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(2) it is the sense of the House of Representa

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tives that the United States should

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(A) make a top concern the immediate re

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lease, legal status, and humanitarian needs of

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Father Nguyen Van Ly, Nguyen Van Dai, and

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Father Ly, Nguyen Van Dai, and Le Thi Cong

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(D) make clear to the Government of Viet

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nam that it must adhere to the rule of law and

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(E) make clear to the Government of Viet

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nam that the detention of Father Ly, Nguyen

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Van Dai, Le Thi Cong Nhan, and other polit

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short-term detentions, long-term house deten

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tions, and arrests of religious leaders and reli

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gious-motivated rights defenders and activists, re-impose on Vietnam the country of particular

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concern (CPC) designation, which was removed

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on November, 13, 2006, for severe and ongoing

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violations of the freedoms of thought, con

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science, religion, and belief in Vietnam;

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(G) make clear to the Government of Viet

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nam that the norms and responsibilities of joining the international community are not fully realized in Vietnam's WTO membership, and

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that the issues of the freedoms of speech, as

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sembly, association, and the right of due proc

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ess are essential for a healthy trade and busi

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ness climate; and

•HRES 243 IH

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(H) in order to advance these freedoms

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and rights, and to strengthen the long-term re

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AMENDMENT IN THE NATURE OF A SUBSTITUTE

TO H. RES. 243

OFFERED BY MR. Smith

Strike the preamble and insert the following:

Whereas, on February 18, 2007, Vietnamese police raided the

parish house of Father Nguyen Van Ly and confiscated computers, telephones, more than 100 mobile phone cards, and more than 200 kilograms of documents;

Whereas the police moved Father Ly to the remote location

of Ben Cui in central Vietnam, where he is under house arrest;

Whereas Father Ly is a former prisoner of conscience, having

spent a total of over 13 years in prison since 1983 for his advocacy of religious freedom and democracy in Viet

nam;

Whereas Father Ly is an advisor of "Block 8406", a democ

racy movement that started in April 2006 when hundreds of people throughout Vietnam signed public petitions call

ing for democracy and human rights; Whereas Father Ly is also an advisor of a new political

party, the Vietnam Progression Party, and one of the primary editors of "Freedom of Speech" magazine;

Whereas, on March 6, 2007, Vietnamese police arrested one

of Vietnam's few practicing human rights lawyers, Nguyen Van Dai, who has defended individuals arrested for their human rights and religious activities, is the cofounder of the Committee for Human Rights in Vietnam,

H.L.C.

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and is one of the principal organizers of the Block 8406 democracy movement;

Whereas, on March 6, 2007, Vietnamese police also arrested

Le Thi Cong Nhan, a human rights lawyer, a member of "Block 8406”, the principal spokesperson for the Progression Party, and a founder of the Vietnamese Labor Movement;

Whereas Father Ly, Nguyen Van Dai, and Le Thi Cong

Nhan have been charged with disseminating propaganda against the Socialist Republic of Vietnam under article 88 of the Penal Code;

Whereas Father Ly was tried and convicted on March 30,

2007 and sentenced to 8 years in prison;

Whereas if convicted, Nguyen Van Dai and Le Thi Cong each

could be sentenced to up to 20 years in prison;

Whereas Le Quoc Quan is a lawyer who traveled to the

United States in September 2006 to research civil society development as a Reagan-Fascell Fellow at the National Endowment for Democracy;

Whereas Le Quoc Quan returned to Vietnam in early March

2007 and was arrested by Hanoi police on March 8, 2007;

Whereas Le Quoc Quan has been charged under Article 79

of the Penal Code which prohibits activities aimed at overthrowing the Government and carries extremely severe prison terms and even the death penalty;

Whereas in none of their activities have Father Ly, Nguyen

Van Dai, Le Thi Cong Nhan, or Le Quoc Quan advocated or engaged in violence;

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