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TREATIES AND EXECUTIVE

AND EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS

HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-THIRD CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. J. Res. 1
PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION OF
THE UNITED STATES RELATIVE TO THE MAKING

OF TREATIES AND EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS

AND

S. J. Res. 43
PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION OF
THE UNITED STATES, RELATING TO THE LEGAL

EFFECT OF CERTAIN TREATIES

FEBRUARY 18, 19, 25, MARCH 4, 10, 16, 27, 31,

APRIL 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, AND 11, 1953

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1953

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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota, Chairman ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin

PAT MCCARRAN, Nevada WILLIAM E. JENNER, Indiana

HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virginia ARTHUR V. WATKINS, Utah

JAMES 0. EASTLAND, Mississippi ROBERT C. HENDRICKSON, New Jersey ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois WILLIS SMITH, North Carolina HERMAN WELKER, Idaho

OLIN D. JOHNSTON, South Carolina JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER, Maryland THOMAS C. HENNING S, JR., Missouri

SUBCOMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS

WILLIAM LANGER, North Dakota, Chairman
EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN, Illinois HARLEY M. KILGORE, West Virginia
JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER, Maryland ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee

WAYNE H. SMITHEY, Subcommittee Counsel

II

C

CONTENTS

Page

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... Dana Converse, Association of the Bar of the City of New

190 -

cm. Bernard, B'nai B'rith..

253

BY Louella Miller, legislative associate, American Association

bilersity Women.

602

in Charles F., Jr., executive-secretary, Board of World Peace,

l'. **ist Church.

378

By Hon. John W., a United States Senator from Ohio..

2

*****. Hon. Herbert, Jr., Attorney General of the United States.- 901
George P., international representative, American Federation

1082

Eberhard P., member, committee on peace and law, American

ciation...

115

2. P, Adin M., assistant legislative representative, Veterans of
Wars of the United States.

289
1. John Foster, Secretary of State of the United States.. 823
8., Edward, attorney, Uniontown, Pa...

364
den F., General Counsel, Department of Commerce - 1035, 1077

Abert I., meinber, board of directors, American Association
for Critei Vations.

650
* Fuer, Clark, executive director, American Association for

1. inent of the United Nations.

745

2. Budolph, international representative, International Associa-
Machinists, AFL...

779
- lis. Verwyn, Afton, N. Y.

176
tire A., Sr., member, committee on peace and law, American
hociation

1104
1. Mrs. Enid H., vice-president, the National Economic
Ille...

174
lemont, member, committee on peace and law, American

bei Asciation....

83

- L. Roy, secretary, executive committee of the National

527
*, Frank E., past president, American Bar Association. 129, 1216
*17. Mrs. Ernest W., legislative chairman, the Wheel of Progress- 19

Miles D., director, national legislative commission, the

ca: Legion, Washington, D. C.--

285

b. t.ger, General Counsel, Department of Defense

951

*, Jacob, past president, American Bar Association.

629

*** V. William D., national defense chairman, National Society

alen Ergland Women.

17

2 UN James C., executive secretary, National Society,

ers of the American Revolution..

171

Na Maj. Gen. Melvin, USMC (retired), Military Order of the

947

Carence, former dean of College of Law, University of

809

a. Will, general counsel, American Jewish Congress-

305

**, W. L. representing Chamber of Commerce of the United

530
HAS, Frederick C., committee on national affairs of New York

591

James G., member, Association of the Bar of the City of

368

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Statement of-Continued

Nash, Hon. Frank C., Assistant Secretary for Defense, Department

of Defense

Ober, Frank B., member, committee on peace and law, American Bar

Association,

Oliver, Covey T., professor of international law, University of

California

Parker, Hon. John J., judge, United States Circuit Court of Appeals

(Fourth Circuit)

Pearson, Theodore, chairman, committee on Federal legislation, Asso-

ciation of the Bar of the City of New York..

Perlman, Philip B., former Solicitor General of the United States..

Phillips, Hon. Orie L., chief judge, United States Court of Appeals

(Tenth Circuit)

984, 11

Rhyne, Charles S., representing Chamber of Commerce of the United

States

Rix, Carl, past president, American Bar Association..

75, 1

Sanders, J. T., legislative counsel, National Grange..

Schein, Ernest, chairman, committee on international law, District of

Columbia Bar Association.

Schweppe, Alfred J., chairman, committee on peace and law, Ameri-

can Bar Association..

33, 1186, 12

Scott, Rev. De Loss M., pastor, National Tabernacle of Washington,

D.C..

Stassen, Hon. Harold E., Director, Mutual Security Agency

10

Tuttle, Elbert P., General Counsel, Department of the Treasury

Tweed, Harrison, attorney, New York City -

Watt, 'James, manager, Washington office, Christian Science Com-

mittee on Publication..

Whatley, David, attorney, Washington, D. C.

11

Williams, George W., attorney, Baltimore, Md.

Wright, Quincy, international law faculty, University of Chicago - €

Statements submitted by-

Air Transport Association of America.

7

Americans for Democratic Action..

Castle, W. R., Washington, D. C..

11

Conference of State Manufacturers Association...

7

Coon, Hon. Sam, Member of the House of Representatives, Second
District, Oregon.

11
Curtis, Merritt B., national secretary, National Sojourners, Inc.- 2
Daniel, Hon. Price, a United States Senator from the State of Texas..
Delaney, George P., international representative, American Federation
of Labor.

3

Durkin, Hon. Martin P., Secretary of Labor of the United States. 10

Ferman, Irving, director, Washington, D. C., office, American Civil

Liberties Union.-

Kyle, John M. De Witt, III, president, National Defense League of

America..

7

Lawyers Committee of the United World Federalists, Inc.

Lull, Dr. George F., secretary and general manager, American Medical

Association.

Lynn, John C., legislative director, American Farm Bureau Federation.
McDonough, Gordon L., Member of the House of Representatives,
15th District, California..

119

Murphy, Ray, former national commander, American Legion.

National Association of Manufacturers..

59

O'Neill, C. William, attorney general of the State of Ohio, in behalf

of the National Association of Attorneys General.

6

Potofsky, Jacob S., Congress of Industrial Organizations -

59

Redmond, Paul A., president, Southern States Industrial Council.. 70

Roche, Prof. John P., Friends Committee on National Legislation. 74

Schwartzberg, Hugh, national chairman, Collegiate Council for the

United Nations...

74

Singer, Max, Students for Democratic Action

74.

Steuben Society of America, National Council.

74

Strackbein, 0. R., chairman, National Labor-Management Council

on Foreign Trade Policy---

69

N లు ARE

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58

el sketch of Frank E. Holman.

drvanizations and associations supporting constitutional

iment on treaties and executive agreements.

Ingi Vir. Veal Stanford appearing in the January 26, 1953, issue

***** Christian Science Monitor

3.9. f committee on Federal legislation and committee on inter-
"*" a la w of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York

ta*e Joint Resolution 130, 82d Congress
*** of Rev. Claude Bunzel at Ninth Annual State Convention,
4-rican Council of Christian Churches of California, November 6,

235

257

276

294

299

302

314

321

375
414

13.

521
557

566

593

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