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The committee feels that the United States should construct across its own territory, a distance of about 8 miles, an improved road to connect with the improved highways of the Republic of Panama in order to allow access to the capital of their country.
This bili provides for the construction of such a road and for the installation of two suitable modern ferı yboats with necessary docks and approaches.
The bill has the approval of, and is strongly urged by the Governor of the Canal Zone, Col. Harry Burgess, who appeared before the committee and testified regarding it. The bill also has the approval of the Secretary of War, as is shown by a letter of the Secretary made a part of this report. It also has the approval of the State Department and the Bureau of the Budget. The amounts necessary to purchase or construct two ferryboats, the necessary docks and approaches, and the road leading from the ferry across the zone out to the territory of Panama are shown by the letter of Governor Burgess, made a part of this report, and appropriations of such amounts are authorized by the bill.
The construction of the two ferryboats will cost about $250,000. The ferry slips or docks including the approaches thereto will cost about $165,000. The grading of 7.2 miles of road, including culverts will cost about $242,000, and concreting the roadway will cost about $343,000, making a total of $1,000,000 necessary to complete the work.
The Republic of Panama has a population of about 500,000 people. The cities of Panama and Colon have a population of about 110,000. Practically all of the farming district of the Republic of Panama is west of the canal and until this road is constructed and these ferries provided, the people of that part of the Republic will have no suitable means of access to their capital.
Service on these ferries will be furnished free to the public and the cost of maintenance and operation will be about $45,000 per year.
It is believed by the committee that our Government ought to meet this obligation to the people of the Republic of Panama by providing these facilities for crossing the canal and the Canal Zone without further delay.
The bill has the approval of the War Department, as will appear by the letter attached and which is made a part of this report.
Washington, November 11, 1929. Hon. James S. PARKER, Chairman Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce,
House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. DEAR MR. PARKER: Referring to the request of your committee dated October 7 for a report on the bill (H. R. 4293) entitled “To provide for a ferry and a highway near the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal,” and to my acknowledgment of October 12 stating that the bill was being referred to the Governor of the Panama Canal for his comments, there is quoted below a self-explanatory letter dated October 25 received from Governor Burgess regarding this proposed legislation:
“The receipt is acknowledged of your letter of October 12, with inclosures, relative to the request of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce for a report on the bill H. R. 4293, ‘To provide for a ferry and a highway near the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal.'
“The need for an adequate and permanent ferry of this kind is of long standing, Its installation and the construction of the highway referred to in the bill would provide vastly improved and necessary transportation facilities between the Pacific side of the Isthmus and the interior Provinces of the Republic of Panama. Important military purposes would likewise be served. Aside from these considerations, it is my opinion that there is a moral obligation on the part of the United States to give to Panama a suitable highway across the Canal Zone and convenient and adequate ferry service.
"During the past few years the Republic of Panama has constructed an excellent system of improved roads throughout its Provinces west of the Panama Canal. At the present time the connection between these roads and Panama City, the capital of the Republic, is maintained through a barge ferry, towed by a tugboat, operated by the Panama Canal at Pedro Miguel Locks. This is an extremely unsatisfactory arrangement as Pedro Miguel is approximately 8 miles from Panama City. Aside from this it is necessary for the road on the west side of the canal to follow a tortuous and lengthy detour in order to connect with the
ferry at Pedro Miguel Locks. On the other hand, the highway proposed in H. Ř. 4293 would follow a practically straight course from the Pacific entrance of the canal to where it would connect with the main highway near Arraijan.
In addition to its inaccessibility, the site of the present barge ferry at Pedro Miguel Locks is unsuitable for military reasons as a site for a permanent ferry. The locks constitute the sensitive points in the defense of the canal and any damage sustained by them in time of war might precipitate a critical situation. If civilian traffic is allowed to cross the canal at or near the locks the difficulties of effective protection would be vastly increased.
“The project has been under consideration for some time and preliminary surveys and estimates have been made. A blue print showing the most suitable location for the ferry and also the route of the proposed highway is forwarded herewith. The estimates show that the total cost of the highway, ferry slips, and ferryboats would be approixmately $1,000,000. This would be divided as follows: Cost of 2 ferries (1 in reserve during wet season), each with capacity of 32 average motor vehicles..
$250, 000 Cost of ferry slips ($105,000), including road approach to ferry slip on
east side ($22,000) and dredging channels to ferry approaches ($38,000).
165, 000 Cost of grading, including culverts, of 7.2 miles (38,000 feet) of road.. 242, 000 Cost of concreting roadway-
343, 000 Total.---
1, 000, 000 "The cost of maintaining and operating the ferry is estimated at $45,000 per year.
“The project has the approval of the State Department and the Secretary of War, and it has been urgently desired by the Republic of Panama for several years. The bill introduced by Mr. Thatcher covers the project completely and is indorsed by me as being entirely satisfactory in every way in so far as the canal administration is concerned.”
The blue print referred to in the foregoing is inclosed herewith.
In connection with the last paragraph of the governor's letter quoted above, the interest of the State Department in this project was brought to my attention in a letter dated June 14, 1929, reading as follows:
“I am informed that the Governor of the Panama Canal proposes to present in the near future a recommendation for an appropriation which will permit the establishment of an adequate ferry across the Panama Canal to connect Panama City with that portion of the Republic lying to the west of the Canal Zone. I should like in this connection to express this department's interests in the governor's proposal and its hope that the appropriation referred to may be approved by Congress.
“During the past few years the Republic of Panama has constructed an extensive system of improved roads in the Provinces lying west of the Panama Canal and it has naturally desired to connect these roads with the capital through the Canal Zone. The new highways are of relatively little value until such connection is provided. This matter, as you know, was dealt with in the treaty negotiated with Panama in 1926, but this treaty has not yet been ratified by either Government.
“As the Panaman Government can not establish land communication between the two halves of the Republic except through the Canal Zone, I feel that this Government, in view of the cession of the zone by Panama to the United States and in view of our interest in promoting the welfare and prosperity of Panama, should cooperate to make such communication possible. " I have the honor to express the hope, therefore, that the proposal of the governor may be carried into effect."
In view of the comments of Governor Burgess, and the indorsement of the State Department, I favor the passage of legislation along the lines of H. R. 4293 and recommend that your committee make a favorable report on the bill.
The proposed legislation has been submitted to the Director of the Bureau of the Budget, who advises that it is not in conflict with the financial program of the President. Sincerely yours,
James W. Good, Secretary of War.
Mr. JONES, from the Committee on Appropriations, submitted the
(To accompany H. R. 11965)
The Committee on Appropriations, to which was referred the bill (H. R. 11965) making appropriations for the legislative branch of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1931, and for other purposes, reports the same to the Senate with various amendments, and presents herewith information relative to the changes made: Amount of bill as passed House...
$26, 000, 841. 58
Exceeds the appropriations for 1930..
6,985, 211. 20 The changes in the amounts of the House bill recommended by the committee are as follows:
Office of the Secretary
(Title of a clerk changed to executive clerk, the salary
Clerk, Committee on Rules, toward the preparation
biennially of the Senate Manual...
$2, 040. 00
Office of Sergeant-at-Arms
Messenger for the minority....
barber shop and 1 to be in charge of night janitor
tra work on account of open executive sessions)--
-5, 040. 00
5, 000. 00
Architect of the Capitol:
Capital Building (unexpended balance of appropriation
of $500,000 for reconstruction of Senate wing of Cap
itol continued available during fiscal year 1931)-----Travel expense limit increased from $1,500 to $2,500.--Senate Office Building increase of $44,946, made up as
follows: $30,446 for additional employees, $4,500 for
Toward completion of the Senate Office Building--
Total, Office of Architect of the Capitol.---
of $600,000 continued and made available during the
Assistant clerk, Committee on Appropriations..---.
Preparation of statements of appropriations for first
and second sessions of the Seventy-first Congress..
MEMORIAL TO COL. BENJAMIN HAWKINS, INDIAN
AGENT AND UNITED STATES SENATOR
May 16, 1930.-Ordered to be printed
Mr. Fess, from the Committee on the Library, submitted the following
(To accompany H. R. 10579)
The Committee on the Library, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 10579) to provide for a memorial to Col. Benjamin Hawkins for the part that he took in effecting a treaty with the Cherokee Indians, having considered the same, report thereon with a recommendation that it do pass.
Col. Benjamin Hawkins is one of the unique characters associated with Revolutionary history. He was a polished gentleman, a most unselfish character, one who during the Revolution served on the personal staff of General Washington, who on account of his knowledge of French became the official interpreter, and was North Carolina's first United States Senator, and later appointed Indian agent by President Washington and continued as such until his death. . Through the spirit of patriotism he sacrificed home, loved ones, and civilization and penetrated to the heart of the Creek Indian Nation in Georgia, and for 16 years held them in peace and made Georgia the possible habitation of the white man. He died in Crawford County, Ga., in what is known as the Creek Agency.