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chlorid of gold and sodium, combined with some gone back to drink are scattered all over the soothing and strengthening constituents.
country. Nevertheless, many remain perma
nently cured, and probably Dr. Gray's estimate What the Dwight Treatment is.
of 70 per cent. is more nearly correct than the
Dwight estimate of 95 per cent. Afterward, hearing of the treatment being ad The value of the so-called chlorid of gold treatministered at Dwight, he went there and inves- ment is this: It breaks off the patient from his tigated it. He found from the symptoms mani- desire for liquor. The powerful poisons given fested by patients that they were taking disturb the nerves profoundly, and, like a fit or essentially the same treatment as his own, tho an attack of some kinds of sickness, so change he and the physician at Dwight had held no the condition of the nervous system that the decommunication with each other. I do not know sire for liquor is upset and completely abolisht. that either claims to have originated the use of chlorid of gold in the treatment of drunkenness
Release from the Habit.
This breaks the tyranny of the habit, and enatakable as indicating the use of atropin, strychnia
bles the man to start on a career of total abstiand the gold.
nence without feeling a distress from the absence The atropin causes the pupil of the eye to be
of his stimulant. Many men, therefore, are able come dilated on the second or third day, with
to resist future temptation and to permanently some dimness of vision and a little irregularity maintain their sobriety, but if they begin to of the gait in walking. Some headache ensues,
tipple they will gradually overcome their repugand the strychnia causes some twitching of the
nance and re-acquire the habit. Sufficient time muscles. The chlorid of gold causes in a week
has not elapst to show what particular class or two an irritating red eruption to break out all
of drinking men will be benefited by the treatover the body. When Dr. Gray receives a pa ards, accustomed to going on sprees at intervals
ment. In all probability the periodical drunktient he sets into his room a bottle containing a pint of good whisky, instructing the patient that
of considerable time, will be found most liable to he can take all he wishes. He immediately com
fall back into their old habits. mences and gives him four hypodermic injections each day, each containing one-tenth of a grain
Current Medical Thought. of the chlorid of gold and sodium and onefortieth of a grain of nitrate of strychnia, and gives a mixture to be taken by the mouth, con
Capital and Humanitarianism. taining the same with some atropin.
In Germany, where compulsory life inThe following is the exact prescription used by surance is in force, and where all in receipt him, and I have no doubt it is similar to that
of a wage below a certain amount are prescribed at Dwight.
obliged to insure, sanitoriums for the Take of
treatment of tuberculosis have been estabChlorid of gold and sodium.... Muriate of ammonia...
lisht and maintained largely by the insurNitrate of strychnia..
ance companies, where they send their inAtropin....
sured for treatment with a view to proComp. fluid extract of cinchona... 3 oz. longing their lives, and thus postponing Fluid extract of coca..
the day of paying the death claim. So Glycerin ..
successful has this undertaking been Distilled water... Mix, and take a teaspoonful every two hours purely from a financial standpoint that the when awake.
number of such sanitoriums has increast He sees the patients four times a day, and each year, that, while in 1895 there were rapidly increases the gold and strychnia until only two of such institutions, there are at the symptoms show that they are getting all they the present time in Germany over sixty.will bear. The first day the patient drinks pretty Dr. E. J. BARRICK, of Toronto, in Phila. heavily of the whisky in his room. The second
Mo. Med. Jour. day he begins to lose his desire for it. By the evening of the third day or the morning of the
This is a good way to put “the man fourth, he is totally sick of it, and will not take above the dollar." Capital is cruel when any more. The treatment is carried on from its interest is served by cruelty. It is three to six weeks,
gratifying to see this instance of capital Dr. Gray says he has treated some two hun- working in aid of humanity, even tho it be dred patients, but the difficulty of getting a correct history of many of them after they have left for the purpose of postponing the payment the institution makes it impossible to give exact of a death benefit. statistics as to the permanency of cures. His impression is that about 70 per cent, are perma
Philippine Medical Supplies. nently cured, He has patients who had previ. The magnitude of the campaign in the ously been to Dwight and relapst several times. There are seven or eight relapst graduates of Philippines is reflected in the following Dwight now in the Washingtonian Ilome of this requisition for medical supplies, which incity for cure, and numerous others who have cluded 540 items: 10,000,000 quinin tab
6 gr. 1 gr.
1 oz. 1 oz. 1 oz.
lets ; 7,500,000 grains of quinin in bulk; ple solution of quinin hydrochlorid in water 20 tons of epsom salts ; 5,000 bottles of when large doses of the drug are necessary. paregoric; 3,000 bottles of iodoform; A teaspoonful of water carrying two or (this is suggestive of venereal diseases); three grains of quinin muriate will be 8,000 bottles of collodion; 5,000 bot- readily taken by any child, with "& spoontles of chloroform ; 2,500 tins of ether; ful of pink medicin right after." Those 10,000 quarts of whisky, and 7,000 quarts who have little patients in large numbers of alcohol. There were also 600,000 com- will appreciate this. pound cathartic pills; 1,000,000 tablets of strychnin ; 1,600,000 tablets of salicylate
(1) R Quinin hydrochlorate gr. vgl. x; Alcohol...
3i. of soda ; 12,000 yards of mustard plaster; M. 3,000 yards of adhesive plaster; 50,000
(2) B Oil of cinnamon, each. M xx1-xl ; yards of plain gauze ; 5,000 yards
Oil of anis,
9. 8. ; of unbleacht muslin ; 50,000 sterilized
Water bandages; 96,000 roller bandages; 4,000 M. Let stand for some hours ; filter. pounds of absorbent cotton. The order (3) Mix 1 and 2 and addalso included 5,000 pieces of each kind of
Carmin or cochineal solution . gut. v. crockery and cutlery necessary to equip
Dose, one or two drams, as directed. hospital mess tables.-Med. Review.
Saccharin in small quantity helps to disPost-partum Hemorrhage.
guise the larger dose of quinin.
Small doses of Fowler's solution may be One of the later methods of treating post. added, if indicated, or sodium bromid for partum hemorrhage is to carry directly into the uterine cavity a piece of lint or children made irritable by quinin.
Druggists will make this in quantity and cent issue of the Pacific Medical Journal, keep it in stock if requested. It is simple. cent issue of the Pacific Medical Journal, easily made, and inexpensive. Moreover, two severe cases are described as having children like it. - Dr. W.J. GREANELLE, in been treated in this way, with instant re- N. Y. Med. Journal. lief of the hemorrhage. It is claimed that turpentine has a local stimulating action, favoring contraction of the muscles of the
Treatment of Inebriety. uterus.--Med. Review.
Dr. T. D. Crothers, who is an authority
on inebriety, in an article upon the above Palatable Quinin Mixture for Children. subject in the Medical. Council, arrives at
Having had occasion to prescribe quinin the following conclusions: repeatedly for young children, and being 1. Alcohol is becoming more and more dissatisfied with the combination with prominent as a recognized factor in the syrupus yerba santa, I have made a num- causation of disease, and in the prognosis ber of experiments with a view to obtain and treatment. ing a pleasant and acceptable quinin 2. The disease of inebriety has become preparation which could be continuously so well establisht, that its practical recadministered to children without their ob- ognition and treatment by the family phy. jection.
sician should follow in all cases. I give below the details for the prepara- 3. The inebriate is literally both poition of a “child's quinin mixture” which soned and starved, and common sense I find not only to be readily taken by principles should apply. There is no children but also serviceable as a bribe to mystery and no doubt of results, if the be given after unpleasant medicins, such means are used. as stronger solutions of quinin.
4. The possibility of cure is establisht The mixture is designed as a tonic and by facts beyond question. The obstacles malarial prophylactic for children living in are, failure of early recognition and the malarious sections. It will serve for active use of unsuitable, quackish means. medication in acute cases of malarial dis- 5. The Gold and other cures are only ease in children of three years or younger the application of common remedies, by giving the larger dose at hourly in- which every physicians should use with tervals.
greater success. I find that children literally cry forit, and 6. Every case can be restored, and many that it has frequently served as an excellent permanently cured, by the intelligent cobribe, to be given immediately after a sim. operation of the family and asylum phy.
sicians.' Both home and asylum treatment can skim nearest the penitentiary without are found invaluable in most instances. falling in. Prominent among confidence
7. The successful cure and prevention operators are those whb, disguised as of inebriety is a medical problem, the so- physicians, abuse the contence of the lution of which will open up a new field young, which abuse is made possible by of practice that promises as great possi- the failure of parents to give their children bilities as any other department of medi. the needful information concerning sexual cin.
matters. Children are brought up with
absolutely no knowledge on this subject. The Physician's Probation.
All of us become, sooner or later, parO, the long and dreary waiting!
ents or guardians of children who we O, the Doctor's tedious waiting!
know must follow essentially the paths we Ever thicker, thicker, thicker, Grew the gloom within his dwelling.
ourselves trod; they must meet essentially Ever deeper, deeper, deeper,
the same difficulties, temptations and Plunged his hands in empty pockets
trials that we experienced. We know that Plunged his restless hands and clencht them their lives, like ours, will be given up to At the inconsiderate village.
the pursuit of means for the gratification Hardly from his scanty earnings
of the two appetites which are euphonCould the Doctor pay his rental,
iously designated hunger and love. We With his instruments in order Vainly waited he the wounded.
take great pains in the education of the Scattered cards and hung out shingles,
young to prepare them for the gratificaPrayed for patients, but they came not. tion of hunger; we teach them trades and From the suffering came no summons.
professions; we teach them the accumulaInto fits of melancholy
tion and the retention of worldly goods ; Fell and could not rise from weaknessPondered thus, in savage musings:
but almost without exception, so far as I O, the impotence of knowledge !
have been able to observe, we neglect to O, the quack's cheap-bought successes ! instruct them in any measure upon that 0, the people's blasted folly !
equally-important topic which we may call 0, the irony of fortune!
love. The results of such neglect on the All around the sick are dying, Victims clearly of malpractice,
part of parents and guardians are embodWbile, in philanthropic spirit,
ied in the success of the innumerable soI am dying to restore them.
called specialists-quacks-who grow rich But they will not. Let them suffer. upon the savings and the fears of their Thus he chafed and fumed and fretted
ignorant victims. It is quite unnecessary 'Till the air was blue around him,
for me to go into details, because every 'Till his faith and clothes grew threadbare. Then there came a crucial moment,
physician and la'nan is familiar with the But he faltered not nor blundered.
extent of this evil; one cannot pick up a Found himself with glory covered,
paper, even a religious journal, without And the long probation ended.
seeing in some form the advertisements of -A Doctor's Wife, in Med. Standard. . these confidence operators. We recognize,
the evil; we have made, thru official chanThe Results of Sexual Excess; or Continence;
nels various attempts to abolish it, to Sexual Misinformation and Quack
abridge it, but thus far with very little Literature.
success. The proper way to save our MR. CHAIRMAN:-Since an erotic discus- youths from the clutches of these sharpers sion of this sort savors somewhat of the is to give them that knowledge which is experience meeting, I wish to announce the power of protection. that the remarks I may make are based The other part of the topic assigned to not altogether upon experience, but also me is "the results of sexual excess or conto some extent upon observation.
tinence." These terms are relative, and “There is a sucker born every minute" I would make a sharp distinction between is an aphorism variously credited to P. T. the sexes in this matter of sexual relaBarnum, Lydia Pinkham, Robt. E. Burke tions. It is a fact we sometimes ignore, or and other noted confidence operators. perhaps it is never prominently brought Some of these suckers escape a world of before our minds, that the female is the misery by early death; others attain type of the race; that the male is simply maturity and reach the conclusion that
an accessory, an adjunct. We prove that the material side of life is in large measure not by any discussion as to the relative a confidence game, in which the greatest abilities, mental and physical, of the male financial prizes are acquired by those who and female, but by the development of our
species from those that preceded ourselves. the true sense of that term. His sexua It is a fact, you know, that among the desires are constantly alert, and whether earliest unisexular animals, the female far gratified or not, they exert a distinct inexceeds the male, both in size and influence on his anatomy and physiology. capacity; among some of the early forms Real continence is certainly possible in the male is simply a parasite on the body human beings; we see it in our sisters, our of the female, because unable to earn his sweethearts; we see a majority of the girls own living. In some of the small animals who have enjoyed the protection and the the female, after having been fertilized by affection of parents grow to maturity, and the male, devours hiin, her only way of even go to the marriage altar, quite ignorpersuading him to contribute to the sup- ant of the grosser sexual feelings. But it is port of his family. The queen bee, too, is quite otherwise with the male. Could he much superior in every way to the male follow that same plan, I am sure he, like (drone), and after she has been fertilized his sister, would be entirely free from the drones are stung to death by the workharm. ing bees. The queen apparently considers Continence, in the sense of mere abstenit more economical to make some new tion from actual sexual contact while the cheap males the following spring than to individual is tormented by sexual desires, board the old ones thru the winter.
is pathological; I have seen plain inAs we trace the development of species stances. upward in our direction, we see very evi- Sexual excess also is a relative term,eren dently that the female is the type.' The among males. It is absolutely impossible male gradually approximates more closely to say what is normal for a man in that line to her standing, but, nevertheless, not any more than to say what is normal in the even in our species, does he rank with her consumption of food ; and those of us who in the more important and essential parts frequently have to advise people suffering, of our nature. He exceeds her in size and or who believe themselves suffering, from strength; he has better weapons of offense sexual disease, hear stories that certainly and defense, and, as a result, he is of seem remarkable as to the amount of sexmaterial assistance in the care of the ual indulgence that men allow themselves, young, and she is enabled to devote more even in the sacred relations of marriage. I time and attention to the rearing of off- remember being greatly astounded when spring. But all the higher qualities ex- an elderly man, in the confidence of patient hibit better development in woman than in to physician, told me that he was sixtyman, and are evidently the result of her four years old and his wife sixty; that they physiological functions and in discussing had been married forty years, and during sexual matters we must draw a sharp line that time bad averaged one sexual congress of demarkation between the female and each night. Of course, this is hearsay evimale.
dence, but under the circumstances I could Continence, in the sense of absolute ab- not doubt his statement and believe he was stention from sexual gratification, is some- telling the truth. Now, if we should take thing that I, at least, have never seen in that as a standard, very few people would men. I do not mean to say that it does be guilty of sexual excess. However, we not exist; it is very likely that there are must measure sexual excess by effects; and men who are absolutely continent, but they it is certain a good many men suffer from are relatively few. Man has been defined, the effects of sexual excess, even tho you know, as the masturbating animal; they indulge far less than the man I have tho he is not the only animal that resorts mentioned. to self-abuse. The habit of masturbation The result of sexual excess, as we see is begun, in the majority of cases, inno- them in the male, are comprised in chronic cently ; be that as it may, very few boys intlammation of the prostate and of the attain their majority without having at seminal vesicles; and doubtless that parsome time practist that act. Having thus ticular part of the prostate which is most indulged, it is impossible for them to re- affected is the verumontanum. There, we main or be absolutely continent. A boy know, are contained nerve-endings thru may, of course, and does, as a rule, discon- which the sexual excitement is perceived, tinue that habit; he may, and often does, and that, we know, is the part of the urerefrain from illicit sexual indulgences, and thra which shows atrophy in cases of imfor social and financial reasons he abstains potence. It is possible, however, for us to from marriage; but he is not continent in confuse the results of sexual excess with
the results of disease. I remember a case figures could not, for various reasons, be of impotence referred to me by a neurolo. obtained. However, in such instances, gist; an examination of the urine made at the reports were conservative and were once showed a large amount of sugar. And none the less illustrative and convincing. there is another disease which is far more In Baltimore, where for several months frequently the cause of symptoms that we there has been a number of cases of smallcommonly ascribe to sexual excess than is pox, there were employed by the health diabetes, and that is gonorrhea. We know authorities and physicians in private practhat gonorrhea is the cause of at least tice considerable over 100,000 tubes of three-fourths of the failures of sexual power glycerinized vaccine. Those vaccinated in those cases with which we bave to deal. were periodically observed until the sućInfection of the prostatic urethra and of the cess or failure of the vaccination was de. seminal vesicles results in such changes in termined. In not a single instance did the nerve endings in those parts that the small-pox occur in a person vaccinated sexual apparatus refuses to work in the with glycerinized lymph. Conservative normal way. In examining patients com- estimate places the number of successful plaining of sexual impotence, we can often takes as 95 per cent. in primary cases. directly trace that condition to an attack of The vesicles in most instances were typical gonorrhea; so that it is quite likely that and uncomplicated with staphylococcic we are in the habit of abscribing to sexual and streptococcic infection. The number excess the results of disease, particularly of excessively sore arms did not exceed one of chronic inflammation of the prostate per cent. of the total number vaccinated. and of the seminal vesicles, which result In Minneapolis, in one series of 3,045 so often from gonorrhea.-Dr.Wm. T. Bel- vaccinations with glycerinized lymph there field, before the Physicians' Club, of Chi- were 29 failures, all of which were in seccago. Reported by the Chicago Clinic. ondary cases, i. e., those who had been
previously vaccinated. In the same city' Collective Reports on Glycerinized Vaccine a second series of 3,875 vaccinations reLymph.
sulted in four failures in primary cases The recent widespread epidemic of small- and in fifty-one failures in secondary cases. pox in the United States has necessitated All the data collected from Minneapolis general vaccination which has afforded show a proportion of 95 per cent. successexcellent opportunities to determine the ful "takes in primary cases and 75 per exact actual and comparative value of cent. in secondary cases. glycerinized vaccine.
Cleveland records show that widespread For the past ten months I have been vaccination was practised. Both glycercollecting reports from various infected inized vaccine and points were employed districts in an effort to ascertain not only at the beginning until results proved the the actual value of glycerinized vaccine as vast superiority of the glycerinized lymph a protective against small.pox but its rela- when points were almost entirely abantive value compared with vaccine points, doned. quills, crusts, and the older methods of In one series of 20,000 cases vaccinated producing vaccination.
with the glycerinized product, there was Other objects to be determined were an average of over 90 per cent. successful (1) the value of glycerinized vaccine as a takes. Septic complications were almost preventive of small-pox; (2) the propor- entirely absent. tion of successful “takes” in both pri- In Richmond, Norfolk, and Portsmouth, mary and secondary vaccinations ; (3) the Va., no accurate records were kept of rerelative frequency of complications, such sults obtained, but in these three cities as diffuse inflammation of the vaccinated there were employed about 120,000 tubes area-cellulitis, lymphangeitis, lympha- of glycerinized lymph. Extensive inquiry denitis, ulcerations, abscesses, etc.—which concerning results obtained, place the sucso often follow the use of vaccine points. cessful takes over 90 per cent. In these
The methods of inquiry adopted in this cities the superiority of the glycerinized investigation were by circular-letter and lymph over the points, in producing suc. personal inquiry, by large numbers of cessful vaccinations and avoiding septic physicians throughout the country.
complications, were everywhere noted. In a certain number of cases where The experience of the health authorities wholesale vaccination was practised, as and physicians in private practice in Norfor instance by health authorities, exact folk is particularly valuable. At the be