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PHYSIOLOGY. the cervix by means of long forceps. Thru 1. Give the physical properties and histologic the tube water is then forced into the bag characteristics of blood, and describe the process up to its known capacity, and the tube of coagulation. clampt. When the bag is expelled, or

2. What are proteids ? What elements do they

contain? after an hour or so, another larger bag is,

3. Describe the mechanism of the heart's if necessary, inserted to carry on the dila

action, and the sounds of the heart and their tation.

cause; also describe the manner in which the

blood circulates thru the heart. The New Illinois Medical Practice Act. 4. State the differences between the adult and

the fetal circulation. We print below the questions submitted

5. Describe the liver, naming its functions, at the first examination held under the

also state the use of glycogen in the body. new law to the applicants for license to 6. Describe the manner in which the nervous practice in Illinois. The first series of system affects blood-pressure. questions are those used in examining

7. Describe the mechanism of respiration. physicians; the second, those for other · 8. State of what the spinal cord consists, and

name the functions of the membranes of the practitioners." "Other practitioners" re

brain and of the spinal cord. fer to those which Section 2 of the law

9. Describe the three forms of digestion. calls “ those who desire to practice any 10. What is the source and what is the funcother system or science of treating human

tion of the saliva ? ailments, who do not use medicines inter

CIIEMISTRY. nally or externally, and who do not prac. 1. Define an element and a compound. Give tice operative surgery.”' Under this the examples of each and their symbol. osteopaths come in, and these-fourteen

2. What is hydrochloric acid? Give synonym

and chemical formula. of thiem-were the only ones who applied

3. Name the different forms in which matter for special license and took the examina

exists, and define each. Examples. tion. "Osteopathy” is, however, not 4. What is meant by qualitative analysis? recognized by the law, any more than any Quantative analysis ? Structural analysis ? other sect which treats without medicine. 5. Give formula for normal acid, basic and a

double salt. Those who pass the examination will be

6. What is oxygen, and how is it prepared licenst to treat human ailments without

from KC103? the use of medicines, and without the use 7. What is the process termed when oxygen of surgical procedures. The questions unites with another element, and amidst what submitted for the specially favored class phenomena does it usually take place ?

8. What is an aldehyde, chemically speaking ? are certainly elementary enuf. The very important subject of physical diagnosis ily prepared ?

From what and how is formaldehyde most readwas not taken up, but we understand it 9. What is peroxid of hydrogen? Give propwill be in the future examinations.

erties and formula.

10. What is starch ? How is it obtained ? SERIES 1-FOR PHYSICIANS.

Mention a test by which starch can be recogANATOMY.

nized. 1. Trace the femoral artery from its origin

MATERIA MEDICA AND THERAPEUTICS. thru its large branches to the ankle. Describe the anatomical relations in the upper third.

1. Describe the therapeutic value of ichthyol, 2. How many tarsal bones are there ? Name and name its principal ingredients. the largest and one of the smallest.

2. Give the action and uses of menthol. 3. Name the muscles affected in torticollis, 3. Give doses, therapeutics and dangers of also state the origin and insertion of the princi- three coal-tar products most used as antipyretics. pal muscle affected.

4. Give the composition of Hoffman's anodyn 4. Name the largest arteries divided in ampu- and Monsel's solution. tation below the knee-joint.

5. Name a few local and systemic emetics. 5. Describe the diaphragm, its attachments, 6. Compare atropin with morphin in physionumber and name of openings in it.

logic effects. 6. What are the number and names of the 7. Name the active principle of colchicum, lobes of the liver ?

and describe the therapeutic action, 7. What are the branches of the axillary 8. Ergot, its physiologic and therapeutic artery?

action. 8. Name the nerves forming the sacral plexus 9. What would you do in a case of arsenic and its branches.

poisoning ? 9. What is the sympathetic nerve system, and 10. Write what you know of the urine as to : what parts of the body does it reach ? Name 1, its normal and abnormal pathologic constituand locate its chief nervous centers.

ents, and the manner of detecting the principal 10. Give boundaries and contents of the pop- abnormal matters ; 2, its specific gravity, stating liteal space.

upon what this depends, and the important infordisinfectant ? A germicide ? 1. Describe the morbid anatomy and treatment 2. Name the three chemical germicides most of acute enterocolitis,

causes,

mation obtained thru a knowledge of the specific 7. Describe the pathology and treatment of gravity. Also state what the following condi- thermic fever. tions indicate : a, a high specific gravity, and a 8. Give the common names, incubation period, small amount of urine ; b, a high specific gravity period of eruption and duration of: a, rubella; and a large volume of urine; c, a low specific b, rotheln; c, variola ; d, varicella ; e, pertussis. gravity and a small amount of urine ; d, a low 9. Diagnosis and treatment of typhoid fever. specific gravity and a large amount of urine. 10. Write what you know of catalepsy. PATHOLOGY AND BACTERIOLOGY.

OBSTETRICS. 1. Describe calcareous degeneration, and give

1. Describe the uterus, its normal position, its

relationship to the other organs, and the means 2. Describe the histologic structure of sar

by which it is held in place. comata.

2. How would you diagnose pregnancy before 3. What are the morbid changes that take

the fourth month? After the fifth month? place in the vessels in arteriosclerosis ?

3. What means would you take to arrest a 4. What are blood-changes in leucemia ?

threatened abortion, and if abortion occurred, 5. Differentiate between fatty degeneration

how would you know it was complete ? and fatty infiltration.

4. What is the most serious displacement of 6. Make a brief statement of the bacteriology

the uterus in pregnancy? How should it be of diphtheria, describing the micro-organism

treated ? and the local and general tissue-changes pro

5. What are the causes of, and how would you duced by it.

treat antepartum bemorrbage ? 7. Describe the bacillus of typhoid, giving its

6. Describe normal labor, giving the clinical action and stating where found.

characteristics and mechanism of each stage. 8. Describe the turbercle bacillus. How would

7. What would you do in a case of rupture of you determine its existence in sputum ?

the uterus in the first stage of labor? What in 9. Name the principal cocci which occur in

the second stage ? suppurative process.

8. What would you do if the head should be 10. In what way do bacteria affect the animal

arrested in the inferior strait in pelvic presenorganism ? Is the nitrogen in the body affected

tation ? by bacteria, and if so, in what manner ?

9. How would you manage a case of shoulder

presentation after labor has begun ? SURGERY.

10. Etiology, prognosis and treatment of puer1. Describe spina bifida and spina ventosa. peral fever, 2. Which do you condsider more important in

GYNECOLOGY. bone repair, the periostum or the medulla ?

1. Give the blood-supply of the ovaries. 3. Of what importance is the medulla in the

2. Give the causes of suppression of the formation of red blood-corpuscles ?

menses, and describe menorrhagia and met4. Describe and differentiate between the hard rorrhagia. and soft chancre.

3. Give the contraindications for the use of the 5. Give the chief varieties of spinal curvature sound. -non-tubercular. Name causes and give treat- 4. Give the treatment of endometritis. ment.

5. Give the symptoms and treatment of pelvie 6. Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of peritonitis. Colls' fracture.

6. Differentiate hematocele from other pelvic 7. If a pistol-ball penetrated the skin and did lesions. not fracture the skull, where would you search 7. What are the causes and terminations of for the ball ?

salpingitis? 8. Give the treatment for penetrating wounds 8. Discuss the pathologic results of laceration of the abdomen,

of the perineum. 9. Give signs, symptoms and common varieties 9. Give the differential diagnosis of : a, salpinof dislocation of the shoulder-joint, and method gitis from appendicitis; b, fibroid of uterus from of reduction of anterior dislocation.

pregnancy. 10. Which wounds do you consider the more 10. What are the causes of prolapsus uteri ? dangerous, those of the brain or those of the intestines? Why?

HYGIENE.

1. What is an antiseptic? A deodorant? A PRACTICE.

commonly used, and state in what proportions 2. Give the causes, symptoms and treatment employed, of cholelithiasis.

3. Name: a, the disinfectant a solution of 3. Name the various forms of stomatitis, and which should never be made in a tin vessel ; b, outline the general treatment.

the disinfectant which precipitates when brought 4. Give the prompt and immediate treatment in contact with albumin. in a case of acute asthmatic attack of dyspnea. 4. If called to a case of diphtheria in a family

5. Vesicular emphysema, its causes, symptoms where there are other children, by what hygienic and treatment.

means would you hope to prevent the latter from 6. Give the different diagnosis between cere- contracting the disease ? What precautions bral hemorrhage, embolism, thrombosis and would you take to prevent your carrying the uremia.

disease elsewhere?

5. What aerial disinfectant would you use for 6. The composition of the gastric juice. disinfecting an apartment after the occurrence 7. Describe the systemic circulation of the of a communicable disease ? Describe the man- blood. The pulmonary circulation, ner in which it should be used.

8. Describe the mechanism of respiration, and 6. Describe in full the manner in which you state on what the movement of the lungs dewould disinfect a room in which a patient has pends. been sick with scarlet fever.

9. What is the function of the cerebellum ? 7. What is the incubation period of : a, vari- 10. Describe the tissue and nerve-fibers enterola; b, varicella ; c, rubella ; d, scarlatina ; e, ing into the structure and arrangement of musscarlet fever ?

cles, and discuss the stimuli affecting muscular 8. What effect has ground air and ground substances, water on health ?

PHYSIOLOGIC CHEMISTRY, 9. What diseases are due to impure water ? 10. Give the minimum of cubic space to be

1. What are proteids? What elements do they

contain ? allotted to each individual in : a, tenement houses; b, school-rooms ;c, ordinary hospital body and its chief source.

2. State the occurrence of glycogen in the wards ; d, in a fever, surgical or obstetric ward.

3. From what is the fat deposited in the body MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE.

derived ? 1. What is the difference between the spasms

4. What is bile? From what is it derived ? of arsenic and strychnia poisoning ?

Name some of its characteristics, constituents, 2. When does complete ossification of the os

and two important pigments. innominatum take place ?

5. From what is the hydrochloric acid in the

stomach derived ? 3. When a male and female are found dead from asphyxia, which was more probably the

6. What is the part oxygen takes in the physisurvivor? Why?

ologic process ? 4. In the case of both dying from the same

7. What is carbon dioxid ? How is it formed accident, which would be the probable survivor?

in the body, and how got rid of ? 5. In poisoning with prussic acid, what symp

8. Of what is the atmosphere especially comtoms would you expect to find ?

posed ? State proportions. 6. What relation to insanity has remorse?

9. Describe the tissue changes in the spinal 7. Define insanity.

cord in locomotor ataxia (tabes dorsalis, posterior 8. What is the difference between paranoia

sclerosis). and pseudo-mania ?

10. Write what you know of the urine as to : 9. What is the age of consent in Illinois ?

1, its normal and abnormal or pathologic con10. Define a degenerate.

stituents, and the manner of detecting the prin

cipal abnormal matters; 2, its specific gravity, SERIES II-OTHER PRACTITIONERS.

stating upon what this depends, and the imporANATOMY.

tant information obtained thru a knowledge of

the specific gravity. Also state what the follow1. Name the vertebræ forming the spinal col

ing conditions indicate : a, a high s. g. and a

small amount of u.; b, a high s. g. and a large 2. What is the scapula ? Over what rib does

volume of u.; C., a low s. g. and a small amount it lie ? 3. Name the ligaments of the hip-joint.

of u.;d, a low s. g. and a large amount of u.? 4. Describe the trapezius and the deltoid mus

HYGIENE. cles, and give their action.

1. What is meant by ventilation ? 5. Where does the aorta commence, and into 2. What precautions would you take relative what does it divide and where?

to the matter cought or spit up by consump6. Describe and locate the liver.

tives? What danger, if any, will result if these 7. Between what ribs does the apex of the discharges are deposited on the floor ? heart pulsate normally?

3. In hospital wards for ordinary cases, what 8. Describe the lungs, and state which lung is cubic air-space should be allowed to each bed ? the shorter, and why ? Also name the structures 4. Why is milk so nearly perfect food ? Why forming the root of the lung by which the lung are eggs so highly valued for food ? is connected with the heart and trachea.

5. What effect has the contraction of a muscle 9. What is the sympathetic-nerve system, and on the flow of the blood thru it? what parts of the body does it reach?

6. What is the incubation period of typhoid 10. Trace the internal saphenous vein from its fever? Of measles ? commencement to its termination.

7. What is meant by disinfection ? How

would you disinfect a room after the death or PHYSIOLOGY.

recovery of a patient suffering from diphtheria. 1. What is hemoglobin ? Where does it occur 8. How is corrosive sublimate, bichlorid of in the body?

mercury or carbolic acid used as a disinfectant, 2. What are leucocytes ? Where are they and in what proportions ? found in the body ?

9. Give the size of a model school-room accom3. The difference in the substances contained modating forty pupils. On what side of the in arterial and in venous blood ?

pupil should the light be admitted, and why ? 4. The cause of the first sound of the heart ? 10. After attending a case of scarlet fever, for Of the second ?

instance, what precautions would you take to 5. The number of normal respirations in the prevent carrying the disease to your family, adult per minute.

friends or patients ?

umn.

HISTOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY.

3. Give the source and state the character of

the blood, supplying hepatic prrenchymatous 1. What is epithelium? Where is ciliated

cells, and describe the two principle functions epithelium found in man?

they possess. 2. Describe hyaline cartilage, and state in

4. Describe the general functions possessed by what situations it principally occurs.

renal endothelium of both the glomerules and 3. In what manner is true bone essentially formed, or of what is it always made up ?

convoluted tubules.

5. Describe the clotting of blood and give a 4. Describe the histologic structure of an

theroy for the genesis of fibrin. artery. Of a vein. 5. What are medullated nerve fibers? What

PATHOLOGY. important nerves are composed of these fibers ?

1. Describe the physical alterations character. 6. Describe the manner in which fractured

izing the lesions of the cardiac valve leatiets and bone unites.

the effects of these upon the sounds of the heart. 7. Give the definition of necrosis and definition

2. Name several morbid conditions g ving of gangrene.

higher or lower than normal temperature and 8. What histologic elements are directly con

explain how such change is effected. cerned in inflammatory processes ? 9. What are the structural changes in the

3. Describe the macroscopic and microscopic

characteristics of diphtheritic membrane. blood-vessels in arterial sclerosis ? 10. Enumerate the different stages of acute

4. Describe thrombosis and embolism of a lobar pneumonia, and describe the gross appear- surrounding brain tissue.

cerebral vessel, with the changes induced in ance of the lungs in some one of these stages.

5. In any form of obstruction of the biliary Jour, Amer. Med. Asso.

duct, explain through what component elements

of the liver and by what blood channels bile Pennsylvania State Board of Medical Ex- enters the economy and occasions icterus. aminers,

THERAPEUTICS. At the examinations held in Philadel

State Medical Society. phia and Pittsburg 425 cadidates presented

1. Mention two drugs used to allay the cough themselves-325 at Philadelphia and 100

of phthisis pulmonalis, and state how they at Pittsburg. The Board' completed its accomplish it. report at Harrisburg, July 22, the follow- 2. Name three remedies used in the treatment ing being the result: 374 received the of typhoid fever, and give the reason for their required average and were recommended administration. to the Council for license; 51 failed to

3. Differentiate the physiological action of

chloral hydrate from opium. attain the requisite average. The follow

4. How do nux vomica and belladonna, when ing are the questions asked :

given with a purgative, assist in its action ?

5. State the conditions of the circulatory system ANATOMY.

indicating the use of nitroglycerin and digitalis. 1. Name the different kinds of articulation,

PRACTICE. and give an example of each.

2. Describe the shoulder-joint, and name the 1. Name five diseases in which Cheyne-Stokes bones and ligaments entering into its formation. respiration is commonly found. 3. Name the ligaments of the lower jaw.

2. Give the symptons and sequels of epidemic 4. From what arteries do the mammary glands cerebro-spinal meningitis (cerebro-spinal fever). receive there blood-supply ?

3. Locate the lesions in the following given 5. State the relation of the intercostal blood- cases : Right-sided hemiplegia without loss of vessels to contiguous bones.

consciousness, with aphasia ; and the same con6. State the relations and give a general de- dition, with impaired sensation, scription of the parotid gland.

4. Name five lesions of the lungs that canse 7. Describe the endosteum and the periosteum. an increase of the rate of respiration, 8. By what principal venous trunks is the 5. Give the symptons and treatment of dilablood brought back to the heart from distant tation of the stomach. parts of tho body ?

SURGERY. 9. Outline the position of a normal heart and name the point at which the apex beat will be 1. Give the symptoms and treatment of acute found.

synovitis of the knee-joint. 10. Give a short general description of the 2. Describe the symptons and treatment of skin its, orgin, and period of development. acute periostitis.

3. Enumerate the recognized degrees of burns, PHYSIOLOGY.

and give the treatment for the second degree. 1. Describe the special function possessed by 4. Give the symptoms and treatment of each nerve factor concerned in a vasomotor fracture of the upper third of the femur. action, and state how either affects arterial 5. Give three important diagnostic symptoms tension.

indicating vesical calculus in children, and 2. State with what principal functions pul. detail the most approved operation for extraction. monary endothelium is endowed, and describe 6. Enumerate the symptons of any condition the origin and character of the blood which an in which trephining of the scull is necessary. alveolus utilizes during its physiological action. 7. Under what conditions is it advisable to

wait for development of a line of demarcation 4. Differentiate acute cerebral meningitis from in gangrene, before amputating ?

syphilitic gumma. 8. Differentiate complete inguinal hernia, 5. Differentiate angina pectoris from intervaricocele and hydrocele.

costal neuralgia. 9. Detail the operation for ligation of the

HYGIENE. primitive carotid artery, below the omohyoid 1. By what process may disease germs be remuscle.

moved from contaminated water ? 10. Describe any of the several dislocations

2. How many cubic feet of fresh air per hour of the elbow-joint giving the mode of reduction,

are required by an adult ? and treatment.

3. Name five common communicable diseases OBSTETRICS.

of school children. 1. Enumerate the symptoms of one form of 4. What parasites, dangerous to man, are found etopic pregnancy.

in the flesh of animals; state in what animals 2. How would you treat a normal case of they are found ? labor aseptically ?

5. Describe the proper hygienic measures for 3. How would death of the fetus in utero be the infant during the first three months of life. recognized after period of viability ? How Phila. Med. Jour. would you manage such a case ? 4. Give the causes, import, and management

Medical Education in Kentucky. of antepartum hemorrhage. 5. Give treatment for retained placenta after

OFFICE OF STATE BOARD OF HEALTH, abortion.

BOWLING GREEN, Ky., Aug. 1, 1899. 6. What anatomic features of the pelvis are The State Board of Health of Kentucky gives of special importance in the process of labor ? notice to all concerned that it will hereafter re

7. Give four positions in head presentations, fuse to recognize, as a basis for certificates to the order of their frequency, and the mechanism practice medicine, diplomas from any medical of the most common.

college which does not, in good faith, comply 8. Give causes, dangers, and management of with the requirements of the American Medical prelapse of the funis.

College Association, the American Institute of 9. From what condition does puerperal Homeopathy and the American Electic Medical eclampsia proceed, and how would you recognize College Association, respectively, both as to preand manage a case ?

liminary education and four years' course of 10. Mention the most frequent causes of puer- study. This means that no school that graduperal mammary inflammation, and give pio. ates three-year students will be recognized in phylaxis and treatment.

this State hereafter. MATERIA MEDICA.

The Board provided an examination for threeState Medical Society.

year graduates of the present year, as many of 1. Give symptoms and treatment of a case of

the students had attended such schools in ignorcannabis indica poisoning.

ance of its advanced requirements, but foundthis 2. Write a prescription for a diarrhea mixture

course unsatisfactory, a large per cent. of the excontaining at least three drugs. Use no abbre. aminations indicating incomplete preliminary viations.

education as well as imperfect medical training. 3. Describe the physical properties of tr. ferri

This standard for the State of Kentucky was chloridi, acidum salicylicum, and liquor plumbi

made and promulgated in 1891, to take effect subacetatis.

this year, but is again publisht that schools 4. Give the doses of atropinae sulphas, hyo. patronized by Kentucky students, and future scinae hydrobromas, ext. conii Ad. and acidum

graduates expecting to practice here, may fully carbolicum.

understand our requirements.
5. Give the habitats of ipecacuanha, coca
erythroxylon, cascara sagrada and strophanthus.

Surgical Hints.
CHEMISTRY.

Never allow a room to be swept or 1. Write out the chemical formula to represent dusted just before an operation. Cover the reaction that takes place on boiling Fehling's everything with wet sheets, if necessary, solution with diabetic urine.

so as to prevent the raising of dust. 2. What new compounds are formed when

When you have blood upon your hands, corrosive sublimate and potassium iodid are

first wash them in pure water. Using combined in solution ? Write out the formula for the reaction.

soap at first is a mistake, as soapy water 3. What are the chlorids of the urine? How does not dissolve blood rapidly. Clear are they chemically recognized in urinalysis ? water and a nail brush should come first,

4. How should water be distilled, and at what temperature is its specific gravity standard ? 5. What is carbolic acid ? State its antidotes. Brander Matthews on English Spelling. DIAGNOSIS.

Philologists the world over are of one mind on 1. Diagnosticate infantile spinal paralysis. the absurdities of English spelling. An expert

2. Differentiate follicular tonsillitis from authority on the subject, recognized as a thoroly diphtheria.

capable guide therein, quoted by Professor Bran3. Name the distinctive symptoms of typhoid der Matthews, in his suggestive little volume, fever,

“Americanisms and Briticisms” (Harpers), does

soap next.

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