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English Classic Series, and contains two maps showing the

which are very interesting as illustrative of the dress and manners of the time. The introduction sketches the writers of these papers, the club life of the time and its relation to these essays, and compares the Spectator and the Tattler. No extensive annotation is necessary; what is given is well chosen, bri and useful. This edition contains the full series of the De Coverley papers.

- WALDNOVELLEN, six tales by Rudolph Baumbach, edited by Dr. Wilhelm Bernhard (153 pp.; 35C ), carries us into the Thuringian forests, whose very atmosphere we breathe in these vivid, simple, and charming tales.

-LA TULIPE Noire, par Alexandre Dumas, abridged and edited with notes by C. Fontaine (216 pp.; 40c.), by its brisk dialogue, rapid action, and brief and brilliant descriptions, sweeps the reader along with unflagging interest from its beginning to its close. The story is not hurt by the cutting. which has shortened it about one quarter, and the French is so easy as to need few notes to help the learner. C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse, N. Y.

-AUTHORS' Birthdays, second series, by C. W. Bardeen (459 pp.; $1.00), deals with a dozen authors, Bayard Taylor, Lowell, Howells, Motley, Emerson, Saxe, Thoreau, Parkman, Cable, Aldrich, Joel Chandler Harris, and Elizabeth Stuart Phelps. The biographical sketches are animated, interspersed with extracts and critical estimates, and generally excellent, and the book seems to us useful for general purposes as well as a preparation for authors' day exercises. Its interest is materially increased by the numerous and generally excellent medallion portraits of some forty writers which are introduced into the text.

-A DICTIONARY OF UNIVERSITY DEGREES, by Flavel S. Thomas (109 pp; $1.00), aims to tell what the different degrees mean and what attainments they indicate. How many there are is indicated by the size of this volume. Half the pages are left blank but the remainder multiplied by six, and we think this about the average to a page, will give upwards of three hundred. The author does not regard his work as complete, but it sufficiently indicates how large and varied an industry that of confering de

ject is here correlated with nature study in such a way as to teach the pupil to observe and reflect for himself. The book is a teacher's manual, it tells how to proceed, and where to get information, and gives helps for the work. The author is lecturer on physiology and hygiene before the Massachusetts teachers' institutes, and the book is the out. come of her efforts to teach teachers how to make this work more significant and useful in the lower grades. Miscellaneous.

--Four AMERICAN Naval Heroes, a book for young Americans, by Mabel Berton Beebe (Werner School Book Co.; 254 pp. ; 50c.), sketches the careers of Paul Jones, Oliver H. Perry, David G. Farragut, and George Dewey. How these sketches are conceived in a large way will be shown by some of the chapter headings under the last subject: Causes of the War with Spain; the Battle of Manilla; the Life of Dewey; the American Navy in Cuban Waters; the Cruise of the Oregon; Lieutenant Hobson and the Merrimac; the Destruction of Cervera's Fleet; the End of the War. The narratives are stirring and sure to hold the interest of young readers.

-The American Academy of Political and Social Science, Philadelphia, has issued a second edition of Prof. Edmund J. James' admirable address on The Place Of The PolitiCAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES IN MODERN EDUCATION (paper, 25c.).

-We are indebted to State Superintendent W. W. Stetson, of Maine, for a copy of his last ANNUAL REPORT, which presents a vigorous discussion of educational conditions and needs in that state,

-A GERMAN Reader, edited with notes and a vocabulary. by T. Waterman Hewett (422 pp.; $1.00), gathers into a single volume a sufficient supply of reading matter to prepare the student for taking up the classic authors. This matter is arranged so that difficulties and complexities gradually present themselves. Some sixty pages of elementary selections are followed by thirty pages of poetry, the simple and easy verse in which German literature is so rich. Then follow a half dozen historical selections, and complete pieces, two in prose, Auf der Eisenbahn and Immensee, and two dramas, one by Benedix, and one by Zechmeister. There are good and sufficient notes and a vocabulary. (The Macmillan Co.).

-ALGEBRA FOR Schools, by George W. Evans (433 pp.; $1.12), has made an effort ''to preserve the pupil from the besetting sin of conceiving algebraic operations as a species of legerdemain," says the preface. Making practical problems the point of departure is the author's method. Some of the characteristics of the book are carefully classified problems, insistance upon a scheduled explanation of steps in the reduction of equations, the thoro study of literal equations, the prominence of factoring and the treatment of completing the square as a method of factoring. Henry Holt & Co.).


grees is.



Silver, Burdette & Co.

-POETRY OF THE Seasons, compiled by Mary I. Lovejoy, (336 pp.; 60c.) is a beautiful book in which one reads with delight and seems to feel in himself all the charms of the revolving year, as these delightful poems set them forth. Old favorites are here of course, from the well known authors, and many more from those less distinguished. The arrangement under the seasons from spring round to winter is well adapted to the cultivation of that feeling for nature which is one of the purest delights of life, and which the poets do the most to cultivate. The text illustrations are numerous and beautiful, and the four full-page pictures are especially attractive and appropriate. This is one of the best collections we know of for school and home.

-Braided Straws, by Elizabeth E. Foulke, (135 pp.; 40c.) intertwines score of tales and lyrics for children of ten or twelve years, wholesome, attractive, and delightfully told. The book is daintily put up and finely illustrated. Young readers will delight in it as soon as they get their hands on it. E. L. Kellogg & Co., N. Y.

-Three Studies in EDUCATION, by Edward R. Shaw, (31 pp.; 25c.) is a small but interesting pamphlet. The author is dean of the school of pedagogy at the University of New York. In the first of the three studies he has subjected to tests different methods of teaching spelling, and reaches the conclusion that not the written exercise, but the oral one of pronouncing each letter and each syllable is the most effective and shortest way of teaching to spell. The second paper treats of English composition for elementary schools. and the third of the value of the motor activities in education.

- Primary and IntermediaTE LESSONS ON THE HUMAN Body, by Mrs. Ella B. Hallock, (194 pp.; 75c.) follows new lines in this field, and we believe valuable ones. The sub


- Besides a collection of a number of papers read at the Association of colleges and preparatory schools of the southern states, the March number of The School Review contains a most excellent article on Decentralizing tendencies in the French system of education, which exhibits effectively the remarkable advances which France is mak. ing under a republican government.

-Those interested in current history will find the Review of Reviews always valuable. The March issue contained a sketch of Maj. Gen. Otis; Philippine types and characteristics; The native population of the Philippines by a Philippo; A sketch of Pres. Faure; The condition of Porto Rico; Some young Cuban leaders in Cuban reconstruction; Characteristics and possibilities of middle western litera. ture, etc. These articles and others are finely illustrated with portraits, maps and views. "The progress of the World'' is always a vigorous discussion of the main topics of the month, and the "Leading articles of the month" keeps one informed as to the chief phases of opinion. In fact the monthly is unique in plan, and no others can render it unnecessary.

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Bowed by the weight of centuries he leans
Upon his hoe and gazes on the ground,
The emptiness of ages in his face,
And on his back the burden of the world.
Who made him dead to rapture and despair,
A thing that grieves pot and that never hopes,
Stolid and stunned, a brother to the ox?
Who loosened and let down this brutal jaw?
Whose was the hand that slanted back his brow?
Whose breath blew out the light within his brain?
Is this the Thing the Lord God made and gave
To have dominion over sea and land;
To trace the stars and search the heavens for power;
To feel the passion of Eternity?
Is this the Dream He dreamed who shaped the suns
And pillared the blue firmament with light?
Down all the stretch of Hell to its last gulf
There is no shape more terrible than this-
More tongued with censure of the world's blind

More filled with signs and portents for the soul-
More fraught with menace to the universe.
What gulfs between him and the seraphim!
Slave of the wheel of labor, what to him
Are Plato and the swing of Pleiades?
What the long reaches of the peaks of song,
The rift of dawn, the reddening of the rose?
Through this dread shape the suffering ages look;
Time's tragedy is in that aching stoop;
Through this dread shape humanity betrayed,
Plundered, profaned, and disinherited,
Cries protest to the Judges of the World,
A protest that is also prophecy.
O masters, lords, and rulers in all lands,
Is this the handiwork you give to God,
This monstrous thing, distorted and soul-quenched?
How will you ever straighten up this shape;
Give back the upward looking and the light;
Rebuild in it the music and the dream;
Touch it again with immortality;
Make right the immemorjal infamies,
Perfidious wrongs, immedicable woes?
O masters, lords, and rulers in all lands,
How will the Future reckon with this Man?
How answer his brute question in that hour
When whirlwinds of rebellion shake the world?
How will it be with kingdoms and with kings-
With those who shaped him to the thing he is
When this dumb Terror shall reply to God,
After the silence of the centuries?

-Edward Markham.



The Albert Teachers' Agency



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personally recommends. Grade and High School tions. Inquire into our teachers especially in demand for September vacanmethod, satisfy yourself cies. Good salaries. Registration free until May 15. of our reliability, and

Send for circulars. ANNA M. THURSTON, then join us. FRED DICK, Manager, Denver, Colo.

315 Wabash Ave., Chicago, Ill.


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College Preparatory Courses
Native Teachers of French and German
Superior Advantages in Music, Art and Elocution
For Catalogues, Address the President,


BETWEEN SEED TIME AND HARVEST Is a good opportunity to enquire about farming lands in South Dakota, only one day's ride from Chicago. Bountiful crops of Wheat, Corn, Barley and Flax reward the tiller of the soil. As a stock and dairy country South Dakota leads all the world. First class farm lands with near by markets can now be bought for from $10, $12, $15, and upwards, per acre, and this is the time to invest. For further particulars write to Geo. H. Heafford, General Passenger Agent, Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway. Old Colony Building, Chicago, Ill.

Milwaukee, Wis.

The largest Normal School in the United States.

COLLEGE, Valparaiso, Indiana.
19 thoroughly equipped departments. 52 instructors.
School the entire year. Students may enter at any time.
Expenses less than at any other school in the land. Cata-
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H. B. BROWN, President.



MEN for School Supplies and Furniture,
Give references.

177-179 Monroe St., CHICAGO, ILL.

During the past two years the creamery industry has grown from a small beginning until at the present time there are one hundred and ninteen (119) creameries and cheese factories scattered over the State, and all doing wells

Four times as many creemeries are needed in South Dakota, and farmers or dairymen desiring free list showing where creameries are now located, together with other information of value to live stock growers and farmers generally, will please address Geo. H. HEAFFORD, General Passenger Agent, C., M. & St P. R’y, Old Colony Bldg., Chi

cago III.

Journal of Education

Vol. XXIX.


No. 4






to a knowledge of the forms and forces of popJOURNAL OF EDUCATION ular government.

We also call attention to 208 East Main Street, Madison, Wis.

the article on an “Historical Entertainment"

given by the Wausau schools, which certainly J. W. STEARNS,



contains practical suggestions which may be

widely useful to principals and teachers. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE $1.00 A YEAR.

PHRASE-MAKING is a fine art, and Prof. (Entered at the Madison postoffice at second-class mailing rates.)

Nicholas Murray Butler is attaining reputation

in it by the action of his enemies. He wrote in TABLE OF CONTENTS.

the Educational Review for February: “That

fine old educational mastodon, Commissioner EDITORIAL

97-99 Brief Comments—Summer Session and Summer

Little, is Tammany's president of Tammany's School—The Supervising Principal.

new school board for the boroughs of ManhatTHE MONTH...

tan and the Bronx. He is supported by two Wisconsin News and Notes—The Southern Wis

other representative antediluvians, Commisconsin Teachers' Association—The N. W. Wisconsin Association Meeting - The North Central His- sioners Livingston and Moriarty; but some of tory Teachers' Association-California Harvests - the other men named by Mayor Van Wyck Memorial Day Reading List.

belong to a higher and better order of citizenThe School Room.....

106-108 Dictation Exercises The Care of Property


Commissioner Little took offense at Questions in Geography-Effects of Cutting For- this humorous characterization, and began an ests—Dividing Up the Chinese Coast–Science in

action for slander. Thus the vigorous and Education. CONTRIBUTIONS ..


catching phrase came to the eyes of those Springtide-A Historical Entertainment – Pupil who do not read the Reviery, and the humor Government as a Means of Teaching Citizenship

of the situation tickled the public fancy. Other -Municipal Government in a Grammar School.

cities are discovering that they, too, have CHILD-STUDY SECTION...

116-119 The Province and Limitations of Scientific and

“fine old educational mastodons,” and it seems Practical Child-Study.

probable that material of this sort for inuseBOOK TABLE.....


ums will soon be so plenty as to glut the mar

ket. It will be useful, however, to dig them EDITORIAL.

out, not only in school boards but also in legis

latures, and when the genus becomes well Two articles upon pupil government in

known it will affect the imagination of people schools in this number of the JOUREAL will not

much less powerfully than it does at present. fail to awaken wide-spread interest, and we A THREATENED disruption of the organizahope will lead to interesting practical results. tion of grade teachers in Chicago seems to That by Prin. J. T. Ray, of the John Crerar have been overcome, and a disposition “to School, Chicago, touches upon the theory of stick together for their own interests” prevails. the movement and the general principles un- The phrase we quote is from one of the leaders derlying it; that by Prin. O'Hanlan, of Mil- among them, who is also reported as saying, waukee, shows clearly how the plan may be- "We grade teachers are banded together not come a means of teaching quite young pupils only for self-protection, but also for our intelthe general principles and practice of munici- lectual advancement." It is indeed a hopeful pal government. Doubtless other and per- sign of the times if grade teachers are beginhaps more extended applications of the princi- ning to assert themselves. They have been ples may be developed. It certainly marks the most submissive of workers, apparently a forward stride in school management where content to run in the traces prepared for them the absolute despotism of teachers with more uniformly and exactly as their superiors preor less secret opposition by the pupils, gives scribed. What the form of this “'self-protecway to developing the pupils' responsibility tion” is to be we must wait to see. Their acand self-control and awakening him thereby tion on the “Harper bill" seemed to show a

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disposition to stand together to protect the partments will be on hand to give the instruc"ins," good or bad, against all efforts to make tion. This is much more than has ever been changes. But this, perhaps, is a misinterpre- attempted in this state before, and will doubttation. There is a great future for grade teach- less lead to a greatly increased enrollment. ers in the line of rational advancement, of try- But what of the summer school and of its ing to think their own thots, to see and solve relations to the new departure! It will be retheir own problems, to assert their rights to be membered that this was started especially to themselves, and to reach results in their own aid the teachers of our high schools in attainway. Deadness of tone will depart from the ing more thoro knowledge of the subjects common schools when such rational independ- which they teach, and better acquaintance ence can take the place of the routine submis- with modern methods and doctrines. This siveness and unthinkingness which have hith- implied in part instruction of college grade, erto characterized quite too generally our and in part that which must be considered faithful but timid grade teachers.

outside that grade. Under the new arrangePRESIDENT DRAPER emphasized, at the

ment instruction of both kinds is furnished as meeting of the Association of Colleges and

heretofore. Those who enroll in the summer Secondary Schools, the mechanicalizing re

school will need no credentials for admission sults of dark-lantern processes, the "pull"

and no examinations at the close of the sesin all its forms-in filling places in the public sion, unless they desire credit in the universchools, so that “the teachers are tramping sity, which is not given except upon examinaround in little pint cups, and the schools do

ation. They will be permitted to take any little more than mark time in endless routine.”

work offered in the greatly extended program

Those who The result he foresees is that parents will provided they are able to do it. patronize private schools more and more,

desire college or graduate rank will of course schools where their children can make real

be required to show their right to enter upon

such work, as at any of the regular sessions progress, and thus the public schools will become schools of the alone. poor

of the university. Thus the summer school He suspects

continues the work which it has been carrying teachers' organizations “to protect themselves.” “The effort is not so much for self

on with practically a great extension in the improvement as to influence legislation and

range of studies offered for election. The control the board of education and the super

courses in pedagogy offered are three, the hisintendents. They know the weaknesses and

tory of education, technique of high school the political ambitions of the members of the teaching, and school supervision. Miss Tanboard of education, and play upon them, and

ner will give three courses in drawing lasting with the unlimited powers of the board they six weeks; and gymnastic training will be proare able to do it in ways which not only ad

vided for both men and women as last year. vance the interests of the politician teachers,

The circulars will probably be ready for disbut degrade all the rest and demoralize the tribution before this number of the Journal whole system.” Cities must find remedies for goes to press. such management or expect the decline of the

THE SUPERVISING PRINCIPAL. public schools. The remedy is a responsible head and advancement on the ground of merit alone. This is the dark side of the organiza

In our smaller cities and villages no better tions of teachers and it is well to recognize scheme for securing something like expert adit fully.

vice and help in the direction of the public

schools seems likely to prevail among us than SUMMER SESSION AND SUMMER SCHOOL.

that of providing supervising principals. In

our larger cities also, the supervising principal The announcement of a summer session of has become a factor practically indispensable the university, voted at the meeting of the to the effective working of the system. This board of regents April 18th, will sufficiently unity of plan in large and small cities works explain to all the delay in issuing the pros- for the general advantage in facilitating the pectus of the summer school this year. The movement upward of successful men, and prosummer session presents to those who wish to viding a practical training for those whose ulpursue college or graduate work superior ad- timate work is to be that of a superintendent. vantages for doing so. Practically all the de- Existing quasi-arrangements of this sort have partments of the college of letters and science come about without distinct planning and offer work for this session, and rather more study, but from the pressure of circumstances, than half the teachers employed in those de- and therefore may be accepted as clearly indi

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