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Huygens, Christianus Hyginus, C. Julius
Lindenau, Bernard von
Oriani, Barnabas Oughtred, William Ozanam, James
Ideler, Ludwig Inman, James Innes, Robert Isaac, Rabbi Ivory, James
Machin, John Mackay, Andrew Mackenzie, George Maclaurin, Colin Mädler, John Henry Mairan, I. J. d'Ortous Mallet. Frederic Manilius, Marcus Maraldi, J. D. Margetts, George Martin, Benjamin Martine, George Henry Mascheroni, L. Maseres, Francis Maskelyne, Nevil Mason, Charles Matthew, Edward Maupertuis, P. L. M. Mayer, Tobias Metius, Adrian Molières, J. P. de Molyneux, William Monnier, M. de Montucla, J. Moore, James Morgan, Silvanus Moxon, Joseph Mudge, William Munster, Sebastian
Quadri, Lodovico Giov. Quetelet, A.
Lacaille, N. L. Lahire, Philip Lalande, Jerome de La Grange, J. L. Lamy, R. P. Bernard Laplace, P. S. Lardner, Dionysius Larkin, N. J. Lax, William Legendre, Adr. Marie Leibnitz, Got. Gul. Leontius Mechanicus Lexell, Andrea Joh. Leybourn, Thomas Lilly, William
Raper, Henry Raphael, Rabbi Raphson, Jos. Regiomonte, Joannes de Riddle, Edward Rieger, Christian Rigaud, P. S. Rios, Jos. de Mendoza Robins, Benjamin Robinson, Pollingrove Rohault, J. Ross, Alexander Rumker, Charles Rutherforth, J.
Newton, Isaac Newton, John Newton, Thomas Nicholson, W.
Ulloa, Antonio de
These are the authors of the greater portion of the printed books; but there are also some valuable manuscripts on mathematical and scientific subjects. Of these it may only be necessary to place before the reader a few of the Arabic, Persian, and Turkish works which Dr. Lee purchased in the Levant; in obtaining many of which he had the assistance of the estimable and regretted Burckhardt. In this selection the task has been easy enough, the titles having been accurately translated, with lucid comments, by that learned Orientalist and critical Classic scholar, the Reverend George Cecil Renouard, the highly-prized and long-tried friend of both Dr. Lee and myself:
Rakiyiku-l hakúyik fi kisubi-d-direj wa-l dakúyik.- A Treatise on the Calculation of Degrees and
Minutes, by Mohammed Sabt-al-Márdíní. Transcribed A.H. 944=A.D. 1538. 8vo. Abú 'Abdu-llah Shamsu-d-din Mohammed, surnamed Sabtu-l Márdíní, was a great lawyer, as well as an astronomer. He died A.H. 788= A.D. 1386.
Sherhi-t-tedhkireh.- A Commentary on the Astronomical Memorabilia of Naşíru-d-dín et Túsí, by Al Jorjání. Finished A.H. 811=A.D. 1408. 8vo.
8vo. This copy has been carefully corrected. According to D'Herbelot, Al Jorjání died in A.II. 810= A.D. 1407 ; (Tadhkerat al Nassiriat, III. 378.) He is called Al Seyyid, al Sherif, 'Ali ibn Mohammed (Tayrid al Kelam, III. 385), Abú Hasan, or Hosaïn, born A.H. 740= A.D. 1340; died at Shíráz, A.H. 816= A.D. 1413.
Al Wasilah beïni-l-talabah.— A Treatise on Arithmetic and Algebra, abridged by Ibnu-l Khátim, from the Ma'eínah of Manşúr el Hatat el Túsí, with an Italian version.
The Arabic text was copied from a MS. (No. 327 in Assemanni's Catalogue of the Laurentian Library at Florence), written by Ibnu-l Khátim A.H. 762=A.D. 1360, at Jerusalem.
Az-ziju-l mukhtár mina-l azyúji-l mufili bi-l 'ámili bedi ilą audahi tarikatin, wa minhájum 'alu-t-tamimi wa-l kemali; wa-l hamdu li-lláhi 'ala kulli hálin. Tumma, i. e. A Table selected from Tables which open the path to the beginner in his search for the clearest way and the high road to completeness and perfection in Astronomy). Praise be to God in every state! Finis. The book is divided into two sections ; the first having 45; the second, a great number of Tables of the Planets, from Ibn Yúnis.
The work is dated, in the colophon, Saturday, 13th Shawwál, 1007 = A.D. May 1599.
copy appears to have belonged to the Library of Ahmed al Damanhúrí, superior of the Faķírs in the Mosque El Azhar, at Caïro; and title-page, and fol. 192.
Kitibi-l lam’ah fí halli-1 kawikibi-s-sel ’ah.
“ The Book of Flashing, for the Solution [of Problems) respecting the Seven Stars," by Ahmed ibn Gholámi-llah, ibn Ahmed, surnamed El Kúmu-l-reïshí, Time-keeper in the Cathedral of Muayyad [at ķáhirah.]
Ahmed ibn Gholám says, that having written a work entitled Noz-hatu-l-khátir fi talkhisi ziji ibni-sh-Shutir, i.e. “ The delight of the heart in the Explanation of the Tables of Ibnush-Shátir," he abridged it in this work.
No date; but of considerable antiquity: chiefly astronomical tables.
Tractatus Astronomici, Arabice. i. An Introduction to the Knowledge and Use of the Astrolabe, by ’Azzu-d-dín Yusuf, el Zinjáfi.
Finished A.II. 790= A.D. 1387. j. On the Art of finding the Zenith in every Altitude, 8c.; the Declination of Places from each
other, 8c. Extracted from some Treatises on the Astrolabe. ii A Table for finding the Place of the Sun and Moon in any of the Signs of the Zodiac. iv. A Table of the Longitude and Latitude of various Places : (the Longitude reckoned from the
Fortunate Islands), viz. Mekkah, Baghdad, Basrah, El Mausil, Istánbúl, Arz-Rúm (sic), Misr (i. e. Al-káhirah), Beïtu-l Makdes (Jerusalem), El Hasá (Lahsá, or El Ahsá), El ķatif, Tebríz, Dimeshk, Şaïdá, Ganjah, Tiflis, Shamákhí, Isfahán, Haleb (Aleppo), Nisíbín,
Sinjár, Rás’Aïn (sic), Márdín, ’A'nah, El Rahabeh, Tekrít, Erbil (Arbela). V. Al Safilatu li emkáni resemihá’ala Şafihatin min safáyihi-l Asterlúb.
A Tablet for the places drawn on one of the sides of the Astrolabe.
“A wonderful Treatise on the Astrolabe, as it is noted in the margin of the first page." vi. A Treatise on the Sphere, and the use of it. Docketed in the same Ta’líķ hand as above,
“ This is an approved Treatise on the Sphere, from the words of Habash, the Calculator. It
is an explanation of the Heaven and Earth; an explanation of the North and South.” vii. Risáletu-l fat-húyetu fi-l á ’máli-l jeïbiyeti ; i. e. a Treatise explaining the use of Sines, by
the Sheikh Bedru-d-dín Mohammed Sabt el Márdíní. viii. A Treatise on the Use of the Quadrants marked with (al Moķanțerát) Circles parallel with the
Horizon. By Abú-l 'Abbás Alimed el Majdí. ix. A Metrical Catalogue of the Stars ; in Arabic. By Abú ’Alí, son (najl) of Abú-l Hoseïn el
Súfí, dedicated to Abú-l Ma'álí Fekhru-d-din Shahinsháh. The Metre is
Mustaf'ilun (twice) Maf'úlun. |
1-vul Abú’Alí, author of this work, refers to a larger work on the same subject, by his father,
Abú-l Hoseïn el Şútí, who was probably the celebrated Astronomer Abdu-r-rahmán ibn
daulah, who reigned over the Persian 'Irák from A.H. 373 to A.H. 387= A.D. 983–997. On the blank leaf at the end there is a charm; with directions, in Turkish, how to use it in
order to procure a pleasant dream. These tracts are all neatly written in the Niskhí hand, by the same transcriber, and are
probably not a century old.
Kitábu Takwimi’alá-l kauli kawánini-l kulliyeti wa-l ahkámi-l mufassalati fi hádhihi-s-sanatish-shemsiyeti.— A Book of the Calendar according to the general Rules and the Determinations for this Solar Year.
An Almanack for the Solar Year, beginning on the 21st of Dhi-l ka’dah, A.H. 1082=20th of March 1672.
At the end is written, in the hand of the possessor :-“Calculated by the poorest of the servants of his Exalted Lord, 'Abdu-llah ibn Ahmed, el Makdesí, el Hanbalí. May God pardon him, his parents, his ancestors, and whomsoever shall look into it!”
The impression of a seal below shews that the calculator mentioned above was possessor of the book. It is El Fakir ’Abdu-llah ibn Ahmed, el Makdesí (the Dervish 'Abdu-llah, son of Ahmed, of Jerusalem.)
Kitábu-l jefru-l jámi' wa-misbúhu-n-núri-l-lámi'.—On Divination, by El-Bistámí. Transcribed
A.H. 1102= A.D. 1691. 8vo. See D'Herbelot (Bastham), I. 377; (Thalahah), III. 476. Kemálu-d-dín, Abú Sálim, ibn Talihah, al Bistámí, is the author's name, according to D'Herbelot.
Al Arba 'íniyyah wa-l llisch.
Commentary on the Arba 'íniyyah, or Forty Questions, of Borhánu-h-dín Hojjetu-l-islám.
in Niskhí characters; the points being often omitted. i. A Treatise on Arithmetic, divided into a Mokaddemah (Introduction) and two Sciences
(Fenneïn). The second chapter contains the Arithmetic of Fractions. The Second Part,
The Mokaddemal contains two Sections: 1. On Arithmetic, its data ; Numbers, and their divisions. Arithmetic,” it says, “is the science which teaches methods of bringing out unknown from given known quantities.” The 21 Section treats of the forms of numbers, and their ranks, as determined by the Indian sages. The nine digits are there given.
Risáleh Fí 'Ilmi-l Jefr :
Risáleh fí’ilmi-l jefr.-- A Cabalistical and Astrological Treatise; “the conception of which began in the first hour of the second day of the third decade of the fourth month of the fifth period of the First Age, and of the second decade of the Flight (Hijrah) of the Lord of Created Beings,” &c.; and its transcription was finished on the 29th of Ramazán, A.H. 1083=A.D. 1673, at Medinah. Ill written.
The first page is more modern than the following ones; but of considerable age, as is manifest from the numerals in the inner margin, which shew that the second leaf is wanting.
It consists of a Mokaddemah (Introduction), Twelve Gates (Báb) or Chapters, and a Conclusion (Khátimeh).