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Lachrymæ Hibernicæ; or,
the Grievances of the
Riga to the Crimea, Jour-
Scoresby, W. Journal of a
FOR JULY, 1823.
ART. I. A Sermon preached at St. Mary-le-Bow, on Friday, Feb. 21, 1823, being the Anniversary Meeting of the Incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. By the Right Rev. John, Lord Bishop of Bristol. 8vo. pp. 24. Rivingtons. 1823. ART. II. The Valedictory Address of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, delivered by the Lord Bishop of Bristol, at a Special General Meeting of the Society, June 13, 1823, to the Lord Bishop of Calcutta, previously to his Departure for India: together with his Lordship's Reply. 8vo. pp. 20. Rivingtons. 1823. ART. III. A Sermon preached in Lambeth Chapel, on Sunday, June 1, 1823, at the Consecration of the Right Rev. Reginald Heber, D. D. Lord Bishop of Calcutta. By Arthur Bland Wrightson, M.A. Rector of Edlinglington, and Perpetual Curate of Campsall, in the County of York, and Chaplain to the Right Hon. Viscount Beresford. 4to. pp. 24, Rivingtons. 1823.
AMONG many painful feelings excited by the death of Bishop Middleton, no one was more painful than the fear that it might lead to a discontinuance of the measures which he had pursued. A great and lamentable interruption of them was unavoidable. The want of Bishops at Madras and Bombay, by whom the loss of the Bishop of Calcutta might in some measure be supplied, was, and always will be acutely felt. The death of the second ecclesiastical officer in Hindostan, the excellent and lamented Archdeacon Loring, made an additional breach in the Church government of a country where a great deal of mischief may be effected in a very little time; and the successor of Bishop Middleton, however able and eminent, was one who had not shared his councils, and to whom the subject of Christianity in India was at least incompletely known. Under these circumstances it was impossible not to fear that the system adopted by VOL. XX. JULY, 1823.
Bishop Middleton would suffer a grievous suspension, even if it escaped from total ruin.
And the danger was increased by the character of the measures themselves, not less than by the conduct of those who advocate a different system. Solid, gradual, and noiseless, the building had not attracted the notice of those by whom display is considered indispensable to success. It had not produced, and did not promise to produce, any sudden or splendid effect. It was better calculated to be useful than popular-and, of course, it ran some risque of encountering contumely or neglect. And that risque was enhanced by the interest so widely excited in favour of other schemesschemes which propose to make amends by zeal and good intention, for the want of method, regularity, and discipline; and which rest upon different views of nature, of providence and of grace, from those that Bishop Middleton entertained.
But we are happy to say that the greater part of these apprehensions have been relieved. The universal acknowledgement of Bishop Middleton's merits, the applause that has been bestowed from all quarters upon his plans; the decided manner in which they have been embraced by the most distinguished Governors of the Church, and the pledge to persevere in them which has been given by his successor, are so many sources of sincere joy to those who had anticipated a less favourable result; and we consider our readers entitled to their share of the pleasure, and to an acquaintance with the grounds upon which it rests. In order to accomplish this object we shall first lay before them the Bishop of Bristol's character of the deceased Prelate. It is extracted from his Lordship's sermon before the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, and forms a most appropriate conclusion to that admirable discourse. Having shewn the immense difference between our Saviour's authoritative teaching, and the lessons of those who cannot appeal to miracles in support of their doctrines, and having consequently recommended us to impress upon the character of our Missionaries such a stamp of authority as shall predispose the people to lend an attentive ear to the truths which they deliver, the Bishop of Bristol contends that this object will be ultimately effected by the ecclesiastical establishment in India, and the Missionary College at Calcutta. The difficulties encountered by the solitary Missionary, his inability to make any serious breach in the mass of prejudice and custom by which the Brachmins defend their errors, are described with his Lordship's wonted facility and neat