the innocent.

Flee as a bird to the mountain ? His eyes are privily set against For lo, the wicked bend their

* he lieth in wait se- bow, they make ready their arrows cretly, as a lion in his den. in the quiver, * that they may

He lieth in wait to catch the privily shoot at the upright in poor : * he doth catch the

poor heart. when he draweth him

For they have destroyed that Into his net. He will fell which Thou hast established : * him; * he will crouch and throw and what hath the righteous himself upon him, when he hath done ? gotten the mastery over

the The LORD is in His holy tempoor.

ple : * the LORD's throne is in He hath said in his heart: God heaven. hath forgotten : * He turneth His eyes behold the poor : away His face that He shall His eyelids try the children of never see it.

Arise, O LORD, O God, lift up The LORD trieth the righteous 1 Intituled “or David." There is also a superscription perhaps musical but now uncertain.

un

sorrow.

soul*

the poor :

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men.

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