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I that did lend, and yearly spend,

Thousands out of my purse-a ;
And gave the King, O wondrous thing,

At once a hundred horse-a.

And he wished to make out that this dashing body, as with Pecksniff's steed in our times, was “all action and no go.

From the Life of Suckling, published by the Rev. Alfred Suckling in 1836, it is clear that the knight was grossly misrepresented. He wrote from the Trent side, whither he had led his company of splendid horsemen, that the war was in the state of that portion of the twenty-four hours which we can neither call night nor day. He believed the political question to be, rather, king or no king, than bishop or no bishop. The cavalry was commanded by Lord Holland, “fitter for a show than for a field," who ordered the retreat of Dunse without striking a blow. Mennis's ballad owed its popularity to Suckling's being obnoxious to the Parliamentarians; for it is certain he was in such general high repute, that he continued to enjoy the King's favour, and remained with the army till the negociation with the Scotch was effected. Yet the scurrilous ballad is thus closed :

And now there is peace, he's return’d to increase

His money, which lately he spent-a,
But his lost honour must still lie in the dust,

At Barwick away it went-a.

But the disputed verse! After I had in vain searched for it in the British Museum, and elsewhere, the subject was brought forward by some of Mr. Thoms's correspondents, in the periodical named “Notes and Queries.” It was suggested that the navy surveyor might have borrowed the hint-fo being his was not questioned—from a work called “ Apophthegmes, &c. gathered and compiled in Latine by the right famous Clerke, Maister Erasmus, of Roteradame. And now translated into Englyshe by Nicolas Udall, 1542:” in which the couplet is thus expressed :


That same man, that renneth awaie,
Maie again fight, an other daie.

This work and its translation were published early enough for both Mennis and Butler to have seen, had it been necessary to borrow an image which must have been common for ages. Where Erasmus first picked up his story it matters not, for the passage is cited as a well-known proverb in the Noctes Attica of Aulus Gellius. But nil sub sole nocum. In the “ Apophth. liber iv. Demosthenes Orator,” Erasmus shews that, in his judgment, it was a common saying many ages ago : “Demosthenes clypeo suo literis aureis inscripserat ayati tuxn,

Túxn id est, Bona Fortuna. Attamen cuum ad pugnam ventum esset, illico projecto clypeo aufugit. Id quum illi probro daretur, quod siy armis esset, elusit vulgato versiculo :

'Ανήρ δε φεύγων και πάλιν μαχήσεται,

il est,

Vir qui fugit, rursum integrabit prælium

judicans utilius esse patriæ fugere, quam in prælio mori. Mortuus enim non pugnat, at qui fuga quæsivit salutem, potest in multis præliis patriæ usui fuisse.” This will answer for an age of one thousand two hundred years. Need we penetrate further into Ogygian mist for authority ?


Having, in our tour of the rooms, merely passed through the library, we will now return for a more deliberate view, as its contents are of considerable importance to the adjoining observatory; of which a separate description must be given. In doing this, the reader shall not be detained with the paintings of old astronomers, the various busts, nor the portraits of Dr. Lee's learned friends; but an exception may possibly be made in favour of the fine marble bust of the immortal Newton, sculptured for the Doctor from the well-known one by Roubilliac in Trinity College, Cambridge. The large bust of Laplace, which was kindly forwarded by Madame Laplace with another copy for the Bedford Observatory, also merits mention; and, though the names of other gentlemen be omitted as lesser lights, the busts of Mrs. Somerville and Mrs. Smyth, with the portrait of Miss Herschel, should be noticed in deference to the fair sex. These, however, as above said, shall not retard our progress; the return to this spacious room being to catch a glance at its more scientific furniture.

Perhaps the magnificent terrestrial globe, five feet in diameter, with a polaraxis mounting, which graces the south bay-window, as well as the celestial globes near it, might merit a particular record, were it not that every suitable visiter is tolerably well acquainted with their uses. There is also a very elegant and efficient instrument called a Jupiter's Satellitian, invented by the late Dr. Pearson, , and made for him by Fayrer; as well as an excellent Tellurian and Lunarian, by the same persevering astronomer, in which the motions given to the Earth and Moon, as well as those of the inferior planets, Venus and Mercury, are, with extremely well-arranged wheel-work, driven by a watch movement. These instruments have been so fully described by Nicholson, Brewster, and Dr. Pearson himself—by the latter in Rees's Cyclopædia, as to require no further mention. Proceed we therefore to the books.

It should be remarked, that, from the union of the Hartwell, Colworth, and Totteridge libraries, together with the constant additions which have been made by Dr. Lee, the collection is very extensive and valuable. It comprises, in a word, all the best works in the ancient and modern languages in every department of intellectual culture; as well in divinity, history, and law, as in poetry, belles lettres, fine arts, antiquities, natural history, and voyages and travels. Hence the accumulation has been so great, that Dr. Lee has been driven to distribute his books in classes among the various apartments of the house; and, besides those in the principal bedrooms, there is a suite of six airy attics devoted to that object. But our present attention must be directed only to the graver order of books before us; for, since the observatory has been attached, this room has become the principal depositary of ready reference and mental aid for that establishment.

The portion of the library now treated of, consists therefore of mathematical and philosophical works in their various forms and applications, both English and Foreign, from the earliest period to the present time; among which are many of rare occurrence. The astronomical branch-with its dependent mathematics, optics, and mechanics-is especially rich, both in standard publications and periodicals: there are moreover copies of the best sidereal atlases; astronomical observations and catalogues of the Observatories of Greenwich, Cambridge, Oxford, Edinburgh, Göttingen, Dorpat, Madras, Cadiz, and the Cape of Good Hope ; and the transactions of Academical Societies in London, Paris, Berlin, St. Petersburg, Turin, Leipsig, Philadelphia, and other places. It may therefore aid consultation to give an alphabetical roll of the host of authors in this scientific treasury :

Adams, George
Airy, George Biddell
Apollonius Pergaus
Arago, F. I. D.
Aratus Solensis
Archimedes Syracusanus
Argelander, F. G. A.
Argoli, Andreas
Aristarchus Samius
Assemanni, Simon
Atwood, George

Barrow, Isaac
Bartholini, Erasmus
Baselli, C. G. A
Baxter, Andrew
Beaufoy, Mark
Beccaria, Giambatista
Beer, William
Belidor, Bernard
Benese, Syr Rycharile
Berkeley, George
Bernouilli, Daniel
Bernouilli, John
Berthoud, Ferdinand
Bessel, F. W.
Bion, Nicolas
Biot, Jean Baptiste
Bisset, Charles
Blagrave, John
Blanchino, Francisco
Bland, Miles
Bode, John Elert
Bonnycastle, John
Borelli, Pietro

Boscovich, R. J.
Bossut, Charles
Boyle, Robert
Bradley, James
Brahe, Tycho
Brent, Charles
Brewster, David
Bridge, Benj.
Briggs, Henry
Brisbane, Thomas MacDougal
Brinkley, John
Bryan, Margaret
Burckhardt, J. C.
Burg, M. de
Burnet, T.

Babbage, Charles
Bacon, Francis
Bagay, V.
Bagwell, William
Baily, Francis
Bailly, John Sylvanus
Baker, Henry
Bamfield, Samuel
Barlow, Peter
Barret, John
Barriffe, William

Cacciatore, Nicolò
Cagnoli, Antonio
Calandrelli, Giuseppe
Calemand, M. N.
Callet, François
Carnot, L. M. N.
Carr, Rev. John

Dutens, M. L.

Cassani, P. Joseph
Cassini, James
Cassini, M. le Comte de
Cavalieri, Bonaventura
Cerquero, José Sanchez
Chagim, Elias
Chapman, Frederic
Churchman, John
Clairaut, Alexis
Claridge, John
Clarke, John
Clavius, Christopher
Coddington, Henry
Colson, Nathaniel
Condorcet, M. I. A. N. C.
Copernicus, Nicholas
Costard, George
Cotes, Roger
Cowper, Spencer
Creswell, Daniel

Earnshaw, Thomas
Eichstadius, Laurentius
Emerson, William
Encke, J. F.
Englefield, Henry C.
Epps, James
Everard, Thomas
Euclid Alexandrinus
Euler, Leonard

Fagard, M.
Ferguson, James
Férussac, Andr.
Firmici, Julius
Flamsteed, John
Focard, Jacques
Foliani, Ludovico
Fontenelle, B. de
Forster, William
Foster, Samuel
Frampton, John
Francoeur, L. B.
Franklin, Benjamin
Frend, William
Frisius, Gemma R.
Frontinus, Sextus Julius
Fuentes, Alonzo de

D'Alembert, Jean Leroud Dalley, Isaac Damoiseau, M. C. T. De Chales, C. F. M. Delambre, J. B. I. Dell, John De Morgan, Augustus Derham, W. Desagulieres, J. T. Desargues, M. Descartes, Renatus Digges, Thomas Dionysius Periegetes Ditton, Humphrey Dobrzensky, Jacobo Dollond, John Domekius, G. P. Doppel, Maier Dunn, Samuel Dunthorne, Richard Duræus, Samuel

Granville, A. B.
Graves, J.
Gravesande, W. J. le s'
Gregory, David
Gregory, Olinthus
Groombridge, Stephen
Gunter, Edmund

Halley, Edmund
Halma, N. B.
Hamilton, Hugh
Hansen, C. A.
Hansen, P A. von
Harding, C. L.
Harris, John
Harris, James
Harrison, John
Hartzill, M.
Harvey, Richard
Hassler, F. R.
Hawksbee, Francis
Heath, Robert
Hell, Maximilian
Helsham, Richard
Henderson, Thomas
Herschel, Caroline
Herschel, William
Herschel, John F. W.
Hermann, Jacobus de Regio-

Hevelius, John
Higgins, Bryan
Hill, John
Hind, J. R.
Hirsch, Meyer
Hobbs, Thomas
Hodgson, James
Horsley, Samuel
Hook, Robert
Huff, Philo
Humboldt, Alexander von
Hutton, Charles

Gadbury, John Galileo, Galilei Gans, David Gassendi, Peter Gauss, Charles Frederic Gilbertus, Guillelmus Gérard, Albert Goad, J. Goldingham, John Gompertz, Benjamin Good, J. Goudin, M. B.

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