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not hesitate to say that those who most passion
Our Monthly Talk. ately adhere to what they deem etymologic spelling, preserving historic usage, as they claim, but without warrant, are "mainly of the class of The presumably "educated," professional half-taught dabblers in philology.” It is a help- men, as doctors, lawyers, preachers, teachers, ful thing to know that “our common English etc., know very little about the movements going spelling is often,"as Professor Hadley reminds on among the laboring forces for better governus, “a very untrustworthy guide to etymology." ment. It is my purpose to give information It will lead a merry harlequin dance in the along this line from time to time, hoping that wrong direction those who submit themselves the so-called "educated classes ” will follow the without caution to its seeming indications, or example of the organized industrial classes, and who follow in the path of its apparent clear work for the improvement of social and political pointings. Professor Matthews, in the volume conditions. above noted, says:
Politics and Labor. “For example, the 'u' in honour-which Eng. lish spellers assuming to stand for superior pro
The convention of representatives of labor priety are so jealous of preserving-simply sug- organizations in the State of Ohio, which was gests a false analogy ; so the 'ue' in tongue, the
held at Columbus on June 1st and 2d, resulted in 'g'in sovereign, the 'c' in scent, the 's' in island, the adoption of the following demands: the ‘mp’ in comptroller, and the ‘h' in rhyme. 1. Compulsory education. And many more of our orthographies," as he 2. Direct Legislation, or the Initiative and reminds the reader and as the scholar knows,
Referendum. “are quite as misleading from an etymologic 3. A legal workday of not more than eight point of view.”
hours. The letters in each instance bere noted have 4. A more rigid inspection of workshop, mine been introduced into the language on a mere pre
and home. tense of superior usage—the guess of some dab
5. Liability of employers for injury to health, bler who fancied he was historic and was learn
body or life. edly restoring what ought to be because it once
6. Equal pay for equal work for male and fewas. It can be readily shown that in the earliest
male. English, and for a long period after the English
7. The abolition of the sweating shops. language became definitely settled, the letters
8. The municipal ownership of all public util. designated, vowels and consonants, are not found
ities. in the words above markt. They are, in fact,
9. The nationalization of telegraphs, teleinterlopers or upstarts. It is true, they are very
phones, railroads and all public highways. old intruders now, and respectable, if it is ever
10. Abolition of contract prison labor. possible for mere age to give respectability. But
11. Prohibition of contract system in the letthey are simply "creep-ins,” pretentious or
ting of public works. "shoddy” proprieties. They are parasites upon
12. Abolition of government by injunction. the words as originally spellt, or according to
The chairman of the convention was Mr. John the oldest and best usage. And the same re
F. McNamee, a member of the Executive Board mark, moreover, to a greater or less extent ap
of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen. plicable, can be made of a number of other
The Conductors and Trainmen and many other terms. It is a class of would-be English purists
trades unions were represented. The purpose of -who seem to feel themselves to be, but on very
the convention was to adopt a program and ininsufficient grounds, the especial guardians of the
sist upon political parties ratifying the same in language, as if they particularly owned it be- their respective platforms. cause they happen to live in a favored corner of
The following are the demands of the Socialone of the British Isles—that are most obnoxious
ist-Labor Party : to the strictures made by Professor Matthews in
With a view to immediate improvement in the con. the essay which gives the title to the little book dition of labor, we present the following demands : previously mentioned.
1. Reduction in the hours of labor in proportion to “A London journalist,” the latter says, “re
the progress of production.
2. The United States to obtain possession of the cently held up to public obloquy as an 'ignorant mines, railroads, canals, telegraphs, telephones and
all other means of public transportation and comAmericanism'the word program, altho he would
munication ; the employees to operate the same cohave found it in Professor Skeat’s ‘Etymological operatively under control of the Federal Government Dictionary'!—universally acknowledged as the
and to elect their own superior officers, but no em.
ployee shall be discharged for political reasons. first of authorities on the subject. “'Pro- 3. The municipalities to obtain possession of the gramme was taken from the French,' a recent local railroads, ferries, water works, gas works, eles
tric plants and all industries requiring municipal writer reminds us; but it was in violation of
franchises; the employees to operate the same coanalogy, seeing that when it was imported into operatively under control of the municipal adminis. English we already had anagram, cryptogram,
tration and to elect their own superior officers, but no
employee shall be discharged for political reasons. diagram, epigram, and so on.
1. The public lands to be declared inalienable, rer. We had just as much reason (and no more) to ocation of all land grants to corporations or indi. stick the French terminal “me” to the latter
viduals, the conditions of which have not been com
plied with words as to the first of them here mentioned.- 5. The United States to have the exclusive right to "City and State.”
6. Congressional legislation providing for the scien.
tific management of forests and waterways, and proDr. Frank M. Boyce, of East Schodack. N. Y., and member hibiting the waste of the natural resources of the of the X. Y. State Senate, renews his subscription and says: country.
Am well pleasd with your journal, and especially your 7. Inventious to be free to all; the inventors to be Monthly Talks.''
remunerated by the nation.
8. Progressive income tax and tax on inheritances; the smaller incomes to be exempt.
9. School education of all children under fourteen years of age to be compulsory, gratuitous and accessible to ali by public assistance in meals, clothing, books, etc., where necessary.
10. Repeal of all pauper, tramp, conspiracy and sumptuary laws. Unabridged right of combination.
11. Prohibition of the employment of children of school age and the employment of female labor in occupations detrimental to health or morality. Abolition of the convict labor contract system.
12. Employment of the unemployed by the public authorities (county, city, State and nation.)
13. All wages to be paid in lawful money of the United States. Equalization of woman's wages with those of men where equal service is performed.
14. Laws for the protection of life and limb in all occupations, and an efficient employers' liability law.
15. The people to have the right to propose laws and to vote upon all measures of importance, according to the referendum principle.
16. Abolition of the veto power of the Executive (national, State and municipal), wherever it exists.
17. Abolition of the United States Senate and all upper legislative chambers.
18. Municipal self-government. 19. Direct vote and secret ballots in all elections. Universal and equal right of suffrage without regard to color, creed or sex. Election days to be legal holidays. The principle of proportional representation to be introduced.
20. All public officers to be subject to recall by their respective constituencies.
21. Uniform civil and criminal law tbruout the United States. Administration of justice to be free of charge. Abolition of capital punishment.
And these are the demands of the Social Democratic Party :
1. Revision of our antiquated Federal Constitution, in order to remove the obstacles to full and complete control of government by all the people, irrespective of sex
2. The public ownership of all industries controlled by monopolies, trusts and combines.
3. The public ownership of all railroads, telegraph, telephone, all means of transportation, communication, water-works, gas and electric plants and other public utilities.
4. The public ownership of all gold, silver, copper, lead, iron, coal and all other mines; also of all oil and gas wells.
5. Reduction of the hours of labor in proportion to the increasing facilities of production.
6. The inauguration of a system of public works and improvements for the employment of a large number of the unemployed, the public credit to be utilized for that purpose.
7. All useful inventions to be free to all, the inventor to be remunerated by the public.
8. Labor legislation to be made national instead of local, and international where possible.
9. National insurance of working people against accidents, lack of employment and want in old age.
10. Equal civil and political rights for men and women, and the abolition of all laws discriminating against women.
11. The adoption of the Initiative and Referendum, and the right of recall of representatives by the voters.
12. Abolition of war as far as the United States are concerned, and the introduction of international arbitration instead.
DEMANDS FOR FARMERS. The Social Democratic Party of America does not hope for the establishment of social order thru the increase of misery, but, on the contrary, expects its coming thru the determined, united efforts of the workers of both city and country to gain and use the political power to that end. In view of this we adopt the following platform for the purpose of uniting the workers in the country with those in the city :
1. No more public land to be sold, but to be utilized by the United States or the State directly for the public benefit, or leased to farmers in small par. cels of not over 610 acres, the State to make strict regulations as to improvement and cultivation. Forests and waterways to be put under direct control of the nation.
2. Construction of grain elevators, magazines and cold storage buildings by the nation, to be used by the farmers, at cost.
3. The postal, railroad, telegraph and telephone services to be united, that every post and railroad station shall also be a telegraph and telephone cen
ter. Telephone service for farmers, as for residents
4. A uniform postal rate for the transportation of
5. Public credit to be at the disposal of counties and towns for the improvement of roads and soil and for irrigation and drainage. This is an impartial presentation. I am not ready to accept and support either of the last two platforms entirely, but I can find many good things in them. Can't you? Then would it not be a good plan to take these “good things” and work to have them embodied in the platform of your own party ?
MAYOR JONES' PLATFORM. Here is the platform of Mayor S. M. Jones, of Toledo, O. Naturally, it is devoted chiefly to city problems :
Equal opportunities for all and special privileges
Public ownership of all public utilities: the wealth created by the people should be for the people's benefit rather than for the private profit of the few.
No grant of new or extension of existing fran. chises.
The abolition of the private contract system of doing city work-a source of corruption equally as great as that occasioned by the granting of tran. chises-and the substitution therefor of the day labor plan, with
A minimum wage of $1.50 per day of eight hours for common labor; organized labor to be employed on all public work.
Amend the bribery laws, punishing only the bribegiver, letting the poor victim of this despoiler of our liberties escape.
It will be seen by the above and other platforms of labor organizations which I have here tofore publisht in these columns, that labor organizations take a very active and intelligent interest in public questions that should receive the same earnest and intelligent attention from all classes. But what are the facts ? Did you ever hear a question of public policy discust at a medical convention ? It is all right for physicians to discuss scientific topics, but have they no duties as citizens ? Should they allow mechanics to be better citizens than they ?
What do clergymen talk about in their meetings? Do they ever discuss the evils of child labor, and the moral as well as the physical importance of factory inspection? Why are they willing to neglect such important matters, and give their attention to another world that none of us know anything about? We do know that God made this world and put us into it. Then what right have we to neglect the duties and responsibilities of this world ? When we reach another world will be the proper time to attend to the duties of such new existence, and we cannot do so before, try however hard we may. Some who think they are very religious consider politics worldly” and irreligious. The fact is that to neglect making this world better is irreligious. To neglect present conditions of child labor, to neglect unsanitary and immoral conditions of factory and work shop labor, etc., is decidedly irreligious. The trying and frightful conditions of labor in the past bave been greatly mitigated and the hours of labor have been much reduced, but the clergymen didn't do it, nor did the church people do it yet these are "religious" things that have been accomplisht, and there is much more of similar “religious” work to do. Why leave it to the labor organizations to work for these things ? Are mechanics more
"religious” than clergymen and the members of labor, woman labor, excessive hours of labor, their churches? This seems to be true if we unsanitary and debasing conditions of labor, etc. judge from practical work and accomplisht re- All profits come from labor, yet what has the sults. The main trouble is that the bug-bear of profit taker, or the interest taker, or the rent theology is such a burden upon those who con- taker done to elevate and ennoble labor? These sider themselves very "religious” that real re- same profit-mongers are the chief enemies of the ligious duties (the task of making this world a labor organizations in their efforts to humanitize better place to live in) are crowded out. Ques- the conditions of labor. tions of humanity in this world are religious questions; questions pertaining to a future life are theological-We don't know much about such
A College at Your Door. things, nor do we need to know until our duties
The College of Social Science started at the are there instead of here. "If we do well here Buffalo Conference will have a correspondence we will do well there,” covers most of the
department, and the matter is being pusht vig. ground, and "to do well here” in the fullest
orously. Those who wish detailed information sense of our duties to each other and to
now before establishing headquarters at Boston, humanity in general will keep us very busy. Ben
please address for the present Prof. Thos, E. Adhem's “Write me as one who loves his fellow. Will, Manhattan, Kan.' The circular contains men," turned out to be the most acceptable, and some surprising facts, and it is well worth read. among “the names whom love of God' had
ing and thinking about. Here it is : blest,” his name “led all the rest."
Have you ever stopt to think of the value of How many farmers know how vitally the rail- an education ? Have you retlected upon what it road question touches their interests ? Not
means to have one's powers developt and many, I am sorry to say. Yet their products strengthened and brought under control ? Do must be transported to the centers of population, you desire to be truly great and do you know and that process can be so managed as to take
that you may be? Do you realize that the practically all the farmer's profit. In fact, it is so world's larger work is being done and its affairs managed, but the average farmer is still stupidly managed by men and women who have prepared ignorant of it. The freights on farmer's prod- themselves for their work? Do you know that ucts could be much less if the "water" (the fic- "statistics show that but one-half of one per titious capitalization) was “squeezed out” of the cent. of American young men go to college ? capitalization of our railroads. But what do the From this one-half of one per cent. come fiftyfarmers care? They are paying the interest on eight per cent. of the legislators, judges and this fraudulent capitalization, but they haven't other prominent public officials, the remaining found it out yet, and they wonder why they don't ninety-nine and one-half per cent. furnishing but prosper as they should. I will say, however,
forty-two per cent. of our public leaders, while a that the Farmers' Alliance was composed of considerable proportion of our professional men, active and intelligent farmers, alive to the inter- newspaper editors and business men are also col. ests of agriculture, and it did much good in the lege men." Have you thought that if you will way of awakening farmers to their own inter- but get ready you will be asked to help manage ests; but the Alliance has now almost or quite the affairs of this country? Have you considered past out of existence as an active agitating force. the fate of those who fail to get ready? Do you Also the Grange movement has done much good realize that “in the struggle for existence the titin the same direction, but both these movements test survive" and prosper, and that those less have included only a small fraction of our farm- well prepared for the struggle are, in good times, ers. However, they show what should be done the bearers of burdens, the hewers of wood and among our farmers, but it can be done only when drawers of water-performers of work which, farmers quit wearing party collars and learn to after a little, machines are taught to do better think; when they quit confining their reading to and more cheaply—and in bad times, are disa partisan press, and learn to read books (there charged and thrown upon the highway as tramps? are plenty of them, and cheap) on the transpor- Men insure their property against loss by fire and tation question, the money question, and other cyclones, and insure their lives against accident branches of practical economics.
and sudden death; what insurance do you carry The point that I wish to urge in this “Talk” is against the results of inadequate preparation for that the members of our organized labor forces are life? better citizens than our farmers, doctors, lawyers, What would you think of a ship captain who preachers, “business men,” etc. They know embarkt for an ocean voyage in a leaky ship more about, care more for, and work harder for without a rudder; or of an aeronaut who dared movements for the general good than do our pro- to ascend with a rotten balloon, or of a general fessional and wealthy classes. The thoughts of who would hazard a battle with wet powder and the average " business man" seldom go farther mutinous troops? Are your chances better than than a customer and a profit; the average doc- those of the captain, balloonist or general ? tor's chief interest is a good paying patient; the With the myriad opportunities for failure to-day average clergyman's greatest interest is a pros- can you afford to venture into modern competiperous church or parish, with the accent on the tive society without the fullest preparation prosperous—wealthy members, without much attainable ? question as to where the wealth came from ; the Do you say you cannot afford a college educa. average lawyer's first interest is a fat fee; the tion? Let me inquire, Can the farmer afford to chief object of life of a capitalist is a good in- buy seed corn ? Can the hunter afford to provestment, without compunctions as to whether vide himself with ammunition? Can the mer. the profit of the investment comes from child
(Continued over next leaf.)
The Medical World
The knowledge that a man can use is the only real knowledge; the only knowledge that has
like dust about the brain, or dries like raindrops off the stones.-FROUDE.
The Medical World
Editor and Publisher
kinds of cathartic medicines made every year.
Naturalists have carefully studied out C. F. TAYLOR, M. D.
the distinctions between man and the lower animals, but they have missed one point; man is the constipated animal. The
large annual production of aloes, senna, Subscription to any part of the United States and Canada ONE DOLLAR per year. To England and the British
etc. is for poor, constipated man (emphatColonies
, FIVE SHILLINGS per year. Postage free. Single ically including woman, however). How copies, TEN CENTS. These rates must be paid invariably in advance.
does the remainder of animated nature get We cannot always supply back numbers. Should a number along without cathartics? By living more fail to reach a subscriber, we will supply another, if noti.
naturally and choosing food more sensibly. fied before the end of the month.
Our food is too concentrated. It should Pay no money to agents for the journal unless publisher's receipt is given.
have sufficient bulk to distend the alimenADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO
tary canal normally. "THE MEDICAL WORLD,"
We don't drink enuf water to keep the
various secretory and excretory organs 1520 Chestnut Street PHILADELPHIA, PA.
We don't respond to nature's calls
promptly (animals do). VOL. XVII. OCTOBER, 1899.
We don't exercise properly, and our
habits are not regular. Constipation.
These are perhaps the reasons that we The world is constipated. or this there are constipated. Correct the causes, choose can be no doubt, for the evidences of this food according to bowel need, as fruits, truth are seen on every side. The bill
prunes particularly, corn bread, graham boards delineate it in flaming colors and bread, oat meal, etc., massage the abdomen beautiful pictures. The fences declare
when necessary, and establish regular it, the sides of the barns emblazon it in
habits of defecation, and cathartics will letters of prodigious size, and even the seldom be needed. . rocks on the way-side advise the traveler what to take to move his bowels.
The Broad-Gauge Doctor. The great quantity of pills, syrups, etc. The narrowest conception of the duties produced every year to move the bowels of a physician is that his chief duty should of constipated humanity would surprise be the giving of pills and potions. That is any one not familiar with the facts. U. S. the easiest thing to do in the practice of P. compound cathartic pills are made by medicin. Frequently it will answer, and the bushel and barrel by all prominent then his work is simple and easy. Lazy manufacturing pharmacists, and this is physicians won't do anything else: if one only a hint as to the total quantity of all potion should fail, another is given, and so
on until the patient dies or goes to another to thoroly liquefy the bile, bowel contents physician. Physicians of limited educa- etc. Then two quarts of water, or postion or ability do not know how to do any- sibly more, per day, for a number of days thing but to give drugs. This is the least can be prescribed with great advantage. and the easiest of the duties of an able and Patients at famous watering places ar "all 'round" doctor.
required to drink large quantities of water. What to do besides the giving of medi- and improvement is due more to this fac: cins opens a field that would require vol- than to any other. The same thing, with umes to exhaust. The first thing to do is like results, can be done at home, but the to make a careful physical examination, water should be of good quality. This but what is of more importance is to alone will cause many obscure or obstinate analyze your patient, as we will style it here. troubles to greatly improve or disappear That is, inquire carefully into the habits of entirely. Chemical analysis and microthe patient particularly as to ingestion, scopic examination of the urine open up excretion, surroundings, habits of exercise, another field, which will not be considered sleep and rest, etc. Very few human here. beings live correctly. The excretions from The broad gauge physician will care the bowels and kidneys can be controlled more for the food that is put into the and regulated as certainly by food and stomach than for putting medicin into the water as by drugs, and it is much better to stomach. The average patient knows litdo it so. The patient will say that he tle of self-denial. The average man or passes urine freely, but have him to measure woman would rather indulge the palate, the quantity he passes in twenty-four resulting in an over-loaded stomach, and hours, and you will probably find it to be then take a pill, than to apply sense and deficient in quantity. Now, don't give reason to the subject of eating. Gluttonhim diuretics, but order him to drink ous dinners, either with or without the pill, more water. Don't leave it in the indefi- are a prominent cause of rheumatism, gout
Drink more water”; and many obscure maladies. The debt "Drink plenty of water." That won't do. for indulgence must be paid, and if it is Tell him the number of glasses of water postponed by the aid of "dinner pills," that he must drink per day, and tell him the interest exacted at the time of settlethe best times of the day to drin it; for ment is very high--a painful usury.
Yet example, one glass upon rising, one at 10 many doctors will temporize and indulge a. m., one at 3 and one at 5 p. m.,
with pills and potions, either ignorant or or two upon retiring. No liquids with careless of the fact that the dietetic debt meals. As the normal adult needs thirty- must be paid, with pathologic interest seven ounces of water per day, and as the added. The broad gauge doctor inquires average glass holds, level full, eight ounces, carefully into the dietetic habits of the five glasses make only forty ounces, about patient, noting quantity and quality of the normal quantity.
Instead of the food, hours of eating, etc., and then gives rather indefinit “five glasses per day,” it specific directions. A skilful dietetic preis better to fill a bottle of given size, and scription faithfully followed is of far have him to drink the contents during greater value, as a rule, than a medical each twenty-four hours. Let him fill this prescription. Simple foods in moderate bottle each morning, and require that he quantity at seasonable hours will do much must empty it before going to sleep. This
This to restore and maintain health. French puts the matter in a tangible shape. His cooking, pastries, iced desserts, irregular task is not done till the bottle is empty. It meals, midnight suppers and gluttony are is likely that he needs more than the nor- utterly incompatible with continued mal need for water, to flush the system and health. However, dietetic errors are not
nit way :