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and abominable, the place of perpetual fire: and hence Dr. Channing's second easy solution of its most awful application. It is a matter of Jewish Geography; it is a metaphor; it is a mere figure of speech. But now let us, Thirdly, consider two or three of those passages thus lightly disposed of. In Matt. x. 28, we read—“ Fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell." Again, in another discourse, Luke xii. 5——" Fear him which, after he hath killed, hath power to cast into hell.Is the place spoken of in these passages a mere matter of “ Jewish Geography?" Again, in Matt. xviii. 8, 9. “ Rather than having two hands or two feet, to be cast into everlasting fire,” or “having two eyes to be cast into hell fire." Is this nothing but an affair of “ Jewish Geography ?" Again, in Mark ix. 43.-" Than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched, where their worm dieth not, and the fire is not quenched.” Is this only metaphor, a mere figure of speech? Still further, Matt. xxiii. 33. —“How can ye escape the damnation of hell?” There is no cause of alarm, however ; it is nothing but a geographical metaphor! Oh! is it not awful, is it not pitiable, to hear men thus cheated out of the warning voice of the Saviour of sinners, of Him that “ hath the keys of hell and of death,” and whose word shall judge in the last day? But it is said, Peter has not used this word. Peter has certainly not used this express term Gehenna, but he has adopted a term for the same idea of equal, if not of yet more fearful import, 2 Pet. ii. 4.-“ For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell.” The word which the Apostle uses in this place is borrowed, not from the Jews, but from the term by which the Heathens expressed the place of future torment; and seems chosen as the only Greek word corresponding to the idea he wished to convey, 'Aλλά σειραις ζόφου Taptapóoas. This word can certainly have no geographical solution.

But Paul and John have not used this word. Granted that they have not; but have they not repeatedly referred to the thing which the word implies ? What means then the fearful picture in 2 Thess. i. 7, 8, 9—“The Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, in flaming fire, taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, who shall be punished with everlasting destruction, from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his power." And what is the import of the language of the Apocalypse ? “ Cast alive into the lake of fire." Rev. xix, 20, xx, 10—" This is the second death.” Rev, xx. 14, 15. But this is the very trick and subtlety of this unscriptural system, to turn us aside from the vast realities, the actual verities of revelation, to a minute questioning and criticism of the primary meanings and composition of words. But we are not ignorant of their devices.

(35.) p. 44.—Mr. D. Levi's Letters to Dr. Priestley, p. 82. (36.) p. 45.—Ibid, p. 24. (37.) p. 46.- Letters to a Philosophical Unbeliever, Part ii. p. 33–35. (38.) p. 46.-Defence of Unitarianism, 1787, p. 111.

(39.) p. 47.—" Monthly Review” of Edward's History of Redemption, vol. Lxxx. art. 68.

(40.) p. 55.-See Belfrage's “ Unitarianism a perversion of the Gospel."

THE INTEGRITY

OF THE

CANON OF HOLY SCRIPTURE

MAINTAINED.

6/

LECTURE II.

THE INTEGRITY OF THE CANON OF HOLY SCRIPTURE

MAINTAINED AGAINST UNITARIAN OBJECTIONS.

BY THE REV. THOMAS TATTERSHALL, D.D.

" AND IT CAME TO PASS THAT WHEN JEHUDI HAD READ THREE OR

POUR LEAVES, HE CUT IT WITH THE PENKNIFE, AND CAST IT INTO THE FIRE THAT WAS ON THE HEARTH, UNTIL ALL THE ROLL WAS CONSUMED IN THE FIRE THAT WAS ON THE HEARTH."-Jer. xxxvi. 23.

The passage of Scripture History, of which the text is a part, may be thus summarily stated. Although the idolatries and sins of Judah had provoked the LORD JEHOVAH, to declare His purpose of removing “ that kingdom out of His sight, as He had formerly removed the kingdom of Israel:"* yet it pleased Him, nevertheless, first, graciously to warn them of the judgment which impended over their heads; “if so be they might hearken, and turn every man from his evil way," that God also might himself “ repent him of the evil which He purposed to do unto them, because of the evil of their doings.”+

In the execution of this truly benevolent, but arduous and thankless office, the Prophet Jeremiah had been engaged, during the chief part of the reign of Josiah ; and also, after the decease of that pious monarch, during about three years of the reign of his son Jehoiakim, who, alas ! though the successor of Josiah on his throne, was not the inheritor of his piety.

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Unhappily, however, the people of Judah gave little heed to the warnings of the Prophet, though spoken in the name of the Lord, and the period was fast approaching, when Jehovah would pour contempt upon their stoutness of heart and unbelief, by bringing to pass the judgment which he had threatened against them.

Yet still, willing to afford them another, though it must now be a final warning and opportunity of escape, the LORD thus commands his servant the Prophet. « Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the nations, from the day I spake unto thee, from the days of Josiah, even unto this day. It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin."* And we learn that in obedience to this command " Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah : and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the LORD, which he had spoken unto him upon a roll of a book.”+

It was necessary, that the contents of the volume thus written, should now be published, with a solemnity suitable to the occasion, to the people. And that particular time was selected for the purpose, when it might have been hoped, that the endeavour to make an impression upon their minds, would prove most successful. Accordingly we find that Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying :-“Go thou, and read in the roll which thou hast written from my mouth, the words of the LORD in the ears of the people, in the Lord's house, upon the fasting day : and also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah that come out of their cities.”! And in obedience to this command of the Pro

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