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Norwood, Richard

Huygens, Christianus Hyginus, C. Julius

Lindenau, Bernard von
Littrow, J. J.
Locke, Richard
Lubbock, John William
Ludlam, William
Lynn, Thomas
Lyons, Israel

Oriani, Barnabas Oughtred, William Ozanam, James

Ideler, Ludwig Inman, James Innes, Robert Isaac, Rabbi Ivory, James

Jack, Richard
Jaman, J.
Jamieson, Alexander
Jephson, Thomas
Johnson, Manuel John
Johnson, Thomas
Juan, Jorge
Julius, Sextus

Pagnini, Giov.
Pappus Alexandrinus
Parker, B.
Pascal, A. J. E.
Peacock, George
Pearson, William
Pemberton, Henry
Pevraud, F.
Piazzi, Giuseppe
Playfair, John
Pluche, Anthony
Poisson, D. S.
Pond, John
Pontécoulant, G. de
Powell, Baden
Prony, G. C. F. R.
Ptolomæus, Claudius
Ptolomæus Parvus

Machin, John Mackay, Andrew Mackenzie, George Maclaurin, Colin Mädler, John Henry Mairan, I. J. d'Ortous Mallet. Frederic Manilius, Marcus Maraldi, J. D. Margetts, George Martin, Benjamin Martine, George Henry Mascheroni, L. Maseres, Francis Maskelyne, Nevil Mason, Charles Matthew, Edward Maupertuis, P. L. M. Mayer, Tobias Metius, Adrian Molières, J. P. de Molyneux, William Monnier, M. de Montucla, J. Moore, James Morgan, Silvanus Moxon, Joseph Mudge, William Munster, Sebastian

Kaiser, F.
Kater, Henry
Keill, John
Kelly, Patrick
Kepler, John
Kersey, John
King, Philip Parker
Kircher, Athanasius

Quadri, Lodovico Giov. Quetelet, A.

Lacaille, N. L. Lahire, Philip Lalande, Jerome de La Grange, J. L. Lamy, R. P. Bernard Laplace, P. S. Lardner, Dionysius Larkin, N. J. Lax, William Legendre, Adr. Marie Leibnitz, Got. Gul. Leontius Mechanicus Lexell, Andrea Joh. Leybourn, Thomas Lilly, William

Raper, Henry Raphael, Rabbi Raphson, Jos. Regiomonte, Joannes de Riddle, Edward Rieger, Christian Rigaud, P. S. Rios, Jos. de Mendoza Robins, Benjamin Robinson, Pollingrove Rohault, J. Ross, Alexander Rumker, Charles Rutherforth, J.

Newton, Isaac Newton, John Newton, Thomas Nicholson, W.

Sturmy, Samuel
Sturmius, J. C.
Svanberg, Jöns
Switzer, Stephen
Sykes, Dr.

Tacquet, Andreas
Taylor, Brook
Tavlor, Joseph
Taylor, Michael
Theodorus Gaza
Theon Smyrnaus
Thomson, David
Tilloch, Alexander
Toaldi, Giuseppe

Sabine, Edward
Sacrobosco, Johannes de
Sapidus, J.
Savilius, Hen.
Scheubelius, Jo.
Schotti, Gaspar
Schöner, Johannes
Schulten, N. G.
Schumacher, H. C.
Sédillot, J. J.
Shepherd, Professor
Sherwin, Henry
Shuckburgh, George
Simms, Fred. W.
Simson, R.
Simpson, T.
Smith, Robert
Smith, James
Smyth, William Henry
Snellius, Willebordus
Solinus, C. Julius
Somerville, Mary
South, James
Sprat, Thomas
Squire, Jane
Squire, Thomas
Stellati, M. Pal.
Stone, Edmund
Stoeffler, M.
Streete, Thomas
Struve, F. G. W.

Walker, Ralph
Wallis, John
Ward, John
Ward, Seth
Waring, Edward
Watts, J.
Weidler, J. F.
Wells, John
Wharton, George
Whewell, William
Whiston, William
Whitehurst, John
Wilkins, John
Wilson, B.
Wilkström, Anders
Wing, Vincent
Wingate, Edmund
Wollaston, Francis
Wood, James
Woodhouse, Robert
Woodward, John
Worthington, William
Wotton, William
Wright, J. F. M.

Ulloa, Antonio de
Ulugh Beigh

Velschius, M.
Vieta, Francis
Villemer, Pierre
Vince, Samuel
Vlacq, Adrian
Voltaire, F. Arouet de
Vossius, Gerard John
Vossius, Isaac
Vulliamy, B. L.

Ximenes, Leonardo

Young, Thomas

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These are the authors of the greater portion of the printed books; but there are also some valuable manuscripts on mathematical and scientific subjects. Of these it may only be necessary to place before the reader a few of the Arabic, Persian, and Turkish works which Dr. Lee purchased in the Levant; in obtaining many of which he had the assistance of the estimable and regretted Burckhardt. In this selection the task has been easy enough, the titles having been accurately translated, with lucid comments, by that learned Orientalist and critical Classic scholar, the Reverend George Cecil Renouard, the highly-prized and long-tried friend of both Dr. Lee and myself:

Rakiyiku-l hakúyik fi kisubi-d-direj wa-l dakúyik.- A Treatise on the Calculation of Degrees and

Minutes, by Mohammed Sabt-al-Márdíní. Transcribed A.H. 944=A.D. 1538. 8vo. Abú 'Abdu-llah Shamsu-d-din Mohammed, surnamed Sabtu-l Márdíní, was a great lawyer, as well as an astronomer. He died A.H. 788= A.D. 1386.

Sherhi-t-tedhkireh.- A Commentary on the Astronomical Memorabilia of Naşíru-d-dín et Túsí, by Al Jorjání. Finished A.H. 811=A.D. 1408. 8vo.

8vo. This copy has been carefully corrected. According to D'Herbelot, Al Jorjání died in A.II. 810= A.D. 1407 ; (Tadhkerat al Nassiriat, III. 378.) He is called Al Seyyid, al Sherif, 'Ali ibn Mohammed (Tayrid al Kelam, III. 385), Abú Hasan, or Hosaïn, born A.H. 740= A.D. 1340; died at Shíráz, A.H. 816= A.D. 1413.

Al Wasilah beïni-l-talabah.— A Treatise on Arithmetic and Algebra, abridged by Ibnu-l Khátim, from the Ma'eínah of Manşúr el Hatat el Túsí, with an Italian version.

The Arabic text was copied from a MS. (No. 327 in Assemanni's Catalogue of the Laurentian Library at Florence), written by Ibnu-l Khátim A.H. 762=A.D. 1360, at Jerusalem.

Ziju-l Mukhtúr.

Az-ziju-l mukhtár mina-l azyúji-l mufili bi-l 'ámili bedi ilą audahi tarikatin, wa minhájum 'alu-t-tamimi wa-l kemali; wa-l hamdu li-lláhi 'ala kulli hálin. Tumma, i. e. A Table selected from Tables which open the path to the beginner in his search for the clearest way and the high road to completeness and perfection in Astronomy). Praise be to God in every state! Finis. The book is divided into two sections ; the first having 45; the second, a great number of Tables of the Planets, from Ibn Yúnis.

The work is dated, in the colophon, Saturday, 13th Shawwál, 1007 = A.D. May 1599.
This

copy appears to have belonged to the Library of Ahmed al Damanhúrí, superior of the Faķírs in the Mosque El Azhar, at Caïro; and title-page, and fol. 192.

=

Kitibi-l lam’ah halli-1 kawikibi-s-sel ah.

The Book of Flashing, for the Solution [of Problems) respecting the Seven Stars," by Ahmed ibn Gholámi-llah, ibn Ahmed, surnamed El Kúmu-l-reïshí, Time-keeper in the Cathedral of Muayyad [at ķáhirah.]

Ahmed ibn Gholám says, that having written a work entitled Noz-hatu-l-khátir fi talkhisi ziji ibni-sh-Shutir, i.e. “ The delight of the heart in the Explanation of the Tables of Ibnush-Shátir," he abridged it in this work.

No date; but of considerable antiquity: chiefly astronomical tables.

Tractatus Astronomici, Arabice. i. An Introduction to the Knowledge and Use of the Astrolabe, by ’Azzu-d-dín Yusuf, el Zinjáfi.

Finished A.II. 790= A.D. 1387. j. On the Art of finding the Zenith in every Altitude, 8c.; the Declination of Places from each

other, 8c. Extracted from some Treatises on the Astrolabe. ii A Table for finding the Place of the Sun and Moon in any of the Signs of the Zodiac. iv. A Table of the Longitude and Latitude of various Places : (the Longitude reckoned from the

Fortunate Islands), viz. Mekkah, Baghdad, Basrah, El Mausil, Istánbúl, Arz-Rúm (sic), Misr (i. e. Al-káhirah), Beïtu-l Makdes (Jerusalem), El Hasá (Lahsá, or El Ahsá), El ķatif, Tebríz, Dimeshk, Şaïdá, Ganjah, Tiflis, Shamákhí, Isfahán, Haleb (Aleppo), Nisíbín,

Sinjár, Rás’Aïn (sic), Márdín, ’A'nah, El Rahabeh, Tekrít, Erbil (Arbela). V. Al Safilatu li emkáni resemihá’ala Şafihatin min safáyihi-l Asterlúb.

A Tablet for the places drawn on one of the sides of the Astrolabe.

“A wonderful Treatise on the Astrolabe, as it is noted in the margin of the first page." vi. A Treatise on the Sphere, and the use of it. Docketed in the same Ta’líķ hand as above,

“ This is an approved Treatise on the Sphere, from the words of Habash, the Calculator. It

is an explanation of the Heaven and Earth; an explanation of the North and South.” vii. Risáletu-l fat-húyetu fi-l á máli-l jeïbiyeti ; i. e. a Treatise explaining the use of Sines, by

the Sheikh Bedru-d-dín Mohammed Sabt el Márdíní. viii. A Treatise on the Use of the Quadrants marked with (al Moķanțerát) Circles parallel with the

Horizon. By Abú-l 'Abbás Alimed el Majdí. ix. A Metrical Catalogue of the Stars ; in Arabic. By Abú ’Alí, son (najl) of Abú-l Hoseïn el

Súfí, dedicated to Abú-l Ma'álí Fekhru-d-din Shahinsháh. The Metre is

Mustaf'ilun (twice) Maf'úlun. |

1-vul Abú’Alí, author of this work, refers to a larger work on the same subject, by his father,

Abú-l Hoseïn el Şútí, who was probably the celebrated Astronomer Abdu-r-rahmán ibn
’Omar ibn Sehel Abú-l Husein, el Súfi, who died A.H. 376= A.D. 986. (Abu-'l Faraj
Hist. Dynast. I. 214, II. 325.) He was patronized by ’Azzudu-d-daulah, Sultán of the
Arabian 'Irák. Fakhru-d-dín, here named, therefore, may have been his brother, Fakru-d-

daulah, who reigned over the Persian 'Irák from A.H. 373 to A.H. 387= A.D. 983–997. On the blank leaf at the end there is a charm; with directions, in Turkish, how to use it in

order to procure a pleasant dream. These tracts are all neatly written in the Niskhí hand, by the same transcriber, and are

probably not a century old.

a

Takwimu-l Makdesi.

Kitábu Takwimi’alá-l kauli kawánini-l kulliyeti wa-l ahkámi-l mufassalati fi hádhihi-s-sanatish-shemsiyeti.— A Book of the Calendar according to the general Rules and the Determinations for this Solar Year.

S

An Almanack for the Solar Year, beginning on the 21st of Dhi-l ka’dah, A.H. 1082=20th of March 1672.

At the end is written, in the hand of the possessor :-“Calculated by the poorest of the servants of his Exalted Lord, 'Abdu-llah ibn Ahmed, el Makdesí, el Hanbalí. May God pardon him, his parents, his ancestors, and whomsoever shall look into it!”

The impression of a seal below shews that the calculator mentioned above was possessor of the book. It is El Fakir ’Abdu-llah ibn Ahmed, el Makdesí (the Dervish 'Abdu-llah, son of Ahmed, of Jerusalem.)

Kitábu-l jefru-l jámi' wa-misbúhu-n-núri-l-lámi'.—On Divination, by El-Bistámí. Transcribed

A.H. 1102= A.D. 1691. 8vo. See D'Herbelot (Bastham), I. 377; (Thalahah), III. 476. Kemálu-d-dín, Abú Sálim, ibn Talihah, al Bistámí, is the author's name, according to D'Herbelot.

Al Arba 'íniyyah wa-l llisch.
i. Sheri-l nukáati-l durúriyyet wa'l arba 'íniyyet li Borhánu-d-dín Hojjetu-l islám.— A

Commentary on the Arba 'íniyyah, or Forty Questions, of Borhánu-h-dín Hojjetu-l-islám.
The last pages are wanting, the thirty-seventh being the last question treated of. Ill written

in Niskhí characters; the points being often omitted. i. A Treatise on Arithmetic, divided into a Mokaddemah (Introduction) and two Sciences

(Fenneïn). The second chapter contains the Arithmetic of Fractions. The Second Part,
Fenn, or the Branches of Arithmetic, comprehending Mensuration of Bodies, with four
Mokaddemals or Appendices. Transcribed by its possessor, Jemál ibn Nizamu-d-dín, in
the middle of Jumadhi-l Askher, A.H. 803= A.D. 1401, in the Medreseh (College) of
in the city of Sultániyyeh. A small part of the beginning is wanting. In the Ta’líķ hand;
ill written, and the points generally omitted: the latter part is dreadfully worm-eaten.

The Mokaddemal contains two Sections: 1. On Arithmetic, its data ; Numbers, and their divisions. Arithmetic,” it says, “is the science which teaches methods of bringing out unknown from given known quantities.” The 21 Section treats of the forms of numbers, and their ranks, as determined by the Indian sages. The nine digits are there given.

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Risáleh 'Ilmi-l Jefr :

Risáleh fí’ilmi-l jefr.-- A Cabalistical and Astrological Treatise; “the conception of which began in the first hour of the second day of the third decade of the fourth month of the fifth period of the First Age, and of the second decade of the Flight (Hijrah) of the Lord of Created Beings,” &c.; and its transcription was finished on the 29th of Ramazán, A.H. 1083=A.D. 1673, at Medinah. Ill written.

The first page is more modern than the following ones; but of considerable age, as is manifest from the numerals in the inner margin, which shew that the second leaf is wanting.

It consists of a Mokaddemah (Introduction), Twelve Gates (Báb) or Chapters, and a Conclusion (Khátimeh).

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