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across the Mississippi River at or near the town of McGregor, Iowa. The bill proposes to authorize a private toll bridge on an important highway embraced in the system of Federal-aid highways approved for the States of Iowa and Wisconsin. It is the view of the department that a private toll bridge should not be authorized at this point. It, therefore, recommends against favorable action on the bill. Sincerely,

R. W. DUNLAP, Acting Secretary.




2d Session

REPORT No. 527



APRIL 21 (calendar day, APRIL 25), 1930.-Ordered to be printed

Mr. Dale, from the Committee on Commerce, submitted the following


(To accompany S. 4157)

The Committee on Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (S. 4157) to extend the times for commencing and completing a bridge across the Tennessee River at or near Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tenn., have considered the same and report thereon with amendments, and as so amended, recommend that the bill do pass.

Amend the bill as follows: Line 5, after the word “built”, insert the following: "by the city of Chattanooga and the county of Hamilton, Tennessee,”.

Line 10, strike out the word "granted”, and insert the word “reserved".

The bill thus amended has the approval of the Departments of War and Agriculture, as will appear by the annexed communications; the amendments referred to therein having been incorporated in the bill as reported.

WAR DEPARTMENT, April 22, 1930. Respectfully returned to the chairman Committee on Commerce, United States Senate

So far as the interests committed to this department are concerned, I know of no objection to the favorable consideration of the accompanying bill, S. 4157, Seventy-first Congress, second session, to extend the times for commencing and completing a bridge across he Tenness River at or near Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tenn., if amended as indicated in red thereon.


Acting Secretary of War.


Washington, D. C., April 22, 1930. Hon. HIRAM W. JOHNSON, Chairman Committee on Commerce,

United States Senate. DEAR SENATOR: Receipt is acknowledged of your letter of April 16 transmitting a copy of a bill (S. 4157) with the request that the committee be furnished with such suggestions touching its merits and the propriety of its passage as the department might deem appropriate.

This bill would extend for one and three years, respectively, from the date of its approval the times for commencing and completing the construction of the bridge across the Tennessee River at or near Chattanooga, Hamilton County, Tenn., authorized by act of Congress approved March 2, 1929, to be built by the city of Chattanooga and the county of Hamilton, State of Tennessee. Favorable action on the bill is recommended. Sincerely,

C. F. MARVIN, Acting Secretary.

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2d Session


REPORT No. 528



APRIL 21 (calendar day, APRIL 25), 1930.-Ordered to be printed

Mr. STEPHENS, from the Committee on the Judiciary, submitted the



(To accompany H. R. 6807)

The Committee on the Judiciary, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 6807) to establish two institutions for the confinement of United States prisoners, after full consideration reports the same favorably and recommends the passage of the bill with the following amendments:

Page 4, line 9, beginning with the word “no” strike out through the word "produce” in line 17, and insert in lieu thereof the following: any industry established under authority of this act be so operated as not to curtail the production within its present limits, of any existing arsenal, navy yard, or other Government workshop.

Page 4, line 23, beginning with the word "require" strike out through the word "hereof” on page 5, line 3, and insert in lieu thereof the following: and the several Federal departments and all other Government institutions of the United States shall purchase at not to exceed current market prices such products of the industries herein authorized to be carried on as meet their requirements and as may be available and are authorized by the appropriations from which such purchases are made. Any disputes as to the price, quality, suitability, or character of the products manufactured in any prison industry and offered to any Government department shall be arbitrated by a board consisting of the Comptroller General of the United States, the Superintendent of Supplies of the General Supply Committee and the Chief of the United States Bureau of Efficiency, or their representatives. The decision of said board shall be final and binding upon all parties.

Page 5, line 7, before the word "machinery” insert the word "industrial".

Page 5, line 9, after the word "employees" insert the words "engaged in any industrial enterprise".



The overcrowding of present prison facilities has reached alarming proportions. There are but three Federal penitentiaries, one located at Atlanta, Ga.; 1 at Leavenworth, Kans.; and 1 at McNeil Island, Wash. Their total normal capacity is 4,270. They now have a prison population of 8,266 with an overflow of 1,587 temporarily housed in the disciplinary barracks at Fort Leavenworth.

We are advised that of the above penitentiary population, 68 per cent of the inmates were convicted for violation of statutes enacted by Congress in the last 20 years. During that period no new penitentiary facilities have been provided. This bill, and the other legislation herewith recommended, responds to the imperative need for action by Congress, which will enable the United States Government to perform its duty with respect to these prisoners. Recent disasters in the prisons of this country further emphasize the need for immediate relief.

The committee appends as part of this report a communication written by the Attorney General, dated November 22, 1929, to Congressman Snell, and also a memorandum submitted by the Attorney General to Congressman Graham, chairman of the House Judiciary Committee.


Washington, D. C., November 22, 1929. Hon. BERTRAND H. SNELL,

House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. MY DEAR CONGRESSMAN: Relief for the intolerably overcrowded conditions of the Federal prisons is the first objective of the legislative program of the administration for the improvement of the Federal prison system. The larger penitentiaries are now housing more than twice their normal capacity. Not only is the Government already faced with an emergency which demands relief, but there seems to be no prospect that in the near future the number of Federal offenders will decrease. A bill has, therefore, been prepared to authorize the construction of a penitentiary in the thickly populated northeastern section of the country and a reformatory to care for young, first offenders, to be located west of the Mississippi A draft of this bill is inclosed herewith, and I request that you introduce it and endeavor to secure its early enactment. Respectfully,

William D. MITCHELL,

Altorney General, NOVEMBER 25, 1929.


Relief for the intolerably overcrowded condition of our correctional institutions is imperative. The proposed bill seeks to accomplish this by authorizing the establishment of a reformatory west of the Mississippi River and a penitentiary in the northeastern section of the country. The Atlanta Penitentiary now has about 3,800 inmates, whereas it has a normal capacity of but 1,712. It can, however, accommodate about 2,000 with reasonable case.

The Leavenworth Penitentiary is about the same size as the institution at Atlanta. Even in an emergency it should not be required to house more than 2,000 men. To accommodate the nearly 3,900 men who are incarcerated at that institution it has been necessary to place eight men in a cell which was designed for four and to press into use as dormitories badly ventilated and lighted basements and corridors. The kitchen and mess facilities are so overburdened that the first evening meal must be served at 3.15 p. m. The recent acquisition of the Army disciplinary barracks at Fort Leavenworth, to tide over

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