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which was removed from New Haven to New-York, was adopted.
"1. The Theological Seminary of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America shall be permanently esta, blished in the state of New-York. The trustees of the said seminary shall have power, from time to time, to establish one or more branch schools in the state of New-York, or elsewhere, to be under the superintendance and control of the said trustees.
* II. The management of the said seminary shall be vested in a board of trustees, who shall have power to constitute professor ships, and to appoint the professors, and to prescribe the course of study in the respective schools, and to make rules, and regulations, and statutes, for the government thereof; and, generally, to take such measures as they may deem necessary to its prosperity ; provided, that such rules and regulations, and course of study, and mcasures, be not repugnant to the constitution and canons of the Church, and to the course of study for candidates for orders which is or may be established by the House of Bishops.—The Bishops, in their individual and collective capacity, shall be visitors of the seminary, and shall see that the course of instruction and discipline be conducted agreeably to the foregoing provision.— The trustees shall make report to every General Convention of their proceedings, and of the state of the seminary.
“ III. The board of trustees shall be permanently constituted, as follows :- The Bishops of the Church shall be, ex officio, members of the board. Every diocese shall be entitled to one trustee, and one additional trustee for every eight clergymen in the same; and to one additional trustee for every two thousand dollars of monies in any way given or contributed in the same to the funds of the seminary, until the sum amounts to ten thousand dollars; and one additional trustee for every ten thousand dollars of contributions and donations, as aforesaid, exceeding that sum.
The trustees shall be resident in the dioceses for which they are appointed. They shall be nominated by the Diocesan Conventions respectively, to every stated General Convention, who may confirm or reject such nominations. The senior Bishop present shall preside at every meeting of the board of trustees; and, whenever demanded by a majority of the Bishops present,' or a majority of the clerical and lay trustees present, the concurrence of a majority of the Bishops present, and a majority of clerical and lay trustees present, shall be necessary to any act of the board. Eleven trustees shall constitute a quorum. The trustees shall continue in office until their successors are appointed. In the interval between the stated meetings of the General Convention, the board shall have power to supply all vacancies from the dioceses respectively in which they may have occurred.
“ IV, For the present, and until the next stated General Convention, the board of trustees shall consist of the Bishops of the Church, and of the twenty-four trustees of the General Theological Seminary, heretofore established by the General Convention, and of fourteen trustees chosen by the managers of the Protestant-Episcopal Theological Education Society of the state of New-York. These trustees shall
, exercise the powers of the permanent board, as detailed in the foregoing article, and agreeably to the provisions thereof.
“ The board of trustees shall always meet in the diocese where the seminary is established, at such stated periods as they may determine ; and special meetings may be called by the Bishop of the said diocese, and shall be called by him at the requisition of a ma jority of the Bishops.
“'V. The professors of the General Theological Seminary heretofore established by the General Convention, and the professors in the Theological Seminary in the diocese of New-York, shall be professors in the General Theological Seminary hereby established in that diocese.
“ The board of trustees shall have power to remove professors and other officers; but no professor shall be removed from office, except at a special meeting of the board called to consider the same ; nor unless notice of an intended motion for such removal, and of the grounds thereof, shall have been given at a previous meeting of the board. The nomiņation of professors shall be made at one meeting of the board of trustees, and acted upon at a subsequent meeting ; due notice being given of the object of the said meeting to every member of the board. ****.VI. The funds and other property, and claims to funds or property, of the General Theological Seminary, heretofore established by the General Convention, shall be vested in, and transferred to the General Seminary hereby established, as soon as an act of the board of managers of the Protestant Episcopal Theological Education Society in the state of New-York, shall vest in, and transfer to the same seminary, all their funds and other property, and claims to funds and property---and all engagements and responsibilities entered into, or assumed by either of the said insti'tutions for the purpose of their foundation, consistent with the other provisions of this constitution, shall be considered as binding upon the General Seminary, so established within the state of NewYork.
« VII. This constitution shall be unalterable, except by a concurrent vote of the board of trustees, and of the General Convention."
The Seminary, as thus organized, went into operation in New-York early in 1822 ; and on the occasion of its opening an introductory address was delivered by the Right Reverend Bishop Hobart, of New York, who fills the station of Professor of Pulpit Eloquence and Pastoral Theology. *
" The event, that calls us together is a subject of real congratulation. An institution, organized by the Church in her highest legislative council with a unanimity and cordiality that could not have been anticipated, has commenced its operations in this city under auspices that promise not to disappoint the expectations of its founders and patrons. Here is the sacred school in which are to be trained the heralds of the cross, we hope, to the latest generations. Here is the fountain, drawing, we trust, its living waters from the throne of God, whence are to proceed those streams of divine truth and knowledge that are to refresh and gladden the Zion of the Lord, the city of our God. When we look' back to the changes and difficulties, may I not say,-
* The following year an address was delivered by the Rev. Dr. 'TURNER, the Professor of Biblical Learning, of which wę regret to say we have not a copy.
Varios casus, et tot discrimina rerum, through which our course has tended to this happy consummation, were this an heathen temple, and we the ignorant worshippers of the
powers that rule the destinies of the world, we should have less than pagan piety if we did not here rear an altar, and hymn the strains of gratitude to
• Diis faventibus"-the favouring Gods. But witnessing in the event that now calls us together, so propitious to the future welfare of the Church, (to use the memorable words of an Episcopal Father * in grateful reference to the happy termination of this most important and much agitated business) "a verifying of the promise of the great Head of the Church, of his being with her alway, even to the end of the world ;' surely we cannot fail to pour forth the devout effusions of our souls. Hitherto hath the. Lord helped us — Let us give thanks unto his -name.'
“ At the opening then of the institution under its new organization, the result of a spirit of honourable compromise, which (again to use the words of the same venerable Episcopal Father) • merged local attachments in the great object of the general good tz' and which, having gratified the reasonable wishes of all, unites the
hearts of all; it would seem proper, with the view of confirming our confidence and affection, and animating our zeal and exertions,
Bishop White, of Pennsylvania. “ f It is due to the Bishops and delegates of the eastern diocese and of Connecticut, to state, that though from local considerations they must have preferred the continuance of the seminary at New-Haven, they supported in the Convention, on the grounds of the general good of the Church, its removal to New-York. The Bishop of the Church in Connecticut in particular, was cordial in his promotion of that measure, and his exertions active and influential. Hay. ing earnestly advocated, for reasons which, detailed elsewhere, it is unnecessary here to repeat, the establishment of a diocesan seminary in New-York, I trust I may be permitted to observe, that the measure of the consolidation of this with the general seminary on correct principles, was suggested in my address to the Convention of that diocese, which met a short time before the General Convention, and received their unanimous approbation; and that the constitution of the general seminary, as finally adopted by the General Convention, is in all its essential features that which was advocated on the part of New York in the committee who' reported it. These circumstances are mentioned as evidence that the diocese of New York was not backyard in the great measure of general conciliation on this interesting subject.”.
to consider the General Theological Seminary of our Church, in reference
“ To its OBJECTS,
“ To its MEANS.
" A lcarned ministry,
“ A practical ministry. “ A learned ministry
"Learned in human science--but especially in that which is strictly theological." P. 3.
“ In the seminary which we now present to your notice, we trust will be nurtured up scribes, furnished in all things, human and divine, for the work of their Master. Those, well acquainted with the book of nature, and able from it to illustrate and enforce the word of God-Those, skilled in the original and related languages in which that word was promulgated, and thus competent in all cases to vindicate the integrity of the sacred text, and accurately to ascertain, and conclusively to defend its genuine meaningThose, able, from their knowledge of history and its connected sciences, to show the harmony between the narrations and the faets in the sacred volume, and the occurrences and particulars that strike us in the profane records of nations—Those, conversant in that luminous internal and external evidence which establishes and attests the truth of Christianity, against all the objections of scepticism; and in that interesting science of ethical and intellectual philosophy, which, setting forth the various views of moral obligation, reduces them all to the standard of the will of the supreme Lawgiver, the Maker, the Sovereign, and the Judge of his intellectual creatures ; and which, tracing through their minute and intricate, but important operations, the powers of the human mind, proves from analysis what revelation supposes and asserts, the freedom and the accountability of the immaterial and immortal agent within us—Those, thoroughly versed in the pandects which exbibit the various controversies concerning the sublime truths of theology, and which, from the chaos in which the fallible réason, and the corrupt pride and passion of the human mind have involved them, luminously educe and arrange the essential principles of Christian verity, and fix them bright and stable as the throne of the Eternal-Those, familiar with the principles of that society which its divine Founder constituted as his Church, the channel of his mercy and grace to the world, and with all the varying cvents which alternately plunged it in suffering, or elevated it with triumph ; obscured it with heresy, or brightened it with truth ; rent it with schism, or united it in apostolic peace and order; disfigured it with superstition, or adorned it with the primitive beauties of holiness-Those, imbued with that ancient and modern lcre which
strengthens the mind with those just opinions, enriches the imagi. pation with that splendid imagery, and refines the taste with those exquisite delicacies of sentiment and language, which, when aiding sacred eloquence, make it sometimes the master of the heart, that would not do homage to its native power-Those, furnished with the rules and models by which excellence is attained in the art of composition, and which are transferred and applied to the theological dissertation or the practical sermon; and intimately acquainted with all those means by which pastoral intercourse is to be rendered successful in ministering to the spiritual wants, and to the consolation and happiness of the Christian flock. This is the learning which, we trust, growing with the growth and strengthening with the strength of our infant institution, will render its sacred scholars the conclusive vindicators of the divine origin of the religion which they teach ; the able expositors of its hallowed code, the promulgers and defenders of its doctrines; profound, eloquent, practical ministers of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of God.'
" For to form orthodox, as well as learned clergymen, will be the object of this seminary.
“ Orthodox, not according to individual opinion, but to those principles which, drawn from the sacred oracles, and receiving the sanction of the great body of Christians in every age, and handed down from the Apostles times, are embodied in the articles and liturgy, and illustrated in the homilies of the Church. The doctrines which shine conspicuous in these venerable formularies, and which are expressed in them with a simplicity, force, and patbos, that render them universally interesting as standards of truth and guides of devotion, it will be the great object of this seminary to inculcate, to explain, and to defend.". P. 6.
“ And to do this, they must have experienced the renovating and holy efficacy of these truths on their own minds, and hearts, and lives,
“ The ministry here educated must be a pious ministry.
" It must be a pious ministry, or all its learning, and all its ore thodoxy, will be but as sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal.' We may display, brethren of the clergy, the learning of Gamaliel and the eloquence of Paul; we may even preach with the fervour and the force of the seraph ; but if our tempers and the truths and duties which we inculcate have no efficacy on our own characters and conduct, is it in human nature to regard our in, structions, or to profit by our exhortations? Let, then, the banner with which every herald of the cross who is here trained advances to the work of his Master, bear the lustrous inscription, Holiness xunto the Lord. Let his holiness be that which is derived from the principle of an enlightened and firm faith in the truths and promises of the Gospel-that which is excited, and strengthened, and preserved by constant dependance on the secret but powerful influences of the divine Spirit enlightening the thoughts of his mind, confirming the purposes of his will, sanctifying the atiections of his heart,