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Lake county by the joint Representative, and another to be appointed from Klamath, Lake or Crook county by the joint Senator; Lake, one, and one to be appointed from Lake or Klamath county by the joint Representative, and another from Lake, Klamath or Crook county by the joint Senator; Linn, six; Lane, six; Marion, eight, and one to be appointed from Marion or Clackamas county by the joint Senator; Multnomah, fifteen; Morrow, two, and one to be appointed from Morrow or Grant county by the joint Senator; Polk, four; Tillamook, one, and one to be appointed from Tillamook or Yamhill by joint Representative, and another to be appointed from Tillamook, Columbia or Washington county by the joint Senator; Umatilla, five, and one to be appointed from Umatilla or Union county by the joint Senator; Union, five, and one to be appointed from Union or Umatilla county by the joint Senator; Wasco, four, and one to be appointed from Wasco or Gilliam county by the joint Senator; Washington, five, and one to be appointed from Washington, Columbia or Tillamook by the joint Senator; Yamhill, four, and one to be appointed from Yamhill or Tillamook county by the joint Representative.
The work of the station will be a prominent feature of the institution. Bulletins will be issued in the near future, giving such information as may be thought of interest and importance to the public.
The course of study will be in strict accordance with the Act of congress constituting the experiment station, namely:
Section 2. That it shall be the object and duty of said experiment station to conduct original researches or verify experiments on the physiology of plants and animals; the diseases to which they are severally subject, with the remedies for the same; the chemical composition of useful plants at their different stages of growth; the comparative advantages of rotative cropping as pursued under a varying series of crops; the capacity of new plants or trees for acclimation; the analysis of soils and water; the chemical composition of manures, natural or artificial, with experiments designed to test their comparative effects on crops of different kinds; the adaptation and value of grasses and forage plants; the composition and digestibility of the different kinds of food for domestic animals; the scientific and economic questions involved in the production of butter and cheese, and such other researches or experiments bearing
directly on the agricultural industry of the United States as may i each case be deemed advisable, having due regard to the varyin conditions and needs of the respective States and Territories.
DEGREES AND EXAMINATIONS.
There are three degrees conferred in this institution.
1. The degree A. B., on such as complete the course in the scho of physics, mathematics, moral philosophy and ancient language
2. The degree B. S., on such as complete the course in the scho of physics, mathematics, moral philosophy, engineering, Latin an special department of agriculture.
3. The degree of graduate in a school, on such as complete th: course in any school.
No degree will be conferred upon any student of immoral condue
Stated examinations are oral and in writing. They are of tw kinds, intermediate and final. The final examination occurs at th end of the year.
Failures to Pass Examinations.—No student failing to pass a examinations on any study will be admitted to a second examins tion on that study during the same year.
Candidates for degrees will, at their final examination, be exam ined on the entire course. Students in the ancient languages will b examined for degrees in the classical authors at the will of th professor, and the examination will not be confined to the author read by students during the session in the lecture room.
The Adelphian literary society meets weekly, and is in a flourish ing condition.
The Adelphian library contains some thousand volumes o assorted and choice literature.
CONCEPTION OF A PRACTICAL EDUCATION, BASED ON SCIENCE.
A practical education based on science supposes three things, viz: 1. A certain amount of instruction in science.
A certain amount of instruction in technological sludies. 3. A certain amount of instruction in the practical application. of principles.
For example, when a man farms, he applies principles to practice, and agricultural education teaches him how to apply these principles well. Now in this case scientific education enables him to understand the principles well; technical education teaches him to apply them well; and practical education applies them. Hence, if one school must teach all this, and in addition studies in a mechanical department, a very large corps of teachers must be had and costly outfit must be used. Such school must have at least three faculties (1) a scientific and literary faculty; (2) a faculty for technical studies; (3) a faculty for teaching the operations.
STATE NORMAL SCHOOLS.
During the past two years I have visited the normal schools as far as practicable. No report has been received from the school at Weston for the present school year. The schools at Monmouth, Drain and Ashland are now in session and are reported in prosperous condition.
NORMAL SCHOOL AT MONMOUTH.
D. T. STANLEY, A. M., PRESIDENT,
J. M. POWELL, A. M.,
MILLIE DOUGHTY, B. S. D.,
P. L. CAMPBELL, A. B.,
CHARLES A. HODGES, A. B.,
Instructor in Mathematics.
EMIL P. VORUZ,
Teacher of German.
Teacher of Shorthand.
Monmouth, the seat of the Oregon State normal school, is in Polk county, two miles west of the Willamette river, on a beautiful rolling prairie, in the midst of one of the best agricultural sections of the State. It is a remarkably healthy locality, society is good, the people being noted for high moral sentiments and devotion to the cause of education. It is fourteen miles southwest of Salem by road, and seventy-six miles from Portland by rail.
HOW TO REACH MONMOUTH.
Persons who come from Washington Territory, Eastern Oregon or down the Columbia river will come to Portland and take the O. & C. R. R., west side, to White's, where they change cars, taking the Oregonian railway (narrow gauge) to Monmouth. At Portland buy tickets to Monmouth. Persons on the east side of the Willamette river can either take boat to Independence, two and one-half miles from Monmouth, or go down the east-side railroad to Portland, and thence to Monmouth, or go by stage from Salem to Perrydale or Dallas, both on the Oregonian railway, and thence come by rail. Persons from the south can come to Salem, and thence by boat or stage as above; or come to Albany, thence by stage to Corvallis, thence by rail to Independence, where a hack will be found waiting to convey them to Monmouth. As soon as the west-side railroad is completed to Junction persons from south can come direct to Independence by rail.
WHO MAY ENTER THE NORMAL.
Our leading aim is a school for teachers that shall give them the most thorough understanding of the branches to be taught and the manner of teaching them. But the plan of work is such as to make the school the very best for all who desire to secure a good education under the best methods of instruction and at small expense. All persons of good morals and sufficient scholarship are invited to enter the normal at any time. Those not sufficiently advanced to enter the normal course can enter one of the lower departments as preparatory to the normal.