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In the first place it is perfectly evident that into India, China, Japan, and the Hawaiian never before in the history of the world has Islands, Thousands of young mothers and there been such a healthful interest in the fathers are studying their offspring with mincause of education as there is to-day. People utest care and making records of everything in the great nations of the world are bending they deem important. (Of course this is not their energies toward providing better means inconsiderable!) Most of this is of no scientific of education for their children. Especially in value but it is an index of increased interest the United States it is true that the most beau- in and knowledge about children. tiful and expensive buildings throughout the Throughout the country there are no less country are the school buildings. There is than 160,000 women (exclusive of teachers) great expenditure of money for the purpose of actively engaged in some form of enterprise providing the best in education from the kin- looking directly toward the betterment of eddergarten through the university. Where one ucational methods and facilities. These women family sent their children to college fifty years are among the leading women of their respecago, ten do now. Again the number of or- tive communities. This work takes various ganizations and institutions built up for the directions. Some of it is in mothers' clubs purpose of furthering the cause of education is and mothers' meetings, other in parents' and almost innumerable.

teachers' meetings. In some, child-study as Witness the multitude of mothers' clubs, ordinarily thought of is the central topic, in mothers' congresses, women's school alliances, others the kindergarten, foods and their relawomen's leagues for better sanitation in school tive values and modes of preparation, general buildings, teachers' clubs, associations and health, sleep, fatigue, home lessons, care of reading circles, the increase and improvement teeth, care of body, clothing, exercise, toof public libraries, traveling libraries, exten- bacco, schoolroom sanitation, schoolroom decsion courses, correspondence courses, the mul- oration, manners, morals, etc., are considered. tiplication of sewing schools, cooking schools, See School and Home Fournal, Nov., 1898, p. schools of domestic science, etc. To simply 128. enumerate would occupy many pages.

The Though much of the work is desultory and free lectures given by the board of education lacking in point, yet it all contributes toward in New York city within the last ten years a closer bond of sympathy between home and have been wonderful agents in the cause of school, and anything that will further this end education. During the year 1896–7 there is highly desirable. were given 1,066 free lectures upon educational It may be presumptuous to claim all this as topics to the working people. The fact that the direct outcome of recent child-study. It 426, 357 persons attended them speaks un- may be better to say as the modern historians equivocally of their popularity. Educational are coming to do, that no one factor is a suffiliterature is growing more abundant every cient cause for any great movement, but that day. None of the popular magazines, even of the spirit of the movement is “in the air.” the purely literary type, can get along now But it is certain that interest in education in without one or more articles upon current ed- the larger sense is the dominant cause of all ucational topics in each number. Even the the activity. And I think it is not too much daily papers in many cities give considerable to say that a great deal of enthusiasm has been space to educational questions. I noticed in kindled by the newer child-study and that a Sunday's Sentinel that of twenty mayors of very significant advance is synchronous with Wisconsin cities, who indicated what their its advent. You may say that the questionaire city would like in a Christmas stocking that has not accomplished it, the scales and balance eleven of them indicated improvement in school have not accomplished it, optical and audifacilities. These men are all business men, tory tests have not accomplished it.

Hownot pedagogues, and the answers are very ever, eachhas given its quota through the results significant. It shows that the people are deeply it revealed, and all have contributed to the interested in the cause of education, and that greater interest in the child as the future heir they are studying the interests of their children. of the present and this interest has accom

There are at present fourteen state organi- plished it. By the various methods we have zations for child-study, sixty city associations, been enabled to know more intimately his posand more than three hundred local clubs. Fif- sibilities, his points of strength, and his shortteen colleges have chairs of child-study. It comings.

comings. All have stimulated toward betterhas even secured a footing in conservative Ox- ing means of developing his possibilities. ford and Edinburgh, each of which furnish lec

(Concluded next month.) turers upon the subject. It has found its way Milwaukee, Wis.



with an introduction by Henry M. and Emmie Felkin, (285 pp.; $1.75.) will be heartily welcomed as a valuable

addition to Herbartian literature in English. Here we have D. Appleton & Co., N. Y.

the six letters which have been preserved, written by -Letters to A MOTHER on the Philosophy of Froebel, Herbart to Herr von Steiger, whose sons he tutored shortly by Susan E. Blew (311 pp.; $1.50), partially fulfills a prom- after he finished his university studies. Part of the conise made in the preface to "Symbolic Education," to com- tract was that he should make a monthly written report of plete, as time and strength permit, the commentary upon the progress of the three boys, and most faithfully did he Froebel's Mother Play. A few subjects are selected from fulfil it. These letters show him a true teacher, who looks that book for more detailed study, nine in fact, each treated

at his work in a large way, and studies the needs and char. in the form of a letter to a friend. This volume deals with

acter of his pupils. One learns from these letters what the philosophy of Froebel, which so many kindergartners Herbart meant by a truly educative instruction. As these fail to study, assuming that their interest in his practical letters were Herbart's earliest writings on education so the plans with their own instincts will guide them sufficiently. Lectures on Education, which make up the rest of the volTherefore many of them go astray, and have brought much

ume, were almost his latest, being notes for the pedagogical needless reproach upon a form of training which they mis- lectures which he delivered at Goettingen in 1835, after he represent because they have failed to grasp its inner mean- had served for a quarter of a century at Koenigsbury where ing. The author, Dr. Harris says, "finds it necessary to he was Kant's successor. The translators are well-known, take up the most important doctrines one after another, and

as they gave us in English dress the Science of Education, show their equivalents in the different systems of thot that

Herbart's systematic presentation of his theory. This volprevail. In some cases these systems are in harmony with ume throws great light upon the more important parts of Froebel, and in other cases there is profound disagreement. that treatise, and students will find here a great help to a

The readers of the discussions in this book will full understanding of it. readily concede that the exposition of the results of the theory of the kindergarten, and also the defence of its prac

-A MANUAL OF THE ART OF QUESTIONING, for training tice as against systems that conflict with it, are presented

classes, compiled from various works and especially from with a clearness and force new in the literature of the sub

those of Joseph Landon, (92 pp.; 50 cents) treats in various ject."

ways of one of the most important of the teachers' arts,

and we know no other manual so full as this. It has always --Nunez's First SPANISH Reader, with brief vocabu

surprised us, however, that writers on this subject do not lary and questions on the text (204 pp.; 65c.); also Second recognize that the age of the class makes much difference Spanish Reader, by J. Abelardo Nunez (258 pp.; 85c.), re

with the type of questioning. As commonly practiced this ceived the gold medal at the world's fair in Paris and also

art takes away from the pupil the organization of matter in the Guatemala exposition, 1897. The questions and into a connected whole of presentation, so that he does not vocabulary are the only part of the books in English, and

acquire the power of organizing his knowledge. He is appear as an appendix. They are first and second readers

prepared to match bits and shreds of information on to for Spanish children, but most serviceable also for Ameri

guiding questions. Nor do these manuals study how cans who wish to learn the language by reading. The ques- thoughtfulness may be promoted in pupils, how to make tions are supposed to be answered by the pupil in Spanish,

them seekers after the meaning of things rather than memand thus his knowledge of vocabulary, constructions, and orizers. To think, to systematize, to present in organic idioms is rapidly built up.

wholes of discourse—these fundamentals of sound teaching The Macmillan Company.

such manuals fail to show the beginner how to secure. -AN INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF LITERATURE, edited

Henry Holt & Co. by Edwin H. Lewis (410 pp.). would rescue literature, es

-Aus Deutschen Meisterwerken, by Sigmon M. Stern, pecially in the seventh, eighth, ninth, and tenth grades, from merely formal drill, and make it an agency for the

(225 pp.; $1.20), narrates in easy prose the chief stories out education of the emotions and the will. The editor has se

of Gedrun, the Niebelungensage, Parcival, and Tristan and lected material for this-selections to be read aloud, and

Isold. The introduction gives an interesting account of

these products of the earlier German literature, and thus suited to the youth who are to read, all ranged - under such rubrics as The nobility of animals, The heroism of war,

prepares for the reading of the tales. The book does not The heroism of peace, The athlete, The adventurer, etc.

require notes, but is equipped with a good German-English Each topic has an introduction treating of it and the selec

vocabulary. tions under it. They will be read with avidity, both the

-CYRANO DE Bergerac, comedie heroique en Cinq actes, introductions and the selections, and the boys who have

par Edmond Rostand, edited with introduction and notes read them will have entered upon the emotional education by Oscar Kubos, (202 pp.; 80c.), produced a marvelous efwhich comes from true literature of power.

fect when first presented in Paris in 1897, and has since be-Nature STUDY FOR GRAMMAR GRADES, A manual for

come widely famous thru translations in other lands. The

original French play is here edited for school and college teachers and pupils below the high school in the study of

It is far more effective than the translations we have nature, by Wilbur A. Jackman (407 pp.; $1.00), seems to

seen, and the nobleness of the play and its correct historius an important addition to the pedagogical equipment for the new grammar school. It is not a treatise to be learned,

cal delineations make it very valuable for class study. but a guide to the study and investigation of things, devel- Ginn & Co. oping in each subject a series of queries with suggestions --Sir Bevis, a tale of the fields, an adaptation of "Wood how to work towards obtaining answers.

The work pro

Magic" by Richard Jeffries, edited by Eliza J. Kelley. (129 ceeds to applications of what is learned, to number work pp.: 35c.), tells in the introduction the rather sad story of and manual training, and to the representative expression Richard Jeffries, a student of nature at first hand and a of it in drawing, colors, modeling and writing. The range writer on natural history yet but little known in this country, of subjects is large, relations of plants and animals, mete- who died in 1887 at the early age of thirty-nine. These are orology, astronomy, physics, botany, physiology, agri- charming stories of the boy. Sir Bevis, with whom the ani. culture, etc., looking in fact to a many-sided study of mals talk and to whom they confide the secrets of their surrounding objects, rather than to systematic pursuit lives. They will awaken interest in animal lives and make of a single science or a series of sciences. This is sympathetic observers of it. the true plan for such instruction, wbich as it seems to us, -The Bacchae of Euripides, the text and a translation is now, after a long series of experiments, none of which

in English verse, by Alexander Kerr, (125 pp.), contains on have been fully satisfactory, finding its true charac- one page the Greek and on the opposite the translation. ter, matter and method. We heartily commend this work This keeps close to the original, and gives one a vivid sense to the attention of those looking for guidance in true nature of the rush and excitement of this most interesting drama. study.

The book contains no learned apparatus, no introduction C. W. Bardeen, Syracuse, N. Y.

and no notes; and is evidently intended to serve, and does -LETTERS AND LECTURES ON EDUCATION by Johann serve, the true purpose of a literary production, to awaken Friedrich Herbart, translated from the German and edited interest and give pleasure.



Journal of Education

Vol. XXIX.


No. 6


What Makes life Significant.

The more ideals a man has, the more contemptible, on the whole, do you continue to deem him, if the matter ends there for him, and if none of the laboring man's virtues are called into action on his part, -no courage shown, no privations undergone, no dirt or scars incurred in the attempt to get them realized. It is quite obvious that something more than the mere ideals is required to make a life significant in any sense that claims the spectator's admiration. Inner joy, to be sure, it may have with its ideals; but that is its own private sentimental matter. To extort from us, outsiders as we are, with our own ideals to look after, the tribute of our grudging recognition, it must back its ideal visions with what the laborers have, the sterner stuff of manly virtue; it must multiply their sentimental surface by the dimensions of the active will, if we are to have depth, if we are to have anything cubical and solid in the way of character.-Prof. William James in Talks to Teachers on Psychology.





The Albert Teachers' Agency


Central Music Hall Building, Chicago
FOURTEENTH YEAR. Largest and best known Agency in the West. Send for our

new circulars and inform yourself as to what we are doing. C. J. ALBERT, Manager.


The Colorado
Teachers' Agency

We recommend competent

teachers to School Boards. We
assist teachers to desirable posi- Free Registration. Over 100 direct calls, where we are

tions. Inquire into our requested to recommend teachers. Primary, Intermediate
method, satisfy yourself and Grammar. Salaries 450 to 700. High School Assis-
of our reliability, and tants, general and special work. 600 to 1500. Do not de-
then join us.
lay. Write

FRED DICK, Manager, Denver, Colo. Thurston Teachers' Agency. 315 Wabash Ave., Chicago.


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Is a good opportunity to enquire about farming lands in South Dakota, only one day's ride from Chicago. Bountiful crops of Wheat, Corn, Barley and Flax reward the tiller: of the soil. As a stock and dairy country South Dakota leads all the world. First class farm lands with near by markets can now be bought for from $10, $12, $15, and up- SIE wards, per acre, and this is the time to invest. For further particulars write to Geo. H. Heafford, General Passenger Agent, Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway, Old Colony Building, Chicago, Ill.

The largest Normal School in the United States.

COLLEGE, Valparaiso, Indiana.
19 thoroughly equipped departments. 52 instructors.
School the entire year. Students may enter at any time.
Expenses less than at any other school in the land. Cata-
logue giving full particulars mailed free. Address

H. B. BROWN, President.


During the past two years the creamery industry bas grown from a small beginning until at the present time there are one hundred and ninteen (119) creameries aod cheese factories scattered over the State, and all doing well.

Four times as many creemeries are needed in South Dakota, and farmers or dairymen desiring free list showing where creameries are now located, together with other information of value to live stock growers and farmers generally, will please address Geo. H. HeaFFORD, General Passenger Agent, C., M. & St P. R’y, Old Colony Bldg., Chi


MEN for School Supplies and Furniture,
Give references.

E. W. A. ROWLES 177-179 Monroe St., CHICAGO, ILL.



cago III.


Journal of Education

Vol. XXIX.


No. 6


late years.

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summer schools which have been carried on of JOURNAL OF EDUCATION

Besides the University of Wis208 East Main Street, Madison, Wis.

consin, Cornell University, and the universi

ties of Michigan and of Illinois are to have such J. W. STEARNS, A. O. WRIGHT, } ..EDITORS AND PROPRIETORS. sessions for the first time this year. Great

advantages are thus offered to persons whose SUBSCRIPTION PRICE $1.00 A YEAR.

occupations prevent their attendance at the (Entered at the Madison postoffice at second-class mailing rates.) usual terms, and among such the largest class

is undoubtedly that of teachers. To have a TABLE OF CONTENTS.

choice from almost the whole range of univer

sity studies, taught by the university teachEDITORIAL

121-124 ers, and giving full proportionate credit toBrief Comments—New Educational Legislation-

wards a university degree, is certainly an Conveyance of School Children.

opportunity much beyond that of a summer THE MONTH..

124-130 Wisconsin News and Notes-Points of Interest in school. By the arrangements at Madison perSouthern California-The Annual Conference at sons not seeking college degrees can have the University--School Gardens in Chicago.

such advantages as used to be given at the The SCHOOL Room...

130 Transcontinental Commercial Highways.

Summer School, with such other work as they CONTRIBUTIONS


are able to carry on. The prospects are now Physical Laboratory Work in the High Schools

excellent for a large enrollment this summer. An Afternoon in Chinatown—The Lady-SlipperIndian Schools in Wisconsin.

CHANGES in school teachers are certainly CHILD-STUDY Section...

138-141 much less lightly made than they were ten or The Province and Limitations of Scientific and

even five years ago. Sometimes they are inPractical Child-Study (concluded).

evitable, and at others they are very desirOFFICIAL DEPARTMENT

141-142 School District Meeting and the Record Thereof.

able, but the yearly change almost as a mat- . BOOK TABLE... 142-144 ter of course was a serious evil.

It is rapidly disappearing as a consequence of certain natEDITORIAL.

ural forces which are yearly becoming more effective. The most important is the strength

ening of our schools in the aims and characTHE JOURNAL announces with satisfaction

ter of their work. Every year the standards the addition to its force of Mr. B. J. Castle,

become a little better. Not every person who who becomes a partner in the business with

has a little education may now take his place this issue. He will assume the general busi

in the schoolroom for a time. Serious preparness management of the paper, and will also

ation for the work is required, and evidence of conduct a legal department designed for the satisfactory experience more and more insisted guidance of school officials. Mr. Castle's

on in making appointments to desirable positraining and experience as a lawyer specially tions. Consequently the number who underfit him for this work, and we believe that he

take teaching as a makeshift for a few years will make his contributions from month to

diminishes. These conditions give character month of great practical value to school clerks

to the work of our teachers, so that there is and school treasurers. He is well-known in

less restlessness for change in communities; the state, and we doubt not will commend

and the difficulties of securing a better posihimself to our readers by his business man

tion incline those in place to hold on to what agement.

they have. It does not seem likely that the SUMMER SESSIONS have come suddenly in shifting formerly so general will return. . a number of our leading institutions for higher Rather we may expect to see the tendency to education, partly as a result of the experi- continuity strengthened more and more as the ment made by Chicago University, and partly professional character of the teacher's work is as a natural growth and expansion of the more fully developed.

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