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UNITED STATES BUREAU OF EDUCATION BULLETIN, 1915, NO. 22

WHOLE NUMBER 649

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LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

BUREAU OF EDUCATION,
Washington, June 1, 1915.

SIR: All States in the Union maintain systems of public schools, and in every State support and control of schools are divided between the State and local communities-county, township, district, municipality. In no two States is this division the same. In some the tendency is toward strong central State control, as in the State of New York; in some the State assumes a larger part of the burden of support, as in some of the Southern States; in others the burden of support is left almost wholly with local communities, and to these communities is intrusted the control of the schools under general State laws. The State of Massachusetts and other New England States, as well as several of the Middle Western States, offer examples of this tendency. As expenditures for the maintenance of schools, and public interest in the results of these expenses, increase, students of education, school officers, and taxpayers desire to know what apportionment of support and control is likely to be most effective. In his study of the "State vs. Local Control of Elementary Education," Dr. Theodore L. MacDowell has brought together much material which will be helpful to those interested in this question. I therefore recommend that the manuscript transmitted herewith be published as a bulletin of the Bureau of Education.

Respectfully submitted.

The SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR.

P. P. CLAXTON,

Commissioner.

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