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cating the natural lines of growth. Probably the first year's work is largely directed to overthe time has come when this tendency needs coming wrong tendencies begotten in the to be recognized, studied, and made as effect- grades.

grades. Intelligent supervision is the only ive as possible. Hence, the conditions, duties, available remedy for such things; not such suand qualifications of the supervising principal pervision as may be expected from a physician become subjects of present practical import- or a lawyer who draws three or four hundred ance, as well as the desirability of seeking for dollars salary as superintendent of schools; competence of this sort in a principal, and but supervision by one who knows what school making such arrangements as will enable him work ought to be, and has enough acquaintto do effective work.

ance with it to detect mischievous practices The very name indicates a two-fold office- and tendencies when they appear, and skill that of teaching and of supervising, and it is enough to provide proper remedies. In the obvious that many persons will be successful schools of which we are speaking the supervisin one function and failures in the other. The ing principal must be looked to for this sersupervisor needs to be a broader and more vice, and he must know not only how to teach thoroly trained man in educational theory and in the high schools, but also what and how to practice than the teacher. He must look upon teach in the grades. school work as a whole, apprehend the charac- He must have time allowed him for doing teristics of its different stages, separate clearly this work. He cannot know what is going on essentials from forms, and know how to beget in the grades if he is engaged in high school and maintain a right spirit and right views in class work during all the school hours. He the workers. The power to study and inter- must have time to see what is going on, and pret correctly what is going on in his schools, not only to see, but to plan and to confer with to recognize and supply needs, to detect and the teachers. This time to see cannot be limdirect tendencies is one side of his work; to ited to one special hour; he must get a larger keep in right and helpful relations with his view of the work than this will give. If he is teachers, with his board, with the public is to teach, the program must be given a certain another which certainly demands patience, flexibility, so that the way may be opened for tact, and leadership. If he has only the lat- him to inspect at any hour. Merely seeing ter ability he may be an empty charlatan; if amounts to nothing; he must have time to reonly the former he may be a constant source flect, to work out the meaning of what he sees, of fretting and irritation. But our purpose at

to plan remedies and improvements, and finpresent is not to discuss the qualifications of ally to advise and confer. How much time is the supervising principal, but to touch upon needed for such purposes depends upon the the necessity and conditions of his work. size of the system and the work to be done.

Improvement in the grade work is felt to be It is the worst kind of policy not to provide at present the most pressing need of our for doing it, as the result of such policy is apt schools. Here foolish and irrational things to be that the whole school system miscarries. without number are going on; courses of study At present good supervising principals are hard constructed in utter disregard of child nature to get, because effort has been too long directed and child needs are in operation; purely me- wholly to making the high school teacher; but chanical processes are stupefying the minds of there are many of them, and with a distinct the children in one place, and silly fads and recognition of the need more will be develdevices are making them scatter-brained in oped. The supervising principal must be another. Time is wasted over dreary and use- trained to study the problems of grade work. less drills, while superficiality and carelessness

S. in essentials is preparing them for discouragement and failure later on. We have in late

THE MONTH. years had some public expositions of widespread errors of this sort in the teaching of

WISCONSIN NEWS AND NOTES. arithmetic, of geography, and of grammar, but these very practices are still prevalent in

-Green Bay has two new brick ward school a large number of our schools; we have laughed buildings erected at a cost of $15,900. out the ridiculous 'science" of map drawing and of penmanship, but there are abundant sur

-The diet of Japan has this year passed a

bill for intermediate commercial schools thruvivals; the fiddle-faddle of language lessons

out the empire. still goes on, while our children fail to learn to spell correctly or write intelligently. A large — The Rock County Teachers' Association number of high school teachers will testify that meets at Evansville, May 6, with a general

school year.

1

program and a graded school session. State say that it must be taught the next twentySuperintendent Harvey delivers the address. five years."

-The enrollment at the Stevens Point nor- -Supt. Andrews hopes to differentiate mal school at the end of the third quarter had

among the Chicago high schools on the prinreached 580.

ciple that students should be enabled to pro

cure an education fitting them for college. -Supt. Burns, of Richland county, issues

He wishes one high school to be devoted to a program of six teachers' associations to be

the physical sciences, another to elementary held in his county from April 29th to June 3d,

biology, a third to languages, and a fourth to inclusive.

philosophical studies. - The new high school building at New

- The buildings recently erected at the InLondon is about completed, and will probably dustrial school at Waukesha are now nearly be occupied next fall at the opening of the

ready for occupancy.

To replace the factory

which was burned last spring, three modern -We note with sincere regret the death on improved buildings have been erected, with April 17, of Miss Clara Stedman, assistant in great gains in many of the details, especially the Arcadia high school. She graduated at in the bakery, laundry, and manual training the university in 1896, and was a very capa department. ble and successful teacher.

- The conference of superintendents and – The article in the JOURNAL by Supt. supervising principals of accredited high Kling, of Evansville, on “The Credit System, schools is to take place at the university May seems to have awakened considerable interest. 26th. The interscholastic athletic meet ocurs He is willing to mail free of charge blanks and at Camp Randall the day following. A Wisexplanations to any one wishing them.

consin Educational Club, composed of those

who are especially interested in the study of -A joint debate of the Clinton and Sharron high schools was held at Sharon, April 21.

education, will hold its first meeting in con

nection with these gatherings. The judges were Supt. Mayne, of Janesville; Prin. Whipple, of Whitewater; and Supt. -A movement is on foot to secure the obBrazier, of Harvard, Ill. Clinton carried off servance of the 14th of next December as the honors.

Washington memorial day. That day marks -Examinations for county superintendents'

the completion of the first century since the certificates will be held June 29th and 30th,

death of Washington. The Society of Amer

ican Authors in New York city, adopted a and July 1st at Appleton, Eau Claire, and

resolution urging the national observation of Madison. The examinations for teachers' state certificates will be held in Madison, August

the day, and petitions are being forwarded to 15th, 16th, and 17th.

the president of the United States urging a

proclamation of the day as a national memo-The institute school held in the court rial. house at Madison, April 3-8th, was largely at

-Some idea of the extent of New York tended and very successful. At its close the

city schools may be derived from an item in members expressed themselves with much en

the reports of the board of education. Supt. thusiasm about the value of the work, and

Maxwell presented a report upon the persons expressed a desire for more meetings of the

to whom licenses were granted or had been resame kind.

fused, containing a list of 10,000 names with -The new high school building at Wau- information of the standing and characteristics kesha, a view of which we published last May, of each. He said 1,379 licenses have been when the plans for it were finally adopted, was granted for Manhattan, 895 for Brooklyn, 1,-. dedicated March 24th with appropriate exer- 120 for Queens, 638 for Richmond. Of these cises. There were three addresses on the oc- 265 women and 75 men have not received casion, one by Supt. Harvey, one by T. E. regular appointment. Ryan, and one by President C. K. Adams.

-The N. E. A. officers call attention to -Spanish and Latin will probably be taught the fact that the policy of that body forbids in the elementary public schools of Chicago selecting and announcing "official routes" to next year. “Say what you may we must teach the meetings, as unfair to competing roads Spanish in our public schools,” said Supt. An- and intended to divert travel to chosen lines. drews to the committee on school management As all unite in the special rates, all are entirecently. “I have advices from Cuba which tled to fair and equal treatment. This policy

does not prevent the organizing of parties for rather itself the offspring of that success which special routes, provided all available routes has opened the eyes of the chambers of comare regarded as alike ''official," and aided alike merce and municipalities, and latterly of the in organizing similar parties from their re- imperial government to the immense value of spective territories.

commercial education for a commercial people. - The Ryan high school, of Appleton, met

Therefore the wonderful increase of commerthe Waupaca high school in debate March

cial schools is a result and not one of the 24th, at Waupaca. Question: Resolved, That

causes of trade success in Germany." the territorial expansion policy adopted by our government is for the best interests of the THE SOUTHERN WISCONSIN TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION AT United States. Explanation: ist. By "terri

WHITEWATER. torial expansion policy” is meant the annexation of Porto Rico, the Hawaiian, and the

The meeting of teachers at Whitewater, Phillippine Islands. 2d. It being conceded March 31st-April 1st, was a success numerithat the United States senate will duly ratify cally, financially, educationally, and socially. the treaty as drawn up by the peace commis

The enrollment reached beyond 500 memsioners at Paris touching the islands.

Profs. bers, and probably 300 more attended most McCaskill and Collins, of the Stevens Point

of the sessions. normal, and Principal Schuster, of Neenah,

To get together so many teachers for two acted as judges, and rendered a decision in days and in the older settled southern part of favor of the Ryan high school, who supported

the state is, to say the least, unusual and surthe negative.

prising

Pres. W. N. Parker, who is also assistant -The Arbor and Bird Day Annual of this

state superintendent, began early to plan a year is characterized by several practical pa

hustle for members, but advertising was not pers. The introduction strikes this note in

confined alone to the newspapers.

Personal dwelling upon beautifying grounds and teach

letters were written to most of the leading ing the value and traits of birds. Village and

teachers requesting them to write to teachers Town Improvement from the Village and

in their vicinities urging them to attend. Town Improvement Committee of W. S. F.

Free entertainment was given all ladies, and W. C.; Hints on School Ground Embellish.

800 teachers will never forget with what phement, by James Currie; A Letter from the

nomenal ease and success the reception comAudubon Society, by Mrs. Elizabeth G. Peck

mittee, headed by Pres. Salisbury, assigned ham; The Migration and Usefulness of Our

the crowds to their places, nor will the ladies Birds, by Prof. F. H. King; Society of Bird

forget the generous and kindly receptions Restorers, by Annabel C. Whitcomb; with the

from so many Whitewater homes. Statutes on Catching and Killing Birds in the

At 9:30 o'clock A. M. there were seated State of Wisconsin, and the List of Library in the Normal assembly room about 600 teachReferences make up the practical features. To

ers, and so tactfully had the committee done these are added poetical selections, songs, and

their work that most of them had been to a suggestive program.

their boarding places and were now contented -In a recent report to the foreign office of and happy. How much a good comfortable, England, Consul Powell says: "The great happy reception, contributes to the success of success which has attended German trade such a gathering! since 1873, but more especially during the Lack of space prevents a mention of every last ten years, has been frequently attributed thing, -and what is more to the well-being of in Great Britain to the superiority of technical the reporter, -every person. and commercial education in Germany. This is Every one felt at home, welcomed so heartnot the view taken by those best able to judge ily by Prof. Hutton. Supt. M. H. Jackson's of the facts by close acquaintance with them paper on Lickin' and Larnin' was a bright, in Germany; they are rather of the opinion sensible and business-like talk that had few that this success is due less to superior com

of the schoolmasterisms so often heard. He mercial education than to the high state of said he didn't play football with his boys, for general education that Germany has enjoyed 208 reasons, including the hyoid bone! for many years, and which was formerly lack- Prof. A. A. Upham had a class in manual ing, and is even now lacking in several essen- training, and the exhibition was a decided hit. tial points, in Great Britain. The commercial The discussion that followed showed the sensuccess of the German nation is not the out- timent all leaning towards manual training as come of commercial education; the latter is the coming education. The sections in the afternoon were well attended and the discus- are supposed to represent the people in making sions were at times very spirited. Dr. J. W. laws. Stearns in the high school section made a strong The program had been made largely in the plea for better work in grammar and grade interests of country schools, and the five paschools. All remarks were applauded but it pers read by country school teachers giving was easy to distinguish the real applause from their chief difficulties, held the attention of the mere complimentary. Teachers are ap

every member.

No one could escape the preciative and therefore discriminate, but they conviction that country schools in southern often say “well done" by habit.

Wisconsin are not suffering if their teachers Dr. A. E. Winship's talks in the afternoon are all made of such material. and evening had in them much to inspire hope The discussions that followed all breathed for education as a moral force. How clumsily an optimistic view of country school progress. the world handles this force though, is given The next meeting will be held at Racine, us to just get a glimpse at, when such students and although a larger city, if the phenomenal of education talk to us in straight-from-the- success of the Whitewater meeting is even shoulder words.

equaled, every teacher interested must The pleasant reception, with ice-cream and

"Look out not in, cake refreshments, given by the normal and

Look up not down,

And lend a hand." public school teachers in the evening, at the

Yours, etc., Normal hall, made a most happy ending to

C. W. SMITH. Friday's round of pleasures.

Kilbourn, Wis. The following offices were chosen Saturday morning: Supt. J. H. Nattrass, president; H. C. Buell and Agnes Hibbard, vice-presi- THE N. W. WISCONSIN ASSOCIATION MEETING. dents; G. H. Landgraf, secretary; C. D. Kipp, treasurer, and T. E. Doty, reporter.

The ninth annual session of the NorthwestThe discussion on libraries brought out ern Wisconsin Teachers' Association, which much enthusiasm and plainly showed the was held at Stevens Point, March 27th, 28th, growth of this element in our school system. and 29th, surpassed all previous meetings of

State Supt. L. D. Harvey spoke on the in- this section in poir.t of attendance. stitute problem, and as was remarked by one It will probably be a long time before the of the speakers, it was apparent that much association will again desire a woman for presbetter and more definite work can be and will ident, as she evidently “booms" too hard.

” be done in institute work as a result of sys- Stevens Point was literally deluged with tem and clearly defined purposes. The short teachers; they came pouring in from all diinstitute has had its day, and its two days rections, until the local commmittee who were also, and hereafter a week or two weeks will assigning places would fain have said, “It is not be considered a long institute. Wise gen- enough." But still they came! " Hotels were eralship and definite plans ought to govern overflowing; private homes that had agreed to success in this work as well as in any other. take at most four had to make room for six

The discussion as to teaching agriculture in and eight. However, it was in the main, a the common schools was all favorable to the good natured crowd, and, although those who innovation.

came late had to wait until beds were vacated Prof. W. A. Henry and Dr. Stearns believed for a chance to sleep, yet all went smoothly, such knowledge could be simply and success- and a jollier, happier crowd could not have fully taught.

been found. Dr. Stearns said: "Teach practical, every The introduction to the meeting was a 'soday matter, fact end first, and fear not the cial evening.” City Superintendent A. H. result.”

Simonds, presided. A short program had been One of the best things of the meeting was arranged consisting of choice selections of a paper by Pres. Salisbury on, What a coun- vocal and instrumental music. A short adtry school teacher ought to know, and teach. dress of welcome by Mr. T. B. Pray, presiNo man has a better right to speak upon this dent of the Stevens Point normal, where all subject, and his words should have a wider the sessions of the meeting were held. hearing

Miss Anna E. Schaffer, of Chippewa Falls, He dealt with the questions of the hour and president of the association, in a brief address pointed out some defects that should, —may responded to the words of welcome. Mr. S. heaven tell us how!-in some way be brought B. Todd, of Madison, gave a brief account of to the earnest consideration of the men who a trip to Columbus,” in his entertaining way. At the close of this program the vast audi- book men, who were very much in evidence, ence repaired to the gymnasium where the city and whose fine exhibits and smiling countenteachers served refreshments, and where a ances added much to the general attractivegeneral good time" prevailed.

ness of the meeting, that it was difficult for The regular session of the association should the president to secure the attention of the ashave opened at 9:30 on Tuesday morning, sociation. It was only after repeated soundMarch 28th, but considerable time was spentings of the gavel that the members obeyed, in seating the large audience (about 1,000), so and turned their attention to the business of that it was about 10 o'clock before the presi- the meeting. dent announced the first number on the pro- After a hearty rendering of the “Badger gram.

Song” by the entire assembly, and a most exThe topics presented were full of interest, cellent chorus by the grade pupils of the city and the only regret was that more time could schools, the president called for unfinished not be allowed for discussions.

business. There being none new business was Supt. Karl Mathie's address on "The Ethi- called for. Under this head Mr. H. W. Rood, cal Value of Music,” was most excellent. The of Shawano, introduced a resolution calling hearty applause which frequently interrupted for a “1900 meeting" of the Northeastern and Mr. Mathie, showed that his thoughts were the Northwestern to be held at Wausau. The much appreciated.

motion was received with much enthusiasm, Another topic which awakened much lively and carried without a dissenting vote. discussion during this session of the meeting A committee was appointed to report on was the Round Table on Pensions for Teach- the subject of “Pensions” at next meeting. ers,” led by Supt. H. A. Simonds.

The reports of the various committees were The morning program lasted until 12:20, adopted and the following officers elected for when Miss Schaffer announced the meeting the ensuing year: adjourned until 9:00 o'clock a. m., Wednesday. President-B. B. Jackson, Ashland. Four section meetings were held in various First Vice-President --C. H. Sylvester,

C. rooms of the normal on Tuesday afternoon. Stevens Point. The High School Section, under Prof. Fraw- Second Vice-President-Carrie J. Smith, ley, of Eau Claire; the Graded School Section, River Falls. under Miss Carrie Smith, of River Falls; the Secretary-J. W. Nesbitt, Mondovi. Rural School Section, under Supt. Frank Bix- Treasurer--D. S. Hennessey, Loyal. by, of Hammond, and the School Board Sec- R. R. Sec.-N. A. Harvey, Superior. tion, under Mr. D. G. Jones, of Wausau.

Much enthusiasm attended Mr. Jackson's These sections were all brimful of interest. election. A committee of three ladies was It was to be regretted that a larger room had appointed to wait upon. Mr. Jackson and bring not been prepared for the Graded School Sec- him before the assembly. It was a trying potion. The room assigned could not accom- sition, but Mr. Jackson bore his honors very modate more than half the number who sought becomingly. admission. The normal assembly room was

The remainder of the morning program was assigned for the Rural School Section. About given. The most interesting feature was the 350 were in attendance. The next largest round table topic, The Elements of the Moral

“ section was the Graded School, with fully 250 Force of the School,” led by Mrs. M. V. Muswho desired to be present but could not be tard. accommodated.

About 150 were present at At 12:30 the president declared the ninth the High School Section, and 100 at the School annual session of the N. W. T. A. adjourned. Board Section.

In the afternoon the great crowd of about Tuesday evening was devoted to a Stereop- 1,000 gradually disappeared. The recollectican lecture by Miss L. E. Stearns. Her tions of the past few days were now a memsubject, “Public and Traveling Libraries in ory. The earnest efforts, the hard work of America," was illustrated at every step by very the preceding months, and the enthusiasm distinct pictures thrown upon the screen. The which had gone into this meeting had been relecture was full of interest and desirable infor- warded by the largest membership and attendmation concerning the library work through- ance in the history of the association. The out our land, and especially in Wisconsin. meeting at Stevens Point will not soon be for

The closing session of the N. W. T. A. gotten, and the inspiration carried away will opened at 9:15 on Wednesday morning. There blossom and bear fruit for many days to come. was so much to see in the way of the beauti

ANNA E. SCHAFFER. ful art exhibit, and the tempting wares of the Chippewa Falls.

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