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space. This division should have available at this time 80,000 square feet, and it is estimated 125,000 square feet will be needed 20 years hence.

There is a total of 3,327 square feet of corridor space used on the upper floors of the post-office building for locker rooms and filing cases. In addition, approximately 300 square feet of floor space is used by laborers for storage of their equipment in the tunnel leading to the Government Printing Office, and a small toilet room, with 229 square feet, is used by the cleaners for their lockers and supplies. Including the engine room and space used by the mechanics, custodian force, and cafeteria, and other activities under the chief clerk, a total of 24,226 square feet of floor area is now used. There should be available at this time 28,577 square feet. It is estimated that 51,000 square feet will be needed 20 years hence.

The Washington division, post-office inspectors, now has 4,359 square feet assigned for its use on the second floor. This space is ample for present needs, but it is estimated 5,750 square feet will be needed 20 years hence.

The present space assignment in the city post-office building, together with the present needs and the needs 20 years hence, follows:

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There will be needed 405,379 square feet of floor space 20 years hence to accommodate the activities listed above. Excluding the garage, which should be removed from the lot if a new building is erected there, there is but 169,551 square feet of office space now available, leaving 235,828 square feet additional needed. If other room can be secured on either the second or third floor of the city post-office building by the removal of some of the department offices to other quarters, there will be sufficient space for the 16,770 square feet of floor space needed for the expansion of the office of the superintendent Railway Mail Service, the chief clerks, Railway Mail Service, as well as the office of the superintendent of the Division of Equipment and Supplies and the Washington division postoffice inspectors. There will therefore be needed 219,058 square feet of floor space in a new building to be erected on the lot.

Any addition to the present building should harmonize architecturally with the city post-office building. It should be four stories and basement high and provide a total of 260,225 square feet of floor space. The basement and approximately one-half of the first floor and the upper floors for mailing activities, including parcel-post delivery, outgoing parcel post, outgoing foreign mail, circular distribution, and allow centralization of city distribution at the main office. The terminal railway post office should also be located on one of the floors, and ample swing-room space should be provided. The mail-bag depository should also have space in the new building. There should be a platform, of about 5,000 square feet, on the first floor of the new building, which would be on a level with the basement of the city post-office building. The second floor of the new building should be on the same level with the first floor of the present building and those floors connected by two wide bridges. Another wide bridge should be provided between the new building and the Washington Terminal Station, which would relieve the congestion of trucks now complained of. Sufficient elevators of ample size should be planned for the new building.

The storeroom of the Division of Equipment and Supplies would have available the 14,928 square feet of floor space now used by the Washington Terminal Railwav Post Office, and, in addition, 7,542 square feet of floor space used for the distribution of parcel post for delivery, which is now separated from the storeroom by a wire fence. Other future space needed could be had in the new building.

If a new building were erected on this lot, the following annual saving would result: Rent, mail-bag depository in the Washington Terminal

$3, 120 Rent for garage.

7,000 Truck travel between garages..

2, 018 Salaries of two night watchmen employed in leased garage.

3, 240 By centralizing distribution of incoming mail at main office.

10, 000 Total..

25, 378 The possible saving shown, which is conservative, will no doubt be increased before long, for, unless the relief suggested is made available, additional outside space will have to be provided.


2d Session



REPORT No. 911



JUNE 9 (calendar day, JUNE 13), 1930.—Ordered to be printed

Mr. KEYES, from the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds,

submitted the following


[To accompany H. R. 10416)

The Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, to whom was referred the bill (H. R, 10416) to provide better facilities for the enforcement of the customs and immigration laws, having considered the same, report favorably thereon with the recommendation that the bill do pass.

This proposed legislation is asked for and is approved by both the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Labor, as is shown by the following communication addressed jointly by them fully setting forth the objects desired to be accomplished.


Washington, February 14, 1930. Sir: There is transmitted herewith a draft of a bill to provide better facilities for the enforcement of the customs and immigration laws, which it is requested be enacted into law.

The bill specifically authorizes the Secretaries of the Treasury and Labor to use the appropriations for the maintenance of the Customs and Immigration Services, respectively, for the acquisition of sites and the erection of small buildings.

The authority to acquire sites and construct small buildings under a limitation of expense of $3,000 by each service for each project is designed to provide facilities at isolated places or at points where the conditions are such that the expenditure of larger amounts for standard inspection station buildings or Federal buildings is not justified. In many instances the buildings will be of a more or less temporary character.

The following specific cases illustrate the necessity for such legislation:

At Andrade, Calif., and Westby, Mont., the customs and immigration officers are now housed in old freight cars, remodeled to a certain extent, to provide office space. At Andrade, Calif., there are no buildings of any kind available which can be rented to provide living quarters for the officers in charge, and these and their families are now housed in remodeled box cars.

The highways at these points are not permanently improved, nor is there definite assurance that the present locations of the roads will be maintained when improvement is finally made. It would, therefore, be unwise to expend considerable sums of Government funds to provide buildings for office purposes and living quarters at these points. The existing conditions, however, are deplorable and the facilities inadequate. Such situations co be remedied inexpensively if the respective appropriations for the Customs and Immigration Services were available for constructing modest but neat and comfortable offices and living quarters.

The sites in such localities could often be obtained without expense and in all cases at a nominal cost.

Other instances where the use of the appropriations for the acquisition of property and buildings would result in a saving to the Government are the provision of garages and machine shops to care for official equipment. A few years ago at Št. Albans, Vt., an old car barn could have been purchased for a few thousand dollars, which was well adapted for the storage of seized and official automobiles and for the repair of the latter. The appropriation was not available for the purpose, so that space had to be rented at a rate which, in a few years will equal, the purchase price of the old car barn.

Last year the Great Northern Railway constructed a new spur with stations at Whitewater and Turner. This being new and undeveloped territory, great difficulty was experienced in renting quarters of any kind and such as were procured were unsatisfactory. It happens, in many instances, that by renting quarters inspection offices are not located at the strategic points, making the Government supervision ineffective and inconveniencing the traveling public.

The National Park Service and the Forest Service now have similar provisions authorizing the use of their respective appropriations for the construction of buildings within certain limits of cost (act July 1, 1918, 40 Stat. 677; act March 3, 1925, 43 Stat. 1132).

It is believed that the enactment into law of the proposed bill containing the provision above discussed will result in greater efficiency, increased convenience to the public, and in actual saving to the Government.

It may be added that the Director of the Bureau of the Budget advises that the expenditure contemplated by the proposed legislation is not in conflict with the financial program of the President. Respectfully,


Secretary of the Treasury. JAMES J. Davis,

Secretary of Labor. Hon. Nicholas LONGWORTH,

Speaker of the House of Representatives.


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