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former then may be shaped independently of considerations which should have no influence in pay adjustment.

The two questions are quite inseparable. By way of illustration: It does not meet the question to say that there are ranks in the several services that are comparable and that the pay and allowances and benefits of all kinds should be uniform for the several comparable ranks, as, for instance, lieutenant commander in the Navy and major in either the Army or the Marine Corps.

If promotion programs may be adopted by the Congress as separate programs for the several services, it may well be an officer in one service would attain a rank or grade of office several years earlier in life than an officer would attain the equivalent rank or grade in another service.

When this situation is recognized, it becomes apparent that promotion lies in the very heart of a pay program that seeks to provide equal compensation for all services.

Again, length of service within the several grades is an essential feature. The number of officers within the several grades is of vital importance.

Under this latter head, it may be pointed out that under H. R. 7974 and S. 551, providing for promotion in the Marine Corps, certain percentages are proposed for the different grades of officers upon the basis of the total representing 100 per cent.

A promotion bill (S. 4) for the Army has passed the Senate. Under that bill, the question of number of officers in the several grades in the Army is considered.

Without undertaking to determine whether the proposition touching the Marine Corps be correct, or the proposition touching promotion in the Army be correct, the fact remains that the two services are, generally speaking, so nearly comparable that it would seem promotion in the two services should be identical and the percentage of officers in the several grades precisely the same. Yet we suggest an analysis of the probable effect of the two bills would indicate that disparity may be found to exist in the percentages of officers in comparable grades of the two services.

It is apparent that if there were more of higher command in proportion in the Marine Corps than in the Army favoritism would be show.n to the marine service. Opportunity for promotion would be greater. A larger number in proportion may look to higher commands and unless some fairly definite age limit were fixed for service within the several grades, or some definite period of service within the several grades determined upon, it could well be that over a period of years the average age of officers in the several grades in the service where there would be a larger percentage in the upper grades would be younger than in the service where there were less officers in the upper grades.

In consideration of the foregoing factors, the joint committee has instructed the chairman of the Senate and House members thereof to seek the enactment of a further joint resolution which will require the preparation and presentation to Congress by not later than the first day of the next regular session of a draft of legislation dealing with promotion and with pay. This is to be accompanied by explanatory statements and cost estimates, as well as hr the comments and recommendations of the heads of the executive departments of which the services affected are a part and of the Comptroller General of the United States. This would seem to be the orderly and logical way to proceed and certainly would insure more intelligent and more expeditious action.

The joint-pay committee hestitates to invite to its consideration the promotion problem, which was not specifically set forth in the resolution providing for its appointment. However, as we undertake to study the pay problem and come to conclusions thereon we meet the feature of promotion at every turn and, indeed, to such degree that if we are to report a satisfactory pay bill it is necessary that we have a promotion basis before us that may be regarded as definite and fair to all the services.

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718T CONGRESS

2d Session

SENATE

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REPORT No. 929

AUTHORIZING THE COMMISSIONER OF PROHIBITION TO PAY FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING VIOLATIONS OF THE NARCOTIC LAWS

June 17, 1930.-Ordered to be printed

Mr. BORAH, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the

following

REPORT

(To accompany H. R. 3395)

The Committee on the Judiciary, having had under consideration the bill (H. R. 3395) authorizing the Commissioner of Prohibition to pay for information concerning violations of the narcotic laws, reports the same favorably to the Senate and recommends that the bill do pass with the following amendmet:

On page 1, line 11, after the word “law”, strike out the period, insert a colon in lieu thereof, and add the following:

Prorided, That all payments under authority of this act to any informer in any foreign country shall be made only through an accredited consul or vice consul of the United States stationed in such country, and every such payment must be supported by a voucher with an accompanying certificate of the said consul or vice consul that the payment of the amount stated on the voucher has been made to the informer named, and at the place and time specified on said voucher.

The above amendment is considered necessary by the committee as a check on the making of payments to informers in foreign countries.

Reasons supporting this legislation are given in the following excerpt from House Report No. 91, Seventy-first Congress, second session:

The purpose of this bill is to aid in the suppression of the unlawful traffic in narcotics. It authorizes the Commissioner of Prohibition to pay any person, from funds now or hereafter appropriated for enforcement of the narcotic laws, for information concerning a violation or attempted violation of any narcotic law of the United States.

The importation of these prohibited drugs is a difficult matter to detect, in that quantities thereof may be concealed in extremely small containers, resort being had even to shipments in lead pencils from which the lead has been removed and the space thus provided filled with deadly drugs. Therefore it is necessary for the agents of the Government to secure information from those who are engaged in or in some way connected with the traffic.

Experience has shown that frequently information concerning very large shipments under way could be obtained if the agents had authority to pay for the information. It is the belief of the department that this permission will be of very material aid in the detection and suppression of this unlawful traffic.

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