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United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs,

Subcommittee on International Organizations
REVIEW OF THE 35TH SESSION OF THE UNITED
NATIONS COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Dube

3497

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SEP 1 ? 1979

EXCHANGE & GIFT DIVISIO

HEARING

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-SIXTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

APRIL 9, 1979

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Affairs

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1979

49-533

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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin, Chairman L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

WILLIAM S. BROOMFIELD, Michigan DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

EDWARD J. DERWINSKI, Illinois CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York JOHN H. BUCHANAN, JR., Alabama LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana

LARRY WINN, JR., Kansas LESTER L. WOLFF, New York

BENJAMIN A. GILMAN, New York JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York TENNYSON GUYER, Ohio GUS YATRON, Pennsylvania

ROBERT J. LAGOMARSINO, California CARDISS COLLINS, Illinois

WILLIAM F. GOODLING, Pennsylvania STEPHEN J, SOLARZ, New York

JOEL PRITCHARD, Washington DON BONKER, Washington

MILLICENT FENWICK, New Jersey GERRY E. STUDDS, Massachusetts

DAN QUAYLE, Indiana
ANDY IRELAND, Florida
DONALD J. PEASE, Ohio
DAN MICA, Florida
MICHAEL D. BARNES, Maryland
WILLIAM H. GRAY III, Pennsylvania
TONY P. HALL, Ohio
HOWARD WOLPE, Michigan
DAVID R. BOWEN, Mississippi
FLOYD J. FITHIAN, Indiana

JOHN J. BRADY, Jr., Chief of Staff
SANDRA P. REINHARDT, Stai Assistant

SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

DON BONKER, Washington, Chairman TONY P. HALL, Ohio

EDWARD J. DERWINSKI, Illinois FLOYD J. FITHIAN, Indiana

DAN QUAYLE, Indiana DAVID R. BOWEN, Mississippi

ALAN E. VAN EGMOND, Subcommittee Staj Director

LAWRENCE B, SULC, Minority Staff Consultant
CAROLE A. GRUNBERG, Subcommittee Staf Associate
FARIBORZ S. FATEMI, Subcommittee Staf A8800iato

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1979 g

CONTENTS

WITNESSES

Pago

Hon. John H. Buchanan, Jr., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Alabama..

Hon. Edward M. Mezvinsky, U.S. Representative to the United Nations

Commission on Human Rights---

Warren Hewitt, Director, Office of Human Rights, Bureau for Interna-

tional Organizations, Department of State ---

MATERIAL SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

Vote on a public condemnation (resolution) against Equitorial Guinea for

its violations of human rights and lack of cooperation.---
Statement regarding member countries not responding to actions taken by
Human Rights Commission, provided by Department of State------

APPENDIXES

1. Working paper prepared by the U.N. Secretariat entitled, “Draft Decla.

ration on the Elimination of All Forms of Religious Intolerance,"

which contains the basic working texts being used by the Commission's

sessional working group---

2. Title and preambular paragraphs of the draft declaration, as finally

approved by the Commission during its 30th-33d sessions..

3. Text of Commission Resolution 20 (XXXV), along with the first three

articles of the draft declaration, as approved by the Commission at

its 35th session.

4. Text of draft International Convention Against Torture and Other

Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, as submitted

by the delegation of Sweden to the 34th session of the Commission.--

5. Report of the working group, summarizing results of its work at the

35th session, including texts of articles 1, 2, 10, and 11 of the draft

Convention, as approved by the working group---

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REVIEW OF THE 35TH SESSION OF THE UNITED

NATIONS COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

MONDAY, APRIL 9, 1979

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 1:05 p.m., in room 2255, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Don Bonker (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Mr. BONKER. The Subcommittee on International Organizations will come to order. This is the first in a series of annual hearings that we will be conducting to review the work on the U.N. Commission on Human Rights, as this subcommittee is charged with the responsibility of implementation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The hearing today has a dual purpose: To review the work of the 35th session of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights, which recently met in Geneva, and to assess the role played by the U.S. delegation to the Commission during its annual session.

We will probably also get into some of the issues and actions of the last session and what has

followed since recommendations were made by the Commission at the 34th session. Also, we will be looking into the President's report on reform and restructuring

of the U.N. system, which includes several proposals to improve the effectiveness of international human rights machinery.

We are honored to have with us today, as our leadoff witness, a colleague and member of the Foreign Affairs Committee, who has maintained an active interest in human rights policies. On several occasions he has attended the sessions as congressional representative to the Human Rights Conference and the Human Rights Commission meeting in Geneva. I was supposed to be on that trip to Geneva but unfortunately had to cancel, so I am pleased that one of our colleagues managed to attend the session. We are so pleased, John, that you are here today and can share with us some of your perceptions, thoughts, and recommendations, not only about the U.N. Commission on Human Rights, but U.S. participation in the sessions.

STATEMENT OF HON. JOHN H. BUCHANAN, JR., A REPRESENTATIVE

IN CONGRESS FROM THE STATE OF ALABAMA

Mr. BUCHANAN. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. Let me begin by expressing my own appreciation to you for holding these hearings and

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