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STRUCTURE OF THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
December 31, 1948
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
18 members elected for 3 years by General Assembly
AND OF THE PRESS
FOR LATIN AMERICA
Directly dependent on ECOSOC.
*The General Assembly approved the agreement which comes into force when finally approved by the first Assembly of IMCO.
Convention concluded. Organizations to come into being when sufficient ratifications received.
Related by Agreement
CHRONOLOGY OF THE UNITED STATES IN
THE UNITED NATIONS
August 14—The United States and the United Kingdom make known eight princi
ples for a "better future for the world” in the Atlantic Charter.
1942 January 1-Twenty-six nations at Washington accept the principles of the At
lantic Charter and pledge united action in war in the Declaration by United Nations.
1943 October 30—The United States, the United Kingdom, the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics, and China join at Moscow in four-nation declaration recognizing necessity of international organization for the maintenance of international peace and security. (Moscow Declaration announced November 1.)
1944 July 1-22—Forty-four nations in United Nations Monetary and Financial Con
ference draw up final act providing for International Monetary Fund and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, at Bretton Woods,
N. H. August 21-October 7–Dumbarton Oaks Conversations between representatives
of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union, August 21September 28, and between representatives of the United States, the United Kingdom, and China, September 29-October 7, result in preliminary draft proposals outlining structure and powers of an international organization for the maintenance of peace and security.
1945 February 3–11–President Roosevelt, Marshal Stalin, and Prime Minister Church
ill meet at Yalta and agree on the method of voting in the Security Council
and on the invitations to the San Francisco conference. April 25-June 26—Fifty nations meet at the United Nations Conference on Inter
national Organization at San Francisco, draft, and on June 26 sign the Charter
of the United Nations. July 28—United States Senate gives advice and consent to ratification of the
Charter of the United Nations and annexed Statute of the International Court of Justice.
August 8-President Truman ratifies the Charter of the United Nations with the
Statute of the International Court of Justice. October 24—Charter of the United Nations comes into force as twenty-ninth na
tion deposits instrument of ratification with the United States and Secretary of State Byrnes signs Protocol of Deposit of Ratifications of the Charter of the
United Nations. December 20—President Truman signs United Nations Participation Act of 1945
providing for United States participation in the United Nations.
1946 January 10-February 15–First Part of First Session of General Assembly of the
United Nations meets at London; elects members of the Security Council and
of the Economic and Social Council and appoints the Secretary-General. January 17—Security Council meets for first time in London. January 24—General Assembly establishes Atomic Energy Commission composed
of the 11 members of the Security Council and Canada. February 4-Military Staff Committee holds first meeting at London. April 3-May 6-International Court of Justice holds its inaugural session at The
Hague. December 11—International Children's Emergency Fund is established by General Assembly.
March 24–Commission for Conventional Armaments holds first meeting at Lake
Success. March 26-April 28—Trusteeship Council holds First Session at Lake Success. April 28-May 15—First Special Session of General Assembly meets at Flushing,
N. Y., to discuss question of Palestine. September 16-November 29—Second Regular Session of General Assembly. October 20_Committee of Good Offices on the Indonesian Question holds first
meeting. October 21—General Assembly calls upon Albania, Bulgaria, and Yugoslavia to do
nothing which could assist the guerrillas in Greece and calls upon these three
states and Greece to cooperate in the peaceful settlement of their disputes. October 31—General Assembly approves agreement between the United Nations
and the United States on the headquarters of the United Nations. November 6-December 4-Second Session of the General Conference of UNESCO
meets in Mexico City. November 13—General Assembly establishes the Interim Committee (Little
Assembly). November 14—General Assembly establishes the United Nations Temporary
Commission on Korea to facilitate and expedite the participation of the
Korean people in the work of their Government. November 15—General Assembly approves separate agreements between the
United Nations and the World Health Organization, Universal Postal Union, International Telecommunication Union, International Bank, and International
Monetary Fund. November 20-December 16—First Part of Second Session of Trusteeship Council. November 21—First meeting of United Nations Special Committee on the
Balkans. November 21-March 24–United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment
drafts Charter for International Trade Organization.