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88th Congress, 2d Session

House Document Number 362

Compilation of Works of Art and Other

Objects in the United States Capitol

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price $4.50

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88th Congress, 2d Session

House Document Number 362

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Cado

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Compilation of Works of Art
and Other Objects in the

United States Capitol

PREPARED BY THE ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL UNDER THE

DIRECTION OF THE JOINT COMMITTEE ON THE LIBRARY

UNITED STATES

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON

1965

Architecturat

Ubrary

COMMITTEE ON HOUSE ADMINISTRATION

Eighty-ninth Congress-first Session

OMAR BURLESON, Texas, Vice Chairman

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GLENARD, P. LIPSCOMB, California
ROBERT J. CORBETT, Pennsylvania
CHARLES, E. CHAMBERLAIN, Michigan
CHARLES E. GOODELL, New York
Willard S. Curtin, Pennsylvania
SAMUEL L. Devine, Ohio

HN N. ERLENBORN, Illinois
WILLIAM L. DICKINSON, Alabama

Samuel N. Friedel, Maryland
ROBERT T. ASHMORE, South Carolina
WAYNE L. Hays, Ohio
Paul C. Jones, Missouri
FRANK THOMPSON, JR., New Jersey
Watkins, M. ABBITT, Virginia
Joe D. WAGGONNER, JR., Louisiana
Carl D. PERKINS, Kentucky
John H. Dent, Pennsylvania
Sam M. GIBBONS, Florida
Lucien N. Nedzi, Michigan
JOHN BRADEMAS, Indiana
John W. Davis, Georgia
KENNETH J. Gray, Illinois
AUGUSTUS F. HAWKINS, California
Jonathan B. BINGHAM, New York

JULIAN P. LANGSTON, Chief Clerk

JOINT COMMITTEE ON THE LIBRARY

Eighty-ninth Congress-First Session

Omar BURLESON, Representative from Texas, Chairman
B. EVERETT JORDAN, Senator from North Carolina, Vice Chairman
CLAIBORNE PELL

John Sherman COOPER
Senator from Rhode Island

Senator from Kentucky
JOSEPH S. Clark

Hugh SCOTT
Senator from Pennsylvania

Senator from Pennsylvania
Paul C. JONES

GLENARD P. LIPSCOMB
Representative from Missouri

Representative from California
FRANK THOMPSON, JR.

ROBERT J. CORBETT
Representative from New Jersey

Representative from Pennsylvania

Julian P. LANGSTON, Chief Clerk

GORDON F. HARRISON, Assistant Chief Clerk (Prepared under the direction of the Eighty-eighth and Eighty-ninth Congresses) - 15-70

Foreword

The accumulation of the works of art in the United States Capitol represents a paramount and most interesting portion of the history of this great edifice, which, since the laying of its cornerstone in 1793 by President George Washington, has developed into one of our most cherished and revered national shrines. The collection has grown in numbers, value, and reputation and has become an integral part of this world-famed structure.

From the time the first work of art was placed in the Capitol until 1927, there were only occasional compilations made, none of which followed any definite pattern, or standard, and most of which contained only general, incomplete, and oftentimes unsubstantiated information. Thirty-eight years ago, in 1927, Charles E. Fairman, then art curator of the Capitol, compiled the most comprehensive history of the accumulation and development of art in the Capitol ever prepared. This voluminous work, undoubtedly, is the most valuable writing presently available concerning this particular subject matter. Its historical and encyclopedical usefulness cannot be overestimated.

By 1952 it had been apparent for some time, nevertheless, that a simple, concise, comprehensive, and factual cataloging of these works of art had been long overdue. Fairman's “Art and Artists” was by then approximately a quarter of a century out of date; it is narrative in form; it was written primarily from an artist's perspective; and, consequently, it does not contain certain factual information which, though unimportant to the artist or art critic, is most important to the cataloger.

The impelling need in 1952 for a current official cataloging culminated in the Architect of the Capitol compiling in concise form a complete list of all the art in the Capitol, together with the date and manner of acquisition, the location of each and the names of the respective painters and sculptors. The members of the Joint Committee on the Library were greatly impressed by the thoroughness of that compilation and, in the interest of both Houses of Congress, decided to have it printed as a joint committee print.

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