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to the General Assembly are separately appointed and are not included in the mission but utilize its facilities and personnel at the time of meetings. The United States Delegation to the regular sessions of the United Nations General Assembly consists usually of five representatives and five alternate representatives, appointed by the President and subject to Senate confirmation, and advisers and assistants drawn from Department of State and mission personnel. The Secretary of State has to date always acted as Senior United States Representative on these delegations.

Other United States representatives to bodies of the United Nations, not members of the mission, include the Representative to the Economic Commission for Europe, which has offices in Geneva, the Representative to the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East, which has as yet established no fixed headquarters, and the Representative to the Economic Commission for Latin America, at Santiago. These representatives report directly to the Secretary of State.

Consultations With the American Public

Provision is made under article 71 of the United Nations Charter for consultative relationships between the Economic and Social Council and nongovernmental organizations. Most of the groups brought into such direct consultative relationships are international bodies having membership in various nations, including the United States.

The arrangements made by the Economic and Social Council in the implementation of article 71 provide that, ordinarily, national groups should work directly with their national governments on matters relating to the Economic and Social Council. Since 1945 the Department of State has been carrying out this Government's responsibilities for such consultation by providing interested groups with information and receiving their thinking and comment on the broad array of questions relating to the Economic and Social Council's program.

The Department of State, through its Division of Public Liaison and the United States Mission to the United Nations, has facilitated the participation of several hundred American organizations in discussion of United States positions and proposals put forward not only in the Economic and Social Council but in all major organs of the United Nations. This participation has taken various forms.

In Washington and New York officers of the State Department and members of United States Delegations have held frequent off-the-record meetings with designated representatives of nongovernmental organizations for the discussion of American policies and proposals and for the expression of the views and reactions of the organizations.

From time to time national consultative conferences are held. For example, on March 4, 1948, a meeting was held in the State Department with 244 representatives of 178 national organizations for an exchange of views on the work of the Human Rights Commission and on questions relating to freedom of information.

The Department has provided public liaison services for unofficial observers representing American organizations and attending international conferences at their own expense. These services have included background meetings with United States Delegation members, provision of documentation, and various opportunities for exchange of views. For example, at the Third Session of the General Assembly in Paris some thirty meetings were held with members of the United States Delegation for over sixty designated representatives of American organizations. More than seventy organization representatives met in daily sessions with members of the United States Delegation at the Fao Conference in Washington in November, and other consultative services were provided.

In response to a resolution of the General Assembly calling upon Member governments to aid in the celebration of October 24 as United Nations Day, the Department of State cooperated with organizations and individuals throughout the United States in an extensive program of observances and consideration of United Nations questions.

Thus, through providing requested information on all aspects of Economic and Social Council and United Nations matters and by seeking the views and advice of representative American organizations in the formulation of United States policies on issues before the Economic and Social Council and the United Nations, the Department of State has made every effort to discharge its responsibilities by fostering close consultative relationships with nongovernmental organizations in the United States.

United States Representatives to the United Nations, Its Organs, Subsidiary Bodies, and the Specialized Agencies, 1948

United States Representative and Chief of United States Mission to the United

Nations:

Warren R. Austin
Deputy Chief of United States Mission to the United Nations:

Herschel V. Johnson, Jan. 1-May 2, 1948
Philip C. Jessup, beginning June 25, 1948

Deputy to the United States Representative to the United Nations :

John C. Ross

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Second Special Session (Palestine), New York, Apr. 16-May 14, 1948
Representatives :

Warren R. Austin
Francis B. Sayre

Philip C. Jessup
Alternate Representatives :

Dean Rusk

John C. Ross
Third Regular Session, First Part, Paris, Sept. 21-Dec. 12, 1948
Representatives :

Secretary of State George C. Marshall, Senior Representative
Warren R. Austin, Alternate Senior Representative
John Foster Dulles, Acting Senior Representative
Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt
Philip C. Jessup

Benjamin V. Cohen ?
Alternate Representatives :

Ray Atherton
Willard L. Thorp
Ernest A. Gross
Francis B. Sayre

Dean Rusk ?
Special Committee on Information Transmitted Under Article 73 (e) of the Charter
United States Representative:

Benjamin Gerig, beginning July 20, 1948
Interim Committee of the General Assembly
United States Representative:

Warren R. Austin
Deputy United States Representatives :

Philip C. Jessup, beginning Jan. 5, 1948
Joseph E. Johnson, June 14-Aug. 5, 1948

THE SECURITY COUNCIL
United States Representative:

Warren R. Austin

Deputy United States Representatives :

Herschel V. Johnson, Jan. 1-May 2, 1948
Philip C. Jessup, beginning June 25, 1948

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· Mr. Cohen was originally appointed Alternate Representative. He was ap- . pointed Representative on Nov. 19, 1948, when Mr. Dulles was appointed Acting Senior Representative upon Senator Austin's departure.

* Mr. Rusk was appointed Alternate Representative on Nov. 19, 1948, when Mr. Cohen became Representative.

THE UNITED NATIONS ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION

United States Representative:

Warren R. Austin

Deputy United States Representative:

Frederick H. Osborn

THE COMMISSION FOR CONVENTIONAL ARMAMENTS

United States Representative:

Warren R. Austin

Deputy United States Representative:

Frederick H. Osborn, beginning Feb. 12, 1948

THE MILITARY STAFF COMMITTEE

United States Representatives :
Army: Lt. Gen. M. B. Ridgway, U.S.A., Jan. 1-June 23, 1948

Lt. Gen. W. D. Crittenberger, beginning June 24, 1948
Navy: Admiral H. K. Hewitt, U.S.N.

Air Force: Lt. Gen. H. R. Harmon, U.S.A.F.
THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL
United States Representative:

Willard L. Thorp
Deputy United States Representatives :

Leroy D. Stinebower

Walter M. Kotschnig, beginning July 3, 1948 Commissions of the Economic and Social Council and United States Representatives: Social

Arthur J. Altmeyer

Katharine F. Lenroot, Alternate Narcotics

Harry J. Anslinger Transport and Communications

orge P. Baker Fiscal

Edward F. Bartelt Population

Philip M. Hauser Status of Women

Dorothy Kenyon Economic and Employment

Isador Lubin Statistical

Stuart A. Rice Human Rights

Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt Regional Commissions and United States Representatives: Economic Commission for Asia and the Henry F. Grady, May 22-June 12, 1948 Far East

Myron M. Cowen, beginning Nov. 13,

1948 Economic Commission for Europe Henry R. Labouisse, Jr. (acting, Apr.

24-May 8, 1948) W. Averell Harriman, beginning June

24, 1948

Paul R. Porter, Alternate Economic Commission for Latin Amer- Claude G. Bowers, beginning June 17, ica

1948 William A. Fowler, Alternate, beginning

June 17, 1948

THE TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL

United States Representative:

Francis B. Sayre
Deputy United States Representative:

Benjamin Gerig
INTERNATIONAL CHILDREN'S EMERGENCY FUND
United States Representative, Executive Board:

Katharine F. Lenroot
Alternate United States Representatives :

Dallas W. Dort

Louis K. Hyde
SPECIAL MISSIONS AND UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVES
General Assembly Special Committee Alan G. Kirk, until Dec. 30, 1948
on the Balkans

Gerald A. Drew, Deputy until Mar. 15,

1948; Acting United States Repre

sentative, Mar. 15, 1948 Arthur W. Parsons, Acting Deputy, Apr.

15-Sept. 29, 1948 (deceased) Lt. Col. Allen C. Miller, Acting Deputy,

beginning Oct. 5, 1948 Security Council Good Offices Commit- Frank Porter Graham, resigned Feb. 13, tee on Indonesia

1948 Coert du Bois, Feb. 28–July 21, 1948 H. Merle Cochran, beginning July 21,

1948 Joseph W. Scott, Deputy, beginning Aug.

5, 1948 Security Council Commission on India J. Klahr Huddle, beginning June 17, and Pakistan

1948 Security Council Truce Commission for Thomas C. Wasson, May 5-23, 1948 Palestine

(deceased) John J. Macdonald, beginning June 24,

1948 United Nations Conciliation Commis- Joseph Keenan, Dec. 29, 1948-Jan. 14, sion for Palestine

1949

Mark Ethridge, beginning Mar. 1, 1949 SPECIALIZED AGENCIES OF THE UNITED NATIONS : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

United States Member, Fao Council:

Norris E. Dodd, Under Secretary of Agriculture, resigned June 7, 1948

Albert J. Loveland, Under Secretary of Agriculture, beginning Sept. 28, 1948 Alternate United States Members :

Leslie A. Wheeler, resigned Feb. 29, 1948
Fred J. Rossiter, beginning Sept. 28, 1948

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This list does not include membership on United States Delegations to individual meetings of these organizations.

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