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G. GENERAL NATURAL HISTORY AND ZOOLOGY.......(clxxvii) 305

(a.) ZOOLOGY IN GENERAL.

General: Origin of Animal Forms, 305; Living Animals Corresponding

to those of Prehistoric Ages, 308; Antiquity of the Caverns and Cavern

Life of the Ohio Valley, 309; Discovery of Animal Remains in the Lignite

Beds of the Saskatchewan District, 311; Fauna of the Mammoth Cave,

313; Fossils in the Coal-measures of Ohio, 308; Vertebrates found in the

Deposits of the Eocene Lake in New Mexico, 322; Extinct Animals in

Rodriguez, 353; Another Link Connecting Birds and Reptiles, 357.-

Taxidermy: New Mode of Embalming, 310; Restoring the Red Color of

Alcoholic Preparations, 312.

(b.) FAUNAS.

Fauna of the Caspian, 351.

(C.) ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY.

The Skeleton : The Agency of Atmospheric Pressure in Causing the Union

of the Joints of the Human Body, 314.-The Nervous System: The Func-

tions of certain Canals in the Ear of Man and the Mammalia, 311; Leucithine

and Cerebrine, 316; Change of Color in the Chameleon, 353; Influence of

Temperature on Nervous Sensibility, 355; Comparatively Small Brain in

Extinct Animals, 356.-The Digestive, Secretive, and Respiratory Sye-

tems: The Intestinal Secretions, 310; Acid of the Gastric Juice, 315; Re-

searches on the Secretion of Honey, 316; New Substance in Urine,

320; on the Evaporation from the Human Skin, 321; Wind Pressures

in the Human Chest, 317.-The Circulation : Gases in the Coagulation

of the Blood, 317; the Diameter of the Red Globules of Blood, 318; the

Gases of the Blood, 318; the Pigment Scales of the Blood, 319.-Em-

bryology: The Cell-structure of Organic Tissues, 306; Electric Currents

and the Fertilized Eggs of Frogs, 316; is Sex Distinguishable in Egs-

shells? 320; Sex in the Embryo, 358.--General: Influence of the Roots

of Living Vegetables upon Putrefaction, 307; the Physiological Action of

Light, 315.

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(d) ANTHROPOLOGY. (cli)

General: Mental Ability of Different Races, 321; Boyd Dawkins's “Cave

Hunting," 324; the Antiquity of Human Remains, 331; Artificial Deforma-

tion of Teeth, 356.-Man in the Old World : Cranial Amulets, 332; Stone

Arrow in a Human Tibia, 355; a Strange Race of People Discovered in

India, 323 ; Human Figure Engraved on Reindeer llorn from the Cave of

Laroche - Berthier, 325; the Lowest of Known Human Forms, 326; Pre-

historic Remains found near Schaffhausen, 327; Efficiency of Ancient

Weapons, 328; Ancient Wells near Ashill, England, 330; the Semangs, a

Primitive Race in India, 331; Origin and True Character of Certain Stone

Weapons, 333; Crania-Ethnica--the Cro-Magnon Race, 333 ; Representa-

tions of Animals on Bone and Horn by Men of the Reindeer Period, 335;

Kitchen-midding in the Island of St. George, near Athens, 329.-Man in

the New World: Mr. George Latimer's Archeological Collection from

Porto Rico, 325; Stone Knives with Handles, from the Pai-Utes, 326;

Archæology of the Mammoth Cave, 327; the Sacred Fires of the Pueblo

Indians of Taos, 328; Ancient Modes of Burial among the Indians of North

Carolina, 329; Hyde Clark's Comparison of American and Accadian Lan-

guages, 330.

(e.) MAMMALS.

Evolution of the Hog, 334; Origin of the Horns of the Deer, 335; New
Tertiary Mammals, 336; Professor Marsh on a New Order of Mammals:
Tillodontia, 337; Eotherium Ægyptiacum, a New Fossil Sirenian, 337; Sir
Victor Brooke on Cerrus Brownii, 337; a New Kangaroo from New
Guinea, 338; Dr. Coues on the Mice of North America, 338; Food of the

Mastodon, 339; Domesticated Animals among the Ancients, 352.
(f.) BIRDS.

Barnacles on Birds, 338; Discovery in Newfoundland of Bones of the Great
Auk, 339; Habits of Kingfishers, 339; the Flight of Birds, 340; Professor
Alfred Newton on the Migration of Birds, 340; Introduction of the Ameri-

can Turkey, 354; Occurrence of Moa in New Zealand, 359.

(g.) REPTILES AND AMPHIBIA.

New Species of Serpent, 342; New Serpent from Florida, 342; Resemblance

of Extinct Tortoises to Living Ones, 342; the Hybridization of Salaman-

ders, 342; Fossil Salamander: Salamandrella Petroli, 343; the Batrachia

and Reptilia of North America, 343.

(h.) FISHES.

Grayling in the Au Sable River, Michigan, 344; Respiration of the Loach,

345; Monograph on the Anguilliform Fish, 345; Habits of Eels, 346; Soft-

ness of Bones in Old Congers, 317; Leptocephali are Larval Forms of

Congers, etc., 348 ; Largest Pike ever taken in England, 346; Fossil Lepi-

dosteus, 347 ; Reproductive Season of the Cod on the Faroe Islands, 347.

(i.) ARTICULATES.

Scudder on the Butterflies of the Genus Pamphila, 319; Flight of Butter-

flies, 354; Dimorphism in Certain Butterflies, 357; Habits of Bees, Wasps,

and Ants, 349; Occurrence of a Cochineal Insect in Nebraska, 350; Mineral

Substances in the Articulata, 350; Capture of Insects by "Fly-catching"

Plants, 350; Gigantic Marine Worm, 352; the Palolo Worm, 359.

(j.) MOLLUSKS.

Giant Cuttle-fish found on the Grand Bank, December, 1874,351.

(k.) RADIATES.

Have Jelly-fishes a Nervous System ? 348.

I. AGRICULTURE AND RURAL ECONOMY...

(ccxx) 379

In General: Austrian Plan for Supplying Agricultural Text-books, 380.

The Soil: Removal of Acid from the Soil by Oil-producing Plants, 380;

Absorption of Ammonia, etc., from Solutions by the Soil, 383,

Manures and Fertilizers: Continued Supply of Guano, 380; Artificial

Guano, 381; First Annual Report of the Massachusetts Inspector of Fertil-
izers, 381 ; New Guano Deposits in Peru, 382; Chemical Analysis of Fer-
tilizers, 382; Fish-guano, particularly the Fatless, Dried, so-called Polar
Fish-guano, 384; Deterioration of Superphosphates with Age, 386; New
Mineral Manure, 386; Field Experiments with various Fertilizers at the
Bussey Institution, 398.

Useful Animals : Lustre Sheep, a New Breed, 387; Method of Retard-
ing the Development of Silk-worms, 387.- Their Diseases : Horse-pox, 390.

Noxious Animals: Professor Dumas and the Phylloxera, 388; Phyllox-

era Remedies, 388; Destruction of Earth-worms on Grass-plots, Walks, etc.,

389; the Destruction of Small Birds the Cause of the Spread of Phylloxera,

389; the Cotton-worm, 389.

Vegetable Products: Noxious Exhalations from the Meadow-saffron,

379; Various Insect-powders, 379; Dry Rot of the Lemon, 391 ; Preserva-

tion of Fruit, 391 ; New Kind of Spinach, 391 ; Best Shape for Fruit-trees,
392; New Facts in the History of the Potato Blight, 392; Investigation

J. PISCICULTURE AND THE FISHERIES...

....(ccxxiv) 405

(a.) THE FISHERIES.

Exhibitions: the New Westminster Aquarium, 422; Change of Water in

Aquaria, 426; Yarmouth Aquarium, 440.--Commissions: Operations of

the United States Fish Commission in 1875, 429; United States Salmon-

hatching Establishment, 434; Report of the Fish Commission of Canada,

405; Ninth Annual Report of the Massachusetts Commissioners of Fish-

eries, 406; Ninth Report of the Fish Commissioners of Connecticut, 406;

First Report of the Commissioners of Fisheries of Michigan, 407; First

Annual Report of the Fish Commissioners of Minnesota, 408; Fifth Report

of the Fish Commissioners of Rhode Island, 408; Report of the Fish Com-

missioners of Pennsylvania for 1874,409; Report of the Fish Commissioners

of New llampshire for 1874,410; Second Report of the Fish Commissioners

of Vermont, 411; First Report of the Fish Commissioners of Wisconsin,

411; Report of the Fish Commission of Virginia, 435; Seventh Annual

Report of the Fish Commissioners of New York, 437.

General Facts and Statistics : Fish Consumption of Washington in

1874, 415; Inspection of Fish in the Washington City Market, 1875, 436;

Fish at Great Depths, 425; New Fish Product, 435; Gloucester Fisheries

in 1875, 439; Fisheries of the Arctic Regions, 439; Newfoundland Fisheries

in 1874–5, 427.-Special Fisheries Seal: Fisheries and Seal-hunting in

the White Sea and Northern Ocean, 413; Close Time for the Capture of

Seals, 414; Bad Condition of the Hair-seal Fisheries, 414. – Menhaden :

Menhaden Oil and Guano, 417, - llerring: Physical Condition of the

Herring Fishery, 433.--Cod: Manufacture of Cod-liver Oil, 428.- Appa-

ratus: Objection to the use of Submerged Net-weirs, 413; Illumination

for Attracting Fish, 428.

(b.) FISH-CULTURE.

Associations: Third Annual Report of the American Fish-culturists' Asso-

ciation, 412; Meeting of the American Fish-culturists' Association, 412.-

General Considerations : Effect of Polluted Water on Fishes, 416; In-

crease of English Fishes in Tasmania, 419; French Prizes for American

Fish, 426; Piscicultural Prizes, 425; Fish-culture in China, 427; Animal

Incrustation on the “Great Eastern," 432; Hybrid Fish, 418.–Particular

Species: Experiments with Young Maine Salmon, 418; Salmon in the

San Joaquin, 430; Salmon Trade of the Columbia River, 431; Marked

Salmon, 432; Salmon in the Sacramento River, 432; United States Salmon-

hatching Establishment, 434; Failure in Introducing Salmon and Trout,

439; Distribution of Trout Eggs from Tasmania to the Neighboring Colo-

nies, 420; Food for Trout, 433; Mr. C. G. Atkins's Experiments on the

Artificial Hatching of the Smelt, 421 ; Importation of the Gourami into

Paris, 420; Seth Green's Artificial Hatching of Sturgeon, 422; French

Method of Oyster-culture, 420; Growth of Oysters in France, 439.

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