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SYNOPSIS OF THE CONTENTS.
Explanation of the text
523 TRINITARIAN Faith respecting the Holy Ghost stated..
524 UNITARIAN Faitu, deduced from the writings of Priestley and } 525
526 To be determined by the Word of God
ib. Subject to be treated under three divisions.-I. Deity..
528 II. PERSONALITY.... ib.
III. OPERATIONS ib. 1. Deity.-Scripture mode of revealing the Supreme Being ..
ib. Illustrated by the commencement of the Book of Genesis
529 Therefore, to prove the Deity of the Holy Ghost, we must show that the
530 Names, Works, Attributes, and Worship, of God are assigned to Him 1. NAMES.-Jehovah (Lord)
ib. 1. Num. xiv. 11, compared with Is. lxiii. 10.. 531 2. Num. xii. 6,
2 Pet. i. 21.. ib. 3. Isaiah vi. 9,
Acts xxviii. 25, 26. 532
5. 2 Sam. xxiii. 2, 3 ......
533 2 Cor. vi. 16
9; } 7. Luke i. 68, 70, compared with 2 Pet. i. 21.. 534 Adonai (Lord). 8. Ezek. viii. 1, 3; ix. 8...
ib. Eleon (Most High). Ps. lxxviii. 17-22, compared with Is.
535 Ixiii. 10, Acts vii. 51, Heb. iii. 7-9 Objection, that the names Lord and God are often applied } 536
to inferior beings, answered ...
537 11. Providence, Ps. civ. 30, Is. xl. 6, 7, lxiii. 14, lix. 19 .... 538 12. Resurrection (of Christ), 1 Peter iii. 18; (of believers),
rs), } ib. Romans viii. 11 III. ATTRIBUTES.-13. Eternity, Heb. ix. 14...
539 Objection, grounded upon John vii. 39, answered.. 540 14. Omnipresence, Ps. cxxxix. 7, 8....
ib. 15. Omnipotence, Job xxxiii. 4
541 16. Omniscience, Isaiah xl. 13, 14; 1 Cor. ii. 10, 11.. ib. Objection to 1 Cor. ii. 10, 11, answered
542 iv. WORSHIP
ib. 17. Baptism in the name of the Holy Ghost, Matt. xxviii. 19. 543 Objection, that Baptism in the name of a creature
creature} 544 is admissible, answered . 18. Psalm xcv. compared with Is. Ixiii. 10, Acts vii. 51,
19. Prayer to the Holy Ghost, Matt. ix, 27, Acts xiii. 2, 3, 545 20. Praise, Ps. xcv.,Is. vi. 3, 9, Acts xxviii. 25....
ib. 21. Religious Service, Acts xiii. 2, 4, xv. 28, xx. 22, 23,
Divine Author, we conclude that the Holy Ghost is VERY AND ETER ib.
11. PERSONALITY.-(Preparatory Remarks: 1. Definition of the term “ Person". 543
2. Figurative language may be used of a
549 Person 3. Admitted that the terms “Spirit,”' &e. sometimes denote the operations, or in
550 1. 22. Argument from the text, (John xvi. 12-15)
552 II. 23. Use of the masculine personal pronoun
554 24. "1,” “ME," "MY," Heb. iii. 7, 9, Ps. xcv., Is. vi. 8, 9 .. 535 11. 25. FEELINGS AND AFFECTIONS, -attributed to the Holy Ghost: Is. Ixii. 10, Heb. iii. 9, Ps. lxxviii. 17, Acts v.9,
536 Eph. iv. 30, Rom. xv. 30 IV. 26. PROPERTIES AND POWERS: “Understanding," I Cor.
357 ii. 10, 11 27. "Mind," Rom. viii. 27
ib. 28. “Will," inferred from Acts xiii. 2, Heb. ix. 8; demon
558 strated, 1 Cor. xii. 11 v. 29. PERSONAL ACTIONS ascribed to the Holy Ghost, John
539 xvi. 13, &c. &c.... vi. 30. Object of Divine WORSHIP must be a Person. Bap
561 tism, Matt. xxviii. 19 31. St. Paul's Prayer, 2 Cor. xiii. 14 ...
563 VII. 32. Divine BEING, against whom it is possible to sin, Acts 564 v. 3, 4. Objection answered..
-5 33. The unpardonable sin against the Holy Ghost, Matt. xii. 31. 565 Lindsey's objection to the reading of the authorized Ver.
566 sion considered OBJECTIONS to this part of the subject considered.
Obj. a. that the Personality of the Holy Spirit is figuratire .... 569
b. That the Holy Spirit is a power evidenced by miracles 571 c. That the argument from baptism is disproved by 1
ib. Cor. x. 2 d. That the Holy Spirit is “given"
....... 573 e. That the Holy Spirit is "poured out”.
ib. f. That the Spirit is personified by reason of the per
ib. sons in whom the Spirit resides g. That the Holy Spirit is "sent "
Agent, really and properly a Divine Person
SUBSTANCE, MAJESTY, AND GLORY,-VERY AND ETERNAL GOD ... III. OPERATions of the Holy Ghost (indispensably necessary to salvation,) stated .... 579 34. The Holy Ghost enlightens the understanding, 1 Cor. ii. 10,
ib. 12, Eph. i. 17, 18 35. He unites the soul to Jesus Christ, 1 Cor. vi. 17, xii. 13 ...... 580 36. He sanctifies and renews our fallen nature, Rom. viii. 13, Cor. iii. 18, 1 Peter i. 2, 22
581 37. He governs the conduct, Rom. viii. 14, Gal. v. 16, 25
ib. 38. He seals the believer unto the day of redemption, Eph. i. 13,
582 iv. 30, Rom. viii. 14-17 Practical application, generally
ib. to Unitarians
N.B.—This Lecture addresses itself to Unitarianism, as professed in this place. The writer is aware that, elsewhere, there is a class of Unita. rians, who admit the Holy Ghost's Personality ; but hold him to be an inferior, not a Divine, Person. In dealing with this species of heresy, it would be unnecessary to adduce proofs of “ Personality;" the argument would be confined to “ the Deity of the Holy Ghost;" which, it is hoped, is satisfactorily established in the following pages.
THE DEITY, PERSONALITY, AND OPERATIONS OF
THE HOLY GHOST.
BY THE REV. JOHN ELLISON BATES, M. A.
"I HAVE YET MANY THINGS TO SAY UNTO YOU, BUT YE CANNOT BEAR
THEM NOW. HOWBEIT WHEN HE, THE SPIRIT OF TRUTH, IS COME,
GLORIFY ME: FOR HE SHALL RECEIVE OF MINE, AND SHALL SHOW IT UNTO YOU. ALL THINGS THAT THE FATHER HATH ARE MINE; THEREFORE SAID I, THAT HE SHALL TAKE OF MINE, AND SHALL SHOW IT UNTO YOU."-John xvi. 12, 13, 14, 15.
Such were the words of our Lord Jesus Christ to his sorrowing disciples. The time was now at hand when he must leave the world, and return unto the Father: and this announcement had filled their hearts with sorrow and grief. To cheer their drooping spirits was the object that engaged his chief concern. His own sufferings were forgotten in the endeavour to soothe and comfort them. But, what could afford them consolation in the prospect of losing the presence of such a master, and the protection of such a friend? Was it enough to show the uselessness and unreasonableness of uncontrolled grief? Was it enough to say that he loved them still, and nothing short of positive necessity could have induced him to leave them? No! their hearts ached with the thought of losing the Counsellor in all their difficulties, the Comforter in
all their troubles, and neither arguments nor assurances could fill up the aching void.
Far more solid and more satisfying was the consolation he had to propose—“I go, but my place will be filled, my presence will be supplied, by another.” “I will pray the Father, and he shall give you ANOTHER COMFORTER, that He may abide with you for ever; even the SPIRIT OF Truth.*” This was the chord of consolation our Lord so sweetly touched: upon this one string, the coming of the Comforter, he discoursed most eloquent music. “The Comforter shall abide with you for ever.
He shall dwell with you, and be in you. He shall teach, and testify, and bring to remembrance ;t and as ye have much to learn concerning me and my kingdom, which at this time ye are unable to receive, when HE THE SPIRIT OF TRUTH is come, He will guide you into all the truth : not that he shall give any new revelation distinct from, or independent of, that which you have already heard from my lips, and received from the Word of God. His teaching will be essentially my teaching, for He shall not speak of HimSELF, but whatsoever He shall hear, that shall He speak: and He will show you things to come. My person, my grace, my mercy, my love, and my glorious salvation, will be the constant theme of his instructions. He shall glorify me : for He shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto you. Yes, I say He shall receive of mine, for all that the Father hath are mine,-all the attributes of Godhead are mine in union with the Father,—and when he makes known the Father's love, and mercy, and grace, to a guilty world, he will in effect make known mine. Therefore said I unto you, He shall take of mine, and shall show it unto you.”||
Such, my brethren, being the very important part the
* John xiv. 16, 17. † John xiv, 26; xv. 26. Appendix, A.
John xvi. 19-15.
Comforter fulfils in the economy of man's salvation, it becomes indispensably necessary for us to know “who, or what, this Comforter is.” And I am persuaded that this portion of Scripture, duly considered, will remove the opinion, (if such an erroneous opinion has been entertained), that the subject which is to be brought under notice this evening is nothing more than an abstruse question of speculative theology, neither important in itself, nor essential to the everlasting welfare of mankind.
“The Deity, Personality, and Operations of the Holy Ghost," is a subject in itself of the utmost importance : for, if the Holy Ghost be God, He is the object of our love and reverence, of our adoration and worship, of our gratitude and praise. And it is likewise essential to our everlasting welfare, inasmuch as our Saviour has declared the operations of the Comforter to be necessary to guide us into that truth, which alone can save and sanctify the soul. For the blessing our Lord promised, and the Comforter he announced, were not limited to the individuals whom he then addressed : it was a blessing which should abide with his Church until the end of the world; a Comforter whose operations should extend even to the extremities of the earth. “He shall abide with you for
“ He will reprove the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment.”+
Did I not sincerely believe that a sound faith in the Deity and Personality of the Holy Ghost, and a genuine experience of His operations on the heart, are indispensably necessary to salvation, I could not have the confidence to take up so much of your time this evening ; but being deeply persuaded of the vital importance of the subject, I venture in dependence upon the promised aid of the Spirit of God himself) to claim your most serious attention