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provinces of the East; even her enemies ac- guards, she escaped like an arrow. Yet she was knowledged her qualifications and merit. She overtaken upon the banks of the Euphrates, sixclaimed descent from the celebrated Cleopatra of ty miles from her capital, and brought back a Egypt, and like that queen, was possessed of prisoner, to the feet of the emperor. He sternly fine scholastic attainments. She could speak demanded “why she had dared to rise in arms fuently, and write both in the Syriac, Greek, against her sovereign ?" Her reply displays her and Egyptian languages, and was not unac- womanly tact and prudence. “Becanse I disquainted with the Latin.
dained to consider as Roman emperors an AreoShe prepared for her own use a volume of lus or a Gallienus. You alone I regard as my oriental history, and under the eye of her in- conqueror, and my sovereign." structor, the celebrated Longinus, she pleasant- Palmyra soon after surrendered, and this proud ly compared the beauties of Plato and Homer. capital of the East, which at one time vied with She governed her dominion with gentleness and Rome itself in splendor, was destroyed, and nevfirmness. The neighboring kingdoms of Arabia, er again beheld its former glory. Ze
ia was Armenia, and Persia, dreaded her power and so- a prisoner of war; yet was treated with the res. licited her friendship and alliance. The pomp pect due to her station, during the long and and splendor of her court, vied with that of Per- wearisome march to Rome. Universal peace sia, and far exceeded that of Rome. Her chil- was then restored to the empire, and according dren received a princely education in her palace to the ancient custom, the triumph of Aurelian at Palmyra. But, alas! the spoiler was near. was celebrated with pomp and magnificence.
When Aurelian succeeded to the throne at The scene was opened by three hundred curious Rome, and had demolished other rivals, who had animals of distant climates; next came the dared to assume the purple, he turned his arms arms and wealth of conquered nations, heaped eastward, and resolved that the pride of the in the most showy and admirable disorder. powerful Zenobia should be crushed. Aware of Then the foreign ambassadors, and following his intentions, she prepared her vast armies, and these the captive queen, upon whom every eye marched in person at the head of them to meet was riveted. She was on foot, dressed in the the invincible Romans. They met, they fought, splendor of her sunniest days; her fine figure and in two hostile conflicts the Romans were was confined by a golden fetter, and a slave supvictorious. She then shut herself up in her cap- ported the massive gold chain which encircled ital, and made every preparation for a vigorous her neck. She almost fainted under the weight defence. The emperor in pressing the siege, of jewelry which oppressed her. Then came was wounded, and an epistle written by him at her elegant carriage, preceding the car of the this time, will give an idea of the extent of her emperor, and lastly the Roman senators, people power.
and army, closed the imposing scene. “ The Roman people speak with contempt of But the dethroned queen was ever kindly a war I am waging against a woman! they are treated by her conqueror. A beautiful villa was ignorant of the character and power of Zenobia. presented her, twenty miles from Rome, and as It is impossible to enumerate her warlike prepa- years passed away, she became like the ladies of rations, of stones, of arrows, of every species of Rome, and seemed almost to forget that she was
missile weapons. Every part of the wall is once a queen. Her children were given in marI provided with two or three balistac, and artifi. riage to honorable Romans, and ber posterity
cial fires are thrown from her military engines. were numerous on the earth, yet none of them The fear of punishment has armed her with a ever inherited the superior abilities, which so desperate courage. Yet still I trust in the pro- strongly characterized their brave and beautiful tecting deities of Rome, who have hitherto been ancestor. favorable to all my undertakings."
Wilmington, Vt. After a protracted siege, the emperor sent ambassadors to the queen with offers of peace. She
TAE FALLS OF NIAGARA. rejected them with proud disdain. Daily was she expecting an army from Persia to her assist
The following is the passage in Lady Emmeance; they came not, and hearing that many of line Stuart Wortley's travels in the United her own followers were deserting to the foe, as States, &c., to which we made reference in our a last resort, she resolved to fly. Seated upon notice of the book, when speaking of her visit her swiftest dromedary, and escorted by a few to Niagara in May, 1849 :
S. M. P.
“Berore I came here, I erroneously supposed seemed like a white-winged sunbreak when it that one should be immediately struck, and over- blazed on the snowy glare of the ever-foaming powered, and enchanted at first, but that after- cataracts. ward there would be a certain degree of monot- “I hardly ever saw before such dazzling lightony attached to that unvarying sublimity, which ning; and those reverberating peals of Niagara I wrongly believed to be the great characteristic out-voicing thunder were truly terrific, and apof Niagara. But, how miserably did I do it in- | peared quite close. Heaven and earth seemed justice! Perhaps the most peculiar and trans- shouting to one another in those sublime and cendent attribute of this matchless cataract, is stupendous voices; and what a glorious hymn its almost endless variety. The innumerable they sang between them! At first, the lightning diversities of its appearance, the continual count- was only like summer flashes, and it kept glanless rapid alterations in its aspect; in short, the cing round the maddened waters as if playing perpetually varying phases which it displays, are with them, and defying them in sport; but af. indeed wondrous and truly indescribable. This ter a little while, a fearful flash updarted really is a great deal owing to the enormous volumes like a sudden sun, behind the great Horse Shoe of spray which are almost incessantly shifting Fall, and the whole blazed out into almost unand changing their forms like the clouds above. endurable light in a moment. The storm continNiagara, indeed, has its own clouds, and they ued the whole night.
of an ever-beautiful and exquisite variety, but also a magnificent view of the Horse Shoe Fall, and environ it with a lovely and bewildering atmos- almost the whole of the American one besides ; phere of mystery, which seems the very crown and what a sublime pomp and pageant of Naof its manifold perfections and glories.
ture it is! What a thrilling, soul-stirring sight; “Niagara has its changes like the sea, and in and, ever new and ever changing, and eternally its lesser space circumscribed, they seem fully as suggesting fresh thoughts, fresh feelings and comprehensive and multitudinous. I have dwelt
emotions. Just now, a violent gust of wind long on this, because I do not remember to have
drove a huge cloud of spray quite on our side of seen this mighty and transcendent feature of
the Canadian Falls, and it was hovering between Niagara particularly noticed in any of the des
the two glorious cataracts like a mighty, suscriptions I have read of it, and it has most espe- pended avalanche, till it dispersed. This transcially delighted and astonished me.
cendently beautiful spray is generally most bril“We were so very fortunate as to have a tre
liantly white, like a sunlit snow. We saw a mendous thunderstorm here on Tuesday night, vast resplendent rainbow on the water itself on and it may be guessed what a tremendous thun
Tuesday afternoon, of colors quite unimaginably derstorm must be here! The hearens seemed
bright, and we had a marvelously glorious sunliterally opening just over the great cataracts,
set last evening. There were flaming, bloodand the intensely vivid lightning, brighter than red reflections on the rocks, trees, and islands; day, lit up the giant Falls, and seemed mixed
but the most delicate suffusions only, of a rich and mingling with dazzling mountains of spray,
soft rose color, rested on the fantastic forms of which then looked more beautiful and beatific
the matchless spray-as if it softened and refined than ever. It was a wild windy night, as if all
every thing that came near it, and made all that the elements were reveling together in a stormy touched it as rare and exquisite as its own ethechaotic carnival, of their own, till it really pre- rialized self. He who has not seen, can have no sented altogether a scene almost too awfully
idea of the absorbing nature of the admiration magnificent.
excited in one's mind by this surpassing and “ The deafening roar of the crashing thunder
astounding marvel of creation ; I feel quite enwas yet louder than the roar of the cataract, and thralled and fascinated by it, and time seems to completely appeared to drown it while it lasted;
fly by at an electric-telegraph pace here, while I but the moment the stormy roll of the thunder
am watching it. died away, it was grand indeed to hear again “I feel so rooted and riveted to this spot by the imposing, unceasing sound of Niagara-like
the unutterable enchantments of this masterthe voice of a giant conqueror uttering a stun
piece of Nature, I can scarcely believe that two ning but stately cry of victory. Then soon the
days have passed since I first arrived. One bebellowing thunder broke forth again, fiercer and
comes here, indeed, utterly Niagarized; and louder than before ; and oh, the lightning! it
the great cataract goes sounding through all
In my home the sunshine nestles 'mid the fruit of
shining gold, With a loving which is absent on your mountains
bright and cold.
one's soul, and heart, and mind, commingling itself with all one's innermost feelings and fancies. The sounds of the Fall vary nearly as much as their aspect; sometimes very hollow, at other times solemn and full-toned, like an host of organs uttering out their grand voices together; and sometimes, as I heard it said, the other day, with a rolling kettle drum, gong-like sound, in addition-as if it were a temporary and accidental accompaniment to their majestic oceanic roar."
Look then beyond our mountains to the North,
Far up the sky,
Serene and high,
Earth, sky and air,
The thrilling prayer
With low heart beat,
At Odin's feet.
[The following poem is the product of a very
pleasant exercise of talent between two bosom friends at a Seminary in Rhode Island. They frequently wrote poems and dialogues together, and a most happy blending of like poetic thought and unity of expression, showed how many affinities of mind united them together. Beautiful are these school friendships, where the union is truly of the purest and best feelings and a flections, where rivalry is lost in the oneness of aspiration, and each is willing to pour into the soul of the other whatever of beauty may be given it. The following poem was written conjointly by A. E. Remington and her friend “May”—whose daguerreotype we lately looked upon with a desire to see those lips move that we are sure can talk as easily as our canary sings his song of the morning. We should be pleased to have her a more frequent correspondent. ED.]
All is bright, fair northern maiden, but our skies
are ever blue, Save when rich-robed sunset tints them with its
glowing rainbow hue. When the twilight cometh stilly-cometh with
its shadows dim, With the evening breath of flowers goeth up our
vesper hymn. And when moonlight every wavelet with a crest
of silver tips, Songs come o'er the water stealing, and the oar
ONA AND IDA.
Oh! dark browed sister of the sunny South,
Look up! behold !See where our giant mountains rise in snow,
Pure, white and cold.
And flashes back
Along their track
And with fair brow
Amid the snow.
Mark well our warrior chieftains, noble maid,
There see them stand
And blade in hand.
So pure and strong ;
A noble throng.
With voice of prayer ;
Who in mid air, 'Twixt heaven and earth, weave human destinies,
While on our souls
Of glory rolls.
Thy clasped hands,
Of summer lands.
With an eager restless longing for the hills with
vintage crowned, Wearily my sad eye wanders, wanders wearily
around. Not a bird with shining feathers flieth singing
through the air, Not a flower bends before me in its silent evening
Oh! I pine with earnest longing, longing for the
inystic deep, Of the eyes whose dreamy darkness tells where
love and passion sleep, And I list but very vainly, that the echo I may
hear Of the voices full of music, music to my heart so
dear. And when kneeling to the virgin murmuring o'er
low words of prayer, Oft I think how organ music riseth trembling on
the air, Riseth while, like holy incense in the old cathe
dral dim, Goeth up the earnest Ave mingling with the sa
cred hymn. Northern maiden, tears are welling, welling up
wards as I gaze On your mountains round whose snow-tops floods
of dazzliag sunshine blaze. Let me go ! my heart is weary, and I fain would
fall asleep, Lulled by waves whose soothing murmur sound
eth ever low and deep.
the time of a minor who has but a month of his minority left.
Dr. Junkin gave his opponent in debate a good thrust when he said, “ My brother did not reason so in his late discussion with the Universalist."And just so it is all around us. Ministers arguing against Universalism, give meanings to words opposite to the meaning they attach to them when reasoning against slavery, or some object within their own borders.
One thing is certain. Jonah declared "the earth with her bars was about me forever," Jo. nah ii. 6; and we know the limit of this time of bondage was three days, and therefore three days is spoken of as forerer. It is the thing, the matter, the circumstance, that limits all words implying extension of time; for an hour seems nothing to a man about to be hung, but it is a short eternity to one waiting a reprieve which he believes is on the road for him.
HOW TIIBY REASON.
In a discussion on Slavery, at one of the sittings of the Cincinnati Synod of Presbyterians, Dr. Junkin, President of Miami University, declaimed against any liniit being put to the extended meaning of forever, and used the following classic and beautiful language in replying to the idea that the year of Jubilee limited the bondage of a Hebrew slave:
“ If forever means but thirty days, or ten days, or one day; then rejoice all ye devils and damned spirits; rejoice ye thieves, and liars, and drunkards, and profane swearers, and Sabbath breakers; for behold we bring unto you glad tidings—we proclaim in hell a Universalist jubilee; you shall be punished indeed forever ; but glory be to licentious criticism, forever ineans but thirty days, or one day! Do you believe it, Mr. Moderator? Is there a devil in hell so foolish as to believe it?"
He gave force to this declamation by supposing the case of a slave purchased a few days before the Jubilee-a month, for instance; then forever would be limited to a month. There is nothing absurd in this. A slave bought a month before the year of Jubilee, would be bought with that limit in view, as a lease is purchased, or
SPEAKING of future retributions, Dr. Channing says: “A solemn darkness bangs orer the pris. on-house of the condemned. One thing alone is certain, that we shall suffer greatly bereafter, if we live here in neglect of God's known will, his providential aid, his revelation by Christ.”
He does not simply say that it is certain that the soul neglecting here God's known will, must suffer greatly hereafter, but he strengthens his expression by saying that this is the one thing alone that is certain. Here is the great difference between Unitarianism and Universalism. Allowing the certainty of the punishment of wilful sin in the future state, Universalism enables us to say that this is not the only thing certain; it is also certain that the Fatherhood of God will be the same there as here, and, in the language of Channing, “nothing is too great a good to expect from such a Father as Christianity presents.” How, in view of such a thought, he could
say, “God's mercy, if it shall be extended to the impenitent, not yet revealed," we know not. He adds: “Such a hope forms no part of my message, for in my view it makes no part of revelation. The Scriptures show us the wicked banished into darkness. In that exile it leaves them. That darkness hides them from our sight. If mercy is to be extended, it is mercy to be revealed hereafter."
"It is not the height to which men are advanced that makes them giddy ; it is the looking down with contempt upon those beneath.”
I am not inclined to adopt the second. HapWAT IS DONE WITH THE WICKED !
piness is purest and best when it comes through A SUBSCRIBER in Morgan, Ashtabula County,
the free action of our minds yielding to the good Ohio, writes to us tbus: “Here the question is
motives and endearing persuasives of Divine often asked of the Universalist, what is done
Grace. The pressure of necessity is hard to bear with one who dies in the act of sin ? If it is not
even when it bears on to enjoyment. The ceasetoo much for me to ask, will you give me your
less flow of the river, unaffected by storms, car. answer to such a question ? and also your view
rying along the boat without any need of effort of the orthodox doctrine of man's probation, with
to impel or guide its course, is not the happiest your reasons ?"
stream on which to sail. Blancho White,-a We are always glad to aid any mind towards
man of great mental power,—said he felt it a the great truths of religion, and if we ever de
sad thought at times, that he must be immortal,
that no choice could be made. But this were lay, as in this case we have delayed, the answer, the reason should be understood to be the pres
asking too much freedom of will, and we might sure of claims on our time. We do not know
be left to make our choice in a way that would that we can better answer our correspondent
eclipse entirely the parental, over-roling love of than by an extract from one of our articles in a
God. But this shows how the strong mind disformer volume of the Repository, as this will an
likes the pressure of necessity,--the proud steed swer both questions-as to what is done with
champs the iron of the bits that rule him, though the man who dies in the act of sin, and what we
his way be the path of glory. think of the orthodox doctrine of probation. We
Now, if these propositions are both rejected, reject this doctrine of probation, because it is
yet they must be measurably received if the manifest to us that here in this mortal state
common doctrine of no change subsequent to
death is admitted. The idea of the exercise of there is retribution—"Verily, He is a God that judgeth in the earth.” Psalm lviii. 11. “Every
irresistible power to fix in unalterable happiness transgression and disobedience received a just rec
and woe is inevitable, where the popular docompense of reward ” Heb. ii. 2. The orthodox
trine is received. While in this world, the good doctrine of probation is based on the denial of
man may become bad, and the bad man good, present retribution ; this is a sufficient reason
and the best of good men remind us of the activfor rejecting it. We believe in Probation and
ity of some evil in them. Now, if when death Retribution here.
ensues, the good man is so circumstanced outNow, let us fix our minds on one single ques.
wardly or inwardly, or both, that he can sin no tion-Into what condition do the dead go, so far
more, but the whole force of his immortal being as relates to means of improvement? There are
must be given unto good and good only; and if but three propositions which can be set up, and
the bad man must pursue only evil to all eterni. these I will set forth, and let us discriminate ty, then there is an exercise of irresistible power and choose wisely :
in both cases; and that which confirms the good 1. God will, by an act of irresistible power,
in goodness, is also employed to confirm the evil or by the action of laws already established and
in evil. Is there not something abhorrent to operative, place every soul, at death, in a state
right reason in this view of things ? and does it of perfect and unalterable misery; or,
not throw upon the Deity directly the eternal 2. He will by an act of irresistible power, or
continuance of sin ? by the action of laws already established and
Let this be pondered, for here is the point at operative, fix every soul in a state of complete
which centres all the arguments of the dominant and unalterable happiness; or,
church. Eminent divines in speaking of the 3. He will do neither, but afford to every soul
heathen, their exposure to wrath, tell us it is hereafter, as here, the means of improvement
very easy to decide the question whether the and of obtaining thereby happiness.
heathen must be utterly lost, if they die unreNow, which of these propositions is most rea
generated. And what is the easy test,—what sonable? No reasonable idea of God will in.
is the grand solvent of the difficulty ? It is this: volve the truth of the first proposition. Such
Look, it is said, at their sins, their courses of an exercise of sovereign power is too horrid to
evil, and only imagine them made immortal, think of a moment,-it involves the whole of
and you must see that they can never be happy: our race in one common and inevitable ruin.
what renders them debased and wretched here, VOL. XX.
must render thein debased and wretched hereaf18