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Whereas Syrian authorities have arrested, or, in the case of

foreigners, expelled two journalists for writing critically about Syria's policies;

Whereas Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International

have reported that the security forces of Syria are targeting emerging Syrian human rights organizations, as well as their attorneys, in an apparent attempt to intimidate those organizations;

Whereas on March 8, 2004, Syrian security forces arrested

more than 30 human rights dissidents and civilians at a sit-in in front of the parliament;

Whereas a United States diplomat who was watching the

peaceful demonstrations was also arrested and held for an hour in what the United States Government called an unacceptable violation of diplomatic practice and which the United States protested "in the strongest terms”;

Whereas Article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human

Rights states "All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.";

Whereas the criminal law of Syria provides for reduced sen

tences in cases of “honor” killings, and spousal rape is not illegal;

Whereas the infringement by Syria on human rights and civil

liberties extends into the Lebanese Republic, which it continues to occupy in violation of United Nations Security Council resolutions;

Whereas Human Rights Watch, in its 2003 World Report,

stated that “political activists in Lebanon continued to demand the withdrawal of all Syrian forces from the country and organized demonstrations throughout the

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year, many of which the internal security forces dispersed forcibly'';

Whereas hundreds of Lebanese civilians are believed to have

been killed or "disappeared” by Syrian occupation forces or its secret police;

Whereas hundreds of Kurdish civilians were injured or killed

in clashes with the Syrian authorities that began on March 12, 2004, in Qamishli, a city in northeastern Syria and, according to Syrian Kurdish sources, security forces used live ammunition against unarmed civilians; and

Whereas human rights and democracy groups in Syria have

sponsored a petition urging greater freedoms and the release of all political prisoners, which has garnered more than 6,000 signatures: Now, therefore, be it

Strike all after the resolved clause and insert the fol

lowing:

1 That Congress

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(1) condemns the consistent pattern of gross

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violations of internationally recognized human rights by the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic;

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(2) calls on the international community to

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(3) expresses its support for the people of Syria

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in their daily struggle for freedom, respect for

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human rights and civil liberties, democratic self-gov

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ernance, and the establishment of the rule of law;

(4) encourages the President and the Secretary

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of State to reach out to dissidents, human rights ac

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tivists, and the nonviolent democratic opposition in

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Syria, and to assist them in their efforts; and

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(5) urges the adoption and pursuit of these and

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(B) cease the illegal occupation by Syria of

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(C) abandon support for terrorism by Syria; and

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(D) live in peace and security with the

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Amend the title so as to read: “Resolution expressing the grave concern of Congress regarding the continuing gross violations of human rights and civil liberties of the Syrian and Lebanese people by the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic.".

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Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives in support of full

membership of Israel in the Western European and Others Group (WEOG) at the United Nations.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

APRIL 30, 2004
Ms. Ros-LEHTINEN (for herself, Mr. BLUNT, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. PENCE, Mrs.

Jo ANN DAVIS of Virginia, Mr. McCOTTER, Mr. CROWLEY, and Mr.
ACKERMAN) submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the
Committee on International Relations

RESOLUTION

Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives in

support of full membership of Israel in the Western European and Others Group (WEOG) at the United Nations.

Whereas the election of member states of the United Nations

to the major bodies of the United Nations is determined explicitly on a regional basis;

Whereas Israel has been refused admission to the Asia geo

graphical region of the United Nations—the only member state of the United Nations that remains outside its appropriate geographical region and therefore cannot be elected to any major body of the United Nations, is precluded from voting in any United Nations major body,

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except the General Assembly, and is thus denied full participation in the day-to-day work of the United Nations;

Whereas according to current United Nations procedures the

Bureau of every United Nations conference is comprised of one representative from each geographical region of the United Nations and Israel is therefore denied access to this vital apparatus enjoyed by other United Nations member states;

Whereas on May 30, 2000, Israel accepted an invitation to

become a temporary member of the Western European and Others Group (WEOG) at the United Nations;

Whereas Israel's membership in the Western European and

Others Group is limited and, as such, Israel is not allowed to compete for open seats in the United Nations body and Israeli representatives are not allowed to run for positions in major bodies of the United Nations or United Nations-affiliated agencies, such as the United Nations Commission on Human Rights and the Security Council;

Whereas Israel is only allowed to participate in limited activi

ties of the Western European and Others Group in the New York office of the United Nations, is excluded from discussions and consultations of the Group at the United Nations offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Rome, and Vienna, and therefore, cannot participate in United Nations conferences on human rights, racism, and a number of other issues handled in these forums;

Whereas membership in the regional bloc of the Western Eu

ropean and Others Group includes the non-European countries of Canada, Australia, and the United States;

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