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to renounce absolutely and forever all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty, and particularly by name to the prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty of which at the time of filing the petition he may be a citizen or subject.

To prevent mistake in the name or title of the particular sovereign or state whose allegiance is to be renounced, a list of foreign countries and their rulers is furnished clerks of courts by the Bureau of Naturalization. See Appendix, post.

Revised lists are sent out from the Bureau from time to time.

The petition must also state that it is the intention of the petitioner to reside permanently in the United States.

(c) Of Previous Denial of Naturalization. The petitioner shall also state whether he has been denied admission as a citizen of the United States, and, if denied, the ground or grounds of such denial, the court or courts in which such decision was rendered, and that the cause for such denial has since been cured or removed.

(d) As to Residence. The petition must state that the applicant has resided continuously in the United States of America for a term of five years at least immediately preceding the date of his petition, and in the state, territory, or district for one year at least next preceding the date of the petition.

(e) As to Ability to Speak English. The petition should state that the applicant is able to speak the English language. An exception is made, however, in the case of persons who have made their declaration of intention to become citizens required by law prior to September 27, 1906. Sec. 8.

Naturalization regulation of October 2, 1906: "Aliens who make the declaration of intention required by law prior to September 27, 1906, unless they can be naturalized before that date under the laws then in force, must comply with the requirements of the Act of June 29, 1906, in regard to the filing of petitions for naturalization and furnishing proof, except that they will not be required to speak the English language or to sign petitions in their own handwriting."

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(C.) Signature of Petitioner.

The petition must be signed by the applicant. Sec. 4, par. 2.* And unless he filed his declaration of intention before the passage of the Act of 1906, it must be in his own handwriting.” The proviso to Section 4, paragraph 2, declares “that if he has filed his declaration before the passage of this Act he shall not be required to sign the petition in his own handwriting.”

(D.) Verification of Petition.

The petition must be “duly verified.” Sec. 4, par. 2.

It should be subscribed and sworn to before the clerk of the court to which it is addressed. Sec. 27.

The petition shall also be verified by the affidavits of at least two credible witnesses. Sec. 4, par. 2.

(E.) Witnesses.

(i.) Citizenship of. The witnesses must be "citizens of the United States." Sec. 4, par. 2.

(ii.) Personal Acquaintance with Applicant. The witnesses shall state in their affidavits that they have personally known the applicant to be a resident of

*The signature must be written out without abbreviation, Nat. Reg., Oct. 2, 1906.

the United States for a period of at least five years continuously, and of the state, territory, or district in which the application is made for a period of at least one year immediately preceding the date of the filing of his petition, and that they have personal knowledge that the petitioner is a person of good moral character, and that he is in every way qualified, in their opinion, to be admitted as a citizen of the United States. Sec. 4, par. 2.

(iii.) Form of Affidavit.

The following form of affidavit of witnesses is prescribed by the law: Sec. 27.

AFFIDAVIT OF WITNESSES.

Court of

In the matter of the petition of ......... to be admitted

a citizen of the United States of America.

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occupation residing at and

, occupation ..... residing at each being severally, duly and respectively sworn, deposes and says that he is a citizen of the United States of America; that he has personally known

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the petitioner above mentioned, to be a resident of the United States for a period of at least five years continuously immediately preceding the date of filing his petition, and of the state (territory or district) in which the above-entitled application is made for a period of

years immediately preceding the date of filing his petition, and that he has personal knowledge that the said petitioner is a person of good moral character, attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States, and that he is in every way qualified, in his opinion, to be admitted as a citizen of the United States.

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Subscribed and sworn to before me this

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(Official character of attestor). (iv.) Fees of Upon the filing of his petition to become a citizen of the United States, the petitioner shall deposit with and pay to the clerk of the court a sum of money sufficient to cover the expenses of subpænaing and paying the legal fees of any witnesses for whom he may request a subpæna, and upon the final discharge of such witnesses they shall receive, if they demand the same from the clerk, the customary and usual witness fees from the moneys which the petitioner shall have paid to such clerk for such purpose, and the residue, if any, shall be returned by the clerk to the petitioner. Sec. 13, par. 5.

e. Notice.

(A.) In General. Immediately after filing the petition, the clerk shall give notice thereof by posting in a public and conspicuous place in his office, or in the building in which his office is situated, under an appropriate heading, the name, nativity and residence of the alien, the date and place of his arrival in the United States, and the date, as nearly as may be, for the final hearing of his petition, and the names of the witnesses whom the applicant expects to summon in his behalf; and the clerk shall, if the applicant requests it, issue a subpæna for the witnesses so named by the said applicant to appear upon the day set for the final hearing, but in case such witnesses can not be produced upon the final hearing, other witnesses may be summoned. Sec. 5, Act of June 29, 1906.

(B.) Form.

The form of notice prescribed by the Bureau of Naturalization is as follows:

NOTICE OF APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION TO CITIZENSHIP.

Petitions for Naturalization at the...............Term of............... Court, to be held at................

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f. Certificate from Department of Commerce and Labor

Declaration of Intention.

At the time of filing his petition there shall be filed with the clerk of the court a certificate from the Department of Commerce and Labor, if the petitioner arrives in the United States after the passage of this Act. This certificate shall state the date, place, and manner of his arrival in the United States. Sec. 4, par. 2.

At the same time, the declaration of intention of the petitioner shall be filed with the clerk. Sec. 4, par. 2.

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