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he,“ We will have to get it away by cut- that he was dead! I called his father's ting a piece at a time.' We finally got it attention to the fact that his boy was dead. all away, the pieces weighing about twelve Oh, no,” said he, “Freddie was well and pounds. The woman got well, finally, in playing but a few moments ago." I went to a month or so. A short time after that I work with all the effort I knew to restore was called to wait on a female in her eighth the lad, and workt for three or more birth. When I went to make the exami. hours, but to no purpose. He was dead, nation, to my unspeakable horror here and, strange to say, not a symptom of was a similar case, save only it was the scarlet fever about him. But when, on left arm presenting instead of the right. the next day, I again visited the girl, the I got up from her bed-side, began to tell whole surface of the boy's body was full her I must leave her, but did not. I loft of scarlet rash, and he was yet warm. the house for near an hour. I went to try This, to me, was one of the “ blankets." to work myself up to get away from her. I had failed to find such a case in all my Could I have gotten away honorably, I books. When I returned to my office I would have freely given $100. But all at lookt all the authors over I had, but found once I went into her house with a firm re. no such case of scarlet fever, but I had an solve to deliver her, let what would come old English author, hoary with age. I took of it, for if I had to send for this counsel it up and began search for my case, when, again, my reputation would be totally to my great surprise and relief, amongst gone. I took off my coat, rolled up my his statements concerning malignant scarlet sleeves, went at her while she had no pain, fever I saw that fat, robust children full of forced the child back, turned it, and in a blood would be attackt with such severity few minutes a living girl baby was suc- that death would result in a few moments. cessfully delivered. No one will ever know "Apoplectic scarlet fever" is its proper my feelings of joy at that moment.

I was

name. so thankful to that “great first Cause" for I was not satisfied with a treatment that the result. Since that very memorable would not cure one-half of the patients, night I have never had a case of either and of those who finally got over it many kind, in forty years' practice. I have had of them were deaf, blind or had some other nearly all kinds of mishaps in obstetrics, serious entailment for life. I saw in a but no more like those. I continued con. medical journal a cure for scarlet fever sulting my books when my time would called home cure." I at once put it in permit, if possible, to find the word practice, as follows: As soon as the patient i blanket.”

becomes sick, strip all the clothing off, and I became sought after more and more to have at hand a saucer of melted hog's lard; administer to the sick. Finally, a very bathe from head to foot with the lard and fatal epidemic of scarlet fever in its most wrap in a muslin sheet and put in bed; malignant form made its appearance some put more covering on if necessary for commiles away. I was sent for to consult fort. In four hours repeat the lard batb, with a physician who was loosing three- giving plenty of cold water to drink, and fourths of his patients. Indeed, so fearful use a gargle of bydrastin for the throat; was its results, that a whole family was move the bowels gently with castor oil. often carried off in a very short time. This treatment may be continued three or The family I was called to had lost all but four days or longer; when all the fever is two out of six children. The physician gone, bathe in luke warm water with a little was doing all and even more than I knew soda in it. This method, indeed, to me, for such cases, but to very little good. I was a God-send. Never after bave I bad gave him the best I could in the way of the misfortune to loose a single patient in suggestions. A few days after I was called scarlet fever, if called early in the disease to a family who had three children, two or in the first stage ; and, indeed, when girls, ages nine and seven years, and a boy, all other hope bad vanisht I have seen

The older girl I at once de- cases quite often recover by this mode of cided would die in 24 hours; the other treatment. I was called to a case once in I hoped to pull thru. On my second the City of Philadelphia, Pa., while on visit the oldest was a corpse; the other business there. All the children of this had some favorable symptoms. The little family had died, save only one little boy. boy, as I past out of the bed room, was They had all the medical aid of the most lying in a cradle. I cast my eyes on him, distinguisht physicians, as the parents and at once stopt, felt his pulse, and found were very wealthy, but the lad was fast

four years.

me.

was

failing and no hope of his recovery was hurrying me to try to save the woman. ,- entertained by his physicians. In this sad As soon as I got so I could use my hands I

condition I ordered the lard method. To went to her and found two babes coming tothe surprise of every one the child rallied, gether; the cords of each were around both and in a few weeks was well. I have had no their necks, and both trying to get out first. dread of scarlet fever since that method I pusht one of them back, took the cord off has proved so successful. Now for over the other fellow's neck, allowed him to get forty years it has been a great success with thru while I kept the other back; but

Why it cures I will leave to others there was no let up of her pains until I alto determine.

lowed the other fellow to get thru too. As time went on I became somewhat All took some 10 to 15 minutes, when famous, was quite often called miles away the woman so relieved she said in counsel. I now recur to a terrible epi- she felt like she was in heaven. Then she demic of what was called cerebro-spinal lookt at her poor, terrified husband, and meningitis in a territory of some six miles said: “I will never trust you again." I by five in the country. Fifty of its citizens said: "You can well trust him in the start succumbed to the grim reaper in a few of the kid business, but in the finish I weeks, principally grown persons, a major. think he is a failure.” He sold out his ity of whom were females. So fearful was place and went to the west to “grow up this malady in that location that I have with the country." I lost sight of him for seen apparently healthy people struck thirty or forty years, when he again called down, and in twenty-four hours were dead on me. Said his boys were on a cattle without ever becoming conscious after the ranch, each one trying to get ahead of the attack, resembling much the effect of be- other in that business, as they did on that ing struck a severe blow on the back of the horrible night when I got them out of their neck. Out of forty-one patients I saw in scramble. "Are you practising medithe disease, thirty-one of them died, some cine?" “ No sir; that scrape did the of them living for months before death re- business all up for me, so far as the praclieved them from suffering. Strange as it tice of medicine was concerned." may seem, I did not know of a case any- Another case comes to my mind. I was where outside of this boundary. I did all I called to attend a tony old maid, 40 years could to find some hopeful remedy; so did of age. She had been in labor for some all the other physicians; but none of us two or more days; had an old midwife could seem to find any method that would whom she hoped to have deliver her on do one thing towards its cure. It left this

the sly.

When I examined her I found locality all at once, and has not returned a rigid, unyielding os, and the soft parts since, so far as I know. This to me was were dry. I set her up in bed, bled her the saddest period of my medical experi- very freely but not to syncope. This was ence. But I was not alone. No physician then the method we had for relaxing in of my acquaintance had any better luck in such cases. I stept into an adjoining its treatment. I have past thru an epi. room and threw myself on a bed, and left demic of Asiatic cholera in the city of Pitts- the old midwife to look after the patient. burg, Pa., when the death rate was as high For a while I was not disturbed; but the as 350 to 400 daily. Yet we did find patient again began her moaning, and I great comfort in believing we had remedies had to go again and examine her. There that were often successful, but in the cere- was some slight relaxation. I told her she bro-spinal trouble we had no hopeful rem- was not yet ready to need my assistance, edy.

and ordered her some tea and went back One other incident comes before me. I

to my room, not to be called till daylight. was called to see a woman in child-birth, But she became so noisy and made so the wife of a recently graduated physician. much complaint that she was getting up I went some five miles as fast as my gal- quite a panic among her female attendants. loping horse could go, in a drizzling rain I went to her again and told her to get up and sleet. When I got there I heard the and promenade with me in the room. I screams of the poor suffering woman before made her do so, but after a while she beI entered the house. When I got in my came unruly and would not walk with me. han were so numb I could not do any- I allowed her to lie down again, sat down thing until I held them in quite warm by her bed and made believe I was doing water. All this while the screams of the all I could for her. Chloroform, like the woman and the fussy attendants were word “blanket," was not in the books at

as an

that time. However, I was doing all I due time, while her relative was taken to could to keep down the panic among the Newburg asylum, kept there full as long women, and for some time I was hoping as the treatment of the patient I have that her soft parts would yield. At last, spoken of, and at length was discharged when I had exhausted all my efforts, I

"incurable." Her husband then made her get up and got two women to came to me. I treated her the same way, walk her over the room just as long as she and in due time she also recovered. Both could stand it. I then had her stand up when these ladies lived to a good old age, and a pain came, and bear it that way. When were all right thereafter. all this was about to be ended, I took out Salem, o.

J, M. HOLE, M. D. my lancet, bled her standing, assisted by [While we habitually have our faces the women, until she fainted dead away. turned toward the future—and this is It took a large quantity of blood to cause right-yet an occasional glance into the her to faint. We sat her down on the past is both interesting and helpful. The floor. I then went to enlarging the vagina new is not all good, nor is the past all and opening the os, and in a short time I unworthy of preservation. We should delivered her of a twelve-pound baby. cling to all that is good in the past, and She rallied well. Both mother and child receive the new in a willing but discrimigot along well. This was one of my

hard nating spirit. Many beginners in medicine cases of obstetrics,

are frightened out by obstetrical experiences The bloody lancet and scarificator and like those given above. We remember the cups have been discarded by the great remarks made by

remarks made by a professor when premass of medical practitioners at this time, senting a set of obstetrical instruments to yet they are not“ dead” but “ sleeping, the successful contestant on graduation and in the future will come forth in all day. After complimenting the student on their pristine usefulness in many of the his good record and excellent examination, ills of life. In fact, when properly and he said, as he handed the instruments to judiciously used in indicated cases, they the recipient, “My best wish is that you will stand as the ne plus ultra in the arma- will never use them. May you be blest mentarium of the true physician. Since the with such good fortune in your cases that dawn of the art of healing all down you will never need them.'' I have always the ages till the present they have been remembered these sentiments

as the used. I have had many years' experience happiest possible for such an occasion.with blood-letting in a large number of Ed.] cases, especially in the incipient stages of insanity. A great many such patients who,

A Cheap Telephone. if they had not been bled as indicated, Editor MEDICAL WORLD:--Dr. Robinson would now be in insane asylums. For asks for a plan of constructing a short line example: Two cases, relatives, both ladies, telephone cheaply. I had one years ago some fifty years of age, one of which I when in a small town,connecting my office treated exclusively, and I bled her some and residence, some 2,000 feet apart. I fifty times or more in the space of six have never had a magnetic telephone which months. At first I had to have her held workt so perfectly and transmitted sounds while I bled her. Her husband was a rich so clearly as that one, and the entire cost farmer, and had a family of girls who outside of labor was not more than twentycould take care of her. We kept her in a five cents. It is constructed as follows: room properly fitted for her condition. Take two boards of good, tough lumber At first she was very crazy and destructive; about 9 inches wide by 12 inches long. took nothing in the shape of medicine, as Out of the middle of each board saw a cirwe could not induce her to do so. I cular piece about 5 inches in diameter. allowed her to walk out with her husband Take two pieces of good, clear, thin rawdaily if the weather was suitable. She hide, cut in two circles one inch greater in was very vicious at times, but he kept her diameter than the hole in the boards. from hurting him. For some three months Have this thoroly wet and stretch them we had to hold her while she was bled. over the holes, tacking them around the After awhile she gradually became more edge, placing the tacks only about one-half rational, yet I continued the bleeding, inch apart. Nail or screw each board to taking from 12 to 15 ounces of blood at two brackets about 2 inches wide at each each time, once a week, and later I ex- end, long enuf to extend about 2 inches tended the time. She became all right in beyond each side of the board for nailing

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or screwing them to the wall. Place one per wire about No. 20 to 22, to run your of these as thus made at each end of line. 3. Poles where there are no buildings where the line is desired and connect them within reach. 4. Insulators, either glass by a small wire about the size used for or as described below. wiring brooms. This wire must pass thru Select the position in your room at each the center of each of the rawhides and end of the line which will be most conventhru a wooden button, then around a ient for your "'phone." I think a standing small nail, and this wire must be stretcht position more convenient for this kind of very tight and be supported thruout its "'phone'-and an outside wall where the length in loops of stout cord 3 or 4 inches line will be free from obstruction for seyin length, hung from any convenient ob- eral feet at least. ject, as the branches of trees, brackets Make a half-inch hole, smooth and free nailed to house roofs and poles. The wire from splinters, thru the wall at each in its passage from end to end must not selected position. In the bottom of each touch any solid, stationary object. The cup make two holes, just large enuf to pass

the wire, about a quarter of an inch apart. AL

8

Pass the line wire thru these from the outside, and twist or coil the end tightly and evenly about the line and as close as possible to mouth-piece. Now pass the line thru the hole in the wall, bringing the mouth-piece against the wall of the room. On the outside of the building drive a tack

nail on each side of, and about an inch Fig. A

from, the lower edge of the hole. Pass a end piece of the telephone proper when

piece of wire over the line and twist the complete will present the appearance of ends about the tacks so as to draw the Fig. A from the front, while Fig. B will

line, when taut, to the center of the hole.

Both terminals being ready, run your line, be a cross section view.

attaching to buildings if convenient, or to poles if necessary. In locating the supports or attachments, avoid all sharp angles in your line.

You can buy from any telephone or telegraph supply house, regular glass insulators with the pieces of wood for attaching

them to the poles, but you can use someFig.B.

thing else.

Take a metal ring and wind insulate) If properly constructed in this way you

with strip of cloth. Attach it to a short will have a telephone that will surprise

wire and suspend by this wire from a short

arm nailed to top of pole or a building. you by its results, as the most minute sounds from it or anywhere near the tele

Pass the wire thru the ring and make it

taut. phone from the other end of the line can

Avoid contact of the line with anything, be clearly heard. I hope this will be of

as branches of trees, poles, buildings, etc. benefit to some who are in need of such a telephone. D. 7. STANLEY, A.M., M.D.

To connect or splice the wires, bring the Detroit, Mich.

ends several inches past each other and hold firmly in middle of lap with pliers.

Seize one end and coil it closely and evenly Home-Made Telephone Line.

around the line for, say, an inch. Then coil Editor MEDICAL WORLD:

-In reply to the other end in the same manner. Be Dr. J. 0. Robinson in the June World particular about the splices and do them (page 243) I will suggest an arrangement well. for a very cheap short distance telephone, Where the line leaves the building, it is which, if carefully adjusted, will be very better to run at once to the support two or satisfactory. No battery is required. three rods away instead of running to top

Procure : 1. Two tin cups about 21 of the building as with telegraph lines, as or 3 inches in diameter by about 2 or 21 in this way you will avoid a sharp angle; inches deep. 2. A sufficient length of cop- beside, elevating the wire to the first sup- :

port, if the line be first made taut and at- iron wire equal to the distance between tacht to second pole or building, will en- the points to be connected. Also two twoable you to obtain the required tension at pointed switches and two push buttons. the terminals with least trouble. A very Also two 24 inch vibratory electric bells taut line is best for transmission, and the and eight Mesco dry battery cells. fewer supports you can bave and not allow The actual cost of these materials is as the line to "sag” too much, the better. follows:

Now arrange the mouth-pieces so as to bring the line to the center of the hole in

Two pony receivers, .

$ .90 Iron and insulated wire

.70 the wall and free from any splinter even of

Two bells

.40 the wall, and your line is ready for use.

Two switches and buttons

.40 As a call, use a pencil or similar-sized

Eight Mesco cells

1.20 instrument of wood or metal and strike

.50 the end several times upon the wire in cen

Two telephone cords ter of the mouth-piece. A few taps at the

Total,

$4.10 other end announces the attention of the listener.

Then connect as follows:

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GROUND PLATE Speak distinctly into the mouth-piece, To operate: Both switches should be not too near it. In receiving a message kept at top point unless when talking or do not apply the ear against the mouth- signaling. To signal, put down switch, piece, but quite near to it, tho if the ar- then put telephone to ear, then push butrangement be perfect you can hear dis- ton, and bell will be heard ringing at other tinctly at a few feet even from the mouth- end. Person signaled will then put down piece.

his switch and both telephones are conIf your first attempt be not a success, go nected and conversation can be carried on. over your line carefully till you find the When finisht speaking, both switches trouble. Probably you will find a con- should be pusht up to top point. tact with the wall or trees, or something The prices quoted in this article are wrong with the joints or supports. A lit- taken from the catalog of the Manhattan tle tact” will find and correct the diffi- Electrical Supply Co., 32 Cortlandt Street, culty.

New York. GREGORY COSTIGAN, M. D. For a distance of at least a quarter of a 351 West 32nd Street, New York City. mile this line ought to work as satisfactorily as a battery line.

Cheap, Short Distance Phone. Try it and report.

Receiver and transmitter. A piece of beef Wellsville, N. Y. J. W. COLLER, M. D. bladder stretcht over one end of an open

tin can, or cigar box, and dried. Two Editor MEDICAL WORLD :- -In answer to copper cents with small holes bored in Dr. J. O. Robinson's letter of last month, center of each ; pass end of wire thru I would state that a very simple telephone middle of bladder diaphragm, then thru system between office and house can be hole in cent, and knot the wire. Fasten constructed as follows: Buy two ordinary all firmly to tree or post. pony receivers. These can be purchast Line. Any kind of wire, preferably copvery cheaply at almost the price of the ma- per, but ordinary broom wire will do, the terials, and also 50 feet of No. 18 insulated larger the better. wire. Also a length of No. 12 galvanized Insulators. Necks of bottles thru which

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