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4. Within a period of not less than six months or more than one year from the signing of this agreement, a plebiscite will be held to determine whether the populations of the various territories of Java, Madura and Sumatra wish their territory to form part of the Republic of Indonesia or of another state within the United States of Indonesia, such plebiscite to be conducted under observation by the Committee of Good Offices should either party, in accordance with the procedure set forth in paragraph 3 above, request the services of the Committee in this capacity. The parties may agree that another method for ascertaining the will of the populations may be employed in place of a plebiscite.
5. Following the delineation of the states in accordance with the procedure set forth in paragraph 4 above, a constitutional convention will be convened, through democratic procedures, to draft a constitution for the United States of Indonesia. The representation of the various states in the convention will be in proportion to their populations.
6. Should any state decide not to ratify the constitution and desire, in accordance with the principles of articles 3 and 4 of the Linggadjati Agreement, to negotiate a special relationship with the United States of Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands, neither party will object.
[This resolution, which notes with concern the resumption of hostilities in Indonesia, calls upon the parties to cease hostilities, and instructs the Committee of Good Offices to report to the Security Council on the events in Indonesia since December 12, 1948, was adopted by the Security Council December 24, 1948.]
The Security Council,
(b) immediately to release the President and other political prisoners arrested since 18 December.
Instructs the Committee of Good Offices to report to the Security Council fully and urgently by telegraph on the events which have transpired in Indonesia since 12 December 1948; and to observe and
report to the Security Council on the compliance with sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) above.
[The following two resolutions, relating respectively to the release by the Netherlands Government of political prisoners and a report by the consular representatives in Batavia on the situation in the Republic of Indonesia, were both adopted by the Security Council December 28, 1948.]
The Security Council
NOTING that the Netherlands Government has not so far released the President of the Republic of Indonesia and all other political prisoners, as required by the resolution of 24 December 1948,
Calls upon the Netherlands Government to set free these political prisoners forthwith and report to the Security Council within 24 hours of the adoption of the present resolution.
The Security Council
Requests the Consular Representatives in Batavia referred to in Paragraph 5 of the Resolution adopted on 25 August 1947 at the 194th meeting of the Council to send as soon as possible for the information and guidance of the Security Council a complete report on the situation in the Republic of Indonesia, covering in such report the observance of the cease-fire orders and the conditions prevailing in areas under military occupation or from which armed forces now in occupation may be withdrawn.
UNITED STATES PARTICIPATION IN THE
Organization of the Government To Participate
While the Department of State is the agency primarily responsible for United States participation in the United Nations, many other agencies of the Government play a role in this work. In the formulation of United States policies and program for expression in the Security Council and its subordinate bodies on atomic energy and conventional armaments, and in the Military Staff Committee, the National Military Establishment and the United States Atomic Energy Commission collaborate closely with the Department of State. The Economic and Social Council covers a broad range of subjects of interest and concern to many agencies, such as the Departments of Ag. riculture, Commerce, Interior, Justice, and Labor, as well as the Federal Security Agency, the Tariff Commission, the Maritime Commission, and the Bureau of the Budget. These agencies often provide advisers to the United States Representative in meetings of the Council. Trusteeship matters and problems affecting non-self-governing territories are subjects of collaboration between the Department of State and the Departments of Navy and Interior.
This coordination, designed to insure harmonious and unified United States policies in the international forum, is effected primarily through the system of interdepartmental committees, which bring to bear on specific United Nations problems the many and varied interests of different agencies. Among these committees are the Executive Committee on the Regulation of Armaments, the State-Army-Navy-Air Force Coordinating Committee, the Executive Committee on Economic Foreign Policy, the Federal Committee on International Statistics, and the Committee on International Social Policy.
Within the Department of State, all the organizational units whose functions relate to matters before the United Nations participate in a cooperative planning and policy-development process. Taking primary responsibility for the coordination and guidance of these efforts is the Office of United Nations Affairs, which reports directly to the Under Secretary and consists of divisions concerned with United Nations political matters, United Nations economic and social problems, trusteeship and dependent-area affairs, international atomicenergy and armaments control, and international administration. Through departmental committees devoted to specific areas or problems, and through close and constant collaboration with other interested offices, divisions, and government agencies, the office of United Nations Affairs steers the formulation and execution of United States policies affecting the machinery of international organization and insures the adequate and coordinated preparation of instructions to the United States Representatives in the organs of the United Nations and in the related specialized international organizations.
Representation at the Seat
The United States is represented by a Mission at the headquarters, or seat, of the United Nations in New York. The principal function of the mission is to assist the President and the Department of State in conducting United States participation in the United Nations. It carries out the instructions of the President, as transmitted by the Secretary of State, in United Nations bodies at the headquarters of the United Nations and serves as the main channel between the Department of State and the various United Nations organs, agencies and commissions at the headquarters, as well as delegations of other nations to the United Nations. In 1948 forty-three Members of the United Nations maintained missions, or delegations with offices, at the headquarters of the United Nations, and more are being established.
The basic structure, organization, and functions of the United States Mission to the United Nations have been determined in the main by the following factors:
1. The requirements of the United Nations Charter;
2. The provisions of the United Nations Participation Act (Public Law 264, 79th Congress, 1945);
3. The President's Executive Order 9844; and
4. The accumulated experience of the United States Delegations to the Dumbarton Oaks Conversations, the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco, the Preparatory Commission of the United Nations at London, and the seat of the United Nations in New York.
According to Executive Order 9844 (April 28, 1947), the mission is comprised of the following:
“The Representative at the seat of the United Nations, the Deputy Representative to the Security Council, Representatives in the Economic and Social Council and its Commissions, the Trusteeship Council, the Atomic Energy Commission, the Commission for Conventional Armaments and the Military Staff Committee, and representatives to organs and agencies of the United Nations hereafter appointed or designated and included within the United States Mission to the United Nations herein provided for, together with their deputies, staffs and offices. ..."
In this connection, the United Nations Participation Act (Public Law 264, 79th Congress) specifically provides that the President or the Secretary of State may represent the United States at any meeting of any organ or agency of the United Nations.
The mission has a staff which consists of a small number of advisers and a secretariat, under a Secretary-General. This secretariat deals with the administrative operations and provides the mission and the United States Delegations to the General Assembly with United States and United Nations documents, reference work, daily summary reports of United Nations meetings—which are also sent to the Department of State-telephone and telegraphic services, and transportation, personnel, fiscal, supply, and maintenance services. It is equipped to deal with an almost uninterrupted series of conference activities throughout the year. During certain sessions of the various councils and commissions and particularly during the General Assembly sessions, when extraordinary duties of negotiation and technical services are involved, special advisers are temporarily assigned to New York by the Department of State or other government agencies, and temporary assistants are added to the secretariat staff.
The representation thus maintained at the seat of the United Nations by the United States at this time provides for our participation in all of the principal organs except the General Assembly, the International Court of Justice, and the United Nations Secretariat (on which there is no national representation), and in all but three of the commissions of the United Nations. United States Delegations